Code of the District of Columbia

§ 28–4103. Penalties.

*NOTE: This section includes amendments by temporary legislation that will expire on February 4, 2022. To view the text of this section after the expiration of all emergency and temporary legislation, click this link: Permanent Version.*

(a)(1) A person who violates § 28-4102(a) or § 28-4102.01 shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000.

(2) The Mayor may revoke, suspend, or limit the license, permit, or certificate of occupancy of a person who violates § 28-4102(a) or § 28-4102.01.

(b) A violation of § 28-4102(a) or § 28-4102.01 shall be a civil infraction for the purposes of [Chapter 18 of Title 2]. Civil fines, penalties, and fees may be imposed as sanctions for any infraction, pursuant to Chapter 18 of Title 2. Adjudication of any infraction shall be pursuant to Chapter 18 of Title 2.

(c) When the Office of the Attorney General brings a civil action for any violation of §​ 28-4102(a) or § 28-4102.01 under the authority granted in § 28-3909, the maximum penalty authorized by § 28-3909 shall be assessed for each such violation.


(Mar. 20, 1992, D.C. Law 9-80, § 2, 39 DCR 675; Feb. 5, 1994, D.C. Law 10-68, § 27(h), 40 DCR 6311; June 24, 2021, D.C. Law 24-9, § 306(e), 68 DCR 004824.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 28-4103.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(e) of Coronavirus Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-96, June 7, 2021, 68 DCR 006025).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(e) of Coronavirus Support Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-30, Mar. 17, 2021, 68 DCR 003101).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(d) of Coronavirus Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-405, Aug. 19, 2020, 67 DCR 10235).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(d) of Coronavirus Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-328, June 8, 2020, 67 DCR 7598).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(d) of Coronavirus Support Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-326, May 27, 2020, 67 DCR 7045).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 304(d) of COVID-19 Response Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-247, Mar. 17, 2020, 67 DCR 3093).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(e) of Coronavirus Support Temporary Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Law 24-9, June 24, 2021, 68 DCR 004824).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 306(d) of Coronavirus Support Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-130, Oct. 9, 2020, 67 DCR 8622).