Code of the District of Columbia

§ 4–201.01. Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term:

(1) Repealed.

(1A) “Adult” means a person who is not a minor.

(1B) “Assistance unit” means all individuals whose needs, income and resources are considered in determining eligibility for, and the amount of, public assistance.

(1C) “Caretaker relative” means a relative by blood, half-blood, or legal adoption caring for a dependent child, who is a child’s parent, or, if a parent is not in the home exercising responsibility for the care and control of the dependent child, the child’s sibling; aunt; uncle; first cousin; first cousin once removed; second cousin; nephew; niece; grandparent; step-parent; step-sibling; relative of a preceding generation as denoted by prefixes of grand-, great-, great-great-, or great-great-great-; or the spouse of a parent or other relative listed in this paragraph, even after the marriage is terminated by death or divorce.

(1D) Repealed.

(2) “Council” means the Council of the District of Columbia.

(2A) “Department” means the Department of Human Services of the District of Columbia, or any successor organizational unit (in whole or in part).

(3) “District” means the District of Columbia government.

(3A) “GAC” means the General Assistance for Children program established by § 4-205.05a.

(4) Repealed.

(4A) “Head of assistance unit” means:

(A) The adult parent of a minor child, if both are part of the same single-parent assistance unit;

(B) The principal household income earner or the nonincapacitated parent in a two-parent assistance unit, if that person is an adult parent of a minor child, and the parent and child are part of the same assistance unit;

(C) A caretaker relative residing with, and providing care for, a minor child, if the caretaker relative and child are part of the same assistance unit; or

(D) A minor parent of a minor child, if the parent and child are part of the same assistance unit and there are no adults in the assistance unit.

(5) “Mayor” means the Mayor of the District of Columbia or the agents, agencies, officers, and employees designated by him or her to perform any function vested in them by this chapter.

(5A) “Minor” means a person who is:

(A) Less than 18 years of age; or

(B) Less than 19 years of age and is a full-time student in a secondary school (or in the equivalent level of vocational or technical training).

(5B) “Parent” means a child’s natural or adoptive parent.

(5C) “Parent who is the principal household income earner” means whichever parent, in a home in which both parents of a minor child are living, earned the greater amount of income in a 24-month period, the last month of which immediately preceded the month in which a TANF application was filed.

(5D) “POWER” means the Program on Work, Employment, and Responsibility established by § 4-205.72.

(6) “Public assistance” means payment in or by money, medical care, remedial care, goods or services to, or for the benefit of, needy persons.

(7) “Recipient” means a person to whom or on whose behalf public assistance is granted.

(8) “State” means each of the states of the United States. The term “state” includes Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands.

(9) “Stepparent” means a person who is living in the home of a minor child for whom TANF or POWER is requested, and who is legally married to the natural or adoptive parent of the child.

(10) “TANF” means the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program established by subchapter II of this chapter.

(11) “IV-D agency” means the organizational unit, or any successor organizational unit (in whole or in part), that is responsible for administering or supervising the administration of the District’s State Plan under title IV, Part D of the Social Security Act, approved January 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2351; 42 U.S.C. § 651 et seq.), pertaining to paternity establishment and the establishment, modification, and enforcement of child support orders and certain spousal support orders (those in which the spouse or former spouse is living with a child for whom the spousal support obligor also owes support).


(Apr. 6, 1982, D.C. Law 4-101, § 101, 29 DCR 1060; Aug. 17, 1991, D.C. Law 9-27, § 2(a), 38 DCR 4205; Feb. 5, 1994, D.C. Law 10-68, § 10(a), 40 DCR 6311; Mar. 20, 1998, D.C. Law 12-60, § 701(a), 44 DCR 7378; Apr. 20, 1999, D.C. Law 12-241, § 2(a), 46 DCR 905; Apr. 12, 2000, D.C. Law 13-91, § 135, 47 DCR 520; Dec. 17, 2009, D.C. Law 18-94, § 2(a), 56 DCR 8521; Dec. 24, 2013, D.C. Law 20-61, § 5052(a), 60 DCR 12472.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 3-201.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 4-401 and § 46-226.03.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-91, in par. (10), substituted “Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program” for “Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program”.

D.C. Law 18-94 repealed par. (1D); and, in subsec. (5C), substituted “filed” for “filed on the basis of the unemployment of that parent”.

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-61 substituted “Less than 19 years of age and is a full-time student in a secondary school (or in the equivalent level of vocational or technical training)” for “18 years of age, a full-time student in a secondary school or in the equivalent level of vocational or technical training, and who is expected to graduate from such school or training by the person’s 19th birthday” in (5A)(B).

Cross References

Public postsecondary education reorganization, tuition grants, “eligible parent” defined, see § 38-1207.01.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 101(a) of the Omnibus Budget Support Emergency Act of 1991 (D.C. Act 9-37, May 17, 1991, 38 DCR 3390).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 101(a) of the Omnibus Budget Support Congressional Recess Emergency Act of 1991 (D.C. Act 9-69, July 24, 1991, 38 DCR 4945).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the General Public Assistance Program Termination Emergency Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-72, May 12, 1997, 44 DCR 2989).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Public Assistance Emergency Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-25, February 27, 1997, 44 DCR 1778), § 2(a) of the Public Assistance Legislative Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-77, May 27, 1997, 44 DCR 3181), and § 2(a) of the Public Assistance Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-306, March 20, 1998, 45 DCR 1900).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 701(a) of the Fiscal Year 1998 Revised Budget Support Emergency Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-152, October 17, 1997, 44 DCR 6196), and § 701(a) of the Fiscal Year 1998 Revised Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 1997 (D.C. Act 12-239, January 13, 1998, 45 DCR 508).

For temporary amendment of § 16 of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-552), see § 4(b) of the TANF-Related Medicaid Managed Care Program Technical Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-605, January 20, 1999, 46 DCR 1287).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-372, June 9, 1998, 45 DCR 4270), § 2(a) of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Legislation Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-425, July 31, 1998, 45 DCR 5682), § 2(a) of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-552, December 24, 1998, 46 DCR 521), and § 2(a) of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1999 (D.C. Act 13-19, February 17, 1999, 46 DCR 2492).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public Assistance Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-198, October 9, 2009, 56 DCR 8132).

For temporary effect of the Public Assistance Temporary Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Law 12-130) and regulations and procedures governing existing programs in the District of Columbia Public Assistance Act of 1982 (D.C. Law 4-101, § 4-201.01 et seq.), see § 16 of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-372, June 9, 1998, 45 DCR 4270), § 16 of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Legislative Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-425, July 31, 1998, 45 DCR 5682), § 16 of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-552, December 24, 1998, 46 DCR 521), and § 16 of the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1999 (D.C. Act 13-19, February 17, 1999, 46 DCR 2492).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 5052(a) of the Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-130, July 30, 2013, 60 DCR 11384, 20 DCSTAT 1827).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 5052(a) of the Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-204, October 17, 2013, 60 DCR 15341, 20 DCSTAT 2311).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 101(a) of Omnibus Budget Support Temporary Act of 1991 (D.C. Law 9-19, June 21, 1991, law notification 38 DCR 5786).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 7(b) of Public Assistance Temporary Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Law 12-7, August 1, 1997, law notification 44 DCR 4639).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of General Public Assistance Program Termination Temporary Amendment Act of 1997 (D.C. Law 12-21, September 23, 1997, law notification 44 DCR 5760).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 701 of Fiscal Year 1998 Revised Budget Support Temporary Act of 1997 (D.C. Law 12-59, March 20, 1998, law notification 45 DCR 2094).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public Assistance Temporary Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Law 12-130, July 24, 1998, law notification 45 DCR 6501).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Self-Sufficiency Promotion Temporary Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Law 12-230, April 20, 1999, law notification 46 DCR 4143).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 4(b) of TANF-Related Medicaid Managed Care Program Technical Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 1999 (D.C. Law 12-277, April 27, 1999, law notification 46 DCR 4283).

Short Title

Section 5051 of D.C. Law 20-61 provided that Subtitle F of Title V of the act may be cited as the “Department of Human Services Conforming Amendments Act of 2013”.

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 12-60: Section 2002 of D.C. Law 12-60 provided that the act shall apply as of October 1, 1997.

Self-Sufficiency Promotion Amendment Act of 1998: D.C. Law 12-241 provided that the Public Assistance Temporary Amendment Act of 1998, effective July 24, 1998 (D.C. Law 12-130; 45 DCR 3084), any other regulations and procedures governing existing programs in the District of Columbia Public Assistance Act of 1982, effective April 6, 1982 (D.C. Law 4-101; D.C. Code § 4-201.01 et seq.), and any regulations and procedures promulgated pursuant to the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Emergency Amendment Act of 1998, effective June 9, 1998 (Act 12-372; 45 DCR 4270), the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Legislative Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998, effective July 31, 1998 (Act 12-425; 45 DCR 5682), or the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 shall remain in effect until superseded by regulations and procedures developed and implemented pursuant to the Self-Sufficiency Promotion Amendment Act of 1998.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-61: Section 11001 of D.C. Law 20-61 provided that, except as otherwise provided, the act shall apply as of October 1, 2013.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to D.C. Act 12-425, the “Self-Sufficiency Promotion Congressional Review Amendment Act of 1999”, see Mayor’s Order 99-65, April 26, 1999 ( 46 DCR 4230).