Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter I. General Provisions.


§ 47–4401. Payment of tax.

Unless otherwise specified in this title, all taxes are due and payable on the due date or upon notice and demand for payment, and shall be collected by the Mayor.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 405(b), 48 DCR 334.)

Editor's Notes

Section 410(c) of D.C. Law 13-305 provided: “Except as otherwise provided therein, section 405 shall apply as of January 1, 2001 to taxes other than the real property tax imposed under Chapter 8 of Title 47.”


§ 47–4402. Credit card or electronic payment of taxes.

(a) For purposes of this section, “electronic funds transfer” means a transfer of funds, other than a transaction by check, draft, or similar paper instrument, that is initiated through an electronic terminal, telephone, or computer or magnetic tape for the purpose of ordering, instructing, or authorizing a financial institution to debit or credit an account. The term includes point of sale transfers, automated teller machine transfers, direct deposit or withdrawal of funds, transfers initiated by telephone, and transfers resulting from debit card transactions.

(b) The Mayor may accept payment of taxes by credit card or electronic funds transfer. The Mayor may contract with a bank or credit card vendor, or third party provider, for the acceptance of the credit card or other form of payment, with any fee or charge for the election to use this method of payment absorbed by the taxpayer, or, in the alternative, paid to the vendor or contractor out of the monies collected. If the taxpayer elects to pay by one of these methods, the payment shall not be deemed to be made until the District receives the funds.

(c) The Mayor may require non-individual taxpayers to make payments electronically if the amount of the payment due for a period exceeds $5,000.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 405(b), 48 DCR 334; Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7131, 57 DCR 181; Sept. 20, 2012, D.C. Law 19-168, § 7062, 59 DCR 8025.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 8-102.03.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 18-111, in subsec. (c), substituted “$10,000” for “$25,000”.

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-168 substituted “$5,000” for “$10,000” in (c).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7071 of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-187, August 26, 2009, 56 DCR 7374).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7131 of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7131 of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Short Title

Short title: Section 7130 of D.C. Law 18-111 provided that subtitle K of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Non-Individual Income Tax Electronic Filing Act of 2009”.


§ 47–4403. Closing agreements.

The Mayor may enter into a written agreement with a person relating to the liability of the person for a tax for any taxable period. If the agreement is approved by the Mayor within the time as may be stated in the agreement, or later agreed upon, the agreement shall be final and conclusive and, except upon a showing of fraud, malfeasance, or misrepresentation of a material fact:

(1) The case shall not be reopened as to the matters agreed upon;

(2) The agreement shall not be modified; and

(3) In a suit or proceeding relating to the tax liability of the taxpayer, the agreement shall not be annulled, modified, set aside, or disregarded.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 405(b), 48 DCR 334; July 18, 2008, D.C. Law 17-179, § 2, 55 DCR 6253.)

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 17-179 substituted “for any taxable period” for “for a period ending before the date of the agreement”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Closing Agreement Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-572, December 19, 2006, 54 DCR 15).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Closing Agreement Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-146, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10754).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2 of D.C. Law 16-256 substituted “for any taxable period” for “for a period ending before the date of the agreement”.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 16-256 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2 of D.C. Law 17-73 substituted “for any taxable period” for “for a period ending before the date of the agreement”.

Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 17-73 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 17-179 provided: “Sec. 3. Applicability. Section 2 shall apply as of December 1, 2006.”


§ 47–4404. Compromise of tax.

If the Mayor believes there is a reasonable doubt as to the liability of the taxpayer or the collectibility of the tax imposed under this title, the Mayor may compromise the tax.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 405(b), 48 DCR 334.)


§ 47–4405. Collections through third party contractors.

(a) For purposes of this section, the term “delinquent taxes” includes all tax liabilities that are due and owing for a period longer than 90 days which may be collected under this chapter and for which the taxpayer has been sent notice in accordance with subsection (b)(1) of this section.

(b)(1) For the purpose of collecting delinquent taxes due from a taxpayer, the Mayor may contract with a collection agency inside or outside the District of Columbia. Before contracting with a collection agency, the Mayor shall send the taxpayer at least one written notice, by certified or registered mail, to the taxpayer’s last known mailing address requesting payment. The notice shall state that the matter of the taxpayer’s delinquency may be referred to a collection agency. The taxpayer shall have 30 days from the date of mailing of the certified or registered notice to pay, in full, the delinquent taxes before the delinquent account is referred to a collection agency.

(2) All funds collected by the collection agency shall be remitted to the Mayor not less than once a month. Forms to be utilized for the remittances may be prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require that the collection agency furnish a bond securing compliance with the provisions of this subsection and the contract with the District of Columbia.

(3) The costs of collection, including reasonable attorneys’ or agents’ fees, shall be the responsibility of the delinquent taxpayer. In addition to the costs of collection, the collection agency may charge a collection fee not in excess of 25% of the total amount of the delinquent taxes, including penalties and interest, that is actually collected.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision contained in this title or Title 42, the tax return or other information required to be disclosed in connection with the tax return may be provided to a collection agency for purposes of collecting a delinquent tax under this section. If the tax return or other information is provided to a collection agency under this subsection, the collection agency shall not disclose the information to a third party, other than the taxpayer (or his or her representative), unless the Mayor would be authorized by law to make the disclosure. A collection agency, or employee of a collection agency, violating the provisions of this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], or imprisoned for not more than 180 days, or both. All prosecutions under this paragraph shall be brought in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on information by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia in the name of the District of Columbia.

(d) If the Mayor does not contract with a collection agency inside or outside the District of Columbia, for the collection of delinquent taxes due from a taxpayer, a collection fee not in excess of 25% may be charged by the District as set forth in subsection (b)(3) of this section.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 405(b), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-213, § 33(bb), 49 DCR 8140; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(eee), 50 DCR 896; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(o)(1), 52 DCR 2638; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1062, 52 DCR 7503; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(hh), 60 DCR 2064.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-4407.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-213, in subsec. (c), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 14-282, in subsec. (c), substituted “Title 42” for “Title 45”.

D.C. Law 15-354 substituted “Attorney General for the District of Columbia” for “Corporation Counsel”.

D.C. Law 16-33, in subsec. (a), substituted “owing for a period longer than 90 days” for “owing for a period longer than 6 months”; in subsec. (b)(3), substituted “including penalties and interest” for “excluding penalties and interest”; and added subsec. (d).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not more than $1,000” in (c).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(mmm) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(nnn) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(nnn) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1062 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(hh) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see 12(nnn) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see 12(nnn) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

Short Title

Short title of subtitle M of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1061 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle M of title I of the act may be cited as the Assessment of Collection Fees Act of 2005.

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 47–4406. Secrecy of returns.

(a) Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), (d)(2), (e), (e-1), and (e-2) of this section, and except as to an official of the District of Columbia, having a right thereto in his official capacity, an officer, employee, or contractor, or a former officer, employee, or contractor, of the District of Columbia shall not divulge or make known in any manner the amount of reported value, or any information relating to value or the computation of value, disclosed in a return required to be filed under this title. The original (or a copy) of a tax return desired for use in litigation in court shall not be furnished where the District of Columbia or the United States is not interested in the result of the litigation, whether or not the request is contained in an order of the court. Nothing contained in this section shall prevent the furnishing to the taxpayer of a copy of his or her return upon the payment of a fee as provided by the Mayor. This subsection shall also be applicable to federal, state, or local tax returns (or copies of these returns) and to federal, state, or local tax information either submitted by the taxpayer or otherwise obtained.

(b) The District of Columbia may provide the information reported in a tax return to either the Mayor, the Office of Administrative Hearings, or the United States if either the District of Columbia or the United States is a party to litigation in which either of the 2 governments is interested in the result of the litigation and if the information reported in the tax return would be relevant to the liabilities of the parties in the litigation.

(c) The District of Columbia may provide the information reported in a tax return to either the federal government or a state government if the United States, with respect to disclosure to the federal government, and the state government, with respect to disclosure to the state government, grant substantially similar privileges to the District of Columbia.

(d) The District of Columbia may publish the following information if it does not identify particular tax returns and items in tax returns:

(1) Statistics about the tax system;

(2) A list of taxpayers who are delinquent in their taxes; and

(3) Other information that may help the Mayor collect taxes.

(e) The District of Columbia may disclose information reported on tax returns to a contractor obligated to the District of Columbia to store documents or information to provide other services related to tax administration to the extent that the disclosure relates to the obligations of the contractor.

(e-1) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the return required by §§ 42-1103 and 47-903, unless otherwise provided by regulation.

(e-2) Nothwithstanding [sic] any other provision of this section, the Office of Tax and Revenue may furnish in accordance with § 11-1905 to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, upon request of the Court, the names, addresses, and social security numbers of individuals who have filed a return under § 47-1805.02(1).

(f) A person who willfully violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], or imprisoned not more than 180 days, or both. Prosecutions under this section shall be brought in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia in the name of the District of Columbia.

(g)(1) Notwithstanding any other law, the Office of the Chief Financial Officer is authorized to require federal and state criminal background investigations on any employee, candidate for employment, contractor, or subcontractor of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer that has or will have access to federal tax information for the purpose of determining the individual's suitability to access federal tax information as required by section 6103(p)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. § 6103(p)(4)).

(2)(A) The criminal background investigations shall be conducted in accordance with section 6103(p)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. § 6103(p)(4)), and shall include a fingerprint-based criminal record check of national crime information databases.

(B) For the criminal record check authorized pursuant to this paragraph, the Office of the Chief Financial Officer shall submit the individual's fingerprints to the Office of Integrity and Oversight for forwarding to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(3) Prospective employees shall be subject to fingerprinting and national, state, and local criminal history records checks only after a conditional offer of employment has been made.

(4) Current employees, contractors, and subcontractors with access to federal tax information shall be subject to fingerprinting and national, state, and local criminal history records checks at a minimum of every 10 years.

(5) The Chief Financial Officer may adopt rules to implement the provisions of this subsection.

(h) For the purposes of this section, the term:

(1) "Criminal background investigation" means a District, local, state, or national fingerprint-supported criminal history investigation.

(2) "Employee" means an individual employed by the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, an individual working for a private business entity under contract with the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, an individual working for a private business entity under contract with the District of Columbia, or an individual who is employed by the District of Columbia.

(3) "Federal tax information" means a return or return information received directly from the Internal Revenue Service or obtained through an authorized secondary source, such as the Social Security Administration or any entity acting on behalf of the Internal Revenue Service pursuant to an Internal Revenue Code section 6103(p)(2)(B) agreement.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 405(b), 48 DCR 334; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(fff), 50 DCR 896; Dec. 9, 2003, D.C. Law 15-50, § 2(b), 50 DCR 8980; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-217, § 4(m), 51 DCR 9126; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(o)(2), 52 DCR 2638; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(ii), 60 DCR 2064; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 7103, 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-903.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-282, in subsec. (a), substituted “(e), and (e-1)” for “and (e)”; and added subsec. (e-1).

D.C. Law 15-50, in subsec. (a), substituted “, (e-1), and (e-2)” for “, and (e-1)”; and added subsec. (e-2).

D.C. Law 15-217, in subsec. (b), substituted “Mayor, the Office of Administrative Hearings,” for “Mayor”.

D.C. Law 15-354 substituted “Attorney General for the District of Columbia” for “Corporation Counsel”.

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not more than $1,000” in (f).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7103 of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7103 of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(nnn) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(ooo) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(ooo) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Superior Court of the District of Columbia Master Jury List Project Clarification Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-111, July 29, 2003, 50 DCR 6571).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Superior Court of the District of Columbia Master Jury List Project Clarification Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-201, October 24, 2003, 50 DCR 9831).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3(m) of Office of Administrative Hearings Establishment Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-513, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8976).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3(m) of Office of Administrative Hearings Establishment Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-553, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 10359).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(ii) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see 12(ooo) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see 12(ooo) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 47–4407. Amnesty for tax periods ending prior to December 31, 2009.

(a) The Chief Financial Officer may establish a program to provide amnesty to a taxpayer liable for the payment of certain Title 47 taxes on returns or reports required for tax periods ending prior to December 31, 2008; provided, that if the Chief Financial Officer shall establish the tax amnesty program for a period ending after December 31, 2009, the tax amnesty program shall apply to tax returns or reports for tax periods ending prior to December 31, 2009.

(b) Those eligible may receive amnesty from the imposition of any fee under § 47-4405, any fine or other civil or criminal penalty authorized under Chapters 41 or 42 of this title for the failure of the taxpayer to file a return or report, or pay a tax due for certain Title 47 taxes on a return or report that was required to be filed for tax periods as provided in subsection (a) of this section.

(c)(1) The Chief Financial Officer may implement and administer the program for amnesty under this section.

(2) The Chief Financial Officer may determine the specific dates for the amnesty period.

(3) Excluding Title 47 real property fees and taxes under Chapters 8, 9, and 12 of this title, any Title 47 payments in lieu of real property taxes and ballpark fees in Chapter 27B of this title, the Chief Financial Officer may determine the specific tax types for which amnesty shall be granted.

(4) The Chief Financial Officer may:

(A) Require a taxpayer seeking amnesty to submit the documents or records as the Chief Financial Officer considers necessary to determine the truthfulness or accuracy of a return or report filed pursuant to this section; or

(B) Subject any return or report filed pursuant to this section to the same audit procedures to which a return or report for the tax type is subjected.

(5) The Chief Financial Officer may promulgate rules as may be necessary to interpret, administer, and enforce the provisions of this section.


(Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7111(b), 57 DCR 181.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7051(b) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-187, August 26, 2009, 56 DCR 7374).

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7111(b) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7111(b) of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Short Title

Short title: Section 7110 of D.C. Law 18-111 provided that subtitle I of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Tax Compliance Act of 2009”.