Code of the District of Columbia

§ 7–1304.06a. Hearing and determination by Court or jury.

(a) For a commitment hearing on a petition filed pursuant to § 7-1303.04(b-1), a person found incompetent in a criminal case may demand a jury trial, and shall be so informed of this right. The demand shall be made at the status hearing held pursuant to § 7-1304.05(b). If a timely demand for jury trial is not made, the Court shall serve as the factfinder at the hearing. A hearing by the Court or jury shall be accorded with all reasonable speed.

(b) The comprehensive evaluation report and individual habilitation plan required by § 7-1304.03 shall be completed prior to the hearing.

(c) The person found incompetent in a criminal case shall have the right to be present during the trial or hearings and to testify, but shall not be compelled to testify, and shall be so advised by the Court. The person shall have the right to be represented by counsel, retained or appointed by the Court, in any hearing or trial, and shall be so informed by the Court of this right. The person shall have the right to call witnesses and present evidence, and to cross-examine opposing witnesses.

(d) If the Court or jury finds that the person does not have an intellectual disability or that the person is not likely to cause injury to others as a result of the person’s intellectual disability if allowed to remain at liberty, the Court shall dismiss the petition. If the Court or jury finds that the person has an intellectual disability and is likely to cause injury to others as a result of the person’s intellectual disability if allowed to remain at liberty, the Court shall order commitment to DDS for placement in a facility that would be the least restrictive means of providing the habilitation indicated by the [individual] habilitation plan required under § 7-1304.03 and of preventing the person from causing injury to others as a result of the person’s intellectual disability.


(Mar 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-137, § 406a; as added Oct. 17, 2002, D.C. Law 14-199, § 2(l), 49 DCR 7647; Mar. 14, 2007, D.C. Law 16-264, § 301(i), 54 DCR 818; Apr. 24, 2007, D.C. Law 16-305, § 27, 53 DCR 6198; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-169, § 17(w), 59 DCR 5567; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-93, § 201(c)(23), 65 DCR 2823.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 7-761.02, § 7-1301.03, § 7-1303.01, § 7-1303.09, § 7-1303.10, § 7-1303.12a, § 7-1304.06, § 7-1304.11, § 7-1305.01, and § 7-1305.02.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 16-264, in subsec. (d), substituted “DDS” for “MRDDA”.

D.C. Law 16-305, in subsec. (d), substituted “does not have mental retardation” for “is not mentally retarded” and “has mental retardation” for “is mentally retarded”.

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-169 substituted “intellectual disability” for “mental retardation” wherever it appears in (d).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 301(i) of Developmental Disabilities Services Management Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-672, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 1155).

Editor's Notes

Section 35 of D.C. Law 19-169 provided that no provision of the act shall impair any right or obligation existing under law.