Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter II. Coverage; Status of Present Employees; Retention of Existing Personnel Rights and Benefits.


§ 1–602.01. Coverage; exceptions.

(a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, unless specifically exempted from certain provisions, this chapter shall apply to all employees of the District of Columbia government, except the Chief Judges and Associate Judges of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia and the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and the nonjudicial personnel of said Courts. With the exception of subchapters V and XVII of this chapter, and § 1-608.01(e), employees of the D.C. General Hospital and the D.C. General Hospital Commission shall be exempt from the provisions of this chapter.

(b) Repealed.

(c) The provisions of subchapter XV-A shall apply to employees of the Council and all District agencies, including, but not limited to employees of subordinate agencies, independent agencies, the District of Columbia Board of Education, the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia, the District of Columbia Housing Authority, and the Metropolitan Police Department.

(d) With the exception of subchapters V, XXVII, XV-A, XXI, XXII, XXIII and XXVI, employees of the District of Columbia Housing Authority shall be exempt from the provisions of this chapter.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-139, § 201, 25 DCR 5740; Oct. 1, 1987, D.C. Law 7-27, § 2(a), 34 DCR 5079; Mar. 16, 1989, D.C. Law 7-228, § 2(a), 36 DCR 754; Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 760, Pub. L. 105-33, § 11261(b)(1); Oct. 7, 1998, D.C. Law 12-160, § 102(a)(1), 45 DCR 5147; May 9, 2000, D.C. Law 13-105, § 27, 47 DCR 1325; June 12, 2003, D.C. Law 14-310, § 4(a), 50 DCR 1092; Apr. 1, 2017, D.C. Law 21-232, § 2(b), 64 DCR 876.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-602.1.

1973 Ed., § 1-332.1.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-105 added subsec. (d).

D.C. Law 14-310, in subsec. (c), validated a previously made technical correction.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of Council Independent Authority Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-29, Mar. 27, 2017, 64 DCR 3077).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of Council Independent Authority Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Act 21-551, Dec. 6, 2016, 63 DCR 15022).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 102(a)(1) of the Whistleblower Reinforcement Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-400, July 13, 1998, 45 DCR 5158) and § 102(a)(1) of the Whistleblower Reinforcement Congressional Review Emergency Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-464, October 28, 1998, 45 DCR 7821).

For temporary (90-day) amendment of section, see § 26 of the District of Columbia Housing Authority Emergency Act of 1999 (D.C. Act 13-259, February 9, 2000, 47 DCR 1129).

For temporary (90-day) amendment of section, see § 26 of the District of Columbia Housing Authority Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-346, June 5, 2000, 47 DCR 4980).

Editor's Notes

Washington Convention Center: Section 9-817 of the D.C. Code provided that the District of Columbia Government Comprehensive Merit Personnel Act of 1978 shall not apply to employees of the Washington Convention Center.


§ 1–602.02. Limited application of chapter.

The provisions of this chapter shall apply to the following employees of the District of Columbia government only to the following extent:

(1) The Mayor, each member of the Council of the District of Columbia, and the Attorney General are entitled to pay, as provided in § 1-611.09, in accordance with the provisions of §§ 1-204.21(d) and 1-204.03(a), and § 1-301.85. The Mayor, each member of the Council of the District of Columbia, and the Attorney General may participate in personnel benefit programs authorized in subchapters XXI, XXII, XXIII, and XXVI of this chapter, and are covered by the provisions of subchapters XVIII, XXV, XXIX, XXX, and XXXI of this chapter, and § 1-604.08;

(2) The President and each member of the District of Columbia Board of Education are entitled to pay, as provided in § 1-611.10, and may participate in personnel benefit programs authorized in subchapters XXI, XXII, XXIII, and XXVI of this chapter. The President and each member of the District of Columbia Board of Education are covered by the provisions of subchapters XXV, XXVIII, XXIX, XXX, and XXXI of this chapter, and § 1-604.08;

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, each member of a board or commission appointed to perform part-time, temporary or intermittent duties is entitled to pay as provided in § 1-611.08. Full-time employees who serve on boards and commissions shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of § 1-611.04 or § 1-611.11. Individuals serving as employees of boards and commissions shall be covered by the provisions of § 1-608.01(e). Members of boards and commissions are covered by the provisions of subchapters XVIII, XIII, XV, XXIX, XXX, and XXXI and §§ 1-604.08 and 1-608.01(e) and shall, if eligible under the terms of an agreement entered into by the Mayor and a federal agency under the provisions of subchapter XXVIII of this chapter, be covered by the provisions of subchapters XXI, XXII, and XXVI of this chapter. This section shall not apply to compensation received by the Board of Education as provided in § 1-611.10;

(4) Each person employed as an educational employee of the District of Columbia Board of Education and the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia shall be governed by the provisions of § 1-602.03.

(5) Each person employed by an Advisory Neighborhood Commission shall be governed by the provisions of subchapters XXI and XXII of this chapter.

(6) Notwithstanding any other provision of District law, subchapter XV-A shall apply to all District employees.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-139, § 202, 25 DCR 5740; Aug. 7, 1980, D.C. Law 3-81, § 2(a), 27 DCR 2632; Feb. 24, 1987, D.C. Law 6-177, § 3(b), 33 DCR 7241; Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2237, Pub. L. 101-518, § 136(a); Mar. 6, 1991, D.C. Law 8-203, § 4, 37 DCR 8420; Aug. 1, 1996, D.C. Law 11-152, § 302(a), 43 DCR 2978; Oct. 7, 1998, D.C. Law 12-160, § 102(a)(2), 45 DCR 5147; June 12, 2003, D.C. Law 14-310, § 4(b), 50 DCR 1092; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, § 1033(a), 62 DCR 10905.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-602.2.

1973 Ed., § 1-332.2.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-604.04.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-310, in subsec. (c), validated a previously made technical correction.

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 21-36, in (1), substituted “Mayor, each member of the Council of the District of Columbia, and the Attorney General” for “Mayor and each member of the Council of the District of Columbia” twice, and substituted “in accordance with the provisions of §§ 1-204.21(d) and 1-204.03(a), and § 1-301.85” for “in accordance with the provisions of §§ 1-204.21(d) and 1-204.03(a)” in the first sentence.

Cross References

Merit system, applicability to national capital revitalization corporation, see § 2-1219.05.

Merit system, applicability to Washington Convention Center employees, see § 10-1202.16.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 102(a)(2) of the Whistleblower Reinforcement Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-400, July 13, 1998, 45 DCR 5158) and § 102(a)(2) of the Whistleblower Reinforcement Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-464, October 28, 1998, 45 DCR 7821).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1033(a) of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Effective Dates

Section 136(b) of Public Law 101-518, the District of Columbia Appropriations Act, 1991, provided that the amendments made by § 136(a) shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Residency Preference Amendment Act of 1988 (D.C. Law 7-203, March

Editor's Notes

Repeal of § 3 of Law 6-177: Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 6-177 provided that the provisions of § 3 are repealed on the 1st day following the 36-month period after February 24, 1987.

Repeal of § 4(b) of Law 6-177: Section 3(b) of D.C. Law 8-74, effective March 15, 1990, provided that § 4(b) of D.C. Law 6-177 is repealed.


§ 1–602.03. Educational employees of the District of Columbia Board of Education and the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia.

(a) Educational employees of the District of Columbia Board of Education and the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia shall be governed by the provisions of this chapter with the exception of subchapters VIII, IX (except to the extent provided therein), and X-A of this chapter. Subchapter VIII-A of this chapter shall only apply to such educational employees.

(b) Educational employees of the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia shall not be governed by the provisions of § 1-609.01 relating to the development of job descriptions in consultation with the Mayor. The Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia shall develop policies on classification, appointment, promotion, retention, and tenure of employees consistent with the educational missions of their respective schools and in accordance with the sound policies and practices of the American Bar Association in the case of the School of Law, and of land-grant universities that meet the standards established by the College and Universities Personnel Association in the case of the University of the District of Columbia. Additionally, educational employees shall not be covered by subchapters VIII, X, XI (except as it provides for pay setting), XIII, XIII-A, XIX, and XXIV of this chapter.

(c)(1)(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of Unit A of Chapter 14 of Title 2, the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia ("Board") shall use a ranking system based on a scale of 100 points for all employment decisions for all non-educational positions within the Board.

(B) An individual who is a District resident at the time of application shall be awarded a 10-point hiring preference over a nonresident applicant; provided, that the individual claims the preference. This 10-point preference shall be in addition to any points awarded on the 100-point scale.

(C) At the time of appointment, an individual who claimed the 10-point residency preference shall agree, in writing, to maintain District residency for a period of 7 consecutive years from the effective date of appointment into the position for which the individual claimed the residency preference.

(D) An individual who claimed the residency preference and who fails to maintain District residency for 7 consecutive years from the individual's effective date of appointment shall forfeit the individual's District government employment.

(E) Each applicant for a position covered by this paragraph shall be informed in writing of the provisions of this paragraph at the time of application.

(2) The Board shall verify and enforce District residency requirements pursuant to § 1-515.04.

(3) By November 1 of each year and pursuant to § 1-515.06, the Board shall submit to the Mayor an annual report detailing, for the previous fiscal year, compliance with residency requirements.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-139, § 203, 25 DCR 5740; Feb. 24, 1987, D.C. Law 6-177, § 3(c), 33 DCR 7241; Aug. 1, 1996, D.C. Law 11-152, § 302(b), 43 DCR 2978; Mar. 24, 1998, D.C. Law 12-81, § 2(a), 45 DCR 745; Apr. 12, 2000. D.C. Law 13-91, § 103(a), 47 DCR 520; Feb. 6, 2008, D.C. Law 17-108, § 203(a), 54 DCR 10993; May 23, 2019, D.C. Law 22-315, § 3(a), 66 DCR 1983.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-602.3.

1973 Ed., § 1-332.3.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-602.02, § 1-604.04, § 1-604.06, and § 1-608.01a.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-91, in subsec. (a), in the first sentence, substituted “XI-A” for “XI”.

D.C. Law 17-108 added subsec. (c).

Editor's Notes

Repeal of § 3 of Law 6-177: Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 6-177 provided that the provisions of § 3 are repealed on the 1st day following the 36-month period after February 24, 1987.

Repeal of § 4(b) of Law 6-177: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-602.02.


§ 1–602.04. Status of employees employed by the District of Columbia government on the date that this chapter becomes effective as provided in § 1-636.02; retention of existing rights.

(a) Persons employed by the District of Columbia government serving on the date that this chapter becomes effective, as provided in § 1-636.02, shall be guaranteed rights and benefits at least equal to those currently applicable to such persons under provisions of personnel law and rules and regulations in force on the date immediately prior to the date that this chapter becomes effective as provided in § 1-636.02.

(b) All provisions of existing contracts between the District government and labor organizations shall be honored until their expiration.

(c) On January 1, 1980, all persons employed by the District of Columbia government, including those persons employed by the District of Columbia government on the date that this chapter becomes effective as provided in § 1-636.02, shall automatically transfer into the appropriate personnel system as established pursuant to subchapters VIII and VIII-A of this chapter or § 1-609.04 or § 1-609.09. The classification of and compensation for the position assumed upon transfer, and the rights and benefits inhering in such position, shall be at least equal to the classification, compensation, rights and benefits associated with the position from which said employee is transferred. The rights and benefits protected under this subsection shall be only those applicable to said employees under the provisions of personnel laws and rules and regulations in force on December 31, 1979: Provided, however, that no employee covered under the provision of this subsection shall be reduced in pay except as provided in subchapter XXIV of this chapter.

(d) After January 1, 1980, persons employed by the District of Columbia government on the date that this chapter becomes effective as provided in § 1-636.02 and who transfer into the appropriate personnel system, pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, shall be governed by the provisions of this chapter, with the exception of subsection (e) of § 1-608.01 and subsection (d) of § 1-608.01a.

(e) Employees hired on or after the date that this chapter becomes effective as provided in § 1-636.02 shall be governed by all the provisions of this chapter without exception.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-139, § 204, 25 DCR 5740; Aug. 7, 1980, D.C. Law 3-81, § 21(b), 27 DCR 2632.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-602.4.

1973 Ed., § 1-332.4.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-602.05, § 1-602.06, § 1-603.01, § 1-608.01, § 1-617.16, and § 1-623.02.

References in Text

Section 1-609.09, referenced in (c), was repealed by D.C. Law 12-260, § 2(f), 46 DCR 1318, effective April 20, 1999.


§ 1–602.05. Development of new personnel system.

In accordance with the provisions of § 1-602.04, the Mayor and each personnel authority shall cause the development of unified systems for all employees of the District of Columbia government. Each employee of the District of Columbia government employed on December 31, 1979, shall be guaranteed no reduction of current pay and benefits except as provided in subchapter XXIV of this chapter.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-139, § 205, 25 DCR 5740.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-602.5.

1973 Ed., § 1-332.5.


§ 1–602.06. Supersession provisions; effectiveness of collective bargaining on compensation matters.

On the date that the provisions of § 1-617.16 become operational and negotiations commence concerning compensation matters, all employees of the District government in the appropriate bargaining units under § 1-617.16, including those described in § 1-602.04, shall be subject to the procedures and provisions for establishing compensation provided in § 1-617.16: Provided, however, that no employee subject to the provisions of § 1-602.04 shall be reduced in actual pay, except in accordance with the provisions of subchapter XXIV of this chapter.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-139, § 206, 25 DCR 5740.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-602.6.

1973 Ed., § 1-332.6.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-617.17.

Cross References

Merit system, effective date provisions, see § 1-636.02.

Organization for personnel management, rules and regulations, see § 1-604.04.

Rent stabilization program, rent administrator, qualifications and compensation, see § 42-3502.01.