Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 3. Conveyable Estates and Methods of Conveyance.


§ 42–301. Present or future and vested or contingent interests conveyed by deed or will.

Any interest in or claim to real estate whether entitling to present or future possession and enjoyment, and whether vested or contingent, may be disposed of by deed or will, and any estate which would be good as an executory devise may be created by deed.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1269, ch. 854, § 512; June 30, 1902, 32 Stat. 532, ch. 1329.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-301.

1973 Ed., § 45-101.

Cross References

Statute of frauds, see §§ 28-3501 and 28-3503.

Editor's Notes

Severance of joint tenancies: This section and § 42-305 do not supersede the common law rule authorizing the unilateral severance of joint tenancies. Estate of Gulledge, App. D.C., 673 A.2d 1278 (1996).


§ 42–302. Perpetuities — Charitable uses excepted. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1351, ch. 854, § 1023; Apr. 27, 2001, D.C. Law 13-292, § 403, 48 DCR 2087.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-302.

1973 Ed., § 45-102.


§ 42–303. Perpetuities—Chattels real. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1351, ch. 854, § 1024; Apr. 27, 2001, D.C. Law 13-292, § 403, 48 DCR 2087.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-303.

1973 Ed., § 45-103.


§ 42–304. Perpetuities—Effect upon estates created by deed or will. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1351, ch. 854, § 1025; Apr. 27, 2001, D.C. Law 13-292, § 403, 48 DCR 2087.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-304.

1973 Ed., § 45-104.


§ 42–305. Title conveyable by anyone claiming such.

Any person claiming title to land may convey his interest in the same, notwithstanding there may be an adverse possession thereof.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1269, ch. 854, § 513.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-305.

1973 Ed., § 45-105.

Editor's Notes

Severance of joint tenancies: This section and § 42-301 do not supersede the common law rule authorizing the unilateral severance of joint tenancies. Estate of Gulledge, App. D.C., 673 A.2d 1278 (1996).


§ 42–306. Deed or will necessary for more than one-year term or for limitation upon such.

(a) For the purposes of this section, “commercial lease” means a lease for nonresidential real property.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, no estate of inheritance, or for life, or for a longer term than 1 year, in any real property, corporeal or incorporeal, in the District of Columbia, or any declaration or limitation of uses in the same, for any of the estates mentioned, shall be created or take effect, except by deed signed and sealed by the grantor, lessor, or declarant, in person or by power of attorney or by will.

(c) Commercial leases for a longer term than 1 year in any real property in the District of Columbia may be signed on behalf of the owner of real property by an authorized agent.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1267, ch. 854, § 492; June 30, 1902, 32 Stat. 531, ch. 1329; June 11, 1992, D.C. Law 9-116, § 2, 39 DCR 3186; Apr. 27, 1994, D.C. Law 10-110, § 2(a), 41 DCR 1023.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-306.

1973 Ed., § 45-106.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-401.

Cross References

Effective date of deeds, see § 42-401.

Statute of frauds, see §§ 28-3501, 28-3503.


§ 42–307. Perpetuities; pensions and employee trusts excepted. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Aug. 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 428, Pub. L. 86-201, § 1; Apr. 27, 2001, D.C. Law 13-292, § 403, 48 DCR 2087.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-307.

1973 Ed., § 45-107.