Code of the District of Columbia

§ 31–3311.02. Aggregate medical loss ratios; dividend; and rating bands.

(a) For each calendar year, an insurer shall maintain an aggregate minimum medical loss ratio, as defined by rule, of 80% for individual policies, as defined by rule, 80% for small group policies, as defined by rule, and 85% for large group policies, as defined by rule. The medical loss ratio shall be defined by the Commissioner and shall be determined by rule in a manner and generally consistent with the same standards as the medical loss ratio defined in section 2718(b) of the Public Health Service Act, approved March 23, 2010 (124 Stat. 136; 42 U.S.C. § 300gg-18(b)). No later than May 31st of each year, insurers shall file an annual report with the Commissioner, in a manner and on a form prescribed by Commissioner, indicating the medical loss ratio calculated for all policies and contracts written for the previous calendar year.

(b) All filings of rates and rating schedules shall demonstrate that actual expected claims in relation to premiums comply with the requirements of this chapter when combined with actual experience to date.

(c) In each case where the insurer fails to substantially comply with the medical loss ratio requirements set forth in subsection (a) of this section, the insurer shall issue a rebate for all policyholders in an amount determined in accordance with section 2718(b)(1)(B) of the Public Health Service Act, approved March 23, 2010 (124 Stat. 136; 42 U.S.C. § 300gg-18(b)(1)(B). The annual report required by this section shall include the insurer’s calculation of the rebates and an explanation of the insurer’s plan to issue rebates. The instructions and format for calculating and reporting medical loss ratios and issuing rebates shall be prescribed by the Commissioner by rule. The Commissioner shall establish, by rule, procedures for the distribution of a rebate in the event of cancellation or termination by a policyholder.

(d) A plan of individual or small group health insurance rates shall not include a standard rate for any age that is more than 300% of the standard rate for the age with the lowest rate in the same plan and the standard rate for any age shall not be more than 104% of the standard rate for the previous age.

(e) An insurer’s failure to comply with the rebate requirements in subsection (c) of this section or rating band requirements set forth in subsection (d) of this section shall constitute an unfair or deceptive act or practice and shall be subject to the penalties in Chapter 22A of this title [§ 31-2231.01 et seq.].

(f) The Commissioner may audit any insurer to assure compliance with this section. Insurers shall retain at their principal place of business information necessary for the Commissioner to perform compliance audits.


(Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-360, § 103, 58 DCR 896; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-171, § 85(a), 59 DCR 6190.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-171 substituted “this title” for “this act” [translated as “this chapter”] in (b).

References in Text

This act, referred to in subsec. (b), is D.C. Law 18-360, the Reasonable Health Insurance Ratemaking and Health Care Reform Act of 2010.