Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 6. Rules of Construction.


§ 45–601. Rules stated.

In the interpretation and construction of this Code the following rules shall be observed.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-201.

1973 Ed., § 49-201.

References in Text

The term “Code” as used in this section means “An Act To establish a code of law for the District of Columbia, 31 Stat. 1189 through 31 Stat. 1436.”


§ 45–602. Words importing singular number to include plural.

Words importing the singular number shall be held to include the plural, and vice versa, except where such construction would be unreasonable.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-202.

1973 Ed., § 49-202.

Cross References

Acts and resolutions of Council, rules of construction, see § 1-301.45 et seq.


§ 45–603. Gender rule of construction.

Unless the Council of the District of Columbia specifically provides that this section shall be inapplicable to a particular act or section, all the words thereof importing 1 gender include and apply to the other gender as well.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854; June 4, 1982, D.C. Law 4-111, § 2(a), 29 DCR 1684.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-203.

1973 Ed., § 49-203.

Cross References

Acts and resolutions of Council, rules of construction, see § 1-301.45 et seq.


§ 45–604. “Person” to include partnerships and corporations.

The word “person” shall be held to apply to partnerships and corporations, unless such construction would be unreasonable, and the reference to any officer shall include any person authorized by law to perform the duties of his office, unless the context shows that such words were intended to be used in a more limited sense.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-204.

1973 Ed., § 49-204.

Cross References

Acts and resolutions of Council, rules of construction, see § 1-301.45 et seq.


§ 45–605. “Executor” to include “administrator”.

Wherever the word “executor” is used it shall include “administrator,” and vice versa, unless such application of the term would be unreasonable.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-205.

1973 Ed., § 49-205.

Cross References

Acts and resolutions of Council, rules of construction, see § 1-301.45 et seq.


§ 45–606. Oath to include affirmation.

Wherever an oath is required, an affirmation in judicial form, if made by a person conscientiously scrupulous about taking an oath, shall be deemed a sufficient compliance.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-206.

1973 Ed., § 49-206.


§ 45–607. “Insane person” and “lunatic”. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1189, ch. 854; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-169, § 23(a), 59 DCR 5567.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 49-207.

1973 Ed., § 49-207.

Editor's Notes

Section 35 of D.C. Law 19-169 provided that no provision of the act shall impair any right or obligation existing under law.