Code of the District of Columbia

§ 2–1215.02. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) “Adjoining residential neighborhood” means any property zoned for residential use within a BID or within 800 feet of the perimeter of a BID.

(2) “Adverse impact on adjoining residential neighborhoods” means adverse impact on traffic, on-street parking, litter, trash collection, crime, noise, lighting levels, or other such factors affecting the quality of residential life.

(3) “Assessed value” means the valuation obtained by taking the assessed valuation of taxable real property as it appears on the last completed assessment roll for tax assessment purposes pursuant to § 47-801 et seq.

(4) “BID corporation” means a nonprofit corporation that is organized pursuant to the District law for nonprofit corporations and registered pursuant to the terms of this subchapter. A BID corporation shall not be deemed to be a part of the District government as that term is defined in § 47-393(5).

(5) “Block” means the properties fronting on both sides of a street that are located between 2 intersecting streets.

(6) “Business Improvement District Activity” or “BID activity” means a special service or activity conducted in a Business Improvement District designed to improve the economic development climate in the area pursuant to this subchapter, and which is designed and conducted so as to avoid any material adverse impact on adjoining residential neighborhoods and is otherwise in accordance with all applicable laws, regulations, and requirements of the District of Columbia and the United States, which services and activities may augment, but which may not replace, governmental services customarily provided in the regular course of the District’s operations. This term shall include the planning, administration, and management of activities designed to provide economic stimulus, stability, or benefit to the BID or its members, including, but not limited to, the following:

(A) Seasonal promotions such as festivals and special displays;

(B) Enhanced maintenance and improvements to public space, including sidewalks, parks, and plazas;

(C) Marketing and procurement activities in support of tourism, job creation, business attraction, development, efficiency, and retention;

(D) Retail, restaurant, and arts promotions;

(E) Services to improve public safety and transportation, such as providing shuttle buses, community service representatives acting as goodwill ambassadors, and private security services;

(F) Development of special signage and storefront and commercial building facade improvement programs; and

(G) Any other service or activity consistent with the purposes of this subchapter if such service or activity is set out in the BID’s business plan, as amended from time to time and as submitted to the Mayor in accordance with this subchapter.

(7) “Business Improvement District” or “BID” means a defined geographic area in the District in which the preponderance of activity carried out is commercial or industrial in nature, which does not include any part of an existing BID previously established pursuant to this subchapter, and which area consists of not less than 5 contiguous blocks (or the maximum number of contiguous blocks in cases where there are fewer than 5 contiguous blocks), or noncontiguous commercial blocks within a generally recognized single neighborhood; provided, that noncontiguous blocks are not wholly located in an area that is not part of the general BID area.

(8) “BID tax” means an additional real property tax or possessory interest tax assessed and levied by the District on, and payable by, the owners of taxable properties or holders of a possessory interest in a Business Improvement District subject to the BID certification processes of this subchapter.

(9) “CFO” means the Chief Financial Officer of the District.

(10) “Commercial tenant” means a lessee, or other lawful occupant, of taxable real property within a BID who is not an owner and who conducts a lawful commercial use as defined in the Zoning Regulations of the District.

(11) “Council” means the Council of the District of Columbia.

(12) “District” means the District of Columbia.

(13) “Fiscal year” means the same fiscal year as the fiscal year of the District.

(14) “Lot” means the lots described in the District tax and assessment records.

(15) “Mayor” means the Mayor of the District of Columbia or such administrative agency of the District that is designated by the Mayor to administer the provisions of this subchapter.

(16) “Member” means a member of the BID Corporation, the membership of which shall be comprised of each owner of taxable property and each commercial tenant in the BID area, and each owner who becomes a member pursuant to § 2-1215.21.

(17) “Member of record” means a member that the BID is reasonably able to identify from District of Columbia property tax records or from other reasonably available sources.

(17A) “Net rentable square feet” means the number of net rentable square feet reported to, or on record with, the Office of Tax and Revenue.

(18) Repealed.

(19) “Owner” means an owner of taxable property.

(20) “Owner’s property” means an owner’s taxable property located within a BID.

(21) “Person” means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, society, association, joint venture, stock company, corporation, limited liability company, estate, receiver, trustee, assignee, fiduciary, or any combination of any of the foregoing.

(22) “Reasonably ascertainable”, “reasonably available”, and “reasonably determined” mean, in relation to information, reasonably reliable information that is obtained by the BID and relied upon by the BID in good faith.

(23) “Residential tenant” means a lessee, or other lawful occupant, of taxable property within a BID who is not an owner and who conducts a lawful residential use as defined in the Zoning Regulations of the District.

(24) “Taxable property” means real property subject to real property taxation or real property for which a holder of a possessory interest is subject to possessory interest taxation, including:

(A) Class 2, Class 3, and Class 4 Property, as defined in § 47-813, located within any BID, excluding the properties exempt from real property taxes pursuant to Chapters 10 or 46 of Title 47 [§  47-1001 et seq. or §  47-4601 et seq.];

(B) Class 1 Property, as defined in § 47-813, for the Mount Vernon Triangle, NoMa, Capitol Riverfront, Downtown, and Golden Triangle BIDs, excluding:

(i) Real property improved by a residential building where 90% or more of the leased units are households with at least one member who is 62 years of age or older and all members are 55 years of age or older;

(ii) Real property improved by a residential building where 20% or more of the units are subject to a contract for project-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, approved August 22, 1974 (88 Stat. 662; 42 U.S.C. § 1437f);

(iii) Real property improved by a residential building with fewer than 10 dwelling units, as defined in § 47-813(d)(3); and

(iv) Real property exempt from paying real property taxes pursuant to Chapters 10 or 46 of Title 47 [§  47-1001 et seq. or §  47-4601 et seq.]; or

(C) Real property belonging to government and international organizations, including a leasehold interest, possessory interest, beneficial interest, or beneficial use of real property, as provided in § 47-1005.01(b), for periods beginning after September 30, 2003, where the real property would be taxable under subparagraphs (A) or (B) of this paragraph if not exempt or immune from real property taxation resulting in the possessory interest being taxable under § 47-1005.01, except where a payment in lieu of tax agreement has been negotiated and payments related to the agreement are current.


(May 29, 1996, D.C. Law 11-134, § 2, 43 DCR 1684; renumbered as § 3, Oct. 8, 1997, D.C. Law 12-26, § 2, 44 DCR 4320; Mar. 24, 1998, D.C. Law 12-81, § 4, 45 DCR 745; Mar. 17, 2005, D.C. Law 15-257, § 2(b), 52 DCR 1161; Apr. 7, 2006, D.C. Law 16-91, § 140(a), 52 DCR 10637; Mar. 8, 2007, D.C. Law 16-245, § 2(a), 54 DCR 615; Oct. 18, 2007, D.C. Law 17-27, § 2(a), 54 DCR 8020; Sept. 9, 2014, D.C. Law 20-136, § 2(a), 61 DCR 6778; Feb. 26, 2015, D.C. Law 20-161, § 2(b), 61 DCR 10741; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, § 7102(a), 62 DCR 10905; Apr. 7, 2017, D.C. Law 21-243, § 2(a), 64 DCR 1614; Oct. 11, 2018, D.C. Law 22-161, § 2(a), 65 DCR 7680.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-2272.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-325.111, § 2-218.76, § 2-1215.06, and § 2-1215.09.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-257, in par. (16), substituted “each” for “and each” and inserted “, and, in the case of the Mount Vernon Business Improvement District, each residential tenant in the BID area” before the period at the end; rewrote par. (18); and added par. (23). Prior to amendment, par. (18) read as follows: “(18) ‘Nonexempt real property’ means real property that is not exempt from paying real property taxes pursuant to § 47-1001 et seq., is not residential property, and is not the residential portion of a property used for both residential and nonresidential purposes.”

D.C. Law 16-91, in par. (16), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 16-245, in par. (18), substituted “Mount Vernon Triangle BID or NoMa BID” for “Mount Vernon Triangle BID”.

D.C. Law 17-27, in par. (18), substituted “, NoMa BID, or Capitol Riverfront BID” for “or NoMa BID”.

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-136 added (17A); and added “Anacostia BID, or Southwest BID” in (18).

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-161 rewrote (8) and (16); substituted “taxable” for “nonexempt” in (10); repealed (18); substituted “taxable property” for “nonexempt real property” in (19), (20), and (23); and added (24).

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 21-36 substituted “September 30, 2003” for “September 30, 2014” in (24)(C).

Expiration of Law

Expiration of Law 11-134

See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 2-1215.01.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of Golden Triangle Business Improvement District Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-403, July 16, 2018, 65 DCR 7520).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of Downtown Business Improvement District Emergency Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Act 21-642, Jan. 25, 2017, 64 DCR 935).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 2 of the Business Improvement Districts Emergency Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-89, June 19, 1997, 44 DCR 3747), and § 2 of the Business Improvement Districts Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-146, August 12, 1997, 44 DCR 5054).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Mount Vernon Triangle Business Improvement District Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-404, March 18, 2004, 51 DCR 3647).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Mount Vernon Triangle Business Improvement District Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-480, July 19, 2004, 51 DCR 7619).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Capitol Riverfront Business Improvement District Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-78, July 27, 2007, 54 DCR 7631).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of the Southwest Business Improvement District Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-410, Aug. 1, 2014, 61 DCR 8299).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of the Business Improvement Districts Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-435, Oct. 7, 2014, 61 DCR 10717, 20 STAT 4154).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of the Business Improvement Districts Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-582, Jan. 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1269, 21 STAT 735).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7072(a) of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Business Improvement Districts Temporary Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Law 12-23, September 23, 1997, law notification 44 DCR 5762).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Mount Vernon Triangle Business Improvement District Temporary Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-173, July 8, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 7338).

References in Text

Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, referred to in subpar. (c) of par. (18), is codified to 42 U.S.C. § 1437f.