Code of the District of Columbia

Part A. Office of Campaign Finance.


§ 1–1163.02. Campaign Finance Board established; duties; enforcement of subchapter.

(a) There is established the Campaign Finance Board, whose purpose shall be to:

(1) Appoint a Director of Campaign Finance, who shall:

(A) Serve at the pleasure of the Campaign Finance Board; and

(B) Be compensated at the maximum rate for Grade 16 of the District Schedule, pursuant to subchapter XI of Chapter 6 of this title;

(2) Annually review the performance of the Director of Campaign Finance;

(3) Administer and enforce the District's campaign finance laws;

(4) Refer alleged violations for prosecution as provided in this subchapter; and

(5) Issue rules related to the District's campaign finance laws.

(b)(1) Where the Campaign Finance Board, following the presentation by the Director of Campaign Finance of evidence constituting an apparent violation of this subchapter, makes a finding of an apparent violation of this subchapter, it shall refer the case for prosecution as provided for in § 1-1163.35, and shall make public the fact of such referral and the basis for the finding.

(2) The Campaign Finance Board, through its General Counsel:

(A) Shall initiate, maintain, defend, or appeal any civil action (in the name of the Campaign Finance Board) relating to the enforcement of the provisions of this subchapter; and

(B) May petition the courts of the District of Columbia for declaratory or injunctive relief concerning any action covered by the provisions of this subchapter.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 302, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(d), 61 DCR 153; Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(f), 66 DCR 985.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-604.06, § 1-1161.01, and § 1-1163.03.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 substituted “for prosecution as provided for in § 1-1163.35” for “to the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia for prosecution” in (c).

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250, as amended by § 1104 of D.C. Law 23-149, repealed the requirement that § 6(f) of D.C. Law 22-250 would be subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore the amendment made by § 6(f) of D.C. Law 22-250 has been implemented.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the change made to this section by § 6(f) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.


§ 1–1163.02a. Composition; term; qualifications; removal.

(a)(1) The Campaign Finance Board shall consist of 5 members, no more than 3 of whom shall be of the same political party, appointed by the Mayor with the advice and consent of the Council.

(2) Members shall be appointed to serve for terms of 6 years, except the members first appointed. Of the members first appointed, one member shall be appointed to serve for a 2-year term, 2 members shall be appointed to serve a 4-year term, and 2 members shall be appointed to serve a 6-year term, as designated by the Mayor. The terms of the 5 initial members shall begin on October 1, 2019.

(b) The Mayor shall designate the Chairperson of the Campaign Finance Board.

(c) Unless the unexpired term is less than 6 months, any person appointed to fill a vacancy on the Campaign Finance Board shall be appointed only for the unexpired term of the member whose vacancy he or she is filling.

(d) A member may be reappointed, and, if not reappointed, notwithstanding § 1-523.01(c), the member may serve until the member's successor has been appointed and approved.

(e) When appointing a member of the Campaign Finance Board, the Mayor and Council shall consider whether the individual possesses particular knowledge, training, or experience in campaign finance law or administration.

(f) A person shall not be a member of the Campaign Finance Board unless the person:

(1) Is a duly-registered District voter;

(2) Has resided in the District continuously for the 3-year period preceding the day the person is appointed; and

(3) Holds no other office or employment in the District government.

(g) No person, while a member of the Campaign Finance Board, shall:

(1) Campaign for any public office;

(2) Serve in a leadership capacity or hold any office in a political party or political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee;

(3) Participate in any political campaign in any District election, including by:

(A) Making speeches for or publicly supporting or opposing a District candidate, political party, political committee, political action committee, independent expenditure committee, recall, initiative, or referendum;

(B) Fundraising for or contributing to a District candidate, political party, political committee, political action committee, independent expenditure committee, recall, initiative, or referendum; or

(C) Attending or purchasing a ticket for a dinner or other event sponsored by or supporting or opposing a District candidate, political party, political committee, political action committee, independent expenditure committee, recall, initiative, or referendum;

(4) Be a lobbyist;

(5) Be an officer, director, or employee of an organization receiving District funds who has managerial or discretionary responsibilities with respect to those funds;

(6) Use their status as a member to directly or indirectly attempt to influence any decision of the District government relating to any action that is not within the Board's purview; or

(7) Be convicted of having committed an election- or campaign finance-related felony in the District of Columbia; or if the crime is committed elsewhere, conviction of such offense as would be an election- or campaign finance-related felony in the District of Columbia.

(h) Members of the Campaign Finance Board, including the Chairperson, shall not receive compensation for their service on the Campaign Finance Board.

(i) A member may be removed for good cause, including engaging in any activity prohibited by subsection (f) or (g) of this section.

(j)(1) The Campaign Finance Board shall hold regular monthly meetings in accordance with a schedule to be established by the Campaign Finance Board. Additional meetings may be called as needed.

(2) The Campaign Finance Board shall provide notice of meetings and shall conduct its meetings in compliance with the Open Meetings Act.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 302a; as added Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(g), 66 DCR 985; Dec. 3, 2020, D.C. Law 23-149, § 1103(a), 67 DCR 10493.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250, as amended by § 1104 of D.C. Law 23-149, repealed the requirement that § 6(g) of D.C. Law 22-250 would be subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore the creation of this section by § 6(g) of D.C. Law 22-250 has been implemented.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the creation of this section by § 6(g) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.02b. Board independent agency; facilities; seal.

(a) In the performance of its duties, or in matters of procurement, the Campaign Finance Board shall not be subject to the direction of any nonjudicial officer of the District, except as provided in the Merit Personnel Act.

(b) The District government shall furnish to the Campaign Finance Board such records, information, services, personnel, offices, equipment, and such other assistance and facilities as may be necessary to enable the Campaign Finance Board to properly to perform its functions.

(c) Subject to the approval of the Mayor, the Campaign Finance Board is authorized to adopt and use a seal.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 302b; as added Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(g), 66 DCR 985.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250, as amended by § 1104 of D.C. Law 23-149, repealed the requirement that § 6(g) of D.C. Law 22-250 would be subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore the creation of this section by § 6(g) of D.C. Law 22-250 has been implemented.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the creation of this section by § 6(g) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.03. Powers of Director of Campaign Finance.

(a)(1) The Director of Campaign Finance, under regulations approved by the Campaign Finance Board, shall have the power:

(A) To require any person to submit in writing reports and answers to questions as the Director of Campaign Finance may prescribe relating to the administration and enforcement of this subchapter; and the submission shall be made within such reasonable period and under oath, affirmation, or otherwise as the Director of Campaign Finance may determine;

(B) To require any person to submit through an electronic format or medium the reports required in this subchapter;

(C) To administer oaths and affirmations;

(D) To require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all documentary evidence relating to the execution of the Campaign Finance Board's duties;

(E) In any proceeding or investigation to order testimony to be taken by deposition before any person who is designated by the Director of Campaign Finance and has the power to administer oaths and affirmations and, in these instances, to compel testimony and the production of evidence in the same manner as authorized under subparagraph (D) of this paragraph;

(F) To pay witnesses the same fees and mileage as are paid in like circumstances in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; and

(G) Repealed.

(H) To institute or conduct, on his or her own motion, an informal hearing on alleged violations of the reporting requirements contained in this subchapter. Where the Director of Campaign Finance, in his or her discretion, determines that a violation has occurred, the Director of Campaign Finance may issue an order to the offending party or parties to cease and desist the violations within the 5-day period immediately following the issuance of the order. Should the offending party or parties fail to comply with the order, the Director of Campaign Finance shall present evidence of the failure to the Campaign Finance Board. Following the presentation of evidence to the Campaign Finance Board by the Director of Campaign Finance, in an adversary proceeding and an open hearing, the Campaign Finance Board may refer the matter for prosecution in accordance with the provisions in § 1-1163.02(b) or may dismiss the action.

(2) Subpoenas issued under this section shall be issued by the Director of Campaign Finance upon the approval of the Campaign Finance Board.

(b) The Superior Court of the District of Columbia may, upon petition by the Campaign Finance Board, in case of refusal to obey a subpoena or order of the Campaign Finance Board issued under subsection (a) of this section, issue an order requiring compliance; and any failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as contempt.

(c)(1) All investigations of alleged violations of this subchapter shall be made by the Director of Campaign Finance in his or her discretion, in accordance with procedures of general applicability issued by the Director of Campaign Finance in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act.

(2) All allegations of violations of this subchapter, which shall be presented to the Campaign Finance Board in writing, shall be transmitted to the Director of Campaign Finance without action by the Campaign Finance Board.

(3) The Director of Campaign Finance shall present evidence concerning the alleged violation to the Campaign Finance Board within a reasonable time, if he or she believes that sufficient evidence exists constituting an apparent violation.

(4) Following the presentation of evidence to the Campaign Finance Board, in an adversary proceeding and an open hearing, the Campaign Finance Board may refer the matter for prosecution in accordance with the provisions of § 1-1163.02(b) or may dismiss the action. In no case may the Campaign Finance Board refer information concerning an alleged violation of this subchapter for prosecution without the presentation of evidence by the Director of Campaign Finance.

(5) Should the Director of Campaign Finance fail to present a matter or advise the Campaign Finance Board that insufficient evidence exists to present a matter or that an additional period of time is needed to investigate the matter further, the Campaign Finance Board may order the Director of Campaign Finance to present the matter within 90 days after its receipt.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 303, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(e), 61 DCR 153; Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(h), 66 DCR 985.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79, rewrote (a)(1)(B); substituted “for prosecution” for “to the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia” in (a)(1)(H); and rewrote (c).

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250, as amended by § 1104 of D.C. Law 23-149, repealed the requirement that § 6(h) of D.C. Law 22-250 would be subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore the amendment made by § 6(h) of D.C. Law 22-250 has been implemented.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the change made to this section by § 6(h) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).


§ 1–1163.04. Duties of the Director of Campaign Finance.

The Director of Campaign Finance shall:

(1) Develop and furnish prescribed forms, materials, and electronic formats or mediums, including electronic or digital signatures, for persons to make the reports and statements required to be filed with the Director of Campaign Finance pursuant to this subchapter;

(1A) Require that all reports filed with the Director of Campaign Finance pursuant to this subchapter be submitted electronically; provided, that reasonable accommodations shall be made where an actual hardship in complying with this paragraph is demonstrated to the Director of Campaign Finance;

(1B)(A) Publish all information submitted by recipients and agencies pursuant to sections of this subchapter online in a publicly accessible, widely accepted, nonproprietary, searchable, platform-independent, sortable, computer-readable format within 24 hours of filing. The database of electronic filings and other data within the portal shall be available via bulk download from the portal website;

(B) For the purposes of searching receipts of contributions and expenditures, "sortable" means able to be downloaded and filtered by street address, city, state, or zip code of the contributor or payee;

(2) Develop a filing, coding, and cross-indexing system consistent with the purposes of this subchapter;

(3) Make the reports and statements filed with him or her available for public inspection and copying, commencing as soon as practicable, but not later than the end of the 2nd day following the day during which it was received, and to permit and facilitate copying of any report or statement, as requested by any person, at reasonable cost to the person, except any information copied from the reports and statements shall not be sold or utilized by any person for the purpose of soliciting contributions or for any commercial purpose;

(4) Preserve paper and electronic copies of reports and statements for a period of at least 10 years from date of receipt;

(5) Compile and maintain a current list of all reports and statements on file pertaining to each candidate;

(6) Repealed.

(7)(A) Make any reports prepared under this subchapter available online, including a biennial report summarizing the receipts and expenditures of candidates, political committees, political action committees, and independent expenditure committees, during the prior 2-year period.

(B) The Director of Campaign Finance shall publish the biennial report required in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph by December 31 of each odd-numbered year. The report shall describe the receipts and expenditures of candidates for Mayor, Attorney General, Chairman and members of the Council, members of the State Board of Education, shadow Senator, and shadow Representative, but shall exclude candidates for Advisory Neighborhood Commissioner. The report shall provide, at a minimum, the following information:

(i) A summary of each candidate's receipts, in dollar amount and percentage terms, by categories of contributors that the Director of Campaign Finance considers appropriate, such as the candidate himself or herself, individuals, political committees, corporations, partnerships, and labor organizations;

(ii) A summary of each candidate's receipts, in dollar amount and percentage terms, by the size of the contribution, including contributions of:

(I) $500 or more;

(II) $250 or more but less than $500;

(III) $100 or more but less than $250; and

(IV) Less than $100;

(iii) The total amount of a candidate's receipts and expenditures for primary and general elections, respectively, when applicable;

(iv) A summary of each candidate's expenditures, in dollar amount and percentage terms, by operating expenditures, transfers to other authorized committees, loan repayments, and refunds of contributions; and

(v) A summary of the receipts and expenditures of political committees, political action committees, and independent expenditure committees using categories considered appropriate by the Director of Campaign Finance;

(7A) Require a candidate for public office and the treasurer of any political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee to attend a training program conducted by the Director of Campaign Finance concerning compliance with this subchapter. Such training shall:

(A) Be conducted in person, or, during a period of time for which the Mayor has declared a public health emergency pursuant to § 7-2304.01, online, although online materials may be used to supplement the training;

(A-i) Include content on the Fair Elections Program and the requirements of this subchapter pertaining to business contributors, including their affiliated entities, and covered contractors;

(B) Be completed in accordance with a schedule to be published by the Director of Campaign Finance, or by individual request as the Director of Campaign Finance deems appropriate; and

(C) Upon completion, result in the completion of an oath or affirmation to follow the District's campaign finance laws, to be developed by the Director of Campaign Finance. The names of the participants and those participants who have not completed the training shall be prominently displayed on the website of the Campaign Finance Board;

(8) Make audits and field investigations with respect to reports and statements filed under this subchapter, and with respect to alleged failures to file any report or statement required under the provisions of this subchapter;

(8A) Administer the Fair Elections Program established by § 1-1163.32a; and

(9) Perform such other duties as the Campaign Finance Board may require.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 304, 59 DCR 1862; Dec. 13, 2013, D.C. Law 20-60, § 302(b), 60 DCR 15487; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(f), 61 DCR 153; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(1), 65 DCR 2847; Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(i), 66 DCR 985; Mar. 16, 2021, D.C. Law 23-192, § 3(d), 68 DCR 001073.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1163.02.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-60, in the introductory paragraph of (7), substituted “the Council, Mayor, Attorney General” for “the Mayor, Council” and substituted “candidates for the Chairman and members of the Council, Mayor, and Attorney General” for “candidates for Mayor, the Chairman and members of the Council.”

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 added (1A), (1B) and (7A); and rewrote (7).

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250, as amended by § 1104 of D.C. Law 23-149, repealed the requirement that § 6(i) of D.C. Law 22-250 would be subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore the amendment made by § 6(i) of D.C. Law 22-250 has been implemented.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the change made to this section by § 6(i) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 22-168 amended section 3 of D.C. Law 22-94, removing the applicability restriction impacting this section. Therefore the amendment of this section by section 2(b)(1) of D.C. Law 22-94 has been implemented as of November 7, 2018.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the change made to this section by § 2(b)(1) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 803(b)(1) of Coronavirus Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-405, Aug. 19, 2020, 67 DCR 10235).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(b) of the Election Code Conforming Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-143, July 31, 2013, 60 DCR 11799, 20 DCSTAT 1990).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 803(b)(1) of Coronavirus Support Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-130, Oct. 9, 2020, 67 DCR 8622).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-60: Section 401(b) of 20-60 provided that § 302 of the act shall apply as of December 13, 2013.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).


§ 1–1163.05. District of Columbia Board of Elections created.

On or after April 27, 2012, the District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics established under subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title 1 [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.]. shall be known as the District of Columbia Board of Elections and shall have the powers, duties, and functions as provided in that subchapter, in any other law in effect on the date immediately preceding April 27, 2012, and in this subchapter. Any reference in any law or regulation to the District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics shall, on and after April 27, 2012, be deemed to refer to the District of Columbia Board of Elections.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 305, 59 DCR 1862.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1161.01.


§ 1–1163.06. Advisory opinions.

(a)(1) On its own initiative, or upon receiving a request from a person listed below and within a reasonable time after its receipt, the Campaign Finance Board shall provide an advisory opinion regarding compliance with this chapter:

(A) A public official;

(B) A political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee;

(C) An official of a political party;

(D) Any person required to or who reasonably anticipates being required to submit filings to the Campaign Finance Board under this subchapter; or

(E) Any other person under the jurisdiction of the Campaign Finance Board.

(2) The Campaign Finance Board shall publish a concise statement of each request for an advisory opinion, without identifying the person seeking the opinion, in the District of Columbia Register within 20 days after its receipt. Comments upon the requested opinion shall be received by the Campaign Finance Board for a period of at least 15 days following publication. The Campaign Finance Board may waive the advance notice and public comment provisions, following a finding that the issuance of the advisory opinion constitutes an emergency necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, safety, welfare, or trust.

(b) Advisory opinions shall be published in the District of Columbia Register within 30 days of their issuance; provided, that the identity of any person requesting an advisory opinion shall not be disclosed in the District of Columbia Register without his or her prior consent in writing. When issued according to rules of the Campaign Finance Board, an advisory opinion shall be deemed to be an order of the Campaign Finance Board.

(c) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that a transaction or activity undertaken by a person in reliance on an advisory opinion from the Campaign Finance Board is lawful if:

(1) The person requested the advisory opinion;

(2) The facts on which the opinion is based are full and accurate, to the best knowledge of the person; and

(3) The person, in good faith, substantially complies with any recommendations in the opinion.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 306, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(g), 61 DCR 153; Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(j), 66 DCR 985.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote the first sentence in (a); and added (c).

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250, as amended by § 1104 of D.C. Law 23-149, repealed the requirement that § 6(j) of D.C. Law 22-250 would be subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore the amendment made by § 6(j) of D.C. Law 22-250 has been implemented.

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the change made to this section by § 6(j) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).