Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 8. Real Property Assessment and Tax.


Subchapter I. General Provisions.

§ 47–801. Declaration of purpose.

It is the intent of Congress to revise the real property tax in the District of Columbia to achieve the following objectives:

(1) Equitable sharing of the financial burden of the government of the District of Columbia;

(2) Full public information regarding assessments and appeal procedures;

(3) Promotion of economic activity, diversity of land use, and preservation of the character of the District of Columbia;

(4) Assurance that shifts in the tax burden on individual taxpayers will not be excessive; and

(5) Comparability of tax effort between the District of Columbia and surrounding jurisdictions in the metropolitan area and cities of comparable size.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1051, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 402; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-801.

1973 Ed., § 47-621.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-1215.02 and § 47-4625.


§ 47–802. Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter:

(1) The term “real property” means real estate identified by plat on the records and cadastral maps of the Office of Tax and Revenue according to square, parcel or reservation and lot, together with improvements thereon.

(2) The term “Mayor” means the Mayor of the District of Columbia established under § 1-204.21.

(3) The term “Council” means the Council of the District of Columbia established under § 1-204.01.

(4) The term “estimated market value” means 100% of the most probable price at which a particular piece of real property, if exposed for sale in the open market with a reasonable time for the seller to find a purchaser, would be expected to transfer under prevailing market conditions between parties who have knowledge of the uses to which the property may be put, both seeking to maximize their gains and neither being in a position to take advantage of the exigencies of the other.

(5) Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, the terms “owner” and “taxpayer” shall mean the following:

(A) An owner of record of real property; provided, that if real property is subject to an estate for life, or a lease or ground rent for a term (with renewals) that is at least 30 years, the holder of the possessory interest shall be deemed the owner for purposes of receiving notices of proposed assessed value, receiving bills, and filing any petition or appeal under this chapter; provided further, that the owner of record shall also retain the right to appeal under this chapter;

(B) For purposes of receiving notices of proposed assessed value, receiving bills, and filing any petition or appeal under this chapter, the lessee or user in § 47-1005.1 [§ 47-1005.01];

(C) One or more persons whose leasehold interest in a leasehold condominium, as defined in § 45-1802(18) [§ 42-1901.02(18)], comprises the entire balance of the unexpired term;

(D) One or more persons who meet the requirements of § 47-3502(a)(2)(B) in a single family residential property;

(E)(i) A trust beneficiary who occupies real property owned of record by the trustee, as sole owner, of an irrevocable special needs trust if the trust beneficiary has a disability as defined in section 1614(a)(3) of the Social Security Act, approved October 30, 1972 (86 Stat. 1471; 42 U.S.C. § 1382c(a)(3)).

(ii) For the purposes of sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph, a trust is a special needs trust if the trust instrument:

(I) States, among its purposes, that the trust assets are not intended to be counted in determining the beneficiary’s eligibility for needs-based governmental benefits; and

(II)(aa) Names the beneficiary with a disability as the sole trust beneficiary during his or her lifetime; and

(bb) Provides that the beneficiary with a disability shall not serve as trustee; or

(F) For purposes of appealing the assessment of real property sold under § 47-1353(b), the tax sale purchaser or the purchaser’s assignee, as applicable; provided, that the Mayor shall not be required to mail notices or bills issued under this chapter to the tax sale purchaser or assignee; provided further, that the owner of record is not appealing the assessment for the same tax year.

(6) The term “regulation”, unless specifically identified as a regulation of the Commissioner, means a regulation of the Council enacted under § 406 of the Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1967, and after January 2, 1975, such term means an act of the Council of the District of Columbia enacted under § 412 (and related sections) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act [§ 1-204.12].

(7) The term “tax year” means the period beginning October 1st each year and ending September 30th each succeeding year.

(8) The term “valuation date” means January 1 of the preceding real property tax year.

(9) The term “phased-in assessed value” means the assessed value which is increased each year of a 3-year cycle in increments of one-third the assessed value.

(10) The term “3-year cycle” means 3 continuous tax years for which the assessed value of real property shall be determined.

(11) The term “limited-equity cooperative” means a cooperative required by a government agency or nonprofit organization to limit the resale price of membership shares for the purposes of keeping the housing affordable to incoming members that are low and moderate income.

(12) The term “carrying charge subsidies” means any payment, originating directly or indirectly, with a federal or local government housing agency, used to supplement the monthly housing payments of individual cooperative members.

(13) [Expired].

(14) The term “cost-of-living adjustment” for any real property tax year means an amount equal to the dollar amount of the homestead deduction provided in §§ 47-850(a) and 47-850.01(a) multiplied by the difference between the Consumer Price Index for the preceding real property tax year and the Consumer Price Index for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2010, divided by the Consumer Price Index for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2010. For the purposes of this paragraph, the Consumer Price Index for any real property tax year is the average of the Consumer Price Index for the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Statistical Area for all-urban consumers published by the Department of Labor, or any successor index, as of the close of the 12-month period ending on September 30 of such real property tax year.

(15) The term “domestic partner” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 32-701(3).

(16)(A) The phrase “senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment” for any real property tax year means $125,000 multiplied by the difference between the Consumer Price Index for the preceding real property tax year and the Consumer Price Index for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2012, divided by the Consumer Price Index for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2012.

(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, the Consumer Price Index for any real property tax year is the average of the Consumer Price Index for the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Statistical Area for all-urban consumers published by the Department of Labor, or any successor index, as of the close of the 12-month period ending on September 30 of such real property tax year.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1051, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 403; Dec. 18, 1979, D.C. Law 3-40, § 4, 26 DCR 1950; Nov. 17, 1981, D.C. Law 4-51, § 4, 28 DCR 4345; Oct. 8, 1983, D.C. Law 5-31, § 10(e), 30 DCR 3879; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25, § 101(a), 40 DCR 5489; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-40, § 101(a), 44 DCR 4859; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(a), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-42, § 10(b), 48 DCR 7612; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(e), 50 DCR 896; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 26(c)(1), 51 DCR 881; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, §§ 1276(a), 1297(a)(1), 52 DCR 7503; May 12, 2006, D.C. Law 16-98, § 2(a), 53 DCR 1869; Apr. 24, 2007, D.C. Law 16-305, § 73(a), 53 DCR 6198; Sept. 18, 2007, D.C. Law 17-20, § 1032(a), 54 DCR 7052; Sept. 12, 2008, D.C. Law 17-231, § 41(a), 55 DCR 6758; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-353, § 215(a), 56 DCR 1117; Sept. 20, 2012, D.C. Law 19-168, § 7072(a)(1), 59 DCR 8025; June 26, 2014, D.C. Law 20-117, § 11(a), 61 DCR 2032; Dec. 4, 2014, D.C. Law 20-141, § 101(a)(2), 61 DCR 7763; Feb. 26, 2015, D.C. Law 20-155, §§ 7102(a)(2), 7104, 61 DCR 9990.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-802.

1973 Ed., § 47-622.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-405, § 42-1102, § 42-2301, § 42-3131.05, § 47-825.01a, § 47-830, § 47-849, § 47-895.01, § 47-895.31, § 47-1818.01, § 47-3504, § 47-4613, § 47-4616, and § 47-4630.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 rewrote par. (5) which had read:

“(5) The terms ‘owner’ and ‘taxpayer’ shall include 1 or more persons whose leasehold interest or interests in a leasehold condominium, as that term is defined in § 42-1901.02(18), extend for the entire balance of the unexpired term or terms. The terms ‘owner’ and ‘taxpayer’ also shall include 1 or more persons who meet the requirements of § 47-3502(2)(B) in a single family residential property.”

D.C. Law 14-42, in par. (5)(A), made a nonsubstantive change.

D.C. Law 14-282, in par. (1), substituted “and cadastral maps of the Office of Tax and Revenue according to square, parcel or reservation and lot,” for “of the District of Columbia Surveyor according to lot and square”; and in par. (5), substituted “mean” for “include” and substituted “deemed the owner for purposes of receiving notices of proposed assessed value, receiving bills, and filing any petition or appeal under this chapter” for “deemed the owner”.

D.C. Law 15-105, in the paragraph designation (5)(A), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 16-33, in par. (5)(C), substituted a semicolon for “; or”; in par. (5)(D), substituted “; or” for a period; and added pars. (5)(E), (11), and (12).

D.C. Law 16-98 added par. (13) which defined “cost-of-living adjustment”.

D.C. Law 16-305, in par. (5)(E), substituted “has a disability” for “is a disabled person” and “beneficiary with a disability” for “disabled beneficiary”.

D.C. Law 17-20 added par. (14).

D.C. Law 17-231 added par. (15).

D.C. Law 17-353 validated a previously made technical correction in subsec. (a)(14).

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-168, in the first sentence of (14), substituted “the dollar amount of the homestead deduction provided in §§ 47-850(a) and 47-850.01(a)” for “$ 64,000,” substituted “difference between” for “percentage by which,” substituted “and” for “exceeds” following the second occurrence of “tax year,” and substituted “October 1, 2010, divided by the Consumer Price Index for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2010” for “October 1, 2006.”

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-117 added (16).

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-141, repealed before its effective date, would have added (5)(F) and made related changes.

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-155 added (5)(F) and made related changes.

Cross References

Lower income homeownership tax abatement, shared equity financing agreements, compliance with guidelines for federal income tax deduction, see § 47-3503.

Real property credit line deeds of trust, “real property” defined, see § 42-2301.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 10(b) of Technical Amendments Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-108, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7622).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(f) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(f) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, ).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(f) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1276(a), 1277, 1278, 1297(a)(1), 1298, 1299 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1032(a) of Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-74, July 25, 2007, 54 DCR 7549).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 101(a)(1) of the Residential Real Property Equity and Transparency Emergency Amendment Act of 2014, (D.C. Act 20-342, May 28, 2014, 61 DCR 5691).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7112(a)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-377, July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, 20 STAT 3696).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §  101(a)(1) of the Residential Real Property Equity and Transparency Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-409, Aug. 1, 2014, 61 DCR 8281).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7102(a)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7102(a)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(f) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(f) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

Short Title

Short title: Section 1031 of D.C. Law 17-20 provided that subtitle D of title I of the act may be cited as the “Homestead Deduction Increase Act of 2007”.

Short title of subtitle GG of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1275 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle GG of title I of the act may be cited as the Limited-Equity Cooperative Tax Fairness Act of 2005.

Effective Dates

Effectiveness and expiration of D.C. Law 16-98: Section 4 of D.C. Law 16-98 required that “this act shall take effect subject to the inclusion of its fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan; provided, that this act shall expire on October 1, 2006 if its fiscal effect has not been included in an approved budget and financial plan or in the Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Request Act of 2006.” The Budget Director of the Council of the District of Columbia has determined, as of November 2, 2007, that the fiscal effect of Law 16-98 had not been included in an approved budget and financial plan by October 1, 2006. Therefore, the amendments made to this section by Law 16-98, have expired as if never in effect.

Editor's Notes

Applicability and expiration of subtitle GG of title I, §§ 1275 to 1279, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1277 and 1278 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(e), provided:

“Sec. 1277. Applicability; conditional effect.”

“(a) Section 1276 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1278. Sunset.

“This act shall expire on August 5, 2006 if this act has not taken effect under section 1277.”.

Applicability and expiration of subtitle KK of title I, §§ 1295 to 1300, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1298 and 1299, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(l), (m) provided:

“Sec. 1298. Conditional applicability.

“(a) Sections 1296 and 1297 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1299. Repealed.”

Applicability of D.C. Law 16-98: Section 3(a) of D.C. Law 16-98 provided: “(a) Section 2(a), (b), and (c) shall apply as of October 1, 2006.”

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 9 of D.C. Law 5-31 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules necessary to carry out the provisions of § 47-802(5), as amended by § 10(e) of the act.

Expiration of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 105(b) of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that title I of that act shall expire 4 years from its effective date. D.C. Law 12-40 became effective on October 23, 1997.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 104 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that the Mayor may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this title.

Audit of triennial assessment process: Section 103 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that at the end of the first triennial assessment cycle, an audit of the assessment process shall be conducted by an outside firm, under the auspices of the International Association of Assessing Officers, for the purposes of examining the methodology, procedures, and accuracy of real property assessments under the triennial assessment process. The results of the audit shall be provided to the Council of the District of Columbia.

Review of title I provisions after 3 years: Section 105(a) of title I of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that after 3 years, the Committee on Finance and Revenue shall review the provisions of this title and make recommendations for their continuance, amendment, or termination.

Expiration and review of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 2003 of D.C. Law 14-28 repealed the expiration provision of section 105(b) and the review provision of section 105(a) of D.C. Law 12-40.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-117: Section 11(b) of D.C. Law 20-117 provided that § 11(a) of the act, which added (16), shall apply to tax years beginning after September 30, 2013.

Section 18 of D.C. Law provided that the act shall apply as of October 1, 2013.

D.C. Law 20-141 became effective on Dec. 4, 2014, but was repealed prior to its effective date by emergency D.C. Act 20-377, § 7114, eff. July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, by emergency D.C. Act 20-449, § 7104, eff. October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, and by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7104, 61 DCR 9990.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority under Law 5-31, see Mayor’s Order 83-270, November 16, 1983.


§ 47–803. Additional definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter:

(1) The term “condominium” means the ownership of a single dwelling unit in a horizontal property regime.

(2) The term “cooperative housing association” means an association, whether incorporated or unincorporated, organized for the purpose of owning and operating residential real property in the District of Columbia, the shareholders or members of which, by reason of their ownership of a stock or membership certificate, a proprietary lease or other evidence of membership, are entitled to occupy a dwelling unit pursuant to the terms of a proprietary lease or occupancy agreement.

(3) The term “dwelling unit” means any room or group of rooms forming a single unit which is used or intended to be used for living, sleeping and the preparation and eating of meals, and which is located within a building which is wholly or partially used or intended to be used for living and sleeping by human occupants.

(4) The term “horizontal property regime” shall have the meaning given that term by § 42-2003.

(5) The term “nontransient” means occupancy of a dwelling unit or units by any person(s) for a period of more than 5 consecutive days during any 1 stay in such unit(s).

(6) The term “single family residential property” means real property improved by a dwelling unit which is used exclusively for nontransient residential purposes and which contains not more than 1 dwelling unit whether as a row, detached or semidetached structure, or as a single condominium unit within a horizontal property regime.


(Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-130, § 2, 25 DCR 2517; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-803.

1973 Ed., § 47-622.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-2301, § 47-858.01, and § 47-3503.

Cross References

Lower income homeownership tax abatement, deed recordation tax, real property transfer tax, and real property tax exemptions, “cooperative housing association” defined, see § 47-3503.

Real property credit line deeds of trust, “single family residential property” defined, see § 45-2901.

Editor's Notes

Definitions applicable: The definitions in this section apply to §§ 47-812, 47-815, 47-825, 47-849, 47-850, 47-851, and 47-1806.06.


§ 47–804. Service of notice.

Notice shall be deemed to be properly served on the date when mailed by first class mail.


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(b)(2), 48 DCR 334.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b)(2) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).


§ 47–805. Office of Real Property Tax Ombudsman.

(a) There is created within the Office of the Mayor the Office of the Real Property Tax Ombudsman (“Office”), which shall be headed by the Real Property Tax Ombudsman (“Ombudsman”), who shall be appointed by the Mayor pursuant to § 1-523.01(a), as a statutory employee in the Excepted Service pursuant to § l-609.08. The Ombudsman shall serve for a term of 5 years. The Ombudsman shall serve at the pleasure of the Mayor.

(b) The Ombudsman shall appoint staff and additional personnel as provided for in an approved budget and financial plan for the District.

(c) The Ombudsman shall:

(1) Consult with and advise Class 1 real property owners on any real property tax matter arising under Chapter 8 or 13A of this title or under Chapter 31A of Title 42;

(2) Receive and investigate concerns and complaints from Class 1 real property owners related to real property tax matters;

(3) Provide counsel and assistance to Class 1 real property owners relating to real property taxes, including referring Class 1 real property owners to appropriate:

(A) Legal service providers;

(B) Public interest organizations; and

(C) Government offices;

(4) Maintain a list of organizations that provide free or reduced-price legal services to District of Columbia residents and a list of housing counseling agencies approved by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(5) Protect the confidentiality of records and comply with all applicable confidentiality provisions, including § 47-821(d)(2); and

(6) Prepare and submit to the Council and the Mayor an annual report on the activities of the Office that the Mayor shall make available to the public on the Mayor’s website.

(d) The Ombudsman may assist an owner with matters concerning an abutting lot where the abutting lot and the Class 1 property are owned by the same owner.

(e) The Ombudsman shall not appear on behalf of Class 1 real property owners in any court, administrative, or quasi-judicial proceeding.

(f) The Office of the Chief Financial Officer may share confidential tax information with the Ombudsman.

(g) For purposes of this section, the term “Class 1 real property owner” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 47-813(c-3)(1); provided, that the term owner as used in § 47-813(c-3)(1) shall be construed broadly and include the persons defined as owners in § 47-802 as well as other persons with an equitable interest in the property, and any other persons the Ombudsman determines to be appropriate representatives of the property owner (or, if applicable, the property owner’s estate), or any other persons the Ombudsman determines to be consistent with the purposes of this section.


(Dec. 4, 2014, D.C. Law 20-141, § 101(a)(3), 61 DCR 7763; Feb. 26, 2015, D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a)(3), 7104, 61 DCR 9990.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-155 repealed D.C. Law 20-141; and reenacted this section.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) addition of this section, see § 7112(a)(3) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-377, July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, 20 STAT 3696).

For temporary (90 days) addition of this section, see § 7102(a)(3) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as enacted by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) addition of this section, see § 7102(a)(3) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as enacted by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).


Subchapter II. Authority and Procedure to Establish Real Property Tax Rates.

§ 47–811. Levy and disposition of tax; payment; penalty for nonpayment.

(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of § 47-501, there is hereby levied for each fiscal year a tax on the real property in the District of Columbia at a rate or rates determined according to the provisions of this chapter. Unless otherwise provided by law, all revenues received from such tax shall be deposited, from time to time, in the Treasury of the United States, to the credit of the District of Columbia.

(b) Real property taxes shall be due and payable semiannually in 2 equal installments, the first installment to be paid on or before March 31st, and the second installment to be paid on or before September 15th; provided, that an owner shall have at least 30 days from the date of the issuance of a bill to pay an installment; provided further, that for the tax year beginning July 1, 1989, and ending June 30, 1990, the amount of the first and second installments shall reflect and be consistent with the tax rates applicable to that tax year, as provided in § 47-812(b) and (c).

(c) If at any time after the date provided by § 26(a) of this act any real property tax, or any installment of real property tax, is not paid within the time prescribed, there shall be added to the real property tax or installment a penalty of 10% of the unpaid amount plus simple interest on the unpaid amount at the rate of 1-1/2% per month or portion of a month until the real property tax or installment is paid. The amount of the unpaid real property tax, or installment of the real property tax, plus the penalty or interest due, shall constitute a delinquent tax to be collected in the manner prescribed by law.

(d) Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, a payment shall be due on or before September 15, 1993, equal to one-half of the tax year 1993 tax rate for the real property upon which real property tax is levied multiplied by the assessed value for tax year 1994 of the real property upon which real property tax is levied.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1052, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 411; June 15, 1976, D.C. Law 1-70, title III, § 305, 23 DCR 540; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-138, § 5, 25 DCR 5147; Dec. 18, 1979, D.C. Law 3-40, § 3, 26 DCR 1950; Feb. 28, 1987, D.C. Law 6-212, § 20, 34 DCR 850; June 24, 1988, D.C. Law 7-129, § 3, 35 DCR 4102; Sept. 21, 1988, D.C. Law 7-143, § 3, 35 DCR 5403; Oct. 19, 1989, D.C. Law 8-46, § 2(a), 36 DCR 5783; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25, § 101(b), 40 DCR 5489; Sept. 9, 1996, D.C. Law 11-153, § 2, 43 DCR 4380; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(c), 48 DCR 334; Dec. 4, 2014, D.C. Law 20-141, § 101(a)(4)(A), 61 DCR 7763; Feb. 26, 2015, D.C. Law 20-155, §§ 7102(a)(4), 7104, 61 DCR 9990.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-811.

1973 Ed., § 47-631.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-3171.01, § 47-813, § 47-825.01a, § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, § 47-857.08, § 47-858.03, § 47-858.04, § 47-859.03, § 47-865, § 47-866, § 47-872, § 47-873, § 47-895.23, § 47-1336, and § 47-1806.09a.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305, in subsec. (b), substituted “; provided, that an owner shall have at least 30 days from the date of the issuance of a bill to pay an installment; provided further,” for “, except”.

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-141, repealed before its effective date, would have substituted “plus simple interest on the unpaid amount at the rate of 1%” for “plus interest on the unpaid amount at the rate of 1%” in (c).

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-155 substituted “plus simple interest on the unpaid amount” for “plus interest on the unpaid amount” in (c).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 101(a)(2) of the Residential Real Property Equity and Transparency Emergency Amendment Act of 2014, (D.C. Act 20-342, May 28, 2014, 61 DCR 5691).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7112(a)(4) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-377, July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, 20 STAT 3696).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 101(a)(2) of the Residential Real Property Equity and Transparency Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-409, Aug. 1, 2014, 61 DCR 8281).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7102(a)(4) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7102(a)(4) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

Editor's Notes

Notation of debt service requirement on real property tax bills: Section 6 of D.C. Law 10-126 provided that commencing with the tax year beginning October 1, 1994, and ending September 20, 1995, and for each tax year thereafter, the Mayor shall note on the 1st half tax bill which is due and payable by March 31, 1995, and on the 2nd half tax bill which is due and payable by September 15, 1995, the percent of the total real property tax levy that constitutes the special real property tax levy.


§ 47–811.01. Real property tax amnesty. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1052, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 412a; as added Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 104(b), 42 DCR 3684; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(d), 48 DCR 334.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-811.1.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 2(d)(2) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(e) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).


§ 47–811.02. Overpayment; credit or refund; interest.

(a) Subject to subsection (b) of this section, if there is a payment of real property tax that results in an overpayment for a billing period or levy with priority, the overpayment shall be credited in order of priority against the real property tax owing on the property for a subsequent billing period or levy.

(b) The Mayor shall refund the payment, less the real property tax owing, to the person who made the payment; provided, that the refund shall not be allowed unless:

(1) A claim for refund within 3 years from the date the payment was made;

(2) The Office of Tax and Revenue has corrected or changed an assessment or real property classification under § 47-825.01a(f) which created the overpayment;

(3) The property has been so reassessed under § 47-831 that an overpayment resulted for the periods of reassessment;

(4) The tax was abated for reasonable cause under § 47-1007; or

(5) The refund results from the grant of a real property tax exemption.

(c) A claim for refund shall be made in the manner prescribed by the Mayor.

(d) The District of Columbia shall pay interest on the overpayment beginning 90 days after the receipt of the claim for refund.

(e) The interest payable by the District under subsection (d) of this section shall be at the rate provided in § 47-3310(c).

(f) The owner, after seeking refund of the overpayment as set forth in this section, may, within one year from the last day of the tax year in which the claim for refund was made, file suit in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304; provided, that the real property tax, including any penalties and interest, shall have first been paid.

(g) This section shall not apply to an action timely filed under § 47-825.01a(g) and (h).


(June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 504(a)(2), 48 DCR 334; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(f), 50 DCR 896; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 3(a), 59 DCR 5590.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-4630.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-282 made nonsubstantive changes to subsecs. (b)(3) and (b)(4); and added subsec. (b)(5).

D.C. Law 19-155, in subsec. (b)(2), substituted “The Office of Tax and Revenue has” for “The Mayor” and “§ 47-825.01a(f)” for “§ 47-825.01(h-1)”; in subsec. (g), substituted “§ 47-825.01a(g) and (h)” for “§ 47-825.01(j-1) and (j-2)”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 4(a)(2) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(g) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(g) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(g) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 4(b) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(g) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(g) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).


§ 47–811.03. Real property tax abatement for certain commercial properties.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the term:

(1) “Applicant” means the landlord or the tenant.

(2) “Benefit period” means the period commencing on the first day of the month immediately following the rent commencement date and terminating no later than 60 months thereafter.

(3) “Billed assessed value” means the lesser of the taxable transitional assessed value or the taxable actual assessed value of the eligible building and the land on which the eligible building is located for the fiscal year in which the benefit period commences.

(4) “Eligible building” means a non-residential or mixed-use building.

(5) “Eligible premises” means premises located in an eligible building which are occupied and used as an office (including ancillary uses) or retail space by a Qualified High Technology Company under a lease.

(6) “Landlord” means a person who controls all non-residential portions of an eligible building, including the record owner, the lessee under a ground lease, any mortgagee in possession, or any receiver, and grants the right to occupy and use eligible premises to a tenant; provided, that the landlord shall not include a lessee who, at any time during the lease term, has occupied and used any part of the non-residential portions of the eligible building, other than premises occupied and used by the lessee to provide rental management services to the building.

(7) “Mixed-use building” means a building used for both residential and non-residential purposes.

(8) “Qualified High Technology Company” shall have the same meaning as set forth in § 47-1317.01(4).

(9) “Tenant” means a Qualified High Technology Company that executes a lease under which it occupies and uses eligible premises. The term ‘tenant’ shall include a subtenant if the subtenant is a Qualified High Technology Company.

(b)(1) If (A) a new building is constructed for which the initial certificate of occupancy or initial temporary certificate of occupancy was received after December 31, 2000, or improvements or renovations are made which are necessary to adapt or convert an existing building, or a portion thereof, for use by a Qualified High Technology Company, and (B) the building is an eligible building, to the extent of eligible premises therein, the real property tax increase attributable to the increase in the billed assessed value shall be abated for 5 years.

(2) If a tenant is liable for real property taxes, or taxes imposed pursuant to § 47-1005.01, under its lease and the tenant makes improvements or renovations necessary to adapt or convert an eligible building, or a portion thereof, for its own use as a Qualified High Technology Company, or for use by a Qualified High Technology Company as a subtenant, the tenant shall receive the abatement from the real property tax increase provided under paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(3) If a lease for eligible premises terminates during the 5-year abatement period, the abatement shall remain effective for a period not to exceed 12 months so long as the landlord or tenant, as applicable, makes a good faith effort to lease the eligible premises to a Qualified High Technology Company.

(4) The abatement shall be revoked immediately if the landlord or tenant, as applicable, shall lease the premises to a tenant other than a Qualified High Technology Company so that the premises or building no longer constitutes eligible premises or an eligible building.

(5) The abatement under this section shall be claimed by attaching to the real property tax return an original affidavit from each tenant stating that the tenant is a Qualified High Technology Company.


(Apr. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 13-256, § 304, 48 DCR 730; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, § 2172(a), 62 DCR 10905; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7232(a)(1), 64 DCR 7652.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-1818.06.

Effect of Amendments

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 21-36 rewrote (a)(4).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7232(a)(1) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7232(a)(1) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(h) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2172(a) of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).


§ 47–811.04. Abatement of penalty and interest; compromise.

The Mayor may:

(1) In his discretion, waive in whole or in part, interest or penalties, on unpaid taxes levied under this chapter and due to the District of Columbia, when, in his or her judgment, it would be equitable, just, or in the public interest; or

(2) Compromise taxes levied under this chapter if there is reasonable doubt as to:

(A) The liability of the real property or taxpayer; or

(B) The collectibility of the tax; provided, that:

(i) The real property shall be transferred to a new owner who is wholly unrelated to the owner; and

(ii) Subordinate liens shall be released before the tax is compromised.


(Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(g), 50 DCR 896.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(h) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(h) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 12(h) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 12(h) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).


§ 47–812. Establishment of rates.

(a) The Council, after public hearing, shall by October 15 of each year establish, by act, rates of taxation, by class, as provided in § 47-813, and the rates shall be applied, during the tax year, to the assessed value of all real property subject to taxation. The Council, acting by resolution, may extend the time for establishing the rates of taxation. If the Council does extend the time for establishing the rates of taxation on real property, it must establish those rates for the tax year by permanent legislation. If the Council does not establish the rates of taxation of real property by October 15, and does not extend the time for establishing rates, the rates of taxation applied for the prior year shall be the rates of taxation applied during the tax year.

(a-1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the real property tax rates for taxable property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 1994, and ending September 30, 1995, shall be the same rates in effect for the tax year beginning October 1, 1993, and ending September 30, 1994.

(a-2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the real property tax rates for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 1995, and ending September 30, 1996, shall be the same rates in effect for the tax year beginning October 1, 1993, and ending September 30, 1994.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the following real property tax rates are established for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 1995, and ending September 30, 1996:

(1) $0.3659 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $0.5869 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;

(3) $0.7050 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property;

(4) $0.8194 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property; and

(5) $1.9055 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 5 Property.

(b-1) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 413 [Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 413], subsection (a) of this section, or any other law imposing requirements on the enactment of these tax rates, the following real property tax rates are established for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 1996, and ending September 30, 1997:

(1) $0.3936 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class One Property;

(2) $0.6314 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Two Property;

(3) $0.7585 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Three Property;

(4) $0.8815 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Four Property; and

(5) $2.0500 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Five Property.

(b-2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the following real property tax rates are established for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 1997, and ending September 30, 1998:

(1) $0.2400 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $0.3850 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;

(3) $0.4625 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property;

(4) $0.5375 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property; and

(5) $1.2500 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 5 Property.

(b-3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and the special real property tax rates for taxable property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 1999, and ending September 30, 2000, shall be:

(1) $0.96 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $1.34 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;

(3) $1.85 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property; and

(4) $2.05 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property.

(b-4)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and the special real property tax rates for taxable property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2000, and ending September 30, 2001, shall be:

(A) $0.96 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(B) $1.15 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;

(C) $1.85 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property; and

(D) $1.95 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property.

(2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply if the certification by the Chief Financial Officer required by § 47-387.01 demonstrates that the accumulated general fund balance for the immediately preceding fiscal year is below 5% of the general fund operating budget for the current fiscal year, the nominal GDP growth is less than or equal to 3.5% or the real GDP growth is less than or equal to 1.7%.

(b-5)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and the special real property tax rates for taxable property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2001, and ending September 30, 2002, shall be:

(A) $0.96 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property; and

(B) $1.85 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property.

(2) Repealed.

(b-6) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and the special real property tax rates for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2002, shall be:

(1) $0.96 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $1.85 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property; and

(3) $5.00 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property.

(b-7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2005, shall be:

(1) $0.92 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $1.85 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property; and

(3) $5.00 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property.

(b-8)(1)(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 1 Property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2006, and each tax year thereafter, shall be established as follows:

(i)(I) For the tax year beginning October 1, 2006, the Mayor shall compute the real property tax rate (rounded up to the nearest penny) for Class 1 Properties calculated to yield in the tax year the same amount of taxes estimated to be collected, as certified in the latest revenue estimate, during the tax year beginning October 1, 2005, plus 9%.

(II) Before September 16, 2006, the Mayor shall submit to the Council the real property tax rate computed under sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph.

(ii)(I) For the tax year beginning October 1, 2007, the Mayor shall compute the real property tax rate (rounded up to the nearest penny) for Class 1 Properties calculated to yield in the tax year the same amount of taxes estimated to be collected, as certified in the latest revenue estimate, during the tax year beginning October 1, 2006, plus 8%.

(II) Before September 16, 2007, the Mayor shall submit to the Council the real property tax rate computed under sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph.

(iii)(I) For the tax year beginning October 1, 2008, the Mayor shall compute the real property tax rate (rounded up to the nearest penny) for Class 1 Properties calculated to yield in the tax year the same amount of taxes estimated to be collected, as certified in the latest revenue estimate, during the tax year beginning October 1, 2007, plus 7%.

(II) Before September 16, 2008, the Mayor shall submit to the Council the real property tax rate computed under sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph.

(iv)(I) For the tax year beginning October 1, 2009, and each tax year thereafter, the Mayor shall compute the real property tax rate (rounded up to the nearest penny) for Class 1 Properties calculated to yield in the tax year the same amount of taxes estimated to be collected during the preceding tax year, plus the lesser of:

(aa) Seven percent; or

(bb) The percentage increase in the total aggregate assessment of taxable real property for Class 1 Properties.

(II) By January 5 of the tax year, the Mayor shall submit to the Council the real property tax rate computed under sub-sub-sub-paragraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph.

(B) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, if, for the current tax year, the total aggregate assessment of taxable real property for Class 1 Properties is estimated to decrease, the real property tax rate for Class 1 Properties shall be the real property tax rate for the prior tax year.

(2) Repealed.

(b-9)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 2 Properties in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2008, shall be:

(A) For the first $3 million of assessed value, $1.65 of each $100 of assessed value; and

(B) For the portion of the assessed value exceeding $3 million, $1.85 of each $100 of assessed value.

(2)(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 2 Property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2009, and each tax year thereafter, shall be:

(i) For the first $3 million of assessed value, the rate as established in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph; provided, that for the tax year beginning October 1, 2011, the tax rate shall be $1.65 of each $100 of assessed value; and

(ii) For the portion of the assessed value exceeding $3 million, $1.85 of each $100 of assessed value.

(B)(i) The Chief Financial Officer shall compute the real property tax rate for the first $3 million of assessed value for taxable Class 2 Properties in the District of Columbia, for the tax year beginning October 1, 2009, as follows:

(I) The Chief Financial Officer shall subtract $1,312,793,900 from the estimated real property taxes to be collected for Class 2 Properties based upon a rate of $1.85 of each $100 of assessed value.

(II) The Chief Financial Officer shall compute the real property tax rate (rounded up to the nearest penny) for the first $3 million of assessed value for taxable Class 2 Properties by taking the amount yielded by sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph and, if it is a positive number, applying this amount to reduce the real property tax rate; provided, that the real property tax rate shall not be less than $.90 of each $100 of assessed value.

(ii) The Chief Financial Officer shall compute the real property tax rate for the first $3 million of assessed value for taxable Class 2 Properties in the District of Columbia, for the tax year beginning October 1, 2010, and each tax year thereafter, as follows:

(I) The Chief Financial Officer shall multiply the total amount of taxes estimated to be received for taxable Class 2 Properties in the District of Columbia for the prior fiscal year by 110%.

(II) The Chief Financial Officer shall subtract the amount yielded by sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph from the estimated real property taxes to be collected in the tax year based upon the applicable rates in effect for Class 2 Properties during the prior tax year.

(III) The Chief Financial Officer shall compute the real property tax rate (rounded up to the nearest penny) for the first $3 million of assessed value for taxable Class 2 Properties by taking the amount yielded by sub-sub-subparagraph (II) of this sub-subparagraph and, if it is a positive number, applying this amount to reduce the real property tax rate; provided, that the real property tax rate shall not be less than $.90 of each $100 of assessed value.

(iii) By January 5 of each tax year, the Chief Financial Officer shall submit to the Council the real property tax rate computed under this subparagraph.

(C) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 2 Properties in the District of Columbia beginning October 1, 2018, and each tax year thereafter shall be:

(i) $1.65 for each $100 of assessed value if the real property's assessed value is not greater than $5 million;

(ii) $1.77 for each $100 of assessed value if the real property's assessed value is greater than $5,000,000 but not greater than $10 million; or

(iii) $1.89 for each $100 of assessed value if the real property's assessed value is greater than $10 million

(3) [Repealed].

(b-10)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 3 Properties in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2010, and each tax year thereafter, shall be $5 for each $100 of assessed value.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 4 Properties in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2010, and each tax year thereafter, shall be $ 10 for each $ 100 of assessed value.

(b-11) [Not Funded.]

(c) Pursuant to section 9 of the General Obligation Bond Act of 1994, effective May 3, 1994 (D.C. Law 10-116; 41 DCR 1224), the following real property special tax rates are established for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the real property tax year beginning October 1, 1995, and ending September 30, 1996:

(1) $0.5941 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $0.9531 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;

(3) $1.1450 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property;

(4) $1.3306 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property; and

(5) $3.0945 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 5 Property.

(c-1) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 413, subsection (c) of this section, or any other law imposing requirements on the enactment of these tax rates, pursuant to section 9 of the General Obligation Bond Act of 1994, effective May 3, 1994 (D.C. Law 10-116; 41 DCR 1224), the following real property special tax rates are established for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the real property tax year that begins October 1, 1996, and ends September 30, 1997:

(1) $0.5664 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class One Property;

(2) $0.9086 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Two Property;

(3) $1.0915 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Three Property;

(4) $1.2685 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Four Property; and

(5) $2.9500 (for each $100 of assessed value) for Class Five Property.

(c-2) Pursuant to section 9 of the General Obligation Bond Act of 1996, effective October 1, 1996 (D.C. Law 11-162; 43 DCR 5432), the following real property special tax rates are established for taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 1997, and ending September 30, 1998:

(1) $0.7200 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property;

(2) $1.1550 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;

(3) $1.3875 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property;

(4) $1.6125 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property; and

(5) $3.7500 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 5 Property.

(d) For purposes of this section, the terms “Class 1 Property”, “Class 2 Property”, “Class 3 Property”, “Class 4 Property”, and “Class 5 Property” each has the same meaning as the terms have in § 47-813.

(e) [Repealed].

(f) [Repealed].


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1052, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 412; June 15, 1976, D.C. Law 1-70, title III, §§ 302(a), 305, 23 DCR 538; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-130, § 3(a), 25 DCR 2517; Nov. 20, 1979, D.C. Law 3-37, § 2(a), 26 DCR 1564; Mar. 13, 1985, D.C. Law 5-125, § 2, 31 DCR 5180; Nov. 19, 1985, D.C. Law 6-51, § 3(a), 32 DCR 5681; Oct. 1, 1987, D.C. Law 7-28, § 2, 34 DCR 5094; Sept. 29, 1988, D.C. Law 7-161, § 2(a), (b), 35 DCR 5730; Oct. 19, 1989, D.C. Law 8-46, § 2(b), (c), 36 DCR 5783; Sept. 27, 1990, D.C. Law 8-172, § 2(d), 37 DCR 4844; Mar. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-62, § 2(b), (c), 38 DCR 7291; Oct. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-177, § 2, 39 DCR 5868; Jan. 26, 1994, D.C. Law 10-66, § 2, 40 DCR 7358; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127,§ 5(a), 41 DCR 2050; Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 104(a), 42 DCR 3684; Mar. 5, 1996, D.C. Law 11-98, § 1301, 43 DCR 5; Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321 211, Pub. L. 104-134, § 135(1); Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-222, § 2, 44 DCR 108; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 10, 1998, D.C. Law 12-122, § 2(a), 45 DCR 2300; Oct. 20, 1999, D.C. Law 13-38, § 2702(b), 46 DCR 6373; Apr. 12, 2000, D.C. Law 13-91, § 156(b), 47 DCR 520; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(a), 49 DCR 11664; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, §§ 1262(a), 1272, 52 DCR 7503; Mar. 20, 2008, D.C. Law 17-123, § 3(a), 55 DCR 1513; Aug. 15, 2008, D.C. Law 17-216, § 4(a), 55 DCR 7500; Aug. 16, 2008, D.C. Law 17-219, § 7006, 55 DCR 7598; Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 2043(a), 57 DCR 6242; Sept. 14, 2011, D.C. Law 19-21, § 8102; Sept. 20, 2012, D.C. Law 19-168, § 7092, 59 DCR 8025; Feb. 26, 2015, D.C. Law 20-155, § 7082, 61 DCR 9990; Mar. 29, 2018, D.C. Law 22-81, § 2, 65 DCR 1582; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 6004(a)(1), 65 DCR 9388.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-812.

1973 Ed., § 47-632.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-811, § 47-815, § 47-1005.01, and § 47-4640.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-38 added subsec. (b-3), (b-4) and (b-5).

D.C. Law 13-91 validated a previously made technical amendment in subsec. (b-2)(3).

D.C. Law 14-307 repealed par. (2) of subsec. (b-5); and added subsec. (b-6). Prior to repeal, par. (2) of subsec. (b-5) had read as follows: “(2) $0.9531 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property;”

D.C. Law 16-33, added subsecs. (b-7) and (b-8).

D.C. Law 17-123 repealed subsec. (b-8)(2)(A) and added subsec. (b-9). Prior to repeal, subsec. (b-8)(2)(A), read as follows: “(A) $1.85 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property; and”.

D.C. Law 17-216 added subsec. (b-10).

D.C. Law 17-219 rewrote subsec. (b-9).

D.C. Law 18-223 rewrote subsec. (b-10), which had read as follows: “(b-10) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the sum of the real property tax rates and special real property tax rates for taxable Class 3 Properties in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning October 1, 2008, and each tax year thereafter, shall be $10 for each $100 of assessed value.”

D.C. Law 19-21, in subsec. (b-9)(2)(A)(i), substituted “subparagraph (B) of this paragraph; provided, that for the tax year beginning October 1, 2011, the tax rate shall be $1.65 of each $100 of assessed value; and” for “subparagraph (B) of this paragraph; and”.

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-155 deleted “as certified in the latest revenue estimate” following “taxes estimated to be collected” in (b-8)(1)(A)(iv)(I); rewrote (b-8)(1)(A)(iv)(II); repealed (b-8)(2); rewrote (b-9)(1)(A) and (b-9)(2)(A)(i); substituted “estimated to be received” for “received” in (b-9)(2)(B)(ii)(I); substituted “in the tax year based upon the applicable rates in effect for Class 2 Properties during the prior tax year” for “for Class 2 Properties based upon a rate of $ 1.85 of each $ 100 of assessed value” in in (b-9)(2)(B)(ii)(II); substituted “By January 5 of each tax year” for “Before September 16 of each year” in in (b-9)(2)(B)(iii); and added (f).

Cross References

National Capital Revitalization Corporation, “property tax increment revenues” defined, see § 2-1219.01.

Rental housing, new, vacant, and rehabilitated accommodations, real property tax abatement, see § 42-3508.02.

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-81: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-81 provided that the change made to this section by § 2 of D.C. Law 22-81 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of Internet Sales Tax Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-556, Dec. 31, 2018, 66 DCR 262).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 6004(a)(1) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 6004(a)(1) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 102(a) of Tax Parity Rates and Unincorporated Business Franchise Tax Rate Clarification Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-309, March 25, 2002, 49 DCR 3416).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(a) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(a) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(a) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1262(a), 1263, 1264, 1272 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2043(a) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7092 of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-377, July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, 20 STAT 3696).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7082 of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7082 of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see 102(a) of Tax Parity Rates and Unincorporated Business Franchise Tax Rate Clarification Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-163, June 25, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 6499).

Short Title

Short title of subtitle EE of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1261 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle EE of title I of the act may be cited as the Residential Property Tax Rate and Cap Reduction Act of 2005.

Short title of subtitle FF of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1271 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle FF of title I of the act may be cited as the Calculated Residential Property Tax Rate Establishment Act of 2005.

Short title: Section 7003 of D.C. Law 17-219 provided that subtitle C of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Commercial Real Property Tax Relief Act of 2008”.

Short title: Section 8101 of D.C. Law 19-21 provided that subtitle K of title VIII of the act may be cited as “Determination of Calculated Rate for Fiscal Year 2012 Act of 2011”.

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”

Section 2 of the Act of March 5, 1981, D.C. Law 3-136, established the rates of taxation on taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning July 1, 1980, and ending June 30, 1981, as follows: $1.22 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property; $1.54 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property; and $2.13 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property.

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 6-51 established rates of taxation on taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning July 1, 1985, and ending June 30, 1986, as follows: $1.0615 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 property; $1.3402 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 property; $1.5712 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 property; and $1.7662 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 property.

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 6-153 established rates of taxation on taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning July 1, 1986, and ending June 30, 1987 as follows: $0.8686 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property; $1.0966 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property; $1.2957 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property; and $1.4454 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property.

Real property special tax rates established: Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 6-153 established rates for the real property special tax on taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning July 1, 1986, and ending June 30, 1987 as follows: $0.3514 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 Property; $0.4434 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 Property; $0.5243 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 Property; and $0.5846 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 Property.

General obligation bonds authorized: D.C. Law 6-60, effective November 19, 1985, authorized the issuance of general obligation bonds of the District of Columbia for the purpose of financing certain capital projects and refunding certain capital indebtedness of the District of Columbia.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 4 of D.C. Law 6-51 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules to implement the provisions of the act pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2.

Section 2(d) of D.C. Law 6-153 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules to implement the provisions of the section.

Calculated rates for tax year 1995: The following calculated rates became the tax rates for tax year 1995 on December 16, 1994, pursuant to Resolution 10-443 and D.C. Code § 47-812(a) (See 41 DCR 5987):

Tax Year 1995 Real Property Tax Rates Establishment Extension Emergency Resolution of 1994: Pursuant to Resolution 10-443, effective October 4, 1994, the Council extended, on an emergency basis, the time for establishing the real property tax rates for tax year 1995 until December 5, 1994.

Definitions applicable: The definitions in § 47-803 apply to this section.

Real property special tax rates established: Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 6-51, effective November 19, 1985, established rates for the real property special tax on taxable real property in the District of Columbia for the tax year beginning July 1, 1985, and ending June 30, 1986, as follows: $0.1585 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 1 property; $0.1998 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 2 property; $0.2488 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 3 property; and $0.2638 for each $100 of assessed value for Class 4 property.

Definitions applicable: Section 2(c) of D.C. Law 6-51 provided that, for purposes of this section, the terms “Class 1 property”, “Class 2 property”, “Class 3 property”, and “Class 4 property” each has the meaning given to the term in subsection (c-1)(1), (2), (3), and (4) of § 47-813, as amended by § 3(b) of the act.

Section 2(c) of D.C. Law 6-153 provided that, for purposes of this section, the terms “Class 1 Property”, “Class 2 Property”, “Class 3 Property”, and “Class 4 Property” each has the meaning given each term in subsection (c-1)(1), (2), (3), and (4) of § 47-813, as amended by § 3b of the act.

General obligation bonds authorized: D.C. Law 5-115 authorized the issuance of general obligation bonds of the District of Columbia for the purpose of financing certain capital projects and refunding certain capital indebtedness of the District of Columbia.

An annual tax is imposed on real property in the District of Columbia by § 47-811 and by the General Obligation Bond Act of 1996, effective October 1, 1996 (D.C. Law 11-162; 43 DCR 5432) (the “1996 Act”), which is not codified. The 1996 Act established a real property special tax to pay debt service on general obligation bonds issued by the District of Columbia. Prior to the 1996 Act, a real property special tax was imposed by the General Obligation Bond Act of 1994, effective May 3, 1994 (D.C. Law 10-116; 41 DCR 1224). The real property tax rates and real property special tax rates are established by this section (§ 47-812), either separately or as a sum.

Applicability and expiration of subtitle EE of title I, §§ 1261 to 1265, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1263 and 1264 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by section 5(g) of D.C. Law 16-191 and D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(c), (d), provided:

“Sec. 1263. Applicability; conditional effect.

“(a) Section 1262 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.”

“(b) Repealed.

“(c) Repealed.

“Sec. 1264. Repealed.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-216 provided that section 4(a) shall apply to real property tax years beginning after September 30,2008.

Section 7092 of D.C. Law 19-168 would have substituted “$1.55” for “$1.65” in (b-9)(1)(A) and (b-9)(2)(A)(i); and would have substituted “October 1, 2013” for “October 1, 2011” in (b-9)(2)(A)(i).

Section 7093 of D.C. Law 19-168 provided that § 7092 of the act shall apply upon certification by the Chief Financial Officer that sufficient revenue is available in the June 2012, September 2012, or December 2012 revenue estimates to fund section 1002(a)(1) through (14) of the Revised Revenue Estimate Contingency Priority List Act of 2012 (D.C. Law 19-168). This contingency was not met.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to Law 6-51, see Mayor’s Order 86-6, January 14, 1986.

Delegation of authority pursuant to Laws 6-195 and 6-203, see Mayor’s Order 86-172, September 30, 1986.


§ 47–813. Classes of property.

(a) For the purpose of levying taxes on real property in the District of Columbia, the Council may establish different classes of real property.

(b) For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1979, and ending June 30, 1980, the following classes of real property are established:

(1) Class 1 Property. —

(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property which:

(i) Is occupied by the owner thereof;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 1 Property; provided, that at least 50% of the dwelling units contained therein are occupied by the shareholders or members of such cooperative housing association;

(2) Class 2 Property. —

(A) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property, which:

(i) Is not occupied by the owner thereof;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 2 Property; provided, that less than 50% of the dwelling units contained therein are occupied by the shareholders or members of such cooperative housing association.

(C) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to include hotels in the Class 2 Property classification;

(3) Class 3 Property. — Class 3 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property or Class 2 Property.

(c) For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1980, and ending June 30, 1981, and for each tax year thereafter, the following classes of real property are established:

(1) Class 1 Property. —

(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property which:

(i) Is occupied by the owner thereof;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 1 Property; provided, that at least 50% of the dwelling units contained therein are occupied by the shareholders or members of such cooperative housing association.

(C) Vacant real property which abuts improved residential real property qualified as Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if said vacant property and the improved residential real property which it abuts have common ownership. For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1984, and ending June 30, 1985, and for each tax year thereafter, vacant real property which is separated from Class 1 improved residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The vacant real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structures on the vacant real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the vacant real property also owns the Class 1 improved residential real property separated by the alley from the vacant lot;

(2) Class 2 Property. —

(A) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property, including apartment buildings, which:

(i) Is not occupied by the owner thereof;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 2 Property; provided, that less than 50% of the dwelling units contained therein are occupied by the shareholders or members of such cooperative housing association.

(C) Improved multifamily residential property which contains more than 5 dwelling units and is used exclusively for nontransient dwelling purposes shall also be classified as Class 2 Property.

(D) Vacant real property which abuts improved residential real property qualified as Class 2 Property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if said vacant property and the improved residential real property which it abuts have common ownership. For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1984, and ending June 30, 1985, and for each tax year thereafter, vacant real property which is separated from Class 2 improved residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The vacant real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission do not allow the building of any structures on the vacant real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the vacant real property also owns the Class 2 improved residential real property separated by the alley from the vacant lot.

(E) The Mayor may require an owner of real property to submit such information relating to the ownership of vacant real property as in the Mayor’s judgment will assist in the determination of ownership of such property as required under this section for purposes of real property classification;

(3) Class 3 Property. — Class 3 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property or Class 2 Property. Vacant real property which abuts and has common ownership with real property subject to the apportionment provision of subsection (f) of this section shall also be classified as Class 3 Property.

(c-1) For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1985, and ending June 30, 1986, and for each subsequent tax year, the following classes of real property not covered in subsection (c-2) or (c-3) of this section are established:

(1) Class 1 Property. —

(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property which:

(i) Is occupied by the owner of the property;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 1 Property, so long as at least 50% of the dwelling units are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association.

(C) Vacant real property which abuts improved residential real property qualified as Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the vacant property and the improved residential real property which it abuts have common ownership.

(D) Vacant real property which is separated from Class 1 improved residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The vacant real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structures on the vacant real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the vacant real property also owns the Class 1 improved residential real property separated by the alley from the vacant lot.

(2) Class 2 Property. —

(A) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property, including buildings, which:

(i) Is not occupied by the owner thereof;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 2 Property, so long as less than 50% the dwelling units are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association.

(C) Improved multifamily residential property which contains more than 5 dwelling units and is used exclusively for nontransient dwelling purposes shall also be classified as Class 2 Property.

(D) Vacant real property which abuts improved residential real property qualified as Class 2 Property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the vacant property and the improved residential real property which it abuts have common ownership.

(E) Vacant real property which is separated from Class 2 improved residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The vacant real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission do not allow the building of any structures on the vacant real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the vacant real property also owns the Class 2 improved residential real property separated by the alley from the vacant lot.

(F) The Mayor may require an owner of real property to submit such information relating to the ownership of vacant real property as in the Mayor’s judgment will assist in the determination of ownership of the property as required under this section for purposes of real property classification.

(3) Class 3 Property. —

(A) Class 3 Property shall be comprised of improved commercial real property, including hotels, motels, inns, or any other place, which is regularly used for the purpose of furnishing rooms, lodgings or accommodations to transients.

(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph the term “transient” means a person who is merely sojourning in the District, including a person who is visiting for a few days, or comes to the District to perform some special service or attend some special event. Any person who is furnished accommodations for a period of 90 consecutive days or more shall no longer be considered a transient, but shall be considered a permanent resident of the hotel, motel or inn.

(4) Class 4 Property. — Class 4 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property, Class 2 Property or Class 3 Property. Vacant real property which abuts and has common ownership with real property subject to the apportionment provision of subsection (f) in this section shall also be classified as Class 4 Property.

(c-2) For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1990, and ending June 30, 1991, and the subsequent tax years beginning July 1, 1991, and ending June 30, 1992, and beginning July 1, 1992, and ending June 30, 1993, and for the period beginning July 1, 1993, and ending September 30, 1993, and beginning October 1, 1993, and ending September 30, 1994, the following classes of real property are established:

(1) Class 1 Property. —

(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property which:

(i)(I) Is occupied by the owner of the property; or

(II) Is unoccupied due to a major fire, flood, or other casualty to the improved real property, if the improved real property was occupied by the owner of the property at the time of the casualty, and the major fire, flood, or other casualty occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year and was not intentionally caused by the owner;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 1 Property, so long as at least 50% of the dwelling units are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association.

(C) Unimproved real property which abuts improved residential real property qualified as Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the unimproved real property and the improved residential real property which it abuts have common ownership.

(D) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 1 improved residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 1 improved residential real property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(2) Class 2 Property. —

(A) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property, including buildings, which:

(i) Is not occupied by the owner thereof;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 2 Property, so long as less than 50% of the dwelling units are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association.

(C) Improved multifamily residential property which contains more than 5 dwelling units and is used exclusively for nontransient dwelling purposes shall also be classified as Class 2 Property.

(D) Unimproved real property which abuts improved residential real property qualified as Class 2 Property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the unimproved real property and the improved residential real property which it abuts have common ownership.

(E) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 2 improved residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 2 improved residential real property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(F) The Mayor may require an owner of real property to submit such information relating to the ownership of unimproved real property as in the Mayor’s judgment will assist in the determination of ownership of the property as required under this section for purposes of real property classification.

(3) Class 3 Property. —

(A) Class 3 Property shall be comprised of improved commercial real property, including hotels, motels, inns, or any other place, which is regularly used for the purpose of furnishing rooms, lodgings, or accommodations to transients.

(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the term “transient” means a person who is merely sojourning in the District, including a person who is visiting for a few days, or comes to the District to perform some special service or attend some special event. Any person who is furnished accommodations for a period of 90 consecutive days or more shall no longer be considered a transient but shall be considered a permanent resident of the hotel, motel, or inn.

(4) Class 4 Property. — Class 4 Property shall be comprised of:

(A) All improved real property, which is not Class 1 Property, Class 2 Property, or Class 3 Property;

(B) Unimproved real property, which is not Class 1 Property, Class 2 Property, or Class 3 Property, if any of the following conditions are met:

(i) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right;

(ii) A building permit has been issued and is in effect as of July 1, 1990; or

(iii) The unimproved real property is used as a parking lot and each approval required from the District of Columbia government for use as a parking lot has been obtained;

(C) For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1991, and ending June 30, 1992, any improved or unimproved real property classified as Class 4 Property as of June 30, 1991, unless the real property qualifies as Class 1, Class 2, or Class 3;

(D) For the property tax year beginning July 1, 1991, and ending June 30, 1992, any unimproved real property that was classified as improved real property as of June 30, 1991, unless the real property qualifies as Class 1, Class 2, or Class 3; and

(E) Class 4 Property shall include, as of June 30 of the preceding tax year, the unimproved real property that is within the Northeast No. 1/Eckington Yards Special Treatment Area and the Buzzard Point/Near Southeast Development Opportunity Area, as designated on the District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Map dated November 1992 that is part of the Comprehensive Plan, provided that the real property is zoned for commercial development and the real property owner is engaged in predevelopment activities as supported by written documentation. For the purpose of this subparagraph, “the term predevelopment activities” means completion of 1 of the following:

(i) Preparation of subdivision or large tract review applications;

(ii) Preparation or application for District permits or authorizations to proceed with development;

(iii) Participation in special planning or transportation studies prepared in conjunction with the District; or

(iv) Completion of environmental assessment or mitigation studies prepared in conjunction with the District.

(5) Class 5 Property. —

(A) Class 5 Property shall be comprised of all unimproved real property which is not Class 1 Property, Class 2 Property, Class 3 Property, or Class 4 Property.

(B) Unimproved real property that abuts and has common ownership with real property subject to the apportionment provision of subsection (f) of this section and cannot be classified as Class 1 Property, Class 2 Property, Class 3 Property, or Class 4 Property shall also be classified as Class 5 Property.

(c-3) For the property tax year beginning October 1, 1994, and ending September 30, 1995, and for each subsequent tax year, the following classes of real property are established:

(1) Class 1 Property. —

(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property that:

(i)(I) Is occupied by the owner of the property; or

(II) Is unoccupied due to a major fire, flood, or other casualty to the improved real property, if the improved real property was occupied by the owner of the property at the time of the casualty, and the major fire, flood, or other casualty occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year and was not intentionally caused by the owner;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property that is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 1 Property so long as at least 50% of the dwelling units are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association.

(C) Class 1 Property that becomes unoccupied shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the property becomes unoccupied due to any of the following conditions:

(i) [Repealed];

(ii) The improved real property is actively for sale at a reasonable market price as of September 30 of the preceding tax year;

(iii) A building or demolition permit has been issued and building or demolition is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year; or

(iv) The improved real property is the subject of a probate proceeding or title to the improved real property is the subject of litigation.

(D) Unimproved real property which abuts improved and occupied residential real property qualified as Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the unimproved real property and the improved and occupied residential real property which it abuts have common ownership.

(E) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 1 improved and occupied residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 1 improved and occupied residential real property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(2) Class 2 Property. —

(A) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of improved and occupied residential real property, including a building, that:

(i) Is occupied, but not by the owner;

(ii) Contains not more than 5 dwelling units, whether as a row, detached, or semidetached structure, or is a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property which is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 2 Property so long as less than 50% of the dwelling units are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association.

(C) Improved and occupied multifamily residential real property which contains more than 5 dwelling units and is used exclusively for nontransient purposes shall also be classified as Class 2 Property.

(D) Unimproved real property which abuts improved and occupied residential real property qualified as Class 2 Property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the unimproved real property and the improved and occupied residential real property which it abuts have common ownership.

(E) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 2 improved and occupied residential real property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 2 improved and occupied residential real property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(F) Class 2 Property that becomes unoccupied shall be classified as Class 4 Property if it becomes unoccupied due to any of the following conditions:

(i) A major fire, flood, or other casualty to the improved real property, which was not intentionally caused by the owner, has occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year;

(ii) A building or demolition permit has been issued and building or demolition is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year;

(iii) The improved real property is the subject of a probate proceeding or title to the improved real property is the subject of litigation; or

(iv) An application for a necessary approval for development of the improved real property is pending, as of September 30 of the preceding tax year, before the Board of Zoning Adjustment, the Zoning Commission, the Commission of Fine Arts, the Historic Preservation Review Board, or the National Capital Planning Commission.

(G) Improved real property described in paragraph (1)(C) of this subsection.

(3) Class 3 Property. —

(A) Class 3 Property shall be comprised of improved and occupied commercial real property, including hotels, motels, inns, or any other place, which is regularly used for the purpose of furnishing rooms, lodgings, or accommodations to transients.

(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the term “transient” means a person who is merely sojourning in the District, including a person who is visiting for a few days, or comes to the District to perform some special service or attend some special event. Any person who is furnished accommodations for a period of 90 consecutive days or more shall no longer be considered a transient, but shall be considered a permanent resident of the hotel, motel, or inn.

(C) Class 3 Property that becomes unoccupied shall be classified as Class 4 Property if it becomes unoccupied due to any of the following conditions:

(i) A major fire, flood, or other casualty to the improved real property, which was not intentionally caused by the owner, has occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year;

(ii) A building or demolition permit has been issued and building or demolition is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year;

(iii) The improved real property is the subject of a probate proceeding or title to the improved real property is the subject of litigation; or

(iv) An application for a necessary approval for development of the improved real property is pending, as of September 30 of the preceding tax year, before the Board of Zoning Adjustment, the Zoning Commission, the Commission of Fine Arts, the Historic Preservation Review Board, or the National Capital Planning Commission.

(4) Class 4 Property. — Class 4 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property or Class 2 Property or Class 3 Property.

(5) Repealed.

(c-4) For the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2001, and ending September 30, 2002, the following classes of real property are established:

(1) Class 1 Property. —

(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of improved residential real property that:

(i) Is occupied; and

(ii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Improved residential real property that is owned by a cooperative housing association shall also be classified as Class 1 Property.

(C) Improved and occupied multifamily residential real property which is used exclusively for nontransient dwelling purposes shall also be classified as Class 1 Property.

(D) Unimproved real property which abuts Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the unimproved real property and the Class 1 Property have common ownership.

(E) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 1 Property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the following conditions are met:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet in size;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 1 Property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(F) Class 1 Property that becomes unoccupied shall remain classified as Class 1 Property if:

(i) Unoccupied due to a major fire, flood, or other casualty to the improved real property, if the improved real property was occupied at the time of the casualty, and the major fire, flood, or other casualty occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year and was not intentionally caused by the owner;

(ii) The improved real property is actively for sale at a reasonable market price as of September 30 of the preceding tax year;

(iii) A building or demolition permit has been issued and building or demolition is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year; or

(iv) The improved real property is the subject of a probate proceeding or title to the improved real property is the subject of litigation.

(2) Class 2 Property. — Class 2 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property.

(c-5) Repealed.

(c-6)(1) For tax years 2003 through 2006, the following classes of taxable real property are established:

(A) Class 1 Property;

(B) Class 2 Property; and

(C) Class 3 Property.

(2)(A) Class 1 Property shall be comprised of residential real property that:

(i) Is improved;

(ii) Is occupied; and

(iii) Is used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Unimproved real property which abuts Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the unimproved real property and the Class 1 Property have common ownership.

(C) Residential real property that is either unoccupied or unimproved shall remain classified as Class 1 property if:

(i) The improved real property is unoccupied due to a fire, flood, or other casualty, if the property was occupied at the time of the casualty, and the fire, flood, or other casualty occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year and was not intentionally caused by the owner or sole tenant;

(ii) The real property is actively offered for sale or rental at a reasonable market price as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year; provided, that a property which has been offered for sale or rental for more than 8 months shall be presumed not to be offered for sale or rental at a reasonable market price;

(iii) A building permit or a demolition permit has been issued and construction or demolition is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year;

(iv) A building permit has been issued during the 24 months preceding the current tax year;

(v) The improved real property is the subject of a probate proceeding or title to the improved real property is the subject of litigation;

(vi) An application for a necessary approval for development of the improved real property is pending, as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year, before the Board of Zoning Adjustment, the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia, the Commission on Fine Arts, the Historic Preservation Review Board, the Mayor’s Agent for Historic Preservation, or the National Capital Planning Commission;

(vii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right;

(viii) The unimproved real property is used as a parking lot and each approval required from the District government for use as a parking lot has been obtained;

(ix) Unimproved air rights lot that appertains to improved and occupied real property;

(x) Property is designated as a historic landmark under subchapter I of Chapter 11 of Title 6, or is the subject of an agreement that runs with the land and provides for the preservation of certain historic features of the improvement;

(xi) The unimproved real property is the subject of a public hearing on a proposed overlay zone or on a proposed downzoning of the zone district classification of the real property (other than a downzoning under § 1-301.67 or § 1-301.68 [see now § 1-306.01 et seq.]); or

(xii) The unimproved real property is encumbered by a deed of trust that was recorded during the 24 months preceding the current tax year.

(D) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 1 Property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 1 Property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(E) Real property owned by a qualifying nonprofit housing organization under § 47-3505(a) shall be classified as Class 1 property.

(3)(A) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of commercial real property that is improved and occupied.

(B) Unimproved real property which abuts Class 2 Property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the unimproved real property and the Class 2 Property have common ownership.

(C) Commercial real property that is unimproved or unoccupied shall remain classified as Class 2 Property if:

(i) The improved real property is unoccupied due to a fire, flood, or other casualty, if the property was occupied at the time of the casualty, and the fire, flood, or other casualty occurred during the 12 months preceding the tax year and was not intentionally caused by the owner or sole tenant;

(ii) The real property is actively offered for sale or rental at a reasonable market price as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year; provided, that a property which has been offered for sale or rental for more than 8 months shall be presumed not to be offered for sale or rental at a reasonable market price;

(iii) A building permit or a demolition permit has been issued and building or demolition is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year;

(iv) A building permit has been issued during the 24 months preceding the current tax year;

(v) The improved real property is the subject of a probate proceeding or title to the improved real property is the subject of litigation;

(vi) An application for a necessary approval for development of the real property is pending, as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year, before the Board of Zoning Adjustment, the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia, the Commission on Fine Arts, the Historic Preservation Board, the Mayor’s Agent for Historic Preservation, or the National Capital Planning Commission;

(vii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right;

(viii) The unimproved real property is used as a parking lot and each approval required from the District government for use as a parking lot has been obtained;

(ix) An unimproved air rights lot that appertains to improved and occupied real property;

(x) Property is designated as a historic landmark under subchapter I of Chapter 11 of Title 6, or is the subject of an agreement that runs with the land and provides for the preservation of certain historic features of the improvement;

(xi) The unimproved real property is the subject of a public hearing on a proposed overlay zone or on a proposed downzoning of the zone district classification of the real property (other than a downzoning under § 1-301.67 or § 1-301.68 [see now § 1-306.01 et seq.]); or

(xii) The unimproved real property is encumbered by a deed of trust that was recorded during the 24 months preceding the current tax year.

(D) Class 2 Property shall include, as of September 30 of the preceding tax year, the unimproved real property that is within the Northeast No. 1/Eckington Yards Special Treatment Area and the Buzzard Point/Near Southeast Development Opportunity Area, as designated on the current District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Map that is part of the Comprehensive Plan; provided, that the real property is zoned for commercial development and the real property owner is engaged in predevelopment activities as supported by written documentation. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the term “predevelopment activities” means completion of one of the following:

(i) Preparation of subdivision or large tract review applications;

(ii) Preparation or application for District of Columbia permits or authorizations to proceed with development;

(iii) Participation in special planning or transportation studies prepared in conjunction with the District of Columbia; or

(iv) Completion of environmental assessment or mitigation studies prepared in conjunction with the District of Columbia.

(E) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 2 Property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 2 Property if:

(i) The unimproved real property is less than 1,000 square feet;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the unimproved real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The owner of the unimproved real property also owns the Class 2 Property separated by the alley from the unimproved real property.

(4) Class 3 Property shall be comprised of all real property which cannot be classified as either Class 1 Property or Class 2 Property.

(c-7)(1) For tax year 2007 and thereafter, the following classes of taxable real property are established:

(A) Class 1 Property;

(B) Class 2 Property; and

(C) Class 3 Property.

(2)(A) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, Class 1 Property shall be comprised of residential real property that is improved and used exclusively for nontransient residential dwelling purposes; provided, that the improved and nontransient real property shall not be classified as Class 1 Property if it appears on the list compiled under § 42-3131.16.

(B) Unimproved real property benefiting from an exemption under subsection (c-6)(2)(C) of this section on December 27, 2006 shall continue to benefit from the exemption and be classified as Class 1 Property for the duration permitted under that subsection; provided, that the exemption shall not be valid after September 30, 2007; provided further, that the unimproved real property may qualify for an exemption in effect after December 28, 2006 and subject to the time restriction and exclusion set forth in subparagraph (E)(ii)(II) of this paragraph.

(C) Real property used as a parking lot shall be classified as Class 1 Property if it appertains to improved Class 1 Property and if each approval required from the District government for use as a parking lot has been obtained.

(D) Unimproved real property which abuts Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the real property and the Class 1 Property have common ownership.

(E)(i) Unimproved, residential real property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if:

(I) The real property is actively offered for sale or rental at a reasonable market price as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year; provided, that a real property which has been offered for sale for more than 8 months shall be presumed not to be offered for sale at a reasonable market price, and a rental offered for rental for more than 90 days shall be presumed not to be offered for rental at a reasonable market price;

(II) A building permit to construct at least one nontransient dwelling unit has been issued and construction is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year;

(III) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the real property as a matter of right;

(IV) The unimproved air rights lot appertains to improved Class 1 Property;

(V) For a period not to exceed 12 months, the real property is the subject of a pending application for a necessary approval for development before the Board of Zoning Adjustment, the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia, the Commission on Fine Arts, the Historic Preservation Review Board, the Mayor’s Agent for Historic Preservation, the Department of Public Works, or the National Capital Planning Commission; or

(VI) For a period not to exceed 12 months, the real property is encumbered by a deed of trust that was recorded during the 12 months preceding the current tax year.

(ii)(I) Classification of unimproved real property as Class 1 Property pursuant to sub-subparagraph (i)(I), (II), (III), or (IV) of this subparagraph shall not exceed 3 tax years under the same, substantially similar, or related ownership.

(II) Notwithstanding sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph, unimproved real property under the same, substantially similar, or related ownership that qualified for and benefited from an exemption under sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph or under subsection (c-6)(2)(C) or (c-6)(2)(E) of this section, other than under sub-subparagraph (i)(V) or (VI) of this subparagraph or a similar provision of subsection (c-6)(2)(C), for 3 or more tax years shall no longer be classified as Class 1 Property beginning in tax year 2008.

(III) For purposes of this sub-subparagraph, ownership shall be related if a deduction for a loss from the sale or exchange of properties between taxpayers would be disallowed under section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved August 16, 1954 (68A Stat. 78; 26 U.S.C. § 267); provided, that the exclusion under section 267(a)(1) for a loss in a distribution in a complete liquidation shall not apply.

(F) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 1 Property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if:

(i) The real property is less than 1,000 square feet;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The real property and the Class 1 Property separated by the alley from the real property have common ownership.

(3)(A) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, Class 2 Property shall be comprised of improved commercial real property; provided, that such improved real property shall not be classified as Class 2 Property if it appears on the list compiled under § 42-3131.16.

(B) Unimproved real property benefiting from an exemption under subsection (c-6)(3)(C) of this section on December 27, 2006 shall continue to benefit from the exemption and be classified as Class 2 Property for the duration permitted under subsection (c-6)(3)(c) of this section; provided, that the exemption shall not be valid after September 30, 2007; provided further, that the unimproved real property may qualify for an exemption in effect after December 28, 2006 and subject to the time restriction and exclusion set forth in subparagraph (E)(ii)(II) of this paragraph.

(C) Real property used as a parking lot shall be classified as Class 2 Property if each approval required from the District government for use as a parking lot has been obtained.

(D) Unimproved real property which abuts Class 2 Property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if the real property and the Class 2 Property have common ownership.

(E)(i) Unimproved, commercial real property shall be classified as Class 2 Property if:

(I) The real property is actively offered for sale or rental at a reasonable market price as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year, provided, that a real property which has been offered for sale for more than 8 months shall be presumed not to be offered for sale at a reasonable market price, and a rental offered for rental for more than 90 days shall be presumed not to be offered for rental at a reasonable market price;

(II) A building permit to construct an improvement or a parking lot has been issued and construction is actively pursued as of September 30 of the preceding tax year or as of March 31 of the current tax year;

(III) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the real property as a matter of right;

(IV) The unimproved air rights lot appertains to improved Class 2 Property; or

(V) For a period not to exceed 12 months, the real property is the subject of a pending application for a necessary approval for development before the Board of Zoning Adjustment, the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia, the Commission on Fine Arts, the Historic Preservation Review Board, the Mayor’s Agent for Historic Preservation, the Department of Public Works, or the National Capital Planning Commission; or

(VI) For a period not to exceed 12 months, the real property is encumbered by a deed of trust that was recorded during the 12 months preceding the current tax year.

(ii)(I) Classification of unimproved real property as Class 2 Property pursuant to sub-subparagraph (i)(I), (II), or (III) of this subparagraph shall not exceed 3 tax years under the same, substantially similar, or related ownership.

(II) Notwithstanding sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph, unimproved real property under the same, substantially similar, or related ownership that qualified for and benefited from an exemption under sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph or under subsection (c-6)(3)(C) of this section, other than under sub-subparagraph (i)(IV) or (V) of this subparagraph or under a similar provision of subsection (c-6)(3)(C) of this section, for 3 or more tax years shall no longer be classified as Class 2 Property beginning in tax year 2008.

(III) For purposes of this sub-subparagraph, ownership shall be related if a deduction for a loss from the sale or exchange of properties between taxpayers would be disallowed under section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved August 16, 1954 (68A Stat. 78; 26 U.S.C. § 267); provided, that the exclusion under section 267(a)(1) for a loss in a distribution in a complete liquidation shall not apply.

(F) Unimproved real property which is separated from Class 2 Property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 2 Property if:

(i) The real property is less than 1,000 square feet;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The real property and the Class 2 Property separated by the alley from the real property have common ownership.

(G) Class 2 Property shall include, as of September 30 of the preceding tax year, the unimproved real property that is within the Northeast No. 1/Eckington Yards Special Treatment Area and the Buzzard Point/Near Southeast Development Opportunity Area, as designated on the current District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Map that is part of the Comprehensive Plan; provided, that the real property is zoned for commercial development and the real property owner is engaged in predevelopment activities as supported by written documentation. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the term “predevelopment activities” means completion of one of the following:

(i) Preparation of subdivision or large tract review applications;

(ii) Preparation or application for District of Columbia permits or authorizations to proceed with development;

(iii) Participation in special planning or transportation studies prepared in conjunction with the District of Columbia; or

(iv) Completion of environmental assessment or mitigation studies prepared in conjunction with the District of Columbia.

(4) Class 3 Property shall be comprised of all real property which cannot be classified as Class 1 Property or Class 2 Property.

(c-8)(1) For tax year 2011 and thereafter, the following classes of taxable real property are established:

(A) Class 1 Property;

(B) Class 2 Property;

(C) Class 3 Property; and

(D) Class 4 Property.

(2)(A) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph and subject to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, Class 1 Property shall be comprised of residential real property that is improved and its legal use (or in the absence of use, its highest and best permitted legal use) is for nontransient residential dwelling purposes.

(B) Unimproved real property located within a zone designated as residential shall be classified as Class 1 Property.

(C) Real property used as a parking lot shall be classified as Class 1 Property if it appertains to improved Class 1 Property and if each approval required from the District government for use as a parking lot has been obtained.

(D) Unimproved real property that abuts Class 1 Property shall be classified as Class 1 Property if the real property and the Class 1 Property have common ownership.

(E) Repealed.

(F) Unimproved real property that is separated from Class 1 Property by a public alley less than 30 feet wide shall be classified as Class 1 Property if:

(i) The real property is less than 1,000 square feet;

(ii) The zoning regulations adopted by the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia do not allow the building of any structure on the real property as a matter of right; and

(iii) The real property and the Class 1 Property separated by the alley from the real property have common ownership.

(3) Class 2 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property, Class 3 Property, or Class 4 Property.

(4)(A) Class 3 Property shall be comprised of all improved real property that appears on the list compiled under § 42-3131.16.

(B) The Office of Tax and Revenue may request the Mayor to inspect the improved real property to determine whether the property is correctly included on the list compiled under § 42-3131.16.

(5)(A) Class 4 Property shall be comprised of all improved real property that appears on the list compiled under § 42-3131.17.

(B) The Office of Tax and Revenue may request the Mayor to inspect the improved real property to determine whether the property is correctly included on the list compiled under § 42-3131.17.

(d) For purposes of this section:

(1) The term “condominium” means the ownership of a single dwelling unit in a horizontal property regime as that term is used in § 42-2003.

(2) The term “cooperative housing association” means an association, whether incorporated or unincorporated, organized for the purpose of owning and operating residential real property, the shareholders or members of which, by reason of their ownership of a stock or membership certificate, a proprietary lease or other evidence of membership, are entitled to occupy a single dwelling unit pursuant to the terms of a proprietary lease or occupancy agreement.

(3) The term “dwelling unit” means any room or group of rooms forming a single unit which is used for living, sleeping, and the preparation and eating of meals.

(4) The term “nontransient” means occupancy of a dwelling unit or units by any person for a period of more than 5 consecutive days during any 1 stay in such unit.

(5) [Repealed].

(d-1) For the purposes of this section:

(1) Repealed.

(2) Repealed.

(3) [Repealed].

(3A) [Repealed].

(4) Repealed.

(4A) The determination that real property belongs on a list compiled under § 42-3131.16 or § 42-3131.17 (and, indirectly, its Class 3 or 4 Property classification) shall only be appealed as prescribed under § 42-3131.15, notwithstanding any other provision of law. A notice of final determination by the Mayor shall be a prerequisite before an appeal to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia may be taken.

(4B) The classification of Class 3 or 4 Property in the notice of proposed assessment under § 47-824 and § 47-829 shall not be appealed under the provisions applicable to the appeal of such notice and any statement in such notice that the real property shall be classified as other than Class 3 or 4 Property shall not be effective, notwithstanding any other provision of law.

(5)(A) Repealed.

(A-i)(i) Whenever the classification of improved real property that appears on a list compiled under § 42-3131.16 or § 42-3131.17 shall change to Class 3 or Class 4 Property:

(I) The owner shall notify the Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs within 30 days of the change by making application to register the property as vacant under §§ 42-3131.06 and 42-3131.07, which the change in classification of the real property to Class 3 or 4 Property shall be retroactive to the half tax year during which one of the following first occurred:

(aa) The owner of the real property registered the real property as vacant under § 42-3131.06; or

(bb) The owner of real property received a notice of final determination under § 42-3131.15;

(II) The Office of Tax and Revenue shall re-classify the real property without limitation for each tax year or half tax year after receipt of the list under § 42-3131.16 or § 42-3131.17; and

(III) Penalty and interest as prescribed under § 47-811(c) shall be assessed beginning 30 days after the date of the real property tax bill that issues after any administrative appeals have been exhausted.

(ii) Whenever improved real property that appears on a list compiled under § 42-3131.16 or § 42-3131.17 shall cease to be Class 3 or Class 4 Property, the owner shall notify the Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs within 30 days after the change in the manner as may be prescribed by the Mayor. If the request for a change in classification is approved, the change in classification of the real property from Class 3 Property shall be retroactive to the half tax year when the Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs was so notified. If the request is denied, the owner shall have a right to administrative review of the determination as provided under § 42-3131.15.

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A-i) of this paragraph, if the real property is transferred and continued to qualify for the classification 30 days or less before the date of execution of the deed of transfer, the grantor shall not be required to notify the applicable agency of the change in classification.

(C) If the tax is paid within 30 days of the corresponding bill, timely notification of the change in classification shall preclude assessment of penalty and interest.

(6) If Class 3 Property or Class 4 Property changes classification during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the Class 3 Property or Class 4 Property shall be taxed at the rate of the new classification for the entire tax year. If Class 3 Property or Class 4 Property changes classification during the period April 1 through September 30, the Class 3 Property or Class 4 Property shall be taxed at the rate of the new classification for the second installment only.

(7)(A) The Mayor may contract with a collection agency inside or outside of the District to verify the contents of any filings and returns and the eligibility of the real property to a classification under this section.

(B) All funds collected by the collection agency and belonging to the District shall be remitted to the Mayor not less than once a month. Forms to be utilized for the remittances may be prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require that the collection agency furnish a bond securing compliance with the provisions of this paragraph and the contract with the District.

(C) At the discretion of the Mayor:

(i) The collection agency may charge a collection fee not in excess of 25% of the total amount of the delinquent taxes, excluding penalties and interest, that is actually collected; or

(ii) The collection agency may be remunerated by fee, percentage of taxes collected, or both.

(D) Notwithstanding any other provision contained in this title, confidential information related to the owner of the real property may be provided to a collection agency for purposes of collecting a delinquent tax under this section. If the information is provided to a collection agency under this paragraph, the collection agency shall not disclose the information to a third party, other than the owner (or his or her representative), unless the Mayor would be authorized by law to make the disclosure. A collection agency, or employee of a collection agency, violating the provisions of this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned for not more than 180 days, or both. All prosecutions under this paragraph shall be brought in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on information by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia in the name of the District of Columbia.

(d-2) If real property tax is owing as a result of a change in classification to Class 3 Property or Class 4 Property, the following shall apply:

(1) If the real property was transferred, the grantor shall be personally liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely during the period when the grantor owned the real property, together with interest and penalty at the same rate as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax. The tax shall be considered due on the date that the total amount of real property tax was due but unpaid because of the erroneous or improper classification, and shall be collected in the manner prescribed under Chapter 44.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the real property was transferred and the grantee failed to record timely a deed under § 47-1431, the real property shall be liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely, together with interest and penalty as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(3) In all other cases, the real property shall be liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely, together with interest and penalty as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(e) Repealed.

(f)(1) Commencing with the property tax year beginning July 1, 1980, and ending June 30, 1981, and for each tax year thereafter, when the uses of real property fall within more than 1 of the classes enumerated in this section, the total assessed value of the property shall be apportioned into the appropriate classes of real property as defined in this section, and each of the areas resulting from the apportionment shall be taxed at the appropriate real property tax rate.

(2) For purposes of this subsection, the Mayor shall devise a method for apportioning, by class, real property whose uses fall within more than 1 class. The Mayor may require an owner of real property to submit, at a time and in a form prescribed, such information relating to the uses of property as in the Mayor’s judgment will assist in the apportionment of property by class for real property classification purposes as required by this section.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1052, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 412a; as added Nov. 20, 1979, D.C. Law 3-37, § 2(b), 26 DCR 1564; July 24, 1982, D.C. Law 4-129, § 3, 29 DCR 2405; Mar. 14, 1984, D.C. Law 5-60, § 2, 31 DCR 108; Nov. 19, 1985, D.C. Law 6-51, § 3(b), (c), 32 DCR 5681; Sept. 20, 1990, D.C. Law 8-160, § 2(a), 37 DCR 4653; Sept. 27, 1990, D.C. Law 8-172, § 2(a), 37 DCR 4844; Mar. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-62, § 2(a), 38 DCR 7291; Oct. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-177, § 3, 39 DCR 5868; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25,§ 102, 40 DCR 5489; Jan. 26, 1994, D.C. Law 10-66, § 3, 40 DCR 7358; Feb. 5, 1994, D.C. Law 10-68, § 41, 40 DCR 6311; Sept. 24, 1994, D.C. Law 10-178, § 5, 41 DCR 5205; Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 107, 42 DCR 3684; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 20, 1999, D.C. Law 13-38, § 2702(c), 46 DCR 6373; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(e), (f), 48 DCR 334; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(b), 49 DCR 4219; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(b), 49 DCR 11664; Apr. 22, 2004, D.C. Law 15-148, § 2, 51 DCR 2605; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354,§ 73(b)(1), 52 DCR 2638; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1281(a)(2), 52 DCR 7503; Aug. 15, 2008, D.C. Law 17-216, § 4(b), 55 DCR 7500; Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7102, 57 DCR 181; Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 2043(b), 57 DCR 6242; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(2), 58 DCR 963.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-813.

1973 Ed., § 47-632.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-1215.51, § 2-1215.52, § 6-1503, § 34-1551, § 42-1102, § 42-3131.06, § 42-3131.16, § 47-812, § 47-815, § 47-820, § 47-823, § 47-825.01a, § 47-829, § 47-830, § 47-845, § 47-845.03, § 47-849, § 47-850.02, § 47-857.01, § 47-859.01, § 47-863, § 47-871, § 47-1005.01, § 47-3504, and § 50-2511.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-38, in subsec. (c-3), substituted as the description of Class 4 Property “Class 4 Property shall be comprised of all real property which is not Class 1 Property or Class 2 Property or Class 3 Property.” for “Class 4 Property shall be comprised of all real property, which is not Class 1 Property, Class 2 Property or Class 3 Property.”; added subsecs. (c-4) and (c-5); in subsec. (d) struck the phrase “For the purposes of subsections (b), (c), (c-1), (c-2), and (c-3)” and inserted the phrase “For the purposes of subsections (b), (c), (c-1), (c-2), (c-3), and (c-4)” in its place; in subsec. (d-1) struck in the introduction “For the purposes of subsection (c-3)” and inserted the phrase “For the purposes of subsections (c-3) and (c-4)” in its place; in subsec. (d)(6) struck the phrase “in accordance with the provisions of subsection (c-3)” and inserted the phrase “in accordance with the provisions of subsections (c-3) and (c-4)” in its place; in subsec. (e)(1) struck the phrase “classification of real property under subsections (b), (c), (c-1), (c-2), and (c-3)” and inserted the phrase “classification of real property under subsections (b), (c), (c-1), (c-2), (c-3), and (c-4)” in its place; and, in subsec. (f)(1) struck the phrase “subsections (c), (c-1), (c-2), and (c-3)”, wherever it appears, and inserted the phrase “subsections (c), (c-1), (c-2), (c-3), and (c-4)” in its place.

Section 2703(a) of D.C. Law 13-38 provided: “Section 2702(c)(1) shall apply for tax years beginning after September 30, 1999.”

D.C. Law 13-305, in subsecs. (c-3) and (c-4), substituted “September 30” for “June 30” wherever it appeared.

D.C. Law 14-147, repealed subsec. (c-3)(5); amended subsec. (d-1) by repealing par. (2), rewriting pars. (5) and (6), and adding par. (7); added subsec. (d-2); and repealed subsec. (e).

D.C. Law 14-307, in subsec. (c-4), substituted “For the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2001, and ending September 30, 2002” for “Except as provided by subsection (c-5) of this section, for the property tax year beginning October 1, 2001, and ending September 1, 2002, and for each subsequent tax year”; repealed subsec. (c-5); added subsec. (c-6); in subsec. (d), substituted “purposes” for “purposes of subsections (b), (c), (c-1), (c-2), (c-3), and (c-4)”, and added par. (5); in subsec. (d-1), substituted “purposes of this section” for “purposes of (c-3) and (c-4) of this section” in the lead-in text, repealed par. (1), rewrote par. (3), added par. (3A), repealed par. (4), and deleted the last sentence in par. (5)(A); and, in subsec. (f)(1), deleted “subsections (c), (c-1), (c-2), (c-3), and (c-4) of” both times it appears.

D.C. Law 15-148 rewrote subsec. (c-6).

D.C. Law 15-354 substituted “Attorney General for the District of Columbia” for “Corporation Counsel”; and validated a previously made technical correction in subsec. (d-1)(3A)(B)(iii).

D.C. Law 16-33, added subsec. (c-6)(2)(E).

D.C. Law 17-216, in subsec. (c-6)(1), substituted “tax years 2003 through 2006” for “the real property tax year beginning October 1, 2002, and ending September 30, 2003, and for each subsequent tax year”; added subsecs. (c-7), (d-1)(4)(A), (B); repealed subsecs. (d)(5) and (d-1)(3), (5)(a-i); rewrote subsecs. (d-1)(3A)(A), (5); in subsec. (d-1)(6), substituted “Class 3 Property” for “real property”; and, in subsec. (d-2), substituted “a change in classification to Class 3 Property” for “an erroneous or improper classification”.

D.C. Law 18-111 added subsec. (c-8).

D.C. Law 18-223 rewrote subsecs. (c-8) and (d-1); and, in subsec. (d-2), substituted “Class 3 Property or Class 4” for “Class 3”.

D.C. Law 18-363, in subsec. (d-1)(4A), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals”.

Cross References

Deed recordation tax, exemptions, see § 42-1102.

Economic development zone incentives, classification of improved real property, see § 6-1503.

Lower income homeownership tax abatement, shared equity financing agreements, reclassification of real property under agreements not meeting statutory requirements, see § 47-3504.

Parking districts, real property owners authorized to petition for parking district, see § 50-2511.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-21, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2703).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(e), (f) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(b), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 102(b) of Tax Parity Rates and Unincorporated Business Franchise Tax Rate Clarification Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-309, March 25, 2002, 49 DCR 3416).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(b) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Real Property Classification Clarification Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-547, December 17, 2002, 50 DCR 216).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(b) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Real Property Classification Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-35, March 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2570).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(b) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Real Property Classification Clarification Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-228, November 25, 2003, 50 DCR 10714).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1281(a)(1), 1282, 1283 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(a) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-586, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 353).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(a) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-173, November 2, 2007, 54 DCR 11204).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(a) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-436, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8272).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7102 of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7102 of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3, of Real Property Tax Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-313, February 22, 2010, 57 DCR 1645).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2043(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-4, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5912).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(f), (g) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 102(b) of Tax Parity Rates and Unincorporated Business Franchise Tax Rate Clarification Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-163, June 25, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 6499).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Real Property Classification Clarification Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-275, April 2, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 3374).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Real Property Classification Clarification Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 15-95, March 10, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 3615).

Section 4(a) of D.C. Law 16-259, amended this section.

Section 7(b) of D.C. Law 16-259 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 4(a) of D.C. Law 17-102 amended this section.

Section 7(b) of D.C. Law 17-102 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 18-153 amended (c-8).

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 18-153 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2 of D.C. Law 19-9 added D.C. Law 18-363, § 3a, to read as follows:

“Sec. 3a. Applicability. Sections 2 and 3 shall apply as of October 1, 2011.”

Section 2 of D.C. Law 19-75 added D.C. Law 18-363, § 3a, to read as follows:

“Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”

Section 8(b) of D.C. Law 19-75 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 6 of D.C. Law 19-75 repealed D.C. Law 19-9.

Short Title

Short title of subtitle HH of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1280 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle HH of title I of the act may be cited as the Affordable Housing Preservation Tax Assessment Act of 2005.

Editor's Notes

Applicability and expiration of subtitle HH of title I, §§ 1280 to 1284, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1282 and 1283 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(f), (g), provided:

“Sec. 1282. Applicability; conditional effect.

“(a) Section 1281 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1283. Repealed.”

Application of Law 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 4 of D.C. Law 8-146 provided that the Mayor shall, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2 issue proposed rules to implement the provisions of this act. The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council no later than June 15, 1990, for a 30-day period of review. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, in whole or in part by resolution within this 30-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed approved.

Section 4 of D.C. Law 8-160 provided that the Mayor shall, pursuant to subtitle I of Chapter 5 of Title 2 issue proposed rules to implement the provisions of the District of Columbia Real Property Tax Reclassification Amendment Act of 1990. The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 60-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, in whole or in part, by resolution within this 60-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed approved. Nothing in this section shall affect any requirements imposed upon the Mayor by subtitle I of Chapter 5 of Title 2.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-812.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to Law 6-51, see Mayor’s Order 86-6, January 14, 1986.

Delegation of authority under D.C. Act 8-203, the D.C. Real Property Tax Reclassification Amendment Emergency Act of 1990, see Mayor’s Order 90-86, June 15, 1990.

Delegation of Authority under the Real Property Tax Reform Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2009, see Mayor’s Order 2009-212, December 8, 2009 ( 56 DCR 9349).


§ 47–814. Rules and regulations.

The Mayor of the District of Columbia is authorized to promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this act.


(Nov. 20, 1979, D.C. Law 3-37, § 7, 26 DCR 1564; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-814.

1973 Ed., § 47-632.2.

References in Text

“This act”, referred to at the end of this section, is D.C. Law 3-37, the Real Property Tax Classifications Act for Tax Year 1980.


§ 47–815. Submission of estimated assessment roll.

(a) Before September 16th of each year, the Mayor shall estimate the assessment roll and submit the estimate to the Council.

(a-1) Repealed.

(a-2) Repealed.

(a-3) Repealed.

(a-4) Repealed.

(b) Repealed.

(b-1) If the Council establishes the real property tax rates and real property special tax rates as a sum under § 47-812, the Chief Financial Officer shall determine and publish in the District of Columbia Register before September 16th of each preceding tax year the real property special tax rates to be applied, during the tax year, to the classes of real property set forth in § 47-813.

(c) Repealed.

(d) Repealed.

(e) Repealed.

(f) For the real property tax year beginning July 1, 1989, and ending June 30, 1990, and for each tax year thereafter, the tax liability resulting from applying the rates established in § 47-812, to qualified real property approved pursuant to § 6-1503:

(1) Shall be reduced by 80% in the first tax year beginning after the date of issuance of the certificate of occupancy for the qualified real property; and

(2) Shall be reduced by 64%, 48%, 32%, and 16% in the second, third, fourth, and fifth tax years, respectively, beginning after the issuance of the certificate of occupancy for the qualified real property.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1052, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 413; Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2176, Pub. L. 93-635, § 6(a)(1), (b); June 15, 1976, D.C. Law 1-70, title III, §§ 302(b), 305, 23 DCR 539; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-130, § 3(b), 25 DCR 2517; Nov. 20, 1979, D.C. Law 3-37, § 2(c), 26 DCR 1564; June 22, 1983, D.C. Law 5-14, § 602, 30 DCR 2632; Oct. 20, 1988, D.C. Law 7-177, § 6(a), 35 DCR 6158; Sept. 20, 1990, D.C. Law 8-160,§ 2(b), 37 DCR 4653; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 2(a), 40 DCR 629; Apr. 30, 1994, D.C. Law 10-115, § 201, 41 DCR 1216; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 5(b), 41 DCR 2050; Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 132 211, Pub. L. 104-134, § 135(2); June 13, 1996, D.C. Law 11-143, § 6, 43 DCR 2170; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-223, § 2(a), 44 DCR 111; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-40, § 101(b), 44 DCR 4859; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(g), (h), (i), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 14-28, § 2002(c), 48 DCR 6981.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-815.

1973 Ed., § 47-633.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 6-1503 and § 47-816.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 rewrote the section heading and the section which had read:

§ 47-815. Submission and publication of proposed rates and certain assessed values.”

“(a) Except as provided in subsection (a-4) of this section, on or before the third Friday in August of each year, the Mayor shall publish in the District of Columbia Register proposed real property tax rates to be applied, during the tax year, to the classes of real property set forth in § 47-813. The Mayor shall certify the assessment roll and calculate the proposed rates pursuant to § 47-825.01(h). On or before September 15th of each year, the Mayor shall submit to the Council these same rates.

“(a-1) Repealed .

“(a-2) Repealed .

“(a-3) Notwithstanding the first sentence of subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall publish in the District of Columbia Register the proposed 1997 real property tax rates by the third Friday following the date the 1997 real property assessment roll is certified.

“(a-4) Beginning with real property assessments for Tax Year 1999, and for each tax year thereafter, the Mayor shall estimate the assessment roll on or before September 15th of each year.

“(b) At the time the Mayor publishes in the District of Columbia Register the proposed real property tax rates under subsection (a) of this section, he or she shall also submit the following:

“(1) The total aggregate assessed value of taxable real property for the year preceding the tax year for which the rates are being recommended, listing the values of such properties by class as set forth in § 47-813(c-1), (c-2), and (c-3);

“(2) The estimated total aggregate assessed value of taxable real property for the tax year for which the property tax rates are being recommended, listing the values of such properties by class as set forth in § 47-813(c-1), (c-2), and (c-3) and indicating separately for each class the estimated value, if any, attributable to new construction; and

“(3) The real property tax rates (rounded to the nearest penny) calculated to yield in the tax year the same amount of revenue (exclusive of the revenue attributable to new construction) as was raised by that tax at the rate or rates applicable during the preceding tax year, plus a percentage of such revenue equal to the percentage change between the consumer price index for the first calendar year preceding the tax year and the consumer price index for the 2nd calendar year preceding the tax year. The consumer price index referred to in the preceding sentence shall be the Annual Average Washington, D.C., All-Items Consumer Price Index, For All Urban Consumers, as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor.

“(c) Repealed .

“(d) As soon as possible after the Mayor publishes in the District of Columbia Register the proposed real property tax rates under subsection (a) of this section, he or she shall also publish such proposed real property tax rates and the information submitted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section in at least 1 daily newspaper of general circulation published in the District of Columbia.

“(e) No later than 4 days (not including Saturdays, Sundays or holidays) after the official release of the consumer price index referred to in subsection (b)(3) of this section, the Mayor shall estimate as closely as possible the rates of taxation for real property pursuant to subsection (b)(3) of this section and shall inform the Council.

“(f) For the real property tax year beginning July 1, 1989, and ending June 30, 1990, and for each tax year thereafter, the tax liability resulting from applying the rates established in this section and § 47-812, to qualified real property approved pursuant to § 6-1503:

“(1) Shall be reduced by 80% in the first tax year beginning after the date of issuance of the certificate of occupancy for the qualified real property; and

“(2) Shall be reduced by 64%, 48%, 32%, and 16% in the second, third, fourth, and fifth tax years, respectively, beginning after the issuance of the certificate of occupancy for the qualified real property.”

D.C. Law 14-28 added subsec. (b-1).

Cross References

Economic development zones, available incentives, see § 6-1503.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(g)(2), (h), (i) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-44, April 18, 2001, 48 DCR 3844).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-116, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7659).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(h), (i) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-23, September 6, 2001, 48 DCR 9093).

Editor's Notes

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 1102 of D.C. Law 5-14 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules necessary to carry out the provisions of the act.

Section 13 of D.C. Law 7-177 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules to implement the provisions of the act.

See note to § 47-813.

Special tax requirement: D.C. Law 5-115 requires the Mayor to certify to the Council the amount required to pay the principal of, and interest on, general obligation bonds coming due for any reason during that real property tax year.

Definitions applicable: The definitions in § 47-803 apply to this section.

Expiration of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 105(b) of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that title I of that act shall expire 4 years from its effective date. D.C. Law 12-40 became effective on October 23, 1997.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 104 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that the Mayor may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this title.

Audit of triennial assessment process: Section 103 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that at the end of the first triennial assessment cycle, an audit of the assessment process shall be conducted by an outside firm, under the auspices of the International Association of Assessing Officers, for the purposes of examining the methodology, procedures, and accuracy of real property assessments under the triennial assessment process. The results of the audit shall be provided to the Council of the District of Columbia.

Review of title I provisions after 3 years: Section 105(a) of title I of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that after 3 years, the Committee on Finance and Revenue shall review the provisions of this title and make recommendations for their continuance, amendment, or termination.

Expiration and review of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 2003 of D.C. Law 14-28 repealed the expiration provision of section 105(b) and the review provision of section 105(a) of D.C. Law 12-40.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority under Law 5-14, see Mayor’s Order 83-190, July 25, 1983.


§ 47–816. Submission on exempt property.

At the time the Mayor submits to the Council the estimated assessment roll under § 47-815, he shall also submit the following:

(1) The total aggregate assessed value of real property exempt from the real property tax levied in the District for the current fiscal year by major class or type of exempt status and the tax that would have been paid during such fiscal year had such property not been exempt; and

(2) The estimated total aggregate assessed value of real property exempt from the real property tax levied in the District by major class or type of exempt status and the tax that would be paid during the fiscal year under the real property tax rate or rates proposed by the Mayor pursuant to § 47-815.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1053, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 414; June 15, 1976, D.C. Law 1-70, title III, § 305, 23 DCR 540; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(j), 48 DCR 334.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-816.

1973 Ed., § 47-634.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 substituted “estimated assessment roll” for “proposed real property tax rate or rates”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(j) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see 2(j) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, 48 DCR 5916).


§ 47–817. Comparison of rates and burdens.

In establishing a real property tax rate or rates, the Council shall make a comparison of tax rates and burdens applicable to residential and nonresidential property in the District with those such rates applicable to such property in jurisdictions in the vicinity of the District. The comparison shall include other major taxes in addition to the tax on real property. Without in any way limiting the authority of the Council, it is the intention of Congress, that tax burdens in the District be reasonably comparable to those in the surrounding jurisdictions of the Washington metropolitan area.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1053, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 415; June 15, 1976, D.C. Law 1-70, title III, § 305, 23 DCR 540; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-817.

1973 Ed., § 47-635.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-818.01.

Editor's Notes

Adoption of enumerated reports as comparison: (1) “Tax Rates and Tax Burdens in the District of Columbia: A Nationwide Comparison” (Government of the District of Columbia, June 1986); and.

(2) “Comparison of Tax Rates and Burdens in the Washington Metropolitan Area” (Government of the District of Columbia, June 1986).

Adoption of enumerated reports as comparison: Section 3 of D.C. Law 6-153 provided that the Council of the District of Columbia (“Council”) adopts the following reports as the Council’s comparison of tax rates and burdens applicable to residential and nonresidential real property in the District of Columbia with the rates on property in jurisdictions in the vicinity of the District and as the Council’s comparison of other major taxes:


§ 47–818. Adoption of enumerated reports as comparison. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Oct. 1, 1987, D.C. Law 7-28, § 4, 34 DCR 5094.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-818.


§ 47–818.01. Adoption of enumerated reports as comparison.

Pursuant to § 47-817, the Council of the District of Columbia (“Council”) adopts the following reports as the Council’s comparison of tax rates and burdens applicable to residential and nonresidential real property in the District of Columbia (“District”) with the rates on property in jurisdictions in the vicinity of the District and as the Council’s comparison of other major taxes:

(1) “Tax Rates and Tax Burdens in the District of Columbia: A Nationwide Comparison” (Government of the District of Columbia, June 1997); and

(2) “A Comparison of Tax Rates and Burdens in the Washington Metropolitan Area” (Government of the District of Columbia, June 1997).


(Sept. 3, 1974, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 415a; as added Oct. 1, 1987, D.C. Law 7-28, § 3, 34 DCR 5094; Sept. 29, 1988, D.C. Law 7-161, § 2(c), 35 DCR 5730; Oct. 19, 1989, D.C. Law 8-46, § 2(d), 36 DCR 5783; Sept. 27, 1990, D.C. Law 8-172, § 2(e), 37 DCR 4844; Mar. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-62, § 2(d), 38 DCR 7291; Oct. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-177, § 4, 39 DCR 5868; Jan. 26, 1994, D.C. Law 10-66, § 4, 40 DCR 7358; May 16, 1995, D.C. Law 10-255,§ 40, 41 DCR 5193; Mar. 5, 1996, D.C. Law 11-98, § 1302, 43 DCR 5; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-222, § 3, 44 DCR 108; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 10, 1998, D.C. Law 12-122, § 2(b), 45 DCR 2300.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-818.1.


§ 47–819. Compilation and publication of comparisons.

The Mayor shall, by June 30th of each year, compile and publish information regarding the relative amount of tax for all major taxes in the District compared with those in surrounding jurisdictions in the Washington metropolitan area and with those in other cities. The information shall include the rate or rates of the property tax levied on residential and nonresidential property, and the effect of major taxes levied on families of different income levels and on businesses.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1053, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 416; June 15, 1976, D.C. Law 1-70, title III, § 305, 23 DCR 540; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-819.

1973 Ed., § 47-636.


§ 47–820. Assessments — Estimated assessment roll; frequency of assessments.

(a)(1) The assessed value of all real property as of the valuation date shall be listed annually on the estimated assessment roll for real property taxation purposes.

(2) Repealed.

(3) The assessed value for all real property shall be the estimated market value of such property as of the valuation date, as determined by the Mayor. In determining the estimated market value for various kinds of real property, the Mayor may do so manually or through the use of an automated system or systems such as the Computer-Assisted Mass Appraisal System. The Mayor shall take into account any factor that may have a bearing on the market value of the real property, including, but not limited to, sales information on similar types of real property, mortgage, or other financial considerations, reproduction cost less accrued depreciation because of age, condition, and other factors, income-earning potential (if any), zoning, and government-imposed restrictions. Assessments shall be based upon the sources of information available to the Mayor, which may include actual view.

(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3) of this subsection, in the case of a property receiving the homestead deduction under § 47-850 or § 47-850.01 for which the most recent assessment has been changed as a result of an appeal to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia in accordance with § 47-825.01a, the reasons for the revised assessment determined by the Board shall be considered the basis for the subsequent valuation by the Mayor, who shall take into account the written decision of the Board and its reasoning in making the assessment, so long as the revised assessment is rendered by the Board on or before January 1.

(5) [Repealed].

(a-1) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the real property tax year 1998 assessed value of all real property, subject to appeal pursuant to § 47-825.01 [repealed], shall be the real property tax year 1997 assessed value; provided, that for the purposes of appeal, the valuation date for real property tax year 1998 real property assessments shall be January 1, 1997. For purposes of determining the real property tax year 1998 assessment, the 1997 assessment with the latest date shall be the final 1997 assessment by the Mayor unless the assessment was otherwise revised by the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia or the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. In the case of a revision, the 1997 assessment shall be the assessment as determined by the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia or the Superior Court.

(a-2) Subsection (a-1) of this section shall not affect the authority of the Mayor pursuant to § 47-829, to conduct a supplemental assessment of any property located in the District and shall not affect the right of a real property owner pursuant to § 47-830, to appeal from the supplemental assessment to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (b-1) and (b-2) of this section, all real property shall be assessed no less frequently than once every 2 years, and as soon as practicable such assessment shall be made annually. The Council may authorize and direct assessments to be made annually for some or all classes of real property, except that for fiscal year 1978, and for each fiscal year thereafter, all real property shall be assessed on an annual basis.

(b-1)(1) Beginning with tax year 1999 and for each tax year thereafter, all real property shall be assessed at least once every 3 years and the resulting assessment shall be in effect for the next 3 consecutive tax years unless the assessment is otherwise revised as a result of any of the following:

(A) An appeal filed pursuant to § 47-825.01 [repealed];

(B) An administrative correction made in accordance with § 47-825.01 [repealed];

(C) A supplemental assessment conducted pursuant to § 47-829;

(D) A substantive change in the use of the real property;

(E) A change in the zoning for the area in which the real property is located;

(F) A change in the classification of the real property, unless the change in classification is in furtherance of § 47-813(c-4) due to the mergence of former classes into a single class by operation of law;

(G) A substantial change occurs to the physical make up of the real property; or

(H) A substantial error occurs in the assessment of the real property.

(2) When real property is assessed under this section, an increase in the overall assessed value shall be phased in over the 3-year period of a 3-year cycle or the remaining portion of the cycle; provided, that under § 47-829, an increase in the improvement value under a supplemental assessment shall not be phased in.

(b-2) Notwithstanding subsection (b-1) of this section, for real property tax year 2002 and for each tax year thereafter, all real property which has completed its first 3-year cycle shall thereafter be revalued annually to determine its assessed value as of the valuation date. The assessed value of the real property revalued under this subsection shall not be phased in and the tax rate shall be applied to the assessed value for purposes of the tax year’s levy.

(c) Repealed.

(d) Repealed.

(e) Repealed.

(f) Repealed.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1053, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 421; Jan, 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2176, Pub. L. 93-635, § 6(c), (d); June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 5(c), 41 DCR 2050; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-223, § 2(b), 44 DCR 111; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-40, § 101(c), 44 DCR 4859; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305,§ 502(k)-(n), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 14-28, § 2002(d), 48 DCR 6981; Oct. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-213, § 33(e), 49 DCR 8140; Apr. 5, 2005, D.C. Law 15-272, § 2, 52 DCR 823; Feb. 27, 2008, D.C. Law 17-112, § 2, 55 DCR 1864; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(3), 58 DCR 963; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 3(b), 59 DCR 5590; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7044, 64 DCR 7652.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-820.

1973 Ed., § 47-641.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-821, § 47-824, § 47-825.01a, § 47-829, and § 47-1005.01.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305, in the section heading, inserted “Estimated” and deleted “; regulations and orders” from the end; rewrote subsec. (b-1)(2); in subsec. (c), substituted “Mayor” for “Council”; and rewrote subsec. (d).

Prior to amendment, subsecs. (b-1)(2) and (d) read:

“(2) When real property is assessed pursuant to this section, any increase in the overall assessed value shall be phased-in over the 3-year period of a 3-year cycle.”

“(d) The Council may adopt regulations regarding information to be furnished the Mayor by owners of real property. Such regulations shall provide, under penalty of law, that all such information with respect to income derived from investment on income-producing real property shall be handled in the same confidential manner as income tax returns and supporting data required to be submitted to the government of the District of Columbia under laws applicable in the District.”

D.C. Law 14-28 rewrote subsec. (a)(1), repealed subsec. (a)(2), and in subsec. (a)(3), substituted “the valuation date” for “January 1st of the year preceding the tax year”; in subsec. (b), substituted “subsections (b-1) and (b-2)” for “subsection (b-1)”; in subsec. (b-1)(1)(D), (E), (G), and (H), substituted “real property” for “property”, in subsec. (b-1)(1)(F), inserted “, unless the change in classification is in furtherance of § 47-813(c-4) due to the mergence of former classes into a single class by operation of law” preceding “real property”; added subsec. (b-2); and repealed subsecs. (c), (d), (e), and (f).

D.C. Law 14-213, in subsec. (b-1)(2), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-272 added par. (4) of subsec. (a).

D.C. Law 17-112 added subsec. (a)(5).

D.C. Law 18-363, in subsecs. (a)(4), (a-1), and (a-2), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals”.

D.C. Law 19-155, in subsec. (b-1), substituted “§ 47-825.01a” for “§ 47-825.01”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7044 of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7044 of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(k) to (n) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(d), 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-44, April 18, 2001, 48 DCR 3844).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(d), 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-116, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7659).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(k) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-23, September 6, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9093).

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section 105 of D.C. Law 12-40, see § 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-23, September 6, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9093).

Editor's Notes

Expiration of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 105(b) of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that Title I of that act shall expire 4 years from its effective date. D.C. Law 12-40 became effective on October 23, 1997.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 104 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that the Mayor may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this title.

Audit of triennial assessment process: Section 103 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that at the end of the first triennial assessment cycle, an audit of the assessment process shall be conducted by an outside firm, under the auspices of the International Association of Assessing Officers, for the purposes of examining the methodology, procedures, and accuracy of real property assessments under the triennial assessment process. The results of the audit shall be provided to the Council of the District of Columbia.

Expiration and review of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 2003 of D.C. Law 14-28 repealed the expiration provision of section 105(b) and the review provision of section 105(a) of D.C. Law 12-40.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 17-112 provided that this act shall apply upon the inclusion of its fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan.

The Budget Director of the Council of the District of Columbia has determined, as of February 15, 2012, that the fiscal effect of Law 17-112, has not been included in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore, the provisions of this section, enacted by Law 17-112, are not in effect.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”


§ 47–820.01. Assessments — Improved residential real property owned by cooperative housing association; reports by association; Mayor to issue rules.

(a) Except as otherwise provided by subsection (b) of this section, the assessed value of improved residential real property owned by a cooperative housing association, for the tax year beginning July 1, 1990, and for each subsequent tax year, shall be:

(1)(A) The aggregate estimated market value of the proprietary leases, stock, or other interests in the cooperative housing association as of January 1 preceding the date of assessment;

(B) If the Mayor lacks sufficient information upon which to arrive at the aggregate estimated market value of the proprietary leases, stock, or other cooperative interests in the real property, then an amount equal to the estimated market value of the real property assessed as if it were a condominium determined by use of the comparable sales approach, multiplied by 70%; or

(C) In the case of limited-equity cooperatives, the lesser of the assessed value determined under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, or the annual amount residents are paying in carrying charges, excluding carrying charge subsidies, divided by an appropriate capitalization rate as determined by the Office of Tax and Revenue; provided, that if a property ceases to be a limited-equity cooperative, it shall be assessed under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.

(2) Minus the value of all non-real property assets owned by the cooperative housing association; and

(3) Multiplied by 65%.

(b) The assessed value of any improved residential real property owned by a cooperative housing association determined pursuant to subsection (a) of this section may be adjusted to take into account any or all of the following factors, as appropriate and to the extent the factors were not taken into account in determining the assessed value of the real property pursuant to subsection (a) of this section:

(1) Substantive defects in the property, especially as they affect the common elements, which have not been repaired or which may not be economically correctable;

(2) The existence of bona fide lifetime or long-term leases to elderly or low income tenants;

(3) Any other unusual factor including, but not limited to, facts showing that the assumed 1-year sell-out period is an unreasonably low estimate; and

(4) Special factors related to limited equity cooperatives.

(c) The adjustment required by subsection (a)(3) of this section is based on the following factors common to all sales of improved residential real property owned by cooperative housing associations and uses 1 year as the period of time necessary for the purchaser of the real property to sell out the proprietary leases, stock, or other cooperative interests in the real property:

(1) A discount of the ultimate receipts to present value;

(2) Interest expenses during the 1-year sell-out period;

(3) Taxes during the 1-year sell-out period;

(4) Other operating expenses during the 1-year sell-out period including carrying charges, maintenance, and utilities;

(5) Marketing expenses;

(6) Other costs incurred in connection with acquisition of the real property and the reselling of the proprietary leases, stock, or other cooperative interests in the real property including financing points, project appraisal fees, surveys, and legal costs;

(7) Profit; and

(8) No further adjustment for any of these factors shall be allowed except as provided in subsection (b)(3) of this section.

(d)(1) The Mayor may require a cooperative housing association to make a one-time submission of, and to provide an annual update to report any changes to, the following information in regard to real property owned by the cooperative housing association:

(A) The type of cooperative;

(B) The unit mix in the cooperative;

(C) The number of balconies or terraces;

(D) The total number of parking spaces, including whether they are interior or exterior;

(E) For each unit in the cooperative:

(i) The number of shares or percentage interest attributable to the unit;

(ii) The floor location;

(iii) The unit exposure;

(iv) The square footage, if known;

(v) The number of rooms, excluding kitchens and bathrooms;

(vi) The number of bathrooms;

(vii) Any parking space, whether interior or exterior, and whether it is included in the purchase price; and

(viii) The most recent date on which the shares attributable to the unit transferred;

(F) The square footage of the common areas, if known;

(G) In regard to any existing cooperative blanket mortgage:

(i) The original amount of the blanket mortgage;

(ii) The interest rate; and

(iii) The maturity date; and

(H) The total number of shares or percentage interest purchased and held by the cooperative housing association.

(2) If the cooperative housing association fails to submit the information within the time and in the form prescribed, there shall be added to the real property tax levied upon the property in question, for the next ensuing tax year, the amount of 10% of the tax, except that when the information is provided after the time prescribed and it is shown that the failure to provide it was due to reasonable cause, no addition shall be made to the tax.

(3) All information submitted by a cooperative housing association owner to the Mayor pursuant to this subsection shall be accorded the same confidentiality as that applied to District of Columbia income tax returns under § 47-1805.04, and any violation of confidentiality shall be punishable as provided in § 47-1805.04(e).

(e) The Mayor shall, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2, issue proposed rules to implement the provisions of this section. The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for approval, in whole or in part, by resolution.


(Sept. 3, 1974, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 421a; as added Mar. 16, 1989, D.C. Law 7-205, § 2(a), 36 DCR 457; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254,§ 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1276(b), 52 DCR 7503.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-820.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-850.01 and § 47-863.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 16-33, in subsec. (a)(1)(A), substituted “;” for “; or”; in subsec. (a)(1)(B), substituted “; or” for “;”; and added subsec. (a)(1)(C).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1276(b), 1277, 1278 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

Editor's Notes

Approval of proposed rules to implement provisions of Cooperative Housing Assessment Procedure and Lower Income Homeownership Tax Amendment Act of 1988: Pursuant to Resolution 8-80, the “Cooperative Housing Assessment Procedure Rulemaking Approval Resolution of 1989,” effective July 11, 1989, the Council approved the proposed rules to implement provisions of the Cooperative Housing Assessment Procedure and Lower Income Homeownership Tax Amendment Act of 1988 regarding the assessment of real property owned by cooperative housing associations.

Applicability and expiration of subtitle GG of title I, §§ 1275 to 1279, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1277 and 1278 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(e), provided:

“Sec. 1277. Applicability; conditional effect.”

“(a) Section 1276 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1278. Sunset.

“This act shall expire on August 5, 2006 if this act has not taken effect under section 1277.”.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to D.C. Law 7-205 “Cooperative Housing Assessment Procedure and Lower Income Homeownership Tax Abatement and Incentives Act of 1983 Amendment Act of 1988”, see Mayor’s Order 89-136, June 12, 1989.


§ 47–820.02. Residential real property subject to certain affordability and resale restrictions; Mayor to issue rules.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, the assessed value of resale restricted properties (as defined in subsection (c) of this section) shall be:

(1)(A) First determined for the year in which the current property owner received the property.

(B) The base assessment amount shall be the amount paid by the current property owner in exchange for the property, not including:

(i) Any grants or other amounts received by the property owner from government agencies, housing organizations, and other entities that are not likely to be repaid (absent a violation of the terms of the limitations, encumbrances, or other restrictions attached to the sale); and

(ii) Any preexisting equity as defined in [§ 42-2801(8A)], in the case of resale restricted properties subject to [Chapter 28 of Title 42 (§  42-2801 et seq.)].

(2) For subsequent years in which the limitations, encumbrances, or restrictions remain in effect, the property shall be assessed at the base assessment amount, adjusted by the consumer price inflation index for the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Area as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States Department of Labor.

(b) If the purchase price is not ascertainable or the property has been transferred from a government entity or tax-exempt organization to a property owner without significant consideration, the property shall be assessed taking into account all limitations, encumbrances, and restrictions and shall be assessed in its initial year at a value not to exceed the price the property owner would receive under a sale under the terms of the limitations, encumbrances, and restrictions associated with the property. In any subsequent year in which the limitations, encumbrances, or restrictions remain in effect, the property’s assessed value shall be calculated under subsection (a)(2) of this section.

(c) For the purposes of this section, the term “resale restricted properties” means any properties for which a United States or District of Columbia government entity, or a charitable organization with tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved October 22, 1986 (100 Stat. 2085; 26 U.S.C. § 501(c)(3)), directly or indirectly, imposes limitations, encumbrances, or restrictions upon the properties’ subsequent sale or transfer that are intended to preserve or promote the affordability of housing for low- and moderate-income owners, for a period of not less than 5 years.

(d) The Mayor shall promulgate rules for the administration of this section within one year of [October 20, 2005].


(Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1281(a)(3), 52 DCR 7503; Mar. 10, 2015, D.C. Law 20-190, § 3, 61 DCR 12156.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-190 added the (a)(1)(B)(i) designation; and added (a)(1)(B)(ii).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) additions, see §§ 1281(a)(3), 1282, 1283 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

Editor's Notes

Applicability and expiration of subtitle HH of title I, §§ 1280 to 1284, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1282 and 1283 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(f), (g), provided:

“Sec. 1282. Applicability; conditional effect.

“(a) Section 1281 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1283. Repealed.”


§ 47–821. Assessments — General duties of Mayor; appointment of assessors; submission of information by property owners.

(a) The Mayor shall assess all real property, identifying separately the value of land and improvements thereon, and administer and collect the real property tax within the District. The Mayor shall also notify owners of real property of assessments and of appeal procedures. In addition, he shall maintain adequate records relating to the administration of the real property tax in the District, and provide appropriate public information concerning such tax.

(b) The Mayor shall appoint assessors competent to determine values of real property to carry out the provisions of §§ 47-820 to 47-828 and other relevant portions of this chapter. Each person so appointed shall take and subscribe an oath to diligently, faithfully, and impartially assess all real property according to applicable law and regulations and otherwise perform the duties of office.

(c) The Mayor shall assure that information regarding the characteristics of real property, sales and exchanges of all such property, building permits, land use plans, and any other information pertinent to the assessment process shall be made available to the assessors on a timely basis.

(d)(1) The Mayor may require an owner of real property to submit such information relating to the transfers of ownership, construction or reproduction costs, and income or economic benefits derived from such property as in the Mayor’s judgment will assist in the determination of the estimated market value required under this title. If an owner of real property in the District of Columbia fails to submit such information within the time and in the form prescribed, there shall be added to the real property tax levied upon the property in question for the next ensuing tax year the amount of 10% of said tax; provided, that when such information is provided after said time and it is shown that the failure to provide it was due to reasonable cause, no such addition shall be made to the tax.

(2)(A) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter or under a court order, an officer, former officer, employee, or former employee of the District may not open valuation records for public inspection or reveal any information contained in valuation records. For purposes of this section, the term “valuation records” means:

(i) Information regarding private appraisals, actual building costs, rental data, or business volume;

(ii) Income or expense forms; and

(iii) Rent rolls.

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the Mayor shall permit a valuation record of a real property to be inspected by:

(i) An owner or authorized agent of the property that is the subject of the valuation record; or

(ii) An official of the District of Columbia executive branch acting in his official capacity, having a right thereto in his official capacity; provided, that no official shall inspect or use, in any review or appeal under this chapter, any information provided to the Mayor under § 47-820(d) [(d) repealed] or this section, other than information provided to the Mayor for the real property under review or appeal; provided further, that nothing contained in this subsection shall be construed to:

(I) Prohibit the use by the official, in reviews or appeals, of statistical data in a form which ensures that the identification of a particular real property shall not be disclosed. The particular valuation records therefrom shall not be divulged or made known; or

(II) Prohibit the official from offering any information of the subject real property provided to defend the assessment of the subject real property in a review or appeal under this chapter.

(C) A violation of this paragraph shall be a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punishable by a fine of not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], by imprisonment for not more than 180 days, or both. All prosecutions under this subparagraph shall be brought in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on information by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia in the name of the District of Columbia.

(e)(1) The Office of the Inspector General shall arrange for an independent audit of the Office of Tax and Revenue for the purposes of examining the District’s management and valuation of commercial real property assessments. The independent audit shall be prepared by an outside firm, such as the International Association of Assessing Officers, that is knowledgeable and experienced in real property appraisal, assessment administration, and real property tax policy, with a demonstrated history of assisting local and state governments in evaluating assessment practices.

(2) The scope of the audit shall include the following:

(A) An evaluation of the commercial real property assessment process;

(B) An evaluation of the organizational structure, workload statistics, performance measures, compensation requirements, staffing levels, training, qualifications, and staff development functions; and

(C) An examination of hiring practices, including whether the human resources rules and regulations to which the Office of the Chief Financial Officer is subject, hinder or enhance the ability of the Office of Tax and Revenue to attract, develop, and retain a well-qualified workforce.

(3) The independent audit shall include recommendations for improving the commercial real property assessment functions within the Office of Tax and Revenue.

(4) The Office of the Inspector General shall submit a complete copy of the 1st audit findings, along with all of the recommendations made by the firm which performed the independent audit, to the Council, the Mayor, and the Chief Financial Officer on or before December 1, 2010. Thereafter, the Office of the Inspector General shall arrange for and submit a report meeting the requirements of this section at least once every 3 years, or sooner upon request of the Council or the Mayor.

(f) The Chief Financial Officer shall submit to the Council, no later than July 1, 2010, an examination of the District’s performance for the last 5 years in commercial real property valuation cases appealed by a taxpayer from the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia and decided by the Superior Court of the District of Columbia (“Superior Court”) or the District of Columbia Court of Appeals. The information to be provided for each case shall include:

(1) Initial valuation of the subject property by the Office of Tax and Revenue;

(2) The Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia decision on the taxpayer’s appeal;

(3) Valuation of the subject property presented at trial in Superior Court by the Office of the Attorney General on behalf of the Office of Tax and Revenue;

(4) Valuation of the property presented by the taxpayer at trial in Superior Court; and

(5) The final valuation decision ordered by Superior Court or the District of Columbia Court of Appeals.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1054, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 422; Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2176, Pub. L. 93-635, § 6(e); Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 5, 24 DCR 3614; June 22, 1983, D.C. Law 5-14, § 603, 30 DCR 2632; Sept. 9, 1989, D.C. Law 8-20, § 3, 36 DCR 4564; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(o), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-42, § 10(c), 48 DCR 7612; Oct. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-213, § 33(f), 49 DCR 8140; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 26(c)(2), 51 DCR 881; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(b)(2), 52 DCR 2638; Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7182, 57 DCR 6242; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(4), 58 DCR 963; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-171, § 136(a), 59 DCR 6190; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(c), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-821.

1973 Ed., § 47-642.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-825.01a and § 47-825.03.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 rewrote subsec. (d)(2) which had read:

“(2) All information submitted by a property owner to the Mayor regarding transfers of ownership, construction or reproduction costs, and income or economic benefits derived from real property in the District of Columbia shall be accorded the same confidentiality as that applied to District of Columbia income tax returns under § 47-1805.04 and any violation of such confidentiality shall be punishable as provided in § 47-1805.04(e).”

D.C. Law 14-42, in subsec. (d)(2)(B)(i)(I), substituted “identification of a particular real property shall not be disclosed” for “identification of a particular property”.

D.C. Law 14-213, in subsec. (d)(2), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-105, in the subsec. (d)(2)(B)(ii)(I), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-354 substituted “Attorney General for the District of Columbia” for “Corporation Counsel”.

D.C. Law 18-223 added subsecs. (e) and (f).

D.C. Law 18-363, in subsec. (f), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals (’BRPAA’) ” in the lead-in text, and substituted “The Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “The BRPAA” in par. (2).

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-171 validated a previously made technical correction in (f).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “of not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not exceeding $1,000” in (d)(2)(C).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(o) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 10(c) of Technical Amendments Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-108, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7622).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7182 of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 7183 of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(c) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(l) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

Short Title

Short title: Section 7181 of D.C. Law 18-223 provided that subtitle S of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Real Property Assessments Improvement Act of 2010”.

Editor's Notes

Section 7183 of D.C. Law 18-223 provided: “The Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals shall enter in a memorandum of understanding with the Office of the Inspector General to provide the funding for the independent audit with the funds appropriated for reform.”

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 1102 of D.C. Law 5-14 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules necessary to carry out the provisions of the act.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority under Law 5-14, see Mayor’s Order 83-190, July 25, 1983.


§ 47–822. Assessments — Person in whose name assessment made; address and number to be used.

(a) All real property, except as hereinafter provided, shall be assessed in the name of the owner, or trustee or trustees of the owner thereof. All undivided real property of a deceased person may be assessed in the name of such deceased person until such undivided real property is divided according to law, or has otherwise passed into the possession of some other person; and all real property, the ownership of which is unknown, shall be assessed as owner unknown.

(b) All real property, whether taxable or not, shall be assessed according to the address and the number of the squares and lots thereof, or part of lots, and upon the number of the square or superficial feet in each square or lot or part of a lot.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1054, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 423; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-822.

1973 Ed., § 47-643.


§ 47–823. Assessments — Preliminary roll; public inspections and copying of material; sales ratio studies; listing of assessed values.

(a)(1) The Mayor shall compile the estimated assessment roll and, for every property, indicate at least the following: the name of the owner; address of the property; lot and square; assessed value; and whether the property is taxable or exempt.

(2) The roll shall also include the total aggregate estimated assessed value of all real property, listing the values of the properties by class as set forth in § 47-813.

(3) The Mayor shall transmit to the Council, no later than May 15 of each fiscal year, a mid-year financial report. The report shall contain:

(A) Schedules which reflect actual obligations for the General Fund object classes of the District government for the first 6 months of the fiscal and a forecast of full-year obligations compared to the most recent Congressionally-approved budget;

(B) A comparison of the most recent Congressionally-approved budget to the mid-year forecast for the full fiscal year by appropriations title and agency; and

(C) A schedule of revenue estimates for the full fiscal year comparing the current approved revenue estimates to revenue estimates revised as of the end of the first 6 months of the fiscal year.

(b) The estimated assessment roll, together with all maps, field books, assessment-sales ratio studies, surveys, and plats, shall be open to public inspection during normal business hours. In addition, any notes and memorandums relating to the assessment of his real property, or a statement clearly indicating the basis upon which his real property has been assessed, shall be open to inspection by the owner or his designated representative during normal business hours. Provision shall be made to furnish copies of all material to any person, upon request, at the lowest charge which covers cost of making such copies.

(c) The Mayor shall undertake, publish, and otherwise publicize the results of assessment-sales ratio studies for different types of real property for the entire District and for different types of real property within each of the districts utilized in making assessments. If, for a given year, adequate sales data are lacking for particular studies, the Mayor shall so indicate.

(d) The Mayor shall, either himself or in a newspaper of general circulation, publish a listing of the assessed value of each property by address, lot, and square, and he shall also make such listing available at the main Public Library in the District and at such other points as he may determine. Such publication can be by neighborhood areas so long as maps showing the assessment areas are generally available.

(e) The estimated assessment roll, sales price information, description of each property, owner’s mailing address, property use information, valuation history, other information in the public record, and information not made confidential in this chapter may be published by the Mayor by any form of electronic media, including the Internet.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1054, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 424; Sept. 26, 1984, D.C. Law 5-113, § 803, 31 DCR 3974; Sept. 20, 1990, D.C. Law 8-160, § 2(c), 37 DCR 4653; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 2(b), 40 DCR 629; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 5(d), 41 DCR 2050; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(p), 48 DCR 334.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-823.

1973 Ed., § 47-644.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-824.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-350 rewrote subsec. (a); in subsec. (b), substituted “estimated” for “preliminary” in the first sentence and substituted “owner” for “taxpayer” in the second sentence; and added subsec. (e).

Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read:

“(a)(1) The Mayor shall, on or before February 15 of each year, compile in tabular form and place in a book, known as the preliminary assessment roll, the name of the owner, address, lot and square, amount, description, and value, as of January 1 of that year, of the land and improvements of all real property whether such property is taxable or exempt.

“(2) Such roll shall also include the total aggregate preliminary assessed value of all taxable real property listing the values of such properties by class as set forth in § 47-813(c-1), (c-2), and (c-3).

“(3) The Mayor shall transmit to the Council, no later than May 15 of each fiscal year, a mid-year financial report. The report shall contain:

“(A) Schedules which reflect actual obligations for the general fund object classes of the government for the first 6 months and a forecast of full-year obligations compared against the most recent Congressionally approved budget;

“(B) A comparison of the most recent Congressionally approved budget against a mid-year forecast for the full fiscal year by appropriations title and agency; and

“(C) A schedule of revenue estimates for the full fiscal year comparing the current approved revenue estimates to revenue estimates revised as of the end of the first 6 months of the fiscal year.”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(p) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(m) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

Editor's Notes

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 901 of D.C. Law 5-113 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules to implement the provisions of the act pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2.


§ 47–824. Assessments — Notice to taxpayer; contents.

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, beginning as soon as possible after January 1, but no later than March 1, each owner of real property shall be notified of the assessment of his or her property for the next real property tax year. The notice, or the statement accompanying the notice, shall include:

(1) The address, lot, square, use, and class of the real property;

(2) The assessed value of the land and improvements (shown separately and in total) of the property for the next real property tax year and such amounts for the current real property tax year;

(3) The amount and percentage of change in assessed value for the next real property tax year over the current real property tax year;

(4) An indication of the reason for such change in assessment;

(5) A statement of appeal procedures pursuant to § 47-825.01(f) [repealed];

(6) The citation to the regulations or orders under which the property was assessed;

(7) The location of the assessment roll and sale ratio studies referred to in §§ 47-823 and 47-825.01(h) [repealed] and the hours during which the information is available; and

(8) An explanation of all special benefits, incentives, limitations, or credits which relate to real property taxes as a result of this or any other act. Included in said explanation shall be an easily understood description of the Property Tax Deferral Program, the property tax credit, the homestead deduction, and the incentives for the preservation of historic properties. Each description shall include, but not be limited to, application procedures and qualifying requirements. The title of each property tax relief program shall be capitalized, underlined, and printed in bold type.

(b)(1) Beginning with real property assessments for Tax Year 1999 and for each real property tax year thereafter, each owner of real property shall be notified of a proposed change in the assessed value or classification (subject to § 47-813(d-1)(4A) and (4B)) of the owner's real property for the next real property tax year by March 1.

(2) [Repealed].

(3) The notice required pursuant to this subsection shall include the following information:

(A) The address, lot, square, and the classification of the real property;

(B) The current assessed value of the real property;

(C) The proposed assessed value;

(D) Except when revalued under § 47-820(b-2), the phased-in assessed value if the proposed assessed value is higher than the prior tax year’s assessed value;

(E) Repealed;

(F) A statement explaining the right of appeal procedures pursuant to § 47-825.01(f-1) [repealed];

(G) Repealed;

(H) Repealed;

(I) Unless published on the Internet or made available in writing to anyone who requests it from the Office of Tax and Revenue, an explanation of all special benefits, incentives, or deductions which relate to real property taxes; and

(J) For properties receiving the homestead deduction:

(i) The current tax year’s taxable assessment (determined by taking into account the owner-occupant residential tax credit under § 47-864); and

(ii) The estimate of the proposed taxable assessment for the tax year (determined by taking into account an estimate of the owner-occupant residential tax credit under § 47-864 by using the amount of the current tax year’s homestead deduction in lieu of the amount of the proposed tax year’s homestead deduction).

(4) Notwithstanding any other law, the Mayor may notify an owner of real property of a proposed change in the assessed value or classification (subject to § 47-813(d-1)(4A) and (4B)) of the owner’s real property by May 1 if a delay occurs for cause, as determined by the Mayor. If a delay for cause occurs, the Mayor shall notify the owner of the delay within a reasonable period of time from discovery of the cause. If a delayed notice of proposed change in the assessed value or classification (subject to § 47-813(d-1)(4A) and (4B)) is issued under this paragraph, a petition for administrative review in accordance with § 47-825.01(f-1)(1) [repealed] may be filed within 30 days after the date the delayed notice is mailed in lieu of April 1.

(c) In addition to the information required in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, beginning with real property assessments for tax year 2013 and for each real property tax year thereafter, each owner of real property with a historic landmark designation and each owner of real property located within a historic district shall be provided, in accordance with [§ 6-1109.04], information on the current law and regulation relating to historic property improvements, including regarding:

(1) Building permits;

(2) Consultation with Advisory Neighborhood Commissions;

(3) Review by the Commission of Fine Arts; and

(4) Any other information that the Mayor determines would be helpful to owners of historic properties.

(d) This section shall apply only to an annual notice issued by March 1 or May 1, as provided under subsection (a) or (b) of this section, and shall not apply to any notice issued under any other provision of this chapter.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1055, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 425; Oct. 13, 1978, D.C. Law 2-119, § 2, 25 DCR 1514; Sept. 20, 1990, D.C. Law 8-160, § 2(d), 37 DCR 4653; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 2(c), 40 DCR 629; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 5(e), 41 DCR 2050; May 16, 1995, D.C. Law 10-255, § 41, 41 DCR 5193; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-40, § 101(d), 44 DCR 4859; Apr. 20, 1999, D.C. Law 12-264, § 52(m), 46 DCR 2118; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(q), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 14-28, § 2002(e), 48 DCR 6981; Sept. 19, 2006, D.C. Law 16-159, § 2(a), 53 DCR 5385; Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-123, § 3, 59 DCR 1707; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 3(c), 59 DCR 5590; Sept. 20, 2012, D.C. Law 19-168, § 7072(a)(2), 59 DCR 8025; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7182(a), 64 DCR 7652.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-824.

1973 Ed., § 47-645.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-813 and § 47-825.01a.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 added subsec. (b)(4).

D.C. Law 14-28, in subsec. (b)(2)(A), inserted “real” preceding “property”; in subsec. (b)(3)(A), deleted “use”, in subsec. (b)(3)(B), substituted “of the real property” for “of the land and improvements (shown separately and in total) of the property”, in subsec. (b)(3)(D), substituted “Except when revalued under § 47-820(b-2), the phased-in” for “The phased-in”, repealed subsec. (b)(3)(E), (G) and (H), and rewrote (I); and, in subsec. (b)(4), substituted “within 30 days after the date the delayed notice is mailed in lieu of April 2” for “before September 2 in lieu of April 2.”

D.C. Law 16-159, in subsec. (b)(3), deleted “and” from the end of subpar. (H), substituted “; and” for a period at the end of subpar. (I), and added subpar. (J).

D.C. Law 19-123 added subsec. (c).

D.C. Law 19-155 rewrote subsec. (b)(3)(F); and, in subsec. (b)(4), substituted “47-825.01a(d)(1)” for “§ 47-825.01(f-1) (1)”. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b)(3)(F) read as follows: “(F) A statement explaining the right of appeal procedures pursuant to § 47 825.01(f 1);”

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-168 substituted “current tax year’s” for “prior year’s” in (b)(3)(J)(i); and in (b)(3)(J)(ii), added “The estimate of,” “for the tax year,” “an estimate of,” and “by using the amount of the current tax year’s homestead deduction in lieu of the amount of the proposed tax year’s homestead deduction.”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7182(a) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7182(a) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(q) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(e), 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-44, April 18, 2001, 48 DCR 3844).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(e), 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-116, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7659).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(n) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-23, September 6, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9093).

References in Text

“This or any other act”, referred to in the first sentence in (8), should be read as “the District of Columbia Real Property Tax Revision Act of 1974 or any other act.” The Real Property Tax Revision Act of 1974 is 88 Stat. 1051, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, which was approved September 3, 1974, and which is codified as §§ 47-504, 47-801, 47-802, 47-811 to 47-828, 47-842 to 47-848, 47-861, 47-1001, 47-1002, 47-2001, and 47-3305.

Editor's Notes

Mayor authorized to issue rules: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-813.

Expiration of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 105(b) of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that title I of that act shall expire 4 years from its effective date. D.C. Law 12-40 became effective on October 23, 1997.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 104 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that the Mayor may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this title.

Audit of triennial assessment process: Section 103 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that at the end of the first triennial assessment cycle, an audit of the assessment process shall be conducted by an outside firm, under the auspices of the International Association of Assessing Officers, for the purposes of examining the methodology, procedures, and accuracy of real property assessments under the triennial assessment process. The results of the audit shall be provided to the Council of the District of Columbia.

Review of title I provisions after 3 years: Section 105(a) of title I of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that after 3 years, the Committee on Finance and Revenue shall review the provisions of this title and make recommendations for their continuance, amendment, or termination.

Expiration and review of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 2003 of D.C. Law 14-28 repealed the expiration provision of section 105(b) and the review provision of section 105(a) of D.C. Law 12-40.


§ 47–825. Assessments — Board of Equalization and Review. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 2(d), 40 DCR 629.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-825.


§ 47–825.01. Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Sept. 3, 1974, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 426a; as added Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 2(e), 40 DCR 629; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25, § 103, 40 DCR 5489; Mar. 23, 1994, D.C. Law 10-98, § 2, 41 DCR 531; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 5(f), 41 DCR 2050; May 16, 1995, D.C. Law 10-255,§ 42, 41 DCR 5193; Mar. 29, 1996, D.C. Law 11-109, § 2, 43 DCR 526; Apr. 18, 1996, D.C. Law 11-110, § 53, 43 DCR 530; Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-194, § 2, 43 DCR 4557; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; May 22, 1997, D.C. Law 11-269, §§ 2(a), (b), 43 DCR 6868; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-40, § 101(e), 44 DCR 4859; Mar. 7, 2000, D.C. Law 13-55, § 2, 46 DCR 8868; Oct. 19, 2000, D.C. Law 13-172, § 2405, 47 DCR 6308; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(r), 48 DCR 334; June 19, 2001, D.C. Law 13-313, § 16(a), 48 DCR 1873; Oct. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 14-28, § 2002(f), 48 DCR 6981; Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-42, § 10(d), 48 DCR 7612; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(h), 50 DCR 896; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(c), 49 DCR 11664; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 26(c)(3), 51 DCR 881; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 1162(a), 51 DCR 8441; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(b)(3), 52 DCR 2638; Sept. 19, 2006, D.C. Law 16-159, § 2(b), 53 DCR 5385; Aug. 15, 2008, D.C. Law 17-216,§ 4(c), 55 DCR 7500; Aug. 16, 2008, D.C. Law 17-219, § 7015, 55 DCR 7598; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-353, § 121, 56 DCR 1117; April 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 2(b)(2), 58 DCR 963.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-825.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-820, § 47-824, § 47-825.01a, § 47-825.02, § 47-825.03, § 47-831, § 47-845.01, § 47-893, and § 47-1005.01.

Cross References

District of Columbia administration, board and commission members, compensation, see § 1-611.08.

Nominees and candidates for public office, disclosure of conflicts of interest, see § 1-1106.02.

Editor's Notes

D.C. Law 18-363, which took effect on April 8, 2011, included a repeal of this section. D.C. Act 19-33, which went into effect on March 15, 2011, and D.C. Acts 19-76, 19-169, 19-256, and D.C. Laws 19-9, 19-75, and D.C. Law 19-155 delayed the applicability of D.C. Law 18-363 until August 24, 2012.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”

On August 24, 2012, the repeal of this section went into effect pursuant to D.C. Law 18-363, § 2(b), D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, D.C. Resolutions 19-479 and 19-488, effective July 10, 2012 ( 59 DCR 9169 and 59 DCR 9178, respectively), and Mayor’s Order 2012-135, dated August 24, 2012. Accordingly, this section was repealed as of August 24, 2012.

Section 114(a) of D.C. Law 19-171, effective September 26, 2012, purported to amend this section; however, the section was, and remains, repealed.


§ 47–825.01a. Real Property Tax Appeals Commission.

(a)(1)(A) There is established the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia (“Commission”) to review real property assessments and classifications and to hear other appeals. The Commission shall have jurisdiction over any appeal timely filed with the Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals in accordance with the provisions of § 47-825.01(f-1) [repealed].

(B) The Commission shall be comprised of

(i) A full-time Chairperson;

(ii) A full-time Vice Chairperson;

(iii) Four full-time Commissioners; and

(iv) Eight part-time Commissioners,

(C) The part-time members of the Commission shall be compensated on an hourly basis and shall hear cases of single-family residential property or any noncommercial real property assessed during the administrative review at $3 million or less (or under the notice of assessment if the administrative review is unavailable); provided, that the Chairperson may assign part-time members to hear cases of other real property assessments.

(D)(i) The Chairperson of the Commission shall be a District of Columbia certified general appraiser with at least 5 years of professional experience.

(ii) The Vice-Chairperson of the Commission shall be an active member of the District of Columbia Bar with at least 5 years of real estate professional experience.

(iii) Full-time Commissioners shall have at least 5 years of professional commercial real estate experience.

(iv) All Commissioners shall be active members of the District of Columbia Bar, District certified general real estate appraisers, certified public accountants, mortgage bankers, licensed District real estate brokers, or persons possessing significant real property experience.

(E) The Commissioners shall not be elected officers of the District government.

(F)(i) The Mayor of the District of Columbia (“Mayor”) shall appoint the members of the Commission with the advice and consent of the Council.

(ii) The Mayor shall transmit to the Council, for a 90-day period of review, excluding days of Council recess, nominations to the Commission. If the Council does not approve, by resolution, within the 90-day period a nomination to the Commission, the nomination shall be deemed disapproved.

(G) The Mayor shall not remove a Commissioner except for cause. A Commissioner’s unexcused failure to meet annual performance measures in any 2 years within a 3-year period shall be among the grounds constituting cause for removal.

(H)(i) At least 6 months before the expiration of any term, a Commissioner seeking reappointment to a new term shall file a statement with the Mayor and the Chairperson, or the Vice-Chairperson in the case of the Chairperson seeking reappointment, specifying that he or she requests reappointment to a new term (“reappointment statement”).

(ii) For a Commissioner who timely files a reappointment statement, the Chairperson shall prepare a record of the Commissioner’s tenure with regard to the Commissioner’s competency and quality of performance over the period of his or her term of service (“performance record”). The Vice-Chairperson shall prepare the performance record of the Chairperson when he or she is seeking reappointment and has timely filed a reappointment statement in accordance with sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph.

(iii) At a minimum, the performance record shall contain, for the immediate prior term:

(I) All the decisions authored by the Commissioner or to which he or she was a signatory;

(II) Data on how the Commissioner met applicable objective performance measures;

(III) The recommendation of the Chairperson or Vice-Chairperson, whichever is applicable, as to whether the reappointment should be made; and

(IV) Any other information requested by the Mayor.

(iv) The Chairperson or the Vice-Chairperson, whichever is applicable, shall submit the performance record to the Mayor within 60 days of the filing of the reappointment statement.

(v) The Mayor shall consider all information received with regard to reappointment.

(2)(A) A Commissioner shall be prohibited from representing any client or business interest before the Commission for a period of 2 years after the Commissioner’s termination or resignation from the Commission.

(B) A Commissioner shall be prohibited from reviewing an appeal involving real property with which the Commissioner has had any financial dealings in the 2-year period prior to the filing date of the appeal. For the purposes of this subsection, the term “financial dealings” shall include the assessment, appraisal, purchase, sale, or rental of the real property in question.

(C) A Commissioner shall not review an appeal for which that Commissioner has a direct or indirect interest.

(3)(A) The term of each Commissioner shall be 4 years, except as provided in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.

(B) For the initial 12 appointments or reappointments to Commissioners for full terms beginning October 1, 2011:

(i) The first 3 non-leadership Commissioners appointed to the Commission shall be appointed for a term ending April 30, 2013.

(ii) The next 3 non-leadership Commissioners appointed to the Commission shall be appointed for a term ending April 30, 2014.

(iii) The next 2 non-leadership Commissioners and the Vice-Chairperson appointed to the Commission shall be appointed for a term ending April 30, 2015.

(iv) The final 2 non-leadership Commissioners and the Chairperson appointed to the Commission shall be appointed for a term ending April 30, 2018.

(4)(A) A vacancy on the Commission shall be filled in the same manner that the original appointment was made.

(B) Any person appointed to fill a vacancy shall be appointed to serve for the remainder of the term during which the vacancy arose.

(5) Commissioners shall be employees of the District government. The Mayor shall establish a separate salary schedule applicable to Commissioners.

(6) The Commission shall employ staff, including a general counsel, to provide legal advice and such other support as is needed for the efficient operation of the Commission.

(7) The Commission shall establish a program during which all new Commission members receive training in the various aspects of property valuation for all classes of property, and orientation on Commission rules and regulations.

(b)(1) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, a majority of the Commission shall constitute a quorum for transacting business.

(2) Pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2 [§ 2-501 et seq.], the Commission shall issue rules of organization and procedure which shall be consistent with all applicable provisions of subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2 [§ 2-501 et seq.].

(3) The Commission shall meet at least 4 times annually for administrative matters. All administrative meetings of the Commission shall be open to the public. The Commission shall publish notification of the meetings in the District of Columbia Register and shall make copies of minutes of the meetings available to the public.

(c)(1)(A) Each appeal to the Commission shall be reviewed by a panel of the Commission. The number of Commissioners on a panel shall be as follows:

(i) In the case of a single-family residential property or any noncommercial real property assessed during the administrative review at $3 million or less (or under the notice of assessment if the administrative review is unavailable), a one-Commissioner panel shall be convened; provided, that a panel described in sub-subparagraph (ii) of this subparagraph shall be convened at the direction of the Chairperson or if both the appellant and the Office of Tax and Revenue (“OTR”) request a multi-Commissioner panel.

(ii) In the case of all other real property, a 3-Commissioner panel shall be convened; provided, that a 2-Commissioner panel may be convened if the appellant and OTR agree.

(B) A stipulation signed by OTR and the owner that resolves a matter may be approved by the signature of one Commissioner.

(2) No 3 Commissioners shall serve exclusively together on the same panel for more than one tax year.

(3) Each decision of the Commission shall be in writing and shall contain a detailed statement of the basis for the decision. Each decision shall be signed by the deciding Commissioner. In the case of an appeal heard by a multi-Commissioner panel, each Commissioner who participated in the hearing and deliberations shall sign the opinion and indicate whether he or she agreed with or dissented from, the decision of the panel.

(4) The Commission shall publish on the Internet with respect to each decision of the Commission:

(A) The assessment and classification resulting from the administrative review;

(B) The assessment and classification determined by the Commission; and

(C) The names of the Commissioners of the Commission who were on the panel that established the assessment or classification, or both, indicating whether the participating Commissioner agreed with, or dissented from, the decision of the panel.

(5) Every decision filed by the Commission shall be maintained by the Commission for 3 years and shall be made available for examination and photocopying by any requestor. All costs associated with photocopying shall be paid for by the requestor. This subsection shall not affect the confidentiality of valuation records as provided in § 47-821(d)(2), tax returns, and information that is personal in nature.

(6) All meetings of the Commission, including hearings of individual appeals, shall be open to the public. All information presented at Commission meetings, including individual appeals, shall be available for public inspection. Notwithstanding the foregoing, valuation records protected under § 47-821(d), tax returns, and information that is personal in nature shall not be available for public inspection and discussion of same during a hearing shall be in camera.

(7) By appealing to the Commission, a real property owner consents to OTR disclosing during the course of the owner’s appeal any tax information that the owner has provided to OTR under this title or included on the owner’s Real Property Recordation and Transfer Tax Form filed with OTR pursuant to Chapter 11 of Title 22.

(8) Any appraisal submitted to the Commission by the owner or OTR shall be subject to full disclosure to the Commission, the owner, and OTR. Information provided under this subparagraph shall be subject to the nondisclosure of valuation records provided in § 47-821(d)(2).

(d) A petition to the Office of Tax and Revenue for an administrative review shall proceed as follows:

(1) On or before April 1 of the immediately preceding tax year, an owner may petition OTR for an administrative review of the real property’s assessed value or its classification that shall be in effect for the tax year at issue.

(2) If real property is transferred to a new owner during the tax year immediately preceding the tax year for which the proposed assessed value or classification shall be in effect, the new owner may petition OTR for an administrative review of the assessed value or classification that shall be in effect for the tax year by the later of April 1 of the immediately preceding tax year or within 45 days after the date of transfer to the new owner that occurred during the immediately preceding tax year; provided, that no other petition or appeal of the proposed assessed value or classification for the tax year shall have been filed for the real property; provided further, that an appeal under this subsection pursuant to another provision of this section or chapter under this title shall be filed within 45 days from the date of the notice.

(3) OTR may change a proposed assessed value or classification in accordance with a final determination made on a petition for administrative review.

(4) A final determination by OTR shall pertain to the value or classification of the real property for the tax year at issue.

(5) A petition for an administrative review under this paragraph shall:

(A) Be filed on a form and in the manner prescribed by OTR; and

(B) Contain all documents as required under this section and as prescribed by OTR.

(e) An appeal to the Commission shall proceed as follows:

(1)(A) If an owner is aggrieved by a notice of final determination on a petition for administrative review, the owner may file an appeal from the proposed assessed value or classification with the Commission within 45 days after the date of the notice of final determination. An owner may supplement the original filing if new information has become available that was not available prior to the filing deadline by delivering a copy of the supplemental filing to the Commission and OTR no later than 20 days after the filing of the appeal; provided, that a hearing shall not occur within 20 days from the date of the delivery of the supplemental filing. All notices of final determination shall be accompanied by the assessor’s worksheets indicating the rationale for the determination, if the assessment is raised or lowered. If a notice of final determination on a petition for an administrative review brought under subsection (1) and (2) of this section and the assessor’s worksheets relating thereto, if required, are not mailed to the owner by August 1 preceding the tax year, the owner may appeal the proposed assessed value or classification to the Commission by September 30 preceding the tax year; provided, that if a delayed notice is issued under § 47-824(b)(4), September 1 and October 15 of the tax year shall be substituted for August 1 and September 30, respectively.

(B) If an owner is aggrieved by a notice of final determination issued pursuant to § 42-3131.15 , the owner may file an appeal on the determination of vacancy with the Commission within 45 days after the date of the notice. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the Commission shall render a decision on the appeal within 120 days after the filing.

(2)(A) An appeal under paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection or paragraph (4)(A) of this subsection shall:

(i) Be filed on a form and in the manner prescribed by the Commission; and

(ii) Contain all documents (including OTR’s final decision and response given to the appellant), as prescribed by the Commission; and

(iii) Include income and expense statements as required to be filed under § 47-821(d)(1) for the 2 preceding calendar years.

(B) All information in support of the petition shall be submitted by the appellant at the time the appeal is filed, except that the appellant shall have the right to rebut any new evidence submitted by OTR in response to the appeal (and any supplement thereto) that was not previously raised during the administrative review and the Commission may request additional information it considers necessary.

(C)(i) At least 30 days prior to the hearing or rescheduled hearing before the Commission, the Commission shall provide to OTR a copy of the appeal with all documents and attachments related thereto and the date that the hearing is scheduled.

(ii)(I) Notwithstanding any other provision in this subparagraph:

(aa) If the assessor’s worksheet is mailed with the notice of final determination to the owner, the worksheet shall be deemed to be the response of OTR to the owner’s appeal before the Commission, as the response may be amended by subsequent filings as provided in this subparagraph, and the response shall not be required to be filed by OTR with the Commission before the hearing.

(bb) If the assessor’s worksheet is not mailed with the notice of final determination because the proposed assessment was not changed as a result of the notice of final determination, a response from OTR shall not be required.

(cc) If OTR’s response is amended, OTR shall provide a copy of its amended response to the owner’s appeal to the Commission as provided in sub-subparagraphs (ii) and (iii) of this subparagraph.

(II) OTR shall make any response filed with the Commission available to the real property owner for inspection and copying at least 7 days before the scheduled hearing. Any charges for copying by OTR shall be at cost.

(III) For cases involving single-family residential property, at least 10 days prior to the scheduled hearing, OTR shall send electronically or mail a copy of the response that was filed with the Commission to the owner.

(IV) Except as provided in sub-sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph, any evidence not submitted in accordance with this subparagraph shall be excluded by the Commission at hearing.

(iii) If a hearing is rescheduled, response due dates shall be readjusted as if the date of the rescheduled hearing were the date of the original hearing.

(3) The Commission or a Commissioner may compel the attendance of witnesses, administer oaths or affirmations, and examine appellants and other witnesses under oath.

(4)(A) The Commission, by decision, may change:

(i) A proposed assessed value;

(ii) A proposed classification;

(iii) A decision on homestead, senior, or disabled benefit eligibility; and

(iv) Any other determination on a matter for which jurisdiction is specifically conferred by law.

(B) A decision by the Commission shall pertain to the assessed value of, classification of, or any matter (for which jurisdiction is conferred) concerning the real property for the tax year at issue.

(C)(i) If an assessment of a real property is under appeal to the Commission, or is otherwise brought before the Commission, under this section, the Commission shall determine the estimated market value of the real property for the applicable tax year.

(ii) The Commission shall raise or lower the estimated market value of any real property that it finds to be more than 5% above or below the estimated market value for any assessment appealed by an owner.

(iii) The assessment shall be presumed correct. The owner shall demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence that the assessment of the real property does not represent the estimated market value or that the classification of the real property is erroneous.

(iv) The Commission shall not order an increase of the assessed value of any parcel of real property above its estimated market value or a decrease of the assessed value of any parcel of real property below its estimated market value solely on the basis of average ratio studies comparing sales and assessments, unless the studies are the primary basis for the assessment or reassessment of the concerned real property in question.

(5) The Commission shall notify OTR of any decision on an appeal from a proposed assessed value, classification, or determination of vacancy at the same time that the Commission notifies the owner.

(6)(A) OTR or an owner aggrieved by a proposed assessed value or classification may seek a rehearing before the Commission. The Commission, in its discretion, may rehear or reject a request to rehear an appeal.

(B) Within 15 days after the date on which the Commission transmits its decision, the owner or OTR, by written notice to the Chairperson, may request the rehearing. If a rehearing is granted, the other party shall have 10 days after date of mailing or electronically transmitting notice in which to prepare and file with the rehearing panel a response to the hearing.

(C) In the case of a rehearing, a 3-Commissioner panel shall be convened consisting of the Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson, and a Commissioner who was a member of the panel that heard the underlying appeal.

(D) A rehearing shall be granted as a matter of right if the decision of an appeal changes the proposed assessed value of a real property, excluding single-family residential property, by at least 20% or $10 million, whichever is less.

(E) No decision of the Commission shall be changed upon rehearing except upon a finding of plain error. The burden of proof shall be upon the moving party to demonstrate plain error.

(F) The rehearing shall not be a hearing de novo and shall be considered a continuation of the original hearing before the Commission.

(7)(A) By February 1 of each year, all pending real property appeals cases filed in the prior calendar year shall be decided by the Commission.

(B) Subject to subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, after the completion of the hearing, the Commission shall have 30 days to decide a residential real property case involving a single family residential property or a residential real property consisting of 4 or fewer dwelling units and 80 days to decide a residential real property case involving a residential real property with 5 or more dwelling units or a commercial real property case.

(f)(1) OTR may make an administrative or clerical correction to an assessment only for the current or immediately succeeding tax year; provided, that:

(A) The notice of correction under this paragraph shall be mailed by certified or registered mail to the owner’s address of record; and

(B) Within 45 days from the date of the notice, the owner may petition for an administrative review of the notice and appeal from a final determination thereof in the same manner and to the same extent as if the petition were filed under subsection (d)(2) of this section.

(2) Notwithstanding § 47-820(a-1), OTR may change an assessment or real property classification which is the result of a substantial error that would cause an injustice to the owner for the immediately succeeding, current, or preceding 3 tax years.

(g)(1) Except as provided in § 47-830 or paragraph (2) of this subsection, an owner aggrieved by a proposed assessed value or classification may appeal the proposed assessed value or classification to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304 by September 30 of the tax year; provided, that the owner shall have in good faith first appealed the assessed value or classification to the Commission immediately preceding the appeal to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.

(2) An owner aggrieved by a decision of the Commission, with respect to an appeal filed pursuant to subsection (d)(2) of this section or a notice issued pursuant to § 42-3131.15, may appeal the decision of the Commission to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304 by September 30 of the tax year in which the decision of the Commission is issued or within 6 months after the date of the decision of the Commission, whichever is later.

(h) If an owner’s second-half installment payment is placed on extended billing under § 47-811(b) to a date after September 15 of the tax year, the owner shall have 15 days after the payment due date to appeal to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia the proposed assessed value or classification in the same manner, to the same extent, and subject to the same limitations and requirements as provided in subsection (g) of this section (except the filing deadline shall be as provided in this subsection).

(i) Notwithstanding the definition of owner and taxpayer in § 47-802(5) to include persons other than the owner of record of real property, the owner of record of real property shall retain the right to appeal an assessment under this section.

(j)(1) By October 1 of the next succeeding tax year, the Commission shall present to the Council and to the Mayor an annual report on its operations for the tax year. The report shall include the following:

(A) The total number of appeals heard and decided by the Commission;

(B) A breakdown of appeals decided by class of real property as those classes are defined in § 47-813, stating the following for each class:

(i) The number of assessments sustained;

(ii) The number of assessments increased;

(iii) The number of assessments decreased;

(iv) The percentage of the increased, decreased, and sustained assessments;

(v) The gain and loss in assessed value;

(vi) The revenue gain to the District as a result of the increases by the tax year;

(vii) The revenue loss to the District as a result of decreases by the tax year; and

(viii) The net revenue impact on the District as a result of the Commission’s decisions;

(C) An analysis of the Commission’s operations for the year, including the identification of any problems and recommendations for dealing with the problems; and

(D) A listing, for each Commissioner, of the total number of appeals heard and decided.

(2) The District of Columbia Auditor shall perform a management audit of the activities of the Commission at least once every 3 fiscal years (or sooner as considered appropriate by the Auditor) or upon request of a Councilmember, and report the findings to the Council.


(Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 2(b)(3), 58 DCR 963; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 2(a), 59 DCR 5590; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-171, § 114(k), 59 DCR 6190; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7182(b), 64 DCR 7652.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-811.02, § 47-820, § 47-835, and § 47-863.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 19-155, in subsec. (a)(1)(A), inserted the following sentence: “The Commission shall have jurisdiction over any appeal timely filed with the Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals in accordance with the provisions of § 47-825.01(f-1).”; rewrote subsec. (a)(1)(B)(iv); in subsec. (a)(1)(G), inserted the following sentence: “A Commissioner’s unexcused failure to meet annual performance measures in any 2 years within a 3-year period shall be among the grounds constituting cause for removal.”; added subsec. (a)(1)(H); rewrote subsec. (c)(7); in subsec. (e)(1)(A), substituted “20 days after the filing of the appeal; provided, that a hearing shall not occur within 20 days from the date of the delivery of the supplemental filing” for “10 days after the filing of the appeal”; rewrote subsec. (e)(1)(B); and, in subsec. (g), substituted “tax year; provided, that the owner shall have in good faith first appealed the assessed value or classification to the Commission immediately preceding the appeal to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.” for “tax year.”

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-171 substituted “request a multi-Commissioner” for “request the a [sic] multi-Commissioner” in (c)(1)(A)(i); and validated a previously made technical correction in (g).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7182(b) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7182(b) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Review Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Act 21-498, Oct. 6, 2016, 63 DCR 12611).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, see § 2 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Establishment Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-169, October 11, 2011, 58 DCR 8905).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 5 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Establishment Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-169, October 11, 2011, 58 DCR 8905).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Establishment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-217, October 31, 2011, 58 DCR 9351).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, see § 2 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Establishment Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-256, December 21, 2011, 58 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 5 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Establishment Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-256, December 21, 2011, 58 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of D.C. Law 19-9, see § 6 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Establishment Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-256, December 21, 2011, 58 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2 of the Bezner Real Property Tax Relief Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-397, July 29, 2014, 61 DCR 8257).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2 of Real Property Tax Appeals Commission Review Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Law 21-176, Dec. 17, 2016, 63 DCR 13573).

Section 2 of D.C. Law 19-56, in subsec. (a)(1)(A), added the following sentence at the end: “The Commission shall have jurisdiction over any appeal timely filed with the Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals in accordance with § 47-825.01(f-1).”; and in subsec. (a)(1)(B)(iv), substituted “Eight” for “Six”.

Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 19-56 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 5 of D.C. Law 19-75 rewrote subsec. (b)(1) to read as follows:

“(b)(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph and subsection (c) of this section, a majority of the Commission shall constitute a quorum for transacting business.

“(B) Upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(F) of this section, the Chairperson and the Vice-Chairperson shall constitute a quorum for transacting business; provided, that upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of additional members of the Commission, a majority of those appointed shall constitute a quorum until all members of the Commission have been appointed.”.

Section 2 of D.C. Law 19-75 added a section to D.C. Law 18-363 to read as follows:

“Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”.

Section 8(b) of D.C. Law 19-75 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Section 4 of D.C. Law 19-155 added a section to D.C. Law 18-363 to read as follows:

“Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3)).”.

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-155: Section 5 of D.C. Law 19-155 provided that the act shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia. This contingency has been met.


§ 47–825.02. Public Advocate for Assessments and Taxation. [Repealed]

[Repealed].


(May 22, 1997, D.C. Law 11-269, § 2(c), 43 DCR 6868; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(5), 58 DCR 963; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, § 7142, 62 DCR 10905.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-825.2.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-825.03.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 18-363, in subsec. (b)(1), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) repeal of this section, see § 7112 of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Temporary Legislation

Temporary addition of § 3a to D.C. Law 11-269: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-825.01.

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 11-269: Section 3a of D.C. Law 11-269, as added by § 3 of D.C. Law 12-122, provided that the provisions of the act shall apply to appeals from real property assessments for real property tax year 2000 and for each real property tax year thereafter.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”

Severability of Law

Severability of D.C. Law 11-269: Section 3 of D.C. Law 11-269 provided: “If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are severable.”


§ 47–825.03. Applicability of certain provisions; hearings open to public.

(a) Notwithstanding any other law, § 47-825.01(d)(5) [repealed], the second sentence of § 47-825.01(e) [repealed], and § 47-825.02 shall not apply until the Chief Financial Officer has determined that the implementation of those provisions will have no negative fiscal impact on the Office of Tax and Revenue, the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia, or on real property tax revenues collected by the District.

(b) Except as provided in § 47-821(d)(2), hearings shall be open to the public.

(c) This section shall expire upon notice to the Council by the Chief Financial Officer that he or she has made the determination required by subsection (a) of this section.


(Apr. 20, 1999, D.C. Law 12-236, § 2(a), 46 DCR 660; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(6), 58 DCR 963.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-825.3.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 18-363, in subsec. (a), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals”.

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”


§ 47–826. Assessments — Power to administer oaths or affirmations and summon witnesses; witness fees; examination of witnesses. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1056, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 427; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(i), 50 DCR 896.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-826.

1973 Ed., § 47-647.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 12(j) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 12(j) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 12(j) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 12(j) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 12(j) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

References in Text

The Board, referred to in this section, is the Board of Equalization and Review.


§ 47–827. Class actions.

Within 1 year after September 3, 1974, the Superior Court of the District of Columbia shall establish a method which it deems appropriate by which class action cases regarding any matter relating to real and personal property taxes may be brought before the Superior Court.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1057, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 428; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-827.

1973 Ed., § 47-648.


§ 47–828. Violations of assessment provisions.

Any person who shall refuse or knowingly neglect to perform any duty enjoined on him by law, or who shall consent to or connive at any evasion of the provision of the first section of the Act of March 3, 1881 (§ 47-211), or § 13 of the Act of August 14, 1894 (§ 47-602), or any other provision of this chapter shall, for each offense, be removed from office and fined not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], or imprisoned for no longer than 1 year, or both, in the discretion of the court.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1057, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 429; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(d), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-828.

1973 Ed., § 47-649.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not more than $10,000”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(d) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

References in Text

“The 1st section of the Act of March 3, 1881 (§ 47-211),” referred to in this section, appears identical with the original. However, the citation to § 47-211 appears to be erroneous, as that section is based on § 14 of 28 Stat. 285, approved August 14, 1894, rather than the 1881 Act.

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 47–829. Taxable real estate; new structures and additions or improvements of old structures; complaints and appeals.

(a)(1) In addition to the annual assessment of real property made pursuant to § 47-820(b), the Mayor, pursuant to subsections (b) through (f) of this section, shall conduct a supplemental assessment of real property between January 1 and June 30, to become effective October 1, and payable March 31, and again between July 1 and December 31, to become effective April 1, and payable September 15, of each calendar year.

(2) The Mayor shall mail the notice of a proposed supplemental assessment to the owner:

(A) On or before August 1 of the year in which the supplemental assessment was conducted for supplemental assessments conducted between January 1 and June 30; and

(B) On or before February 1 of the following year for supplemental assessments conducted between July 1 and December 31.

(b) The Mayor shall assess the estimated market value of all real property, by lot and square, that was:

(1) Erroneously omitted from the previous assessment roll or tax list since the last annual or supplemental assessment; or

(2) Not listed on the previous assessment roll or tax list since the last annual or supplemental assessment.

(c) The Mayor shall assess the estimated market value of all real property, by lot and square, that has a change in estimated market value as a result of damage or destruction of an improvement since the last annual or supplemental assessment.

(d) The Mayor shall assess the estimated market value of all real property, by lot and square, if since the last annual or supplemental assessment:

(1)(A) A new improvement has been constructed;

(B) An addition to or renovation of an existing improvement has been constructed;

(C) There is construction in progress and at least 65% of the total estimated construction has occurred; or

(D) A conversion has occurred; and

(2) There is a $100,000 or more change in the estimated market value of the real property.

(e) The Mayor shall assess the estimated market value of all real property, by lot and square, if since the last annual or supplemental assessment:

(1)(A) A new improvement has been constructed;

(B) An addition to or renovation of an existing improvement has been constructed;

(C) There is construction in progress; or

(D) A conversion has occurred; and

(2) A certificate of occupancy has been issued or, in the case of a single-family dwelling, a building permit has been made final.

(e-1) Class 1 Property, as defined under § 47-813(c-8)(2)(A), shall not be subject to subsection (e) of this section.

(f) After each supplemental assessment, the Mayor shall:

(1) Revise the assessment roll and tax list to reflect the current estimated market value of real property for which a supplemental assessment was conducted; and

(2) Notify the affected owner in writing of any change in assessment and right of appeal, as provided in § 47-830. The notice shall be mailed by certified or registered mail to the owner’s address of record.


(Aug. 17, 1937, 50 Stat. 693, ch. 690, title IX, § 5(b); May 16, 1938, 52 Stat. 372, ch. 223, § 8; July 26, 1939, 53 Stat. 1109, ch. 367, title IV, § 5(b); July 10, 1952, 66 Stat. 545, ch. 649, § 3(c); July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 580, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 161(a)(5); June 22, 1983, D.C. Law 5-14, § 702, 30 DCR 2632; Mar. 6, 1991, D.C. Law 8-207, § 2(a), 37 DCR 8453; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25, § 104, 40 DCR 5489; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(s), 48 DCR 334; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 1162(b), 51 DCR 8441; Sept. 19, 2006, D.C. Law 16-159, § 2(c), 53 DCR 5385; Oct. 15, 2010, D.C. Law 18-235, § 2, 57 DCR 7158.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-829.

1973 Ed., § 47-710.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-813, § 47-820, § 47-830, § 47-864, and § 47-2514.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 rewrote subsecs. (e)(2) and (f)(2).

Prior to amendment, subsec. (e)(2) read:

“A certificate of occupancy for the real property has been issued.”

Prior to amendment, subsec. (f)(2) read:

“Notify the affected real property owner in writing of any change in assessment and right of appeal, as provided in 47-830.”

D.C. Law 15-205 added subsec. (e-1)

D.C. Law 16-159, in subsec. (a), designated the existing text as par. (1), and added par. (2).

D.C. Law 18-235 rewrote subsec. (e-1), which had read as follows: “(e-1) Class 1 Property, as defined under § 47-813(c-6), shall not be subject to subsection (e) of this section if the increase in the estimated market value of the real property as a result of the renovation, addition, or construction is less than 10%.”

Cross References

Financial institutions, applicable real property tax provisions, see § 47-2514.

Superior Court Tax Division, appeals of real estate assessments, see § 47-3305.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deduction Clarification Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-374, February 24, 2004, 51 DCR 2618).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(b) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-486, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8236).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(b) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-594, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 11725).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of § 3 of D.C. Law 18-235, see § 714 of Fiscal Year 2011 Supplemental Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-694, January 19, 2011, 58 DCR 662).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(p) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deductions Temporary Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-159, May 18, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 5699).

Editor's Notes

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 1102 of D.C. Law 5-14 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules necessary to carry out the provisions of the act.

Section 4 of D.C. Law 8-207 provided that the Mayor shall, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2, issue proposed rules to implement the provisions of this act. The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 60-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, in whole or in part, by resolution within this 60-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed approved. Nothing in this section shall affect any requirements imposed upon the Mayor by subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2.

Section 509 of D.C. Law 13-305 requires that section 502(s) of D.C. Law 13-305, amending this section, shall apply to tax periods beginning after June 30, 2001.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 18-235 provided that this act shall apply upon the inclusion of its fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan.

Section 714 of D.C. Law 18-370 repealed section 3 of D.C. Law 18-235.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority under Law 5-14, see Mayor’s Order 83-190, July 25, 1983.

Delegation of authority under D.C. Law 8-207, the Real Property Improvements and New Construction Tax Amendment Act of 1990, see Mayor’s Order 93-66, May 25, 1993.


§ 47–830. New buildings; complaints and appeals.

(a) Any owner aggrieved by any supplemental assessment, made in accordance with § 47-829, may appeal from the assessment to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia by:

(1) September 30 for a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30; and

(2) March 31 for a supplement assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31.

(b) The Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia shall hear an appeal of the supplemental assessment if the appeal is filed by the prescribed due date and shall make a final determination of the appeal no later than October 15 of the same calendar year for a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30, and by April 15 of the next calendar year for a supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31.

(c)(1) Any owner aggrieved by any supplemental assessment, made in accordance with § 47-829, may appeal from the assessment to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia within 6 months after April 15 following the year in which the assessment is made, in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304 for a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30, if:

(A) An appeal of the supplemental assessment has been filed with the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia by September 30; or

(B) The Mayor failed to provide notice to the affected owner, as required by § 47-829(f)(2), by September 1 of the year in which the supplemental assessment was conducted; and

(2) Any owner aggrieved by any supplemental assessment, made in accordance with § 47-829, may appeal from the assessment to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia within 6 months after the April 15th following the year in which the assessment is made, in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304 for a supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31, if:

(A) An appeal of the supplemental assessment has been filed with the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia by March 31; or

(B) The Mayor failed to provide notice to the affected owner, as required by § 47-829(f)(2), by the March 1st following the year in which the supplemental assessment was conducted.

(c-1) Beginning with the real property assessments for Tax Year 1999 and for each tax year thereafter:

(1)(A) An owner may petition for an administrative review of a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30 in accordance with § 47-829 on or before October 1 following the date of the notice of supplemental assessment.

(B) An owner may petition for an administrative review of a supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31 in accordance with § 47-829, or on or before April 1 following the date of the notice of supplemental assessment.

(C) The petition for an administrative review shall be made in writing on a form and in a manner as the Mayor may prescribe.

(2)(A) Any owner aggrieved by a final determination made on an administrative review may appeal the supplemental assessment to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia within 45 days from the date of a notice of a final determination on an administrative review. The Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia shall hear an appeal of the supplemental assessment only if a request for an administrative review was timely filed with the Mayor. All notices of final determination shall be accompanied by assessor’s worksheets indicating the rationale for the determination, if the assessment is raised or lowered.

(B) No administrative review shall be required before an owner may appeal to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30 if:

(i) The Mayor fails to notify the owner of the supplemental assessment on or before September 1; or

(ii) The Mayor fails to notify the owner of a final determination on an administrative review of the supplemental assessment on or before December 30 following the date of the notice of supplemental assessment.

(C) Under the circumstance described in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, the owner may appeal the supplemental assessment to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia on or before February 1 without first petitioning for an administrative review of the supplemental assessment.

(D) No administrative review shall be required before an owner may appeal to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia a supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31 if:

(i) The Mayor fails to provide notice of the supplemental assessment on or before March 1; or

(ii) The Mayor fails to notify the owner of a final determination on an administrative review of the supplemental assessment on or before June 30.

(E) Under the circumstances described in subparagraph (D) of this paragraph, the owner may appeal the supplemental assessment to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia on or before August 1 without first petitioning for an administrative review of the supplemental assessment.

(3)(A) An owner may appeal from either a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30 or a supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31 on or before December 31st of the year following the year in which the supplemental assessment was conducted in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304. An appeal from the supplemental assessment filed with the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia shall be a prerequisite to filing an appeal with the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; provided, that written notice of the supplemental assessment was given to the taxpayer before December 2 for a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30 and before May 31 of the following year for a supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31.

(B) Repealed.

(d) For the purposes of § 47-829 and this section, the term:

(1) “Improvement” means a building or other relatively permanent structure or development located on or attached to real property.

(2) “Construction in progress” means the on-site work done in the building or the alteration of an improvement, whether a new improvement, an addition, or a renovation, including, but not limited to, the assembly and installation of components and equipment.

(3) “Conversion” means a change in use of real property or a change in the type of ownership of residential real property that results in a change of residential use. A conversion includes, but is not limited to:

(A) A change in use from a residential, commercial, office, hotel or motel, industrial, or other type of real property to a residential, commercial, office, hotel or motel, industrial or other type of real property, regardless of whether the change in use results in a reclassification of the real property; or

(B) A change in the type of ownership of residential real property that results in a change in residential use of the real property from a rental housing accommodation, a condominium, or cooperative housing association to a rental housing accommodation, a condominium, or a cooperative housing association.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3) of this subsection, the term “housing accommodation” has the same meaning as that term has in § 42-3501.03(14); and the terms “condominium” and “cooperative housing association” have the same meaning as the terms have in § 47-813(d).

(e) Notwithstanding the definition of owner and taxpayer in § 47-802(5) to include persons other than the owner of record of real property, the owner of record of real property shall retain the right to appeal an assessment under this section.


(Aug. 17, 1937, 50 Stat. 693, ch. 690, title IX, § 5(c); May 16, 1938, 52 Stat. 372, ch. 223, § 8; July 26, 1939, 53 Stat. 1109, ch. 367, title IV, § 5(b); July 10, 1952, 66 Stat. 545, ch. 649, § 3(c); July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 580, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 161(a)(5); June 22, 1983, D.C. Law 5-14, § 703, 30 DCR 2632; Mar. 6, 1991, D.C. Law 8-207, § 2(b), 37 DCR 8453; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 6, 40 DCR 629; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 4(a), 41 DCR 2050; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-40, § 101(f), 44 DCR 4859; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(t), 48 DCR 334; Oct. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-213, § 33(g), 49 DCR 8140; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(d), 49 DCR 11664; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(b)(4), 52 DCR 2638; Sept. 19, 2006, D.C. Law 16-159, § 2(d), 53 DCR 5385; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(7), 58 DCR 963; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-171, § 136(b), 59 DCR 6190.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-830.

1973 Ed., § 47-711.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-820, § 47-825.01a, and § 47-829.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 substituted “owner” for “real property owner” and “any real property owner” wherever they appear; in subsec. (c-1), inserted the last sentence in par. (2)(A) and rewrote par. (3); and added subsec. (d).

Prior to amendment, subsec. (c-1)(3) read:

“(3)(A) A real property owner may appeal from a supplemental assessment conducted between January 1 and June 30 in accordance with subsection (b) of this section to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia within 6 months from October 15 following the year in which the assessment is made in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in 47-3303 and 47-3304. An appeal from the supplemental assessment filed with the Board shall be a prerequisite to filing an appeal with the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.

“(B) A real property owner may appeal from the supplemental assessment conducted between July 1 and December 31 in accordance with subsection (b) of this section to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia within 6 months from April 15 following the year in which the assessment is made in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in 47-3303 and 47-3304. An appeal from the supplemental assessment filed with the Board shall be a prerequisite to filing an appeal with the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.”

D.C. Law 14-213 validated previously made technical corrections.

D.C. Law 14-307, in subsec. (c-1)(2)(A), substituted “rationale for determination, if the assessment is raised or lowered” for “any determination”.

D.C. Law 15-354, in subsec. (c-1)(2)(A), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 16-159, in subsec. (c-1)(2)(A), substituted “45” for “30”.

D.C. Law 18-363, in subsecs. (a), (b), (c)(1)(A), and (c)(2)(A), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals”; in subsec. (c-1)(2)(A), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals (’Board’)”; and, in subsecs. (c-1)(2), (B), (C), (D), and (E), and (3), substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board”.

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-171 made a technical correction to D.C. Law 18-363 which did not affect this section as codified.

Cross References

Superior Court Tax Division, appeals of real estate assessments, see § 47-3305.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(s) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(g), 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-44, April 18, 2001, 48 DCR 3844).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(g), 3 of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-116, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7659).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(d) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(d) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(d) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(q) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(g) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-23, September 6, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9093).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 1102 of D.C. Law 5-14 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules necessary to carry out the provisions of the act.

Section 4 of D.C. Law 8-207 provided that the Mayor shall, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2, issue proposed rules to implement the provisions of this act. The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 60-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, in whole or in part, by resolution within this 60-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed approved. Nothing in this section shall affect any requirements imposed upon the Mayor by subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2.

Expiration of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 105(b) of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that title I of that act shall expire 4 years from its effective date. D.C. Law 12-40 became effective on October 23, 1997.

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 104 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that the Mayor may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this title.

Audit of triennial assessment process: Section 103 of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that at the end of the first triennial assessment cycle, an audit of the assessment process shall be conducted by an outside firm, under the auspices of the International Association of Assessing Officers, for the purposes of examining the methodology, procedures, and accuracy of real property assessments under the triennial assessment process. The results of the audit shall be provided to the Council of the District of Columbia.

Review of title I provisions after 3 years: Section 105(a) of title I of D.C. Law 12-40 provided that after 3 years, the Committee on Finance and Revenue shall review the provisions of this title and make recommendations for their continuance, amendment, or termination.

Expiration and review of title I of D.C. Law 12-40: Section 2003 of D.C. Law 14-28 repealed the expiration provision of section 105(b) and the review provision of section 105(a) of D.C. Law 12-40.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority under Law 5-14, see Mayor’s Order 83-190, July 25, 1983.

Delegation of authority under D.C. Law 8-207, the Real Property Improvements and New Construction Tax Amendment Act of 1990, see Mayor’s Order 93-66, May 25, 1993.


§ 47–831. Omitted properties; void assessments; notice and appeal.

(a) If the Department of Finance and Revenue shall learn that any property liable to taxation has been omitted from the assessment for any previous year or years, or has been so assessed that the assessment made was void, it shall be a duty at once to reassess this property for each and every year for which it has escaped assessment and taxation, and report the same, through the Assessor, to the Collector of Taxes who shall at once proceed to collect the taxes so in arrears as other taxes are collected; provided, that no property which has escaped assessment and taxation shall be liable under this section for a period of more than 3 years prior to such assessment, except in the case of property involved in litigation. In addition to the duties of the Assessor hereinbefore provided, it shall be the duty of the Assessor upon reassessment as herein provided to notify the owner by writing of the fact of such reassessment. An owner aggrieved by a reassessment made under this section may petition for administrative review, and appeal from a final determination thereof, in the same manner and to the same extent as a new owner under §  47-825.01(f-1).

(b) This section shall not apply when the owner has a duty to notify the Collector of Taxes of the cessation of eligibility for a deduction, classification, exemption, or deferral.


(Aug. 17, 1937, 50 Stat. 693, ch. 690, title IX, § 5(d); May 16, 1938, 52 Stat. 372, ch. 223, § 8; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 580, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 161(a)(5); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 502(u), 48 DCR 334; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(j), 50 DCR 896; Oct, 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1143(b), 52 DCR 7503; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 2(b), 59 DCR 5590.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-831.

1973 Ed., § 47-712.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-811.02, § 47-1005.01, § 47-3305, § 47-4610, and § 47-4628.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305 substituted “owner” for “real property owner” and “any real property owner” wherever they appear; and rewrote the last sentence which had read: “Any person aggrieved by any reassessment made in pursuance of this section may, within 6 months after notice of said reassessment, appeal from said reassessment in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in 47- 3303 and 47-3304.”

D.C. Law 14-282 designated the existing text as subsection (a); and added subsec. (b).

D.C. Law 16-33, in subsec. (b), substituted “exemption, or deferral” for “or exemption”.

D.C. Law 19-155, in subsec. (a), substituted “, within 45 days from the date of the notice, petition for an administrative review of the reassessment and appeal from a final determination thereof, to the same extent as if the appeal were filed under 47-825.01a(d)(2)” for “petition for administrative review, and appeal from a final determination thereof, in the same manner and to the same extent as a new owner under § 47-825.01(f-1)”.

Cross References

Superior Court Tax Division, appeals of real estate assessments, see § 47-3305.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(t) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(k) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(k) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(k) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1143(b), 1144 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(r) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(k) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(k) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

References in Text

Pursuant to the Office of the Chief Financial Officer’s “Notice of Public Interest” published in the April 18, 1997, issue of the District of Columbia Register ( 44 DCR 2345) the Office of Tax and Revenue assumed all of the duties and functions previously performed by the Department of Finance and Revenue, as set forth in Commissioner’s Order 69-96, dated March 7, 1969. This action was made effective January 22, 1997, nunc pro tunc.

Editor's Notes

Office of Assessor abolished: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-413.

Office of Collector of Taxes abolished: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-401.

Section 1144 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that §§ 1142 and 1143 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2005.


§ 47–832. Subdivisions made during January, February, March, April, May, or June.

(a) Whenever a subdivision of any lot or parcel of land in the District of Columbia, or any portion of any such lot or parcel, is made during the months of July, August, September, October, November, or December, the general tax due and payable upon such lot or parcel of land for prior years and for the first half of the then current fiscal year shall then be paid, and all water main and sewer assessments and special assessments of any kind thereon shall then become due and payable, and be paid before such subdivision shall be admitted to record in the Office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia; and the general tax thereon for the last half of the then current fiscal year shall be due and payable in the following May.

(b) Whenever such subdivision is made during the months of January, February, March, April, May, or June, the total general tax assessed against the original lot or parcel of land for prior years and for the then current fiscal year, and all water main and sewer assessments and special assessments of any kind thereon, shall become due and payable and be paid before such subdivision is admitted to record in the Office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia.

(c) For tax year 1994 and each tax year thereafter, whenever a subdivision of any lot or parcel of land in the District of Columbia, or any portion of any such lot or parcel, is made during the months of October, November, December, January, February, or March, the general tax due and payable upon such lot or parcel of land for prior years and for the first half of the then current tax year shall be paid, and all water main and sewer assessments and special assessments of any kind assessed thereon shall become due and payable, and be paid before such subdivision shall be admitted to record in the Office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia; and the general tax levied thereon for the last half of the current tax year shall be due and payable in the following September.

(d) For tax year 1994 and each tax year thereafter, whenever a subdivision is made during the months of April, May, June, July, August, or September, the total general tax assessed against the original lot or parcel of land for prior years and for the current tax year, and all water main and sewer assessments and special assessments of any kind assessed thereon, shall become due and payable and be paid before such subdivision shall be admitted to record in the Office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia.


(Mar. 1, 1921, 41 Stat. 1196, ch. 95, § 2; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25,§ 105, 40 DCR 5489; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-832.

1973 Ed., § 47-714.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-1901.04, § 47-834, § 47-895.03, and § 47-4616.


§ 47–833. Unsubdivided tracts.

Whenever application is made in writing to the Assessor of the District of Columbia by the owner of any tract of land in said District not subdivided into lots and of record as a subdivision in the Office of the Surveyor of said District, for the redistribution of any general or special taxes or assessments then levied or due thereon, or whenever such application is made by the owner of any parcel of such tract for such redistribution, any such general or special taxes or assessments levied or due against the entire tract of which such parcel is a part shall be redistributed so that the owner of any such parcel may pay the proportion of such entire taxes or assessments equitably chargeable thereon.


(Mar. 1, 1921, 41 Stat. 1196, ch. 95, § 3; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-833.

1973 Ed., § 47-715.

Editor's Notes

Office of Assessor abolished: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-413.


§ 47–834. Reassessment or redistribution — Subdivisions; notice and appeal; validity.

(a) Whenever application is made according to law for the reassessment or redistribution of taxes by reason of the subdivision of any tract of land in the District, the department charged with the assessment of real estate in the District is hereby authorized and directed to reassess and redistribute any general or special assessment or tax levied or due and unpaid in accordance with provisions of laws for the assessment and equalizations of valuations of real estate in the District for taxation. The Assessor shall promptly notify the owners of record of the land, the taxes of which shall be reassessed or redistributed. Notices in such case shall be served upon each lot or parcel owner if he or she be a resident of the District and his or her residence known, and if he or she be a nonresident of the District, or his or her residence unknown, such notice shall be served on his or her tenant or agent, as the case may be, and if there be no tenant or agent known to the Mayor of the District of Columbia, then he shall give notice of such assessment by advertisement twice a week for 2 weeks in some newspaper published in said District. The service of such notice, where the owner or his tenant or agent resides in the District, shall be either personal or by leaving the same with some person of suitable age at the residence or place of business of such owner, agent, or tenant; and return of such service, stating the manner thereof, shall be made in writing and filed in the office of the Mayor. Any person aggrieved by such reassessment or redistribution may, within 6 months after notice of such reassessment or redistribution, appeal from such reassessment or redistribution in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304.

(b) Any reassessment or redistribution made under §§ 47-832 to 47-835 shall be as valid and effectual upon the various parts of the property, in the same manner and to the same extent as if the tax or assessment so reassessed or redistributed had been laid originally thereon under the various laws appertaining thereto. No payment or failure to pay a tax or assessment upon any such part shall change or affect the liability of the other parts of such property for any tax or assessment so reassessed or redistributed.


(Mar. 1, 1921, 41 Stat. 1196, ch. 95, § 4; Aug. 17, 1937, 50 Stat. 693, ch. 690, title IX, § 5(e); May 16, 1938, 52 Stat. 374, ch. 223, § 8; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 580, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 161(a)(5); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-834.

1973 Ed., § 47-716.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-3305.

Cross References

Superior Court Tax Division, appeals of real estate assessments, see § 47-3305.

Editor's Notes

Office of Assessor abolished: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-413.


§ 47–835. Reassessment or redistribution — Powers and duties of Department of Finance and Revenue and Assessor.

The Department of Finance and Revenue, charged with the assessment of real estate in the District of Columbia, is hereby authorized and directed to reassess or redistribute any such general or special assessment or tax levied or due and unpaid in accordance with the provisions of laws for the assessment and equalizations of the valuations of real estate in the District of Columbia for taxation, after notice to owners of record of the land to be assessed, with right of appeal within 10 days to the Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals, prescribed in § 47-825.01a; and the Assessor of said District is hereby authorized and directed to promptly reassess or redistribute any general or special assessment of any kind levied or due and unpaid, as hereinbefore provided.


(Mar. 1, 1921, 41 Stat. 1196, ch. 95, § 5; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-241, § 5, 40 DCR 629; May 16, 1995, D.C. Law 10-255, § 43, 41 DCR 5193; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(8), 58 DCR 963.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-835.

1973 Ed., § 47-717.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 18-363 substituted “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals, prescribed by § 47-825.01a” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals as prescribed by § 47-825.01”.

References in Text

Pursuant to the Office of the Chief Financial Officer’s “Notice of Public Interest” published in the April 18, 1997, issue of the District of Columbia Register ( 44 DCR 2345) the Office of Tax and Revenue assumed all of the duties and functions previously performed by the Department of Finance and Revenue, as set forth in Commissioner’s Order 69-96, dated March 7, 1969. This action was made effective January 22, 1997, nunc pro tunc.

Editor's Notes

Office of Assessor abolished: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-413.

Board of Assistant Assessors abolished: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-602.

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”


§ 47–836. Railroad companies — Washington Terminal, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington or Baltimore and Ohio.

The property owned or occupied by the Washington Terminal Company, or by the Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington Railroad Company, or by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company under authority of this Act, or otherwise, together with the improvements that may be put thereon, shall be subject to taxation in the District of Columbia in the same manner and to the same extent as other property in the District, and all tracks and sidings shall be taxed as real estate; provided, that no assessment, valuation, or tax shall be made, laid, or levied on the stations, terminals, and lines of railroad located, constructed, or maintained under the authority of this act, in excess of that which would or could be lawfully made, laid, or levied if said stations, terminals, and lines of railroad were located, constructed, and maintained without the use of bridges, tunnels, viaducts, retaining walls, or other structures necessary or properly employed to elevate or to depress the same as required by this Act; it being the true intent and meaning hereof that the lines of railroad and terminals hereby authorized shall be assessed and valued for the purpose of taxation and taxed on the same basis as if the same were not constructed and maintained by means of such bridges, tunnels, viaducts, retaining walls, and other structures; provided, that such portions of the terminal structure or viaduct as may be constructed and used for storage or like commercial purpose shall be subject to taxation in the same manner as other property in the District of Columbia.


(Feb. 28, 1903, 32 Stat. 914, ch. 856, § 6; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-836.

1973 Ed., § 47-718.

References in Text

“This Act,” referred to near the beginning and twice in the first proviso of this section, means 32 Stat. 909, ch. 856, approved February 28, 1903.


§ 47–837. Railroad companies — Baltimore and Ohio or Washington Terminal.

The property occupied by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, or by the Washington Terminal Company, under authority of this act, together with the improvements which may be put thereon, shall be subject to tax by the District of Columbia the same as other property in the District of Columbia; provided, that no assessment, valuation, or tax shall be made or levied on the railroad or terminals located, constructed, or maintained under the authority of this Act, in excess of that which would or could be lawfully made, laid, or levied if said railroad and terminals were so located, constructed, and maintained without the use of bridges, viaducts, retaining walls, and other structures necessary or properly employed to elevate the same as required by this Act, it being the true intent and meaning hereof that the railroad and terminals hereby authorized shall be assessed and valued for purposes of taxation and taxed on the same basis as if the same were not constructed and maintained by means of such bridges, viaducts, retaining walls, and other structures.


(Feb. 12, 1901, 31 Stat. 779, ch. 354, § 9; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-837.

1973 Ed., § 47-719.

References in Text

“This Act,” referred to near the beginning and twice in the proviso in this section, means 31 Stat. 774, ch. 354, approved February 12, 1901.


§ 47–838. Railroad companies — Baltimore and Potomac.

The property occupied by the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Company under authority of this section, together with the improvements which may be put thereon, shall be subject to tax by the District of Columbia the same as other property in the District of Columbia; provided, that no assessment, valuation, or tax shall be made, laid, or levied on the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Company on account of any bridges, tunnels, elevated tracks, or subway which shall be located, constructed, or maintained under the authority of this act, and forming part of said railroad, in excess of that which would or could be lawfully made, laid, or levied if said railroad was wholly located and constructed on the surface of the ground; it being the true intent and meaning hereof that any such bridges, tunnels, elevated tracks, or subway forming a part of said railroad shall be assessed and valued for purposes of taxation and taxed on the same basis as any other equal portion of railroad situated within the said District of Columbia not constructed on, in, through, or upon any such bridges, tunnels, elevated tracks, or subway.


(Feb. 12, 1901, 31 Stat. 773, ch. 353, § 14; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-838.

1973 Ed., § 47-720.

References in Text

“This Act,” referred to in the proviso in this section, means 31 Stat. 773, ch. 353, approved February 12, 1901.


§ 47–839. Reassessment powers and duties of Mayor.

The Mayor of the District of Columbia is hereby authorized and directed, in all cases where general taxes or assessments for local improvements in the District of Columbia may be quashed, set aside, or declared void by the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, by reason of an imperfect or erroneous description of the lot or parcel of ground against which the same shall have been levied by reason of such tax or assessment not having been authenticated by the proper officer, or of a defective return of service of notice, or for any technical reason other than the right of the public authorities to levy the tax or make the improvement in respect of which the assessment was levied, to reassess the lot or parcel of ground in respect of such general taxes or the improvement mentioned in such defective assessment, with power to collect the same according to existing laws relating to the collection of assessments and taxes; provided, that in cases where such taxes or assessments shall be quashed or declared void by said Court for the reasons hereinbefore stated, the reassessment herein provided for shall be made within 90 days after the judgment or decree of said Court quashing or setting aside such taxes or assessments and any amount theretofore paid upon an assessment which has been declared void shall be credited the owner upon the reassessment made under the provision of this section.


(Apr. 24, 1896, 29 Stat. 98, ch. 123; June 25, 1936, 49 Stat. 1921, ch. 804; June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 991, ch. 646, § 32(b); May 24, 1949, 63 Stat. 107, ch. 139, § 127; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 573, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 155(c)(46); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-839.

1973 Ed., § 47-721.


§ 47–840. Valuation of federal property — Real estate included; return to Congress.

There shall be a valuation taken of all real estate belonging to the United States in the District, except the public buildings, and the grounds which have been dedicated to the public use as parks and squares, at least once in 5 years, and return thereof shall be made by the Commissioner of the District of Columbia to the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives on the first day of the session of Congress held after such valuation shall be taken.


(R.S., D.C., § 138; June 20, 1874, 18 Stat. 116, ch. 337, § 2; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-840.

1973 Ed., § 47-722.


§ 47–841. Valuation of federal property — Secretary of Interior to designate persons and regulations.

All valuations of property belonging to the United States shall be made by such persons as the Secretary of the Interior shall appoint, and under such regulations as he shall prescribe.


(R.S., D.C., § 139; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-841.

1973 Ed., § 47-723.


§ 47–842. Historic property tax relief — Assessment of officially designated buildings.

For certain officially designated historic buildings in the District, the Mayor shall, in addition to assessing at full market value, assess land and improvement on the basis of current use and structures of the buildings, which latter assessment, if it is less than full market value, shall be the basis of tax liability to the District.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1058, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 432; Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2178, Pub. L. 93-635, § 15(c); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-842.

1973 Ed., § 47-652.


§ 47–843. Historic property tax relief — Eligibility.

To be eligible for historic property tax relief, real property must be a historic building designated by the Joint Committee on Landmarks of the National Capital and, in addition, must be approved by the Mayor under § 47-844.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1058, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 433; Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2178, Pub. L. 93-635, § 15(d); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-843.

1973 Ed., § 47-653.


§ 47–844. Historic property tax relief — Agreements for maintenance and use of buildings.

The Council may provide that the owners of historic buildings which have been so designated by the Joint Committee on Landmarks of the National Capital may enter into agreements with the government of the District of Columbia for periods of at least 20 years which will assure the continued maintenance of historic buildings in return for property tax relief. Such a provision shall, as a condition for tax relief, require reasonable assurance that such buildings will be used and properly maintained and such other conditions as the Council finds to be necessary to encourage the preservation of historic buildings. The Council shall also provide for the recovery of back taxes, with interest, which would have been due and payable in the absence of the exemption, if the conditions for such exemption are not fulfilled.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1058, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 434; Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2178, Pub. L. 93-635, § 15(e); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-844.

1973 Ed., § 47-654.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-843.


§ 47–845. Tax deferral — Amount.

(a) An eligible taxpayer may defer each year any real property tax owed in excess of 110% of his or her immediately preceding year’s real property tax liability for Class 1 Property as defined in § 47-813(c)(1). To be eligible for such deferral the taxpayer must:

(1) Have owned for at least 1 year the property for which the deferral is claimed;

(2) Certify that such property is currently occupied by the taxpayer and that such property was occupied by the taxpayer for the 12 month period immediately preceding the application for deferral; and

(3) File a written application for deferral on a form provided by the Mayor. An application for real property tax deferral shall be filed with the Mayor before the last date an installment payment of the real property taxes which are to be deferred is due.

(4) — (7) Repealed.

(b) If a taxpayer submits a timely application for deferral of real property taxes, the amount of real property tax owed in excess of 110% of the prior year’s tax bill shall not constitute delinquent taxes nor shall the taxpayer be assessed any interest for the period said application is pending. A taxpayer shall be eligible to start deferring portions of the increased property tax liability immediately after his or her application has been approved by the Mayor. If the application for deferral is disapproved, the taxpayer shall be notified, in writing, of said disapproval and the reasons therefor and granted an additional 30 days to pay said taxes without interest.

(c) Taxes deferred under this section shall bear simple interest at the rate of ½% per month or portion of a month until paid.

(d) No further deferrals of real property tax shall be granted to a taxpayer when the aggregate amount of the deferred real property tax plus interest from previous tax years, under this section, § 47-845.02, and § 47-845.03, is equal to or greater than 25% of the assessed value of the real property for the tax year for which the deferral is requested.

(e) Taxes deferred under this section, together with all accumulated interest, shall constitute a preferential lien upon the real property which shall be immediately payable by the seller, transferor, or conveyor whenever the real property is sold, refinanced, transferred, or conveyed in any manner, or whenever additional co-owners (other than spouse or domestic partner) are added to the real property; except, that whenever such real property is sold, transferred, or conveyed to the mother, father, spouse, domestic partner, children by blood or legally adopted children of the seller, transferor, or conveyor, the deferred taxes lien, if not satisfied, shall remain in full force and effect.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1058, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 435; Oct. 13, 1978, D.C. Law 2-119, § 3, 25 DCR 1514; July 24, 1982, D.C. Law 4-128, § 2, 29 DCR 2401; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct, 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1143(c), 52 DCR 7503; Sept. 12, 2008, D.C. Law 17-231, § 41(b), 55 DCR 6758; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, § 7036(a), 62 DCR 10905.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-845.

1973 Ed., § 47-655.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-405, § 47-845.02, § 47-845.03, § 47-862, and § 47-1806.06.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 16-33, rewrote subsec. (d), which had read as follows: “(d) No further deferrals of real property tax shall be granted to a taxpayer when the aggregate amount of the deferred tax plus interest equals 25% of the assessed value of the property for the tax year for which the deferral is requested.”

D.C. Law 17-231, in subsec. (e), substituted “(other than spouse or domestic partner)” for “(other than spouse)” and “spouse or domestic partner” for “husband, wife”.

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 21-36 substituted “simple interest at the rate of 1/2% per month or portion of a month until paid” for “interest at the rate of 8% per annum” in (c).

Cross References

Real property tax sales, see § 47-1301 et seq.

Tax on residents and nonresidents, property tax credit, “property taxes accrued” defined, see § 47-1806.06.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1143(c), 1144 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7052(a)(1) of the Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, and amendment of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7052(a)(1) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, and amendment of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7016(v)(1) and (y)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(r)(1) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Law 20-179, March 7, 2015, 62 DCR 424).

Editor's Notes

Section 1144 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that §§ 1142 and 1143 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2005.

Applicability of D.C. Law 21-36: Section 7048(b) of D.C. Law 21-36 provided that §§ 7027, 7031, 7036, and 7037 of the act shall apply as of October 1, 2014.


§ 47–845.01. Tax deferral — Bureau of National Affairs.

(a) Notwithstanding any other law or regulation, the Mayor may enter into an agreement with The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. (“BNA”), and BNA Washington, Inc. (“BNAW”), to defer, up to 10 years, any real property tax liability on property located on Lot 109 and Lot 883 of Square 24, popularly known as 1227-1231 25th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., or any property in the District of Columbia acquired for headquarters and principal operations as an addition to, or substitute for, the 25th Street address during the term of any deferral agreement.

(b) The Mayor is authorized to enter into a written agreement (“Agreement”) with BNA and BNAW on such terms and conditions as the Mayor deems to be in the best interest of the District, the purpose of which is to provide BNA and BNAW with incentives to continue their current occupancy and usage of the real property specified in subsection (a) of this section, or any similar District property substituted therefor, for which real property tax relief is to be granted and in which BNA and BNAW maintain their headquarters and principal operations, including, but not limited to, production, editorial, home office sales, and home office operations, and to expand their business operation by committing to the lease or purchase of an additional 95,000 square feet of office space in the District of Columbia.

(c) The amount of real property tax owed during an approved deferment period shall not constitute delinquent taxes nor shall BNA and BNAW be assessed any interest or penalty for the deferment period. The deferral shall be prospective and shall apply only to the specified tax years.

(d) Taxes, including penalty and interest thereon, deferred under this section shall constitute a preferential lien upon the real property which shall be payable immediately by the seller, transferor, or conveyor whenever the real property is sold, transferred, or conveyed in any manner, to an entity other than BNAW or a wholly-owned subsidiary of BNA or whenever additional co-owners (other than BNA or a wholly-owned subsidiary of BNA) are added to the real property.

(e) In no event shall the deferral granted pursuant to this section be transferable.

(f) As a condition to the grant of tax benefits under this section, BNA and BNAW shall submit to the Mayor by March 31st of each tax year an affidavit, signed under penalty of perjury. The affidavit shall contain the following averments or documentation of same establishing that after reasonable investigation, the undersigned have determined that BNA and BNAW:

(1) Have met and intend to continue to meet the requirements applicable to the receipt of the real property tax deferral pursuant to the Agreement;

(2) Are in compliance with the terms of all public benefit agreements entered into with the District;

(3) Have recorded as an obligation all unpaid taxes on the subject property in their financial statements;

(4) Are not now receiving and do not now have pending any other application for forgiveness of the obligation to pay any taxes, or for the abatement of real property tax liability imposed by the District, except as provided in § 47-825.01 [repealed] and subsection (i) of this section;

(5) Are not delinquent in the payment of taxes, assessments, fees, or other indebtedness to the District; and

(6) Are not in violation of the laws and regulations of the District.

(g) The Mayor shall make an annual determination of the compliance by BNA and BNAW with the requirements of this section and the Agreement under this section.

(1) If the Mayor determines that BNA and BNAW are in compliance, the Mayor shall issue to BNA and BNAW and to the Director of the Department of Finance and Revenue (“Director”) a certificate of compliance.

(2) If the Mayor determines that BNA and BNAW are not in compliance, and after the Mayor gives to BNA and BNAW written notice and a reasonable time to cure the noncompliance or default and BNA and BNAW fail to cure the noncompliance or default, the Mayor shall issue to BNA and BNAW and to the Director a certificate of noncompliance and shall direct that BNA and BNAW be billed for the assessment based on the accumulated tax liability as if the deferment had not been approved. The Mayor may waive, in whole or in part, interest and penalties, when, in his or her judgment, such waiver would be in the public interest.

(h) Any assessment pursuant to a determination of noncompliance shall be due and payable by March 31st following the end of the tax year in which the certificate of noncompliance was issued.

(i)(1) If BNA and BNAW are aggrieved by any assessment of accumulated real property tax, penalty, and interest on real property owned by BNA or BNAW covered by the Agreement and this section, BNA and BNAW may appeal from the assessment in the same manner and to the same extent as provided in § 47-825.01 [repealed] and in §§ 47-3303 and 47-3304; provided, however, that the deferred real property taxes need not first be paid.

(2) At the termination of the 10-year deferral period, BNA and BNAW shall be responsible for the payment of the deferred real property tax notwithstanding the pendency of any administrative or judicial challenge to a real property tax levy or assessment.

(j) The Mayor is authorized to develop the necessary forms and procedures, and to promulgate regulations, necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1058, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 435a; as added Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-250, § 2, 44 DCR 1253; Mar. 24, 1998, D.C. Law 12-81, § 60, 45 DCR 745.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-845.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-405 and § 47-3305.

Cross References

Superior Court Tax Division, appeals of real estate assessments, see § 47-3305.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3 of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

References in Text

Pursuant to the Office of the Chief Financial Officer’s “Notice of Public Interest” published in the April 18, 1997, issue of the District of Columbia Register ( 44 DCR 2345) the Office of Tax and Revenue assumed all of the duties and functions previously performed by the Department of Finance and Revenue, as set forth in Commissioner’s Order 69-96, dated March 7, 1969. This action was made effective January 22, 1997, nunc pro tunc.

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 11-250: Section 7 of D.C. Law 11-250 provided that the provisions of the act shall apply to the tax year beginning October 1, 1996, and ending September 30, 1997, and for each tax year thereafter through September 30, 2007.

Proposed economic development incentives legislation: Section 4 of D.C. Law 11-250, as amended by § 901(a) of D.C. Law 12-60, provides that the Mayor shall submit to the Council, not later than September 16, 1997, proposed legislation to establish comprehensive standards for the provision of incentives by the District government to maintain existing employers in the District and to attract new employers to the District.

Section 5 of D.C. Law 11-250, as amended by § 901(b) of D.C. Law 12-60, provided that if the Mayor does not submit the proposed legislation outlined in § 4 of the act, the Mayor shall not reduce or defer the tax liability, including interest and penalties, or negotiate, or enter into, an agreement for the reduction or deferment of any tax liability, including interest and penalties, of any taxpayer liable to the District for the payment of any tax. Section 5 also provided that if the Mayor does not submit the proposed legislation, one position in the Office of the Assistant City Administrator for Economic Development shall be abolished.

Section 503 of D.C. Law 13-305 provided: “Sec. 503. Repealer relating to real property tax assessments. Sections 4 and 5 of the BNA Washington Inc. Real Property Tax Deferral Amendment Act of 1996, effective April 9, 1997 (D.C. Law 11-250; 44 DCR 1253), are repealed.”


§ 47–845.02. Tax deferral — Low-income property owners.

(a) For purposes of this section, the term:

(1) “Eligible owner” means an owner (or owners):

(A) Who resides in the District in a house or condominium; and

(B) Whose household adjusted gross income is less than $50,000.

(2) “Household adjusted gross income” means the adjusted gross income of all persons residing in a household, as determined by each person’s federal income tax year ending immediately before the beginning of the real property tax year during which application is made under subsection (e) of this section, excluding the adjusted gross income of any person who is a tenant by virtue of a written lease for fair market value.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, an eligible owner may defer for each tax year any real property tax in excess of the real property tax for the prior tax year.

(c) Real property tax deferred under this section shall bear simple interest at the rate of 1/2% per month or portion of a month until paid.

(d) Real property tax shall not be deferred if the aggregate amount of the deferred real property tax, including interest thereon, under this section, § 47-845, and § 47-845.03 is equal to or greater than 25% of the assessed value of the real property for the tax year (or half tax year for which the deferral would otherwise continue).

(e) To qualify to receive the deferral, the eligible owner shall complete and file with the Mayor an application in a form prescribed by the Mayor. The eligible owner shall certify, under penalty of perjury, the information provided on the application form and the application form shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require the eligible owner to provide any information which the Mayor considers necessary, including all taxpayer identification numbers of the eligible owner, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the eligible owner. The Mayor may also require eligible owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual to submit information after the deferral has been granted to determine whether the eligible owner continues to be entitled to the deferral.

(f) If a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the eligible owner shall receive the deferral for the entire tax year. Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, if a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period April 1 through September 30, the eligible household shall receive 1/2 of the deferral, which shall be applied to the second installment only.

(g) The application form filed by the individual, shareholder, or member shall apply to the initial tax year or initial second-half tax year, and to any succeeding tax year thereafter, for which the deferral is granted.

(h)(1) If the eligible owner no longer qualifies for the deferral, the eligible owner shall notify the Mayor of the date of the change in eligibility within 30 days after the change in eligibility and the amount of the deferred tax, plus interest at the rate provided in subsection (c) of this section, for the tax year in which the change in eligibility occurred shall be paid within 30 days of the change in eligibility. If the applicant fails to notify the Mayor timely, the amount of the deferred tax, plus interest thereon, shall bear interest at the rate provided for the payment of delinquent real property taxes, plus applicable penalties thereon.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the real property of the eligible owner is transferred and continues to qualify for the deferral 30 days or less before the date of execution of the deed of transfer, the eligible owner shall not be required to notify the Mayor of the change in eligibility.

(3) If the change in eligibility occurs during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the deferral shall be disallowed for the entire tax year.

(4) If the change in eligibility occurs during the period April 1 through September 30, the deferral shall be disallowed for 1/2 of the tax year.

(5)(A) If a filed application is properly completed and not disapproved, taxes deferred shall remain deferred and the taxes from prospective tax years shall continue to be deferred notwithstanding household adjusted gross income applicable to prospective tax years that exceeds the threshold in subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section.

(B) This paragraph shall not apply if the senior’s household no longer qualifies for the deferral for any other reason.

(i)(1) There shall be a lien on the real property in the amount of the deferred real property tax, at the rate as provided in subsection (c) of this section or subsection (h) of this section, as applicable, and any penalties.

(2) Deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and any penalties, shall be payable upon the transfer of the real property. Real property that is not transferred within one year from the date of death of the eligible owner shall be deemed transferred. Real property tax together, and interest thereon, that is not paid within 5 days of the date of transfer shall be deemed delinquent real property tax.

(j) The eligibility of an eligible owner for the deferral shall not be affected by the transfer of the real property into a revocable trust if the transfer is without consideration and the real property remains the residence of the eligible owner before and after the transfer.

(k) If an eligible owner claims a deferral for more than one real property in the same tax year, and has not timely notified the Mayor of all changes in eligibility, the Mayor shall disallow the deferral for each real property claimed by the eligible owner.

(l) Section 47-863(k) shall apply in the case of a deferral under this section.

(m) The real property tax bill shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section. Any tax certificate shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section and the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties. If a tax certificate does not contain the foregoing information, the eligible owner, and not the real property, shall be personally liable for the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties.

(n) Any taxpayer who is 65 years of age or older and who applies for real property tax deferral under this section shall have undergone counseling as described in section 255 of the National Housing Act, approved February 5, 1988 (101 Stat. 1908; 12 U.S.C. § 1715z-20), relating to insurance on home equity conversion mortgages for elderly homeowners.


(Oct, 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1142(b), 52 DCR 7503; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-345, § 2(a), 56 DCR 962; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, § 7036(b), 62 DCR 10905.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-405 and § 47-845.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 17-345, in subsec. (m), added the last two sentences.

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 21-36 rewrote (a)(2); substituted “simple interest at the rate of 1/2% per month or portion of a month until paid” for “interest at the rate of 8% per annum” in (c); substituted “ Section 47-845, and Section 47-845.03” for “and Section 47-845” in (d); and added (h)(5).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) additions, see §§ 1142(b), 1144 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-145, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10748).

For temporary (90 day) amendment, see § 2(a) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-435, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8268).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-547, October 24, 2008, 55 DCR 11975).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7052(a)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, and amendment of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7052(a)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, and amendment of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7016(v)(2) and (y)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 17-72 amended subsec. (m) by adding two new sentences at the end to read as follows: “Any tax certificate shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section and the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties. If a tax certificate does not contain the foregoing information, the eligible owner, and not the real property, shall be personally liable for the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 17-295, in subsec. (m), added two sentences to the end to read as follows: “Any tax certificate shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section and the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties. If a tax certificate does not contain the foregoing information, the eligible owner, and not the real property, shall be personally liable for the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-295 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(r)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Law 20-179, March 7, 2015, 62 DCR 424).

Short Title

Short title of subtitle S of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1141 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle S of title I of the act may be cited as the Tax Deferral for Low-income Property Owners Act of 2005.

Editor's Notes

Section 1144 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that §§ 1142 and 1143 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2005.

Applicability of D.C. Law 21-36: Section 7048(b) of D.C. Law 21-36 provided that §§ 7027, 7031, 7036, and 7037 of the act shall apply as of October 1, 2014.


§ 47–845.03. Tax deferral — Low-income senior property owners.

(a) For purposes of this section, the term:

(1) “Adjusted gross income” shall have the same meaning as in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved August 16, 1954 (68 Stat. 17; 26 U.S.C. § 62).

(1A) “Heir” means an individual named in an enforceable will or transfer on death deed, or an individual named as a beneficiary of an enforceable trust, or in the absence of the foregoing, an individual who shall inherit pursuant to Chapter 3 of Title 19 [§ 19-301 et seq.].

(2) “Household adjusted gross income” means the adjusted gross income of all persons residing in a household, as determined by each person’s federal income tax year ending immediately before the beginning of the real property tax year during which application is made under subsection (f) of this section, excluding the adjusted gross income of any person who is a tenant by virtue of a written lease for fair market value.

(3) “Residence” means the principal place of residence in the District of an individual who is domiciled in the District.

(4) “Senior’s household” means a house or condominium which is an individual’s residence:

(A) That comprises a dwelling unit;

(B) That is Class 1 Property, as defined in § 47-813, and contains not more than 5 dwelling units therein;

(C) That is owned at least 50%, in whole or in part, by the individual who is 65 years of age or older; and

(D) Wherein the household adjusted gross income is less than $50,000.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, a senior’s household may defer each year any real property tax owed.

(c) Taxes deferred under this section shall bear simple interest at the rate of ½% per month or portion of a month until paid; provided, that if an individual owner is 75 years of age or older, has less than $12,500 of household interest and dividend income, and has owned a residence in the District for at least the immediately preceding 25 years (including no more than 2 consecutive gaps of ownership where each gap shall not exceed 120 days), no interest shall bear for taxes deferred under this section.

(d) No further deferrals of real property tax shall be granted to a senior’s household if the aggregate amount of the deferred tax, plus interest, from previous tax years, under this section, § 47-845, and § 47-845.02 is equal to or greater than 25% of the assessed value of the property for the tax year for which the deferral is requested.

(e)(1) There shall be a lien on the real property in the amount of the deferred real property tax, plus interest, at the rate as provided in subsection (c) of this section or subsection (j) of this section, as applicable, and any penalties.

(2) Deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and any penalties, shall be payable within 30 days from the transfer of the real property. Upon such transfer, real property tax that is not timely paid, with interest thereon, shall thereafter be deemed delinquent real property tax.

(3) Where the real property that is the subject of the deferral is not or is no longer part of the estate of the eligible applicant and in an active probate proceeding thereof, real property tax, interest thereon, and any penalties shall be due as follows:

(A) Within 90 days from the date of death of the eligible applicant, or 30 days from the date of transfer or cessation of probate legal proceedings related to the real property, whichever is sooner, if the real property is not transferred to heirs; or

(B) Within one year from the date of death of the eligible applicant if the real property is or shall be transferred to heirs pursuant to trust, transfer on death deed, or other such instrument.

(4) Where the real property that is the subject of the deferral is part of the estate of the eligible applicant and in an active probate proceeding thereof, real property tax, interest thereon, and any penalties shall be due within one year from the date of transfer by the personal representative of such real property.

(5) Real property tax, interest thereon, and any penalties on a real property due and not timely paid shall be deemed delinquent real property tax.

(f) To qualify the senior’s household to receive the deferral, the individual shall complete and file with the Mayor an application in a form prescribed by the Mayor. The individual shall certify, under penalty of perjury, the information provided on the application form and the application form shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require the individual to provide any information which the Mayor considers necessary, including all taxpayer identification numbers of the individual, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual. The Mayor may also require the individual, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual to submit information after the deferral has been allowed to determine whether the real property remains a senior’s household and entitled to the deferral.

(g) If a properly completed and approved application is filed, the applicant may choose to have the deferral apply to past years; provided, that the amount deferred shall comply with subsection (d) of this section and the periods of applicability are stated in the application; provided further, that the applicant is responsible for accrued attorneys’ fees.

(h) The application form filed by the individual shall apply to the initial tax year and to any succeeding tax year thereafter for which the deferral is allowed.

(i)(1) Unless otherwise provided in this section, if the senior’s household no longer qualifies for the deferral, the eligible owner shall notify the Mayor of the date of the change in eligibility within 30 days after the change in eligibility and the amount of the deferred tax, plus interest at the rate provided in subsection (c) of this section, for the tax year in which the change in eligibility occurred shall be paid within 90 days of the change in eligibility. If the applicant fails to pay timely to the Mayor, the amount of the deferred tax, plus interest thereon, shall bear interest at the rate provided for the payment of delinquent real property taxes, plus applicable penalties thereon.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the real property of the senior’s household is transferred and continued to qualify for the deferral 30 days or less before the date of execution of the deed of transfer, the individual, shareholder, or member shall not be required to notify the Mayor of the change in eligibility.

(3) If the change in eligibility occurs during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the deferral shall be disallowed for the entire tax year.

(4) If the change in eligibility occurs during the period April 1 through September 30, the deferral shall be disallowed for only 1/2 of the property taxes for the year.

(5)(A) If a filed application is properly completed and not disapproved, taxes deferred shall remain deferred and the taxes from prospective tax years shall continue to be deferred notwithstanding household adjusted gross income applicable to prospective tax years that exceeds the threshold in subsection (a)(4)(D) of this section.

(B) This paragraph shall not apply where the senior’s household no longer qualifies for the deferral for any other reason.

(j) If real property tax is owing as a result of an erroneous or improper deferral, the following shall apply:

(1)(A) If the senior’s household was transferred, the individual shall be personally liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely during the period when the individual had an ownership interest in the senior’s household, together with interest at the same rate as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(B) The tax shall be considered due on the date that the total amount of real property tax was due but unpaid and shall be collected in the manner prescribed under Chapter 44.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the senior’s household was transferred and the grantee failed to timely record a deed under § 47-1431, there shall be a lien on the real property in the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not timely paid, together with interest as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(3) In all other cases, there shall be a lien on the real property in the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely, together with interest as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(k) The eligibility of a senior’s household for the deferral shall not be affected by the transfer of the senior’s household into a revocable trust if the transfer is without consideration and the senior’s household remains the residence of the individual-grantor before and after the transfer.

(l) Only one individual in a household and that individual’s spouse or domestic partner, if any, shall claim a deferral for a senior’s household in the District.

(m) If an individual claims more than one senior’s household in the same tax year, and has not timely notified the Mayor of all changes in eligibility, the Mayor shall disallow the deferral for all senior’s households claimed by the individual.

(n) Section 47-863(k) shall apply in the case of deferral under this section.

(o) The real property tax bill shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section. Any tax certificate shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section and the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties. If a tax certificate does not contain the foregoing information, the eligible owner, and not the real property, shall be personally liable for the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties.

(p) Repealed.


(Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1142(b), 52 DCR 7503; Mar. 2, 2007, D.C. Law 16-191, § 5(d), 53 DCR 6794; Sept. 12, 2008, D.C. Law 17-231, § 41(c), 55 DCR 6758; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-345, § 2(b), 56 DCR 962; Dec. 4, 2014, D.C. Law 20-141, § 101(a)(5), 61 DCR 7763; Feb. 26, 2015, D.C. Law 20-155, §§ 7052(a)(1), 7102(a)(5), 7104, 61 DCR 9990; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, §§ 7036(c), 7202, 62 DCR 10905.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-405 and § 47-845.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 16-191, in subsecs. (a)(4)(A), (B), (C), and (D), validated previously made technical corrections.

D.C. Law 17-231, in subsec. (l), substituted “spouse or domestic partner” for “spouse”.

D.C. Law 17-345, in subsec. (o), added the last two sentences.

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-141, repealed before its effective date, would have rewritten (c) and (g); and repealed (p).

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-155 rewrote (c) and (g); and repealed (p).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 1142(b), 1144 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-145, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10748).

For temporary (90 day) amendment, see § 2(b) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-435, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8268).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-547, October 24, 2008, 55 DCR 11975).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 101(a)(3) of the Residential Real Property Equity and Transparency Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-342, May 28, 2014, 61 DCR 5691).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 101(a)(3) of the Residential Real Property Equity and Transparency Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-409, Aug. 1, 2014, 61 DCR 8281).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §§ 7062(a)(1) and 7112(a)(5) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-377, July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, 20 STAT 3696).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §§ 7052(a)(3) and 7102(a)(5) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §§ 7052(a)(3) and 7102(a)(5) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, and amendment of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, as amended by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7102(a), see the first § 2(q) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §§ 7016(v)(3), 7016(y)(2), and 7072 of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7172 of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 amended subsec. (o) by adding two new sentences at the end to read as follows: “Any tax certificate shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section and the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties. If a tax certificate does not contain the foregoing information, the eligible owner, and not the real property, shall be personally liable for the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 17-295, in subsec. (o), added two sentences to the end to read as follows: “Any tax certificate shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deferral under this section and the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties. If a tax certificate does not contain the foregoing information, the eligible owner, and not the real property, shall be personally liable for the amount of deferred real property tax, interest thereon, and penalties.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-295 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(r)(3) and (5) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Law 20-179, March 7, 2015, 62 DCR 424).

Editor's Notes

Section 1144 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that §§ 1142 and 1143 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2005.

D.C. Law 20-141 became effective on Dec. 4, 2014, but was repealed prior to its effective date by emergency D.C. Act 20-377, § 7114, eff. July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, by emergency D.C. Act 20-449, § 7104, eff. October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, by emergency D.C. Act 20-566, § 7104, eff. January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, and by D.C. Law 20-155, § 7104, 61 DCR 9990.

Applicability of D.C. Law 21-36: Section 7048(b) of D.C. Law 21-36 provided that §§ 7027, 7031, 7036, and 7037 of the act shall apply as of October 1, 2014.


§ 47–846. Tax deferral — Homeowner whose adjusted gross income exceeds $20,000. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(July 24, 1982, D.C. Law 4-128, § 3, 29 DCR 2401.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-846.


§ 47–846.01. Deferral or forgiveness of property tax.

The Mayor may defer or forgive, in whole or in part, any property tax owed to the District of Columbia with respect to any qualified real property approved pursuant to § 6-1503.


(Sept. 3, 1974, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 436a; as added Oct. 20, 1988, D.C. Law 7-177, § 6(b), 35 DCR 6158; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-846.1.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Small Business Streetscape Construction Real Property Tax Deferral Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-48, April 27, 2009, 56 DCR 3579).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of H Street, N.E. Small Business Streetscape Construction Real Property Tax Deferral Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-341, March 22, 2010, 57 DCR 2850).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2 of D.C. Law 18-27 designated the existing test as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b) to read as follows:

“(b) Upon application, the Mayor shall defer, without penalty, until September 15, 2009, all the first half billing of real property taxes for tax year 2009 owed to the District of Columbia by a small business located within an active streetscape construction corridor on all the city blocks of H Street, N.E., between 3rd Street, N.E., and 15th Street, N.E.; all the city blocks of 7th Street, S.E., between North Carolina Avenue, S.E., and Pennsylvania Avenue, S.E.; and all the city blocks of 12th Street, N.E., between Michigan Avenue, N.E., and Monroe Street, N.E.”

Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 18-27 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2 of D.C. Law 18-178 designated the existing text as subsec. (a); and added subsec. (b) to read as follows:

“(b) Upon application, the Mayor shall defer, without penalty, until September 15, 2010, all the first half billing of real property tax for tax year 2010 owed to the District of Columbia with respect to any small commercial businesses located within an active streetscape construction corridor for the city blocks of H Street, N.E., between 3rd Street, N.E., and 15th Street, N.E.”.

Section 4(a) of D.C. Law 18-178 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 13 of D.C. Law 7-177 provided that the Mayor shall issue rules to implement the provisions of the act.


§ 47–847. Sale of tax delinquent property — Issuance of deed to District; redemption.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever any real property in the District of Columbia has been, or shall hereafter be, offered for sale for nonpayment of taxes or assessments of any kind whatsoever, and shall have been bid off in the name of the District of Columbia, and 6 months or more have elapsed since such property was bid off as aforesaid, and the same has not been redeemed as provided by law, the Mayor of the District may enforce the lien of the District for taxes or other assessments on such real property by ordering that a deed in fee simple to such property be issued by the Mayor of the District of Columbia to the District of Columbia, and up to the time of the issuance of the deed such property may be redeemed by the owner or other person having an interest therein by the payment of all taxes or assessments due the District of Columbia upon said property, and all legal penalties, interests and costs thereon, together with such other expenses and costs, including costs of publication, as may have been incurred by the District.

(b) The time period for redemption of properties brought to tax sale under § 47-1205(b), shall be 6 months.

(c) The time period for redemption of properties brought to tax sale under § 8-807(f), shall be 6 months.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1059, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 437; Aug. 9, 1986, D.C. Law 6-135, § 14(e), 33 DCR 3771; Sept. 20, 1989, D.C. Law 8-31,§ 5(e), 36 DCR 4750; Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 104(c), 42 DCR 3684; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-847.

1973 Ed., § 47-657.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-2104, § 42-2105.01, § 47-848, and § 47-1205.

Cross References

District of Columbia administration, purchasing and contracting procedures, exemptions, see § 2-303.20.

Homestead Housing Preservation Program, transfer of properties acquired under this section, see § 42-2104.

Litter control, fines and penalties, liens on real property, see § 8-807.

Real property tax sales, notice to record owner and public auction, see § 47-1301.

Special assessments, nuisance abatement, delinquencies, see § 47-1205.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Mayor’s Authority to Issue Tax Deeds to the District of Columbia to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, see Mayor’s Order 2003-162, November 18, 2003 ( 50 DCR 10602).

Delegation of Mayor’s Authority to Issue Tax Deeds Pursuant to the Mayor’s Authority under D.C. Official Code § 47-847 to the Chief Property Management Officer, see Mayor’s Order 2004-193, November 26, 2004 ( 51 DCR 11373).

Delegation of Authority to the Director of the Department of Housing and Community Development, see Mayor’s Order 2007-209, September 27, 2007 ( 55 DCR 133).


§ 47–848. Sale of tax delinquent property — Transference of ownership.

The Council is hereby authorized to establish a program whereby title to properties acquired by tax sale pursuant to §§ 47-847 and 47-1303 may, for whatever consideration or sum it deems appropriate, be transferred to persons, nonprofit organizations or nonprofit developers, meeting criteria which shall be established by the Council, and who:

(1) Guarantee to pay taxes on the property;

(2) Live in the property for at least 5 years (for residential property owners), or maintain active ownership and legal possession of the property for at least 10 years and provide needed community services in the District for at least 10 years (for nonprofit organizations or developers); and

(3) Give assurance of bringing the property into reasonable compliance with the building code in the District.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1059, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 438; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 11, 1999, D.C. Law 13-11, § 3(b), 46 DCR 5487; June 12, 2003, D.C. Law 14-310, § 14(b), 50 DCR 1092.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-848.

1973 Ed., § 47-658.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 26-704 and § 26-1204.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-11 provided alternatively to living on the property for 5 years that one “maintain active ownership and legal possession of the property for at least 10 years and provide needed community services in the District for at least 10 years (for nonprofit organizations or developers).”

D.C. Law 14-310, in the introductory paragraph, substituted “§§ 47-847 and 47-1303” for “§ 47-847”.

Cross References

Financial institutions, application to conduct business, loan policies and homestead development programs, see § 26-704.

Savings and loan association acquisitions, applications, loan policies and homestead development programs, see § 26-1204.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 3(d)(1) and 6(b) of the Redevelopment Land Agency Disposition Review Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-524, January 11, 2001, 48 DCR 624).


§ 47–849. Residential property tax relief — Definitions.

For purposes of §§ 47-850 through 47-850.04, the term:

(1) “Residence” means the principal place of residence within the District of an individual, shareholder, or member, who is domiciled in the District.

(2) “Homestead” means:

(A) In the case of real property improved by a house or a condominium, an individual’s residence that:

(i) Comprises a dwelling unit;

(ii) Is Class 1 Property, as defined in § 47-813, that contains not more than 5 dwelling units therein; and

(iii)(I) Is owned in whole or in part by the individual; or

(II) Is owned in whole by trustee under a special needs trust for the benefit of a beneficiary who is deemed to be the owner under § 47-802(5)(E).

(B)(i) In the case of real property owned by a cooperative housing association that is Class 1 Property, as defined under § 47-813, a shareholder’s or member’s residence that:

(I) Comprises a dwelling unit; and

(II) By reason of his ownership of stock or membership certificate, a proprietary lease, or other evidence of membership, is occupied by right by the shareholder or member.

(ii) For purposes of sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph, a shareholder or member shall include the beneficiary of a special needs trust who is deemed to be the owner under § 47-802(5)(E).


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 2, 24 DCR 3614; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-130, § 7(a), 25 DCR 2517; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(c), 49 DCR 4219; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1297(a)(2), 52 DCR 7503.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-849.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-147 rewrote the section.

D.C. Law 16-33, rewrote pars. (2)(A)(iii) and (2)(B).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(c), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1297(a)(2), 1298, 1299 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Definitions applicable: The definitions in § 47-803 apply to this section.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.

Applicability and expiration of subtitle KK of title I, §§ 1295 to 1300, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1298 and 1299, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(l), (m) provided:

“Sec. 1298. Conditional applicability.

“(a) Sections 1296 and 1297 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1299. Repealed.”


§ 47–850. Residential property tax relief — Homestead deduction for houses and condominium units.

(a) For purposes of levying the real property tax during a tax year, the Mayor shall deduct $67,500, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2012, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50), from the assessed value of real property which qualifies as a homestead. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back.

(b) To qualify the homestead and receive the deduction, the individual shall complete and file with the Mayor an application in a form prescribed by the Mayor. The individual shall certify, under penalty of perjury, the information provided on the application form and the application form shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require the individual to provide any information which the Mayor considers necessary, including all taxpayer identification numbers of the individual, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual. The Mayor may also require the individual, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual to supply information after the homestead has been granted to determine whether the real property remains a homestead and entitled to the deduction.

(c) If a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the real property shall receive the deduction for the entire tax year. Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, if a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period April 1 through September 30, the real property shall receive 1/2 of the deduction for the second installment only.

(d) An individual may only claim one lot as a homestead. If a homestead comprises more than one lot, the deduction may only be applied against the estimated market value of one lot and the other lots shall not receive the deduction. Only one person in a household shall be entitled to claim a homestead in the District.

(e) The real property tax bill shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deduction.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 3, 24 DCR 3614; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-130, § 7(b), 25 DCR 2517; Nov. 20, 1979, D.C. Law 3-37, § 6, 26 DCR 1564; Apr. 23, 1980, D.C. Law 3-60, § 2, 27 DCR 987; Mar. 10, 1982, D.C. Law 4-73, § 2, 28 DCR 5276; July 24, 1982, D.C. Law 4-129, §§ 2, 4, 29 DCR 2405; Sept. 23, 1986, D.C. Law 6-153, § 4, 33 DCR 4787; Sept. 29, 1988, D.C. Law 7-161, § 3, 35 DCR 5730; Sept. 20, 1990, D.C. Law 8-160, § 3, 37 DCR 4653; Sept. 27, 1990, D.C. Law 8-172, § 3, 37 DCR 4844; Dec. 10, 1991, D.C. Law 9-53, § 2, 38 DCR 6587; Mar. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-56, § 4, 38 DCR 7281; Oct. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-177, §§ 5, 7, 39 DCR 5868; Sept. 30, 1993, D.C. Law 10-25, § 106, 40 DCR 5489; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 3(a), 41 DCR 2050; May 16, 1995, D.C. Law 10-255, § 46, 41 DCR 5193; Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 106, 42 DCR 3684; Apr. 18, 1996, D.C. Law 11-110, § 68, 43 DCR 530; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 23, 1997, D.C. Law 12-38, § 2, 44 DCR 4852; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(d), 49 DCR 4219; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 80(b), 51 DCR 881; Apr. 22, 2004, D.C. Law 15-135,§ 2(a), 51 DCR 1843; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 1162(c), 51 DCR 8441; Oct, 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1082(a), 52 DCR 7503; May 12, 2006, D.C. Law 16-98, § 2(b), 53 DCR 1869; Sept. 18, 2007, D.C. Law 17-20, § 1032(b), 54 DCR 7052; Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7241(a), 57 DCR 181.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-850.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.1.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-802, § 47-820, § 47-849, § 47-850.02, § 47-850.03, § 47-863, § 47-864, § 47-1806.09, and § 47-3503.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-147 rewrote the section.

D.C. Law 15-105, in the section name line, validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-135, in subsec. (a), substituted “$38,000” for “$30,000”.

D.C. Law 15-205 rewrote subsec. (a) which had read as follows: “(a) For purposes of levying the real property tax during a tax year, the Mayor shall deduct $38,000 from the estimated market value of real property which qualifies as a homestead. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back.”

D.C. Law 16-33, in subsec. (a), substituted “$60,000” for “$38,000”, and substituted “assessed value” for “estimated market value”.

D.C. Law 16-98, in subsec. (a), substituted “$63,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2007, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50),” for “$60,000”.

D.C. Law 17-20, in subsec. (a), substituted “$64,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2008, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50),” for “$60,000”.

D.C. Law 18-111 rewrote subsec. (a), which had read as follows: “(a)(1) For purposes of levying the real property tax during a tax year, the Mayor shall deduct $64,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2008, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50), from the assessed value of real property which qualifies as a homestead. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back. (2) This subsection shall apply as of October 1, 2003.”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-21, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2703).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(d), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deduction Clarification Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-374, February 24, 2004, 51 DCR 2618).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(c) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-486, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8236).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(c) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-594, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 11725).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1082(a), 1083 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1032(b) of Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-74, July 25, 2007, 54 DCR 7549).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7111(a) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-187, August 26, 2009, 56 DCR 7374).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7241(a) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7241(a) of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-4, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5912).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deductions Temporary Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-159, May 18, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 5699).

Short Title

Short title of subtitle O of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1081 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle O of title I of the act may be cited as the Real Property Tax Relief Act of 2005.

Short title: Section 7241 of D.C. Law 18-111 provided that subtitle V of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Revenue Enhancement Act of 2009”.

References in Text

Pursuant to the Office of the Chief Financial Officer’s “Notice of Public Interest” published in the April 18, 1997, issue of the District of Columbia Register ( 44 DCR 2345) the Office of Tax and Revenue assumed all of the duties and functions previously performed by the Department of Finance and Revenue, as set forth in Commissioner’s Order 69-96, dated March 7, 1969. This action was made effective January 22, 1997, nunc pro tunc.

Effective Dates

Effectiveness and expiration of D.C. Law 16-98: Section 4 of D.C. Law 16-98 required that “this act shall take effect subject to the inclusion of its fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan; provided, that this act shall expire on October 1, 2006 if its fiscal effect has not been included in an approved budget and financial plan or in the Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Request Act of 2006.”

The Budget Director of the Council of the District of Columbia has determined, as of November 2, 2007, that the fiscal effect of Law 16-98 had not been included in an approved budget and financial plan by October 1, 2006. Therefore, the amendments made to this section by Law 16-98, have expired as if never in effect.

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 6-153 provided that §§ 4 and 5 of this act shall take effect January 1, 1987.

Editor's Notes

Section 1083 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that § 1082(a)(1), (b), (d)(1), and (d)(2)(B) shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

Applicability of D.C. Law 16-98: Section 3(a) of D.C. Law 16-98 provided: “(a) Section 2(a), (b), and (c) shall apply as of October 1, 2006.”

Mayor authorized to issue rules: See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 47-813.

Section 6 of D.C. Law 9-56 provided that the Mayor shall, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2, issue rules to implement the provisions of the act.

Definitions applicable: The definitions in § 47-803 apply to this section.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.

Section 3 of Law 15-135 provided that § 2(a), (b), and (c)(3) of the act shall apply as of October 1, 2003.


§ 47–850.01. Residential property tax relief — Homestead deduction for cooperative housing associations.

(a) For purposes of levying the real property tax during a tax year, the Mayor shall deduct from the assessed value of the real property owned by a cooperative housing association, as determined under § 47-820.01, $67,500, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2012, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50), for each homestead located therein. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back.

(b) The cooperative housing association shall only receive a deduction for one homestead of a shareholder or member, even though he or she may occupy more than one dwelling unit. The cooperative housing association shall not receive a deduction for a homestead if the basis of the deduction is another person in the household of the shareholder or member. Only one person in the household of the shareholder or member shall be entitled to claim a homestead in the District.

(c) In order for the cooperative housing association to qualify a dwelling unit as a homestead and receive the deduction, the shareholder or member shall complete and file with the Mayor an application in a form prescribed by the Mayor. The shareholder or member shall certify, under penalty of perjury, the information provided on the application form and the application form shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require the shareholder or member to submit any information which the Mayor considers necessary, including the taxpayer identification numbers of the shareholder or member, any other person with an ownership or membership interest, and any person in the household of the shareholder or member. The Mayor may also require the shareholder or member, any other person with an ownership or membership interest, and any person in the household of the shareholder or member to submit information after the homestead has been qualified to determine whether the cooperative housing association remains entitled to the deduction for the homestead for the dwelling unit.

(d) The Mayor may require the officers or managers of the cooperative housing association to distribute the application forms to its shareholders or members and to collect the completed application forms from such shareholders or members for return to the Mayor. Officers and managers of a cooperative housing association shall supply such other information as the Mayor may require.

(e) If a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the cooperative housing association shall receive the deduction for the entire tax year. Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, if a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period April 1 through September 30 the cooperative housing association shall receive 1/2 of the deduction for the second installment only.


(June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(e), 49 DCR 4219; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 80(c)(1), 51 DCR 881; Apr. 22, 2004, D.C. Law 15-135, § 2(b), 51 DCR 1843; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 1162(d), 51 DCR 8441; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1082(b), 52 DCR 7503; May 12, 2006, D.C. Law 16-98, § 2(c), 53 DCR 1869; Sept. 18, 2007, D.C. Law 17-20, § 1032(c), 54 DCR 7052; Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7241(b), 57 DCR 181.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-802, § 47-820, § 47-850.02, § 47-850.03, § 47-863, § 47-864, § 47-1806.09, § 47-1806.09a, and § 47-3503.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-105, in the section name line, validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-135, in subsec. (a), substituted “$38,000” for “$30,000”.

D.C. Law 15-205 rewrote subsec. (a) which had read as follows: “(a) For purposes of levying the real property tax during a tax year, the Mayor shall deduct from the assessed value of the real property owned by a cooperative housing association, as determined under § 47-820.01, $38,000 for each homestead located therein. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back.”

D.C. Law 16-33 substituted “$60,000” for “$38,000”.

D.C. Law 16-98, in subsec. (a)(1), substituted “$63,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2007, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50),” for “$60,000”.

D.C. Law 17-20, in subsec. (a)(1), substituted “$64,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2008, by the cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50),” for “$60,000”.

D.C. Law 18-111 rewrote subsec. (a).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deduction Clarification Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-374, February 24, 2004, 51 DCR 2618).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(d) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-486, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8236).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(d) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-594, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 11725).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1082(b), 1083 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1032(c) of Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-74, July 25, 2007, 54 DCR 7549).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7111(b) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-187, August 26, 2009, 56 DCR 7374).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7241(b) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7241(b) of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deductions Temporary Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-159, May 18, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 5699).

Effective Dates

The Budget Director of the Council of the District of Columbia has determined, as of November 2, 2007, that the fiscal effect of Law 16-98 had not been included in an approved budget and financial plan by October 1, 2006. Therefore, the amendments made to this section by Law 16-98, have expired as if never in effect.

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.

Section 3 of Law 15-135 provided that § 2(a), (b), and (c)(3) of the act shall apply as of October 1, 2003.

Section 1083 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that § 1082(a)(1), (b), (d)(1), and (d)(2)(B) shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

Applicability of D.C. Law 16-98: Section 3(a) of D.C. Law 16-98 provided: “(a) Section 2(a), (b), and (c) shall apply as of October 1, 2006.”

Effectiveness and expiration of D.C. Law 16-98: Section 4 of D.C. Law 16-98 required that “this act shall take effect subject to the inclusion of its fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan; provided, that this act shall expire on October 1, 2006 if its fiscal effect has not been included in an approved budget and financial plan or in the Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Request Act of 2006.”


§ 47–850.02. Residential property tax relief — One-time filing, notification of change in eligibility, liability for tax, audit.

(a) The application form filed by the individual, shareholder, or member shall apply to the initial tax year, or applicable installment, and to any succeeding tax year thereafter for which the deduction is allowed.

(b)(1) If a real property no longer qualifies as a homestead, the applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant) shall notify the Mayor of the date of the change in eligibility within 30 days after the change in eligibility. If the applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant) fails to notify timely, the deduction shall be rescinded without limitation for each tax year. Penalty and interest shall be added from the day the correct amount of tax was due but not paid.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the real property is transferred and continued to qualify as a homestead 30 days or less before the date of execution of the deed of transfer, the applicant shall not be required to notify the Mayor of the change in eligibility.

(3) If the tax is paid within 30 days of the corresponding bill, timely notification of the change in eligibility shall preclude assessment of penalty and interest.

(4) If the change in eligibility occurs during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the real property shall not be entitled to any deduction during the tax year.

(5) Notwithstanding §§ 47-850(a) and 47-850.01(a), if the change in eligibility occurs during the period April 1 through September 30, the real property shall be entitled to 1/2 of the deduction, which shall be applied to the first installment only.

(6)(A) Notwithstanding the rescission of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if all of the applicant’s ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of such half tax year, the deduction shall cease.

(B) If the applicant purchases another real property or interest in a housing cooperative for which he or she shall make application for the deduction, and the application and purchase occurs during the same half tax year when the transfer occurred, §§ 47-850(d), 47-850.01(b), and 47-850.04 shall not apply to the extent that both real properties may benefit from the deduction during that half tax year and, thereafter, only the newly purchased real property or housing cooperative in which the applicant acquired newly an interest shall benefit from the applicant’s deduction.

(C) Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to a dwelling unit in any half tax year.

(b-1) A denial of the deduction shall be subject to the provisions of § 47-813(d-1)(3A) to the same extent as an appeal of a Class 3 classification.

(c) If real property tax is owing as a result of an erroneous or improper deduction, the following shall apply:

(1) Except in the case of cooperative housing associations, if the real property was transferred, the applicant or former owner, and not the real property shall be personally liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely during the period when the applicant or former owner had an ownership interest in the homestead, together with interest and penalty at the same rate as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax. The tax shall be considered due on the date that the total amount of real property tax was due but unpaid and shall be collected in the manner prescribed under Chapter 44.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the homestead was transferred and the grantee failed to record timely a deed under § 47-1431 (or other evidence of the transfer in the case of a cooperative housing association), the real property shall be liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not timely paid, together with interest and penalty as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(3) In all other cases, the real property shall be liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely, together with interest and penalty as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(d)(1) The Mayor may contract with a collection agency inside or outside of the District to verify the contents of any application form or return for the purposes of determining the eligibility of any homestead.

(2) All funds collected by the collection agency and belonging to the District shall be remitted to the Mayor not less than once a month. Forms to be utilized for the remittances may be prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require that the collection agency furnish a bond securing compliance with the provisions of this subsection and the contract with the District.

(3) At the discretion of the Mayor:

(A) The collection agency may charge a collection fee not in excess of 25% of the total amount of the delinquent taxes, excluding penalties and interest, that is actually collected; or

(B) The collection agency may be remunerated by fee, percentage of taxes collected, or both.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision contained in this title, confidential information related to the owner of the real property may be provided to a collection agency for purposes of collecting a delinquent tax under this chapter. If the information is provided to a collection agency under this subsection, the collection agency shall not disclose the information to a third party, other than the owner (or his or her representative), unless the Mayor would be authorized by law to make the disclosure. A collection agency, or employee of a collection agency, violating the provisions of this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], or imprisoned for not more than 180 days, or both. All prosecutions under this paragraph shall be brought in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on information by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia in the name of the District of Columbia.


(June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(e), 49 DCR 4219; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(e), 49 DCR 11664; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 80(c)(2), 51 DCR 881; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(b)(5), 52 DCR 2638; Aug. 15, 2008, D.C. Law 17-216, § 4(d), 55 DCR 7500; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-345, § 2(c), 56 DCR 962; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 2(c), 59 DCR 5590; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(e), 60 DCR 2064.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-405 and § 47-3504.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-307 added subsec. (b-1).

D.C. Law 15-105, in the section name line, validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-354 substituted “Attorney General for the District of Columbia” for “Corporation Counsel”.

D.C. Law 17-216, in subsec. (b-1), substituted “an appeal of a Class 3 classification” for “a reclassification”.

D.C. Law 17-345, in subsec. (b), substituted “applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” in par. (1), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)” following “eligibility” in pars. (4) and (5), and added par. (6); and, in subsec. (c)(1), substituted “applicant or former owner, and not the real property” for “applicant” the first time it appears and substituted “applicant or former owner” for “applicant” the second time it appears.

D.C. Law 19-155 rewrote subsec. (b-1), which formerly read:

“(b)(1) If a real property no longer qualifies as a homestead, the applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant) shall notify the Mayor of the date of the change in eligibility within 30 days after the change in eligibility. If the applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant) fails to notify timely, the deduction shall be rescinded without limitation for each tax year. Penalty and interest shall be added from the day the correct amount of tax was due but not paid.”

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not more than $1,000” in (d)(4).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(e) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(e) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(e) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-573, December 19, 2006, 54 DCR 18).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(c) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-586, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 353).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-145, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10748).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(c) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-173, November 2, 2007, 54 DCR 11204).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-435, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8268).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(c) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-436, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8272).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-547, October 24, 2008, 55 DCR 11975).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(e) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 16-257, in subsec. (b), in par. (1), substituted “applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” throughout, in pars. (4) and (5), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)”, and added par. (6) to read as follows:

“(6) Notwithstanding the rescission of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if all of the applicant’s ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of such half tax year, the deduction shall cease. If the applicant purchases another real property or interest in a housing cooperative for which he or she shall make application for the deduction, and the application and purchase occurs during the same half tax year when the transfer occurred, §§ 47-850(d), 47-850.01(b), and 47-850.04 shall not apply to the extent that both real properties may benefit from the deduction during that half tax year and, thereafter, only the newly purchased real property or housing cooperative in which the applicant acquired newly an interest shall benefit from the applicant’s deduction. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to a dwelling unit in any half tax year.”; and, in subsec. (c)(1), substituted “applicant (or former owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” throughout.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 16-257 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 4(c) of D.C. Law 16-259, in subsec. (b-1), substituted “an appeal of a Class 3 classification” for “a reclassification”.

Section 7(b) of D.C. Law 16-259 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(c) of D.C. Law 17-72, in subsec. (b), substituted “applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” throughout par. (1), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)” in pars. (4) and (5), and added par. (6) to read as follows:

“(6)(A) Notwithstanding the rescission of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if all of the applicant’s ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of such half tax year, the deduction shall cease.

“(C) Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to a dwelling unit in any half tax year.”; and in subsec. (c)(1), substituted “applicant or former owner, and not the real property” for “applicant” the first time it appears, and “applicant or former owner” for “applicant” the second time it appears.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 4(c) of D.C. Law 17-102, in subsec. (b-1), substituted “an appeal of a Class 3 classification” for “a reclassification”.

Section 7(b) of D.C. Law 17-102 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(c) of D.C. Law 17-295, in subsec. (b), substituted “applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” in par. (1), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)” in pars. (4) and (5), and added par. (6) to read as follows:

“(6)(A) Notwithstanding the rescissions of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if all of the applicant’s ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of such half tax year, the deduction shall cease.

“(B) If the applicant purchases another real property or interest in a housing cooperative for which he or she shall make application for the deduction, and the application and purchase occurs during the same half tax year when the transfer occurred, §§ 47-850(d), 47-850.01(b), and 47-850.04 shall not apply to the extent that both real properties may benefit from the deduction during that half tax year and, thereafter, only the newly purchased real property or housing cooperative in which the applicant acquired newly an interest shall benefit from the applicant’s deduction.

“(C) Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to a dwelling unit in any half tax year.”; and, in subsec. (c)(1), substituted “applicant or former owner, and not the real property” for “applicant” the first time it appears and substituted “applicant or former owner” for “applicant” the second time it appears.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-295 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 17-345 provided:

“Sec. 3. Applicability. (a) Section 2(c)(1)(A) and (B), (c)(2), (e)(1)(A) and (B), and (e)(2) shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2001.

“(b) Section 2(c)(1)(C) and (e)(1)(C) shall apply as of January 2, 2007.

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 47–850.03. Residential property tax relief — Transfer of homestead to revocable trust.

The eligibility of a real property for the deduction provided in §§ 47-850 and 47-850.01 and for the credit provided in § 47-864.01 [repealed] shall not be affected by the transfer of the real property into a revocable trust if the transfer is without consideration and the real property remains the residence of the applicant-grantor before and after the transfer.


(June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(e), 49 DCR 4219; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 80(c)(3), 51 DCR 881; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-345, § 2(d), 56 DCR 962.)

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-105, in the section name line, validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 17-345 substituted “47-850.01 and for the credit provided in § 47-864.01” for “47-850.01”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-145, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10748).

For temporary (90 day) amendment, see § 2(d) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-435, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8268).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-547, October 24, 2008, 55 DCR 11975).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Section 2(d) of D.C. Law 17-72 substituted “47-850.01 and for the credit provided in § 47-864.01” for “47-850.01”.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(d) of D.C. Law 17-295 substituted “47-850.01 and for the credit provided in § 47-864.01” for “47-850.01”.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-295 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–850.04. Residential property tax relief — No homestead when multiple homesteads claimed.

If an individual, shareholder or member claims more than one homestead in the same tax year, and has not timely notified the Mayor of all changes in eligibility, the Mayor shall disallow the deduction for all homesteads claimed by the individual, shareholder, or member.


(June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(e), 49 DCR 4219; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 80(c)(4), 51 DCR 881.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-850.02.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-105, in the section name line, validated a previously made technical correction.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(e) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–851. Residential property tax relief — report on assessment changes for highest assessed properties. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 6, 24 DCR 3614; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-130, § 7(c), 25 DCR 2517; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 3(b), 41 DCR 2050; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(f), 49 DCR 4219.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-851.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.2.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see §§ 2(f), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Definitions applicable: The definitions in § 47-803 apply to this section.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–852. Residential property tax relief—Report on exemptions and deductions [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 7, 24 DCR 3614; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(f), 49 DCR 4219.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-852.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.3.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see §§ 2(f), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that: “Section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.”


§ 47–853. Residential property tax relief—Authorized annual adjustments [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 8, 24 DCR 3614; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 3(c), 41 DCR 2050; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(f), 49 DCR 4219.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-853.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.4.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see §§ 2(f), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–854. Residential property tax relief—Forms, procedures and regulations [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 9, 24 DCR 3614; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(f), 49 DCR 4219.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-854.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.5.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see §§ 2(f), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–855. Residential property tax relief—Applicability of provisions. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 12, 24 DCR 3614; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(f), 49 DCR 4219.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-855.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.6.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see §§ 2(f), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–856. Residential property tax relief—Severability of provisions. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Feb. 28, 1978, D.C. Law 2-45, § 11, 24 DCR 3614; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(f), 49 DCR 4219.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-856.

1973 Ed., § 47-659.7.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see §§ 2(f), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) repeal of section, see § 2(f) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.


§ 47–857.01. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Definitions.

For the purposes of §§ 47-857.01 through 47-857.10, the term:

(1)(A) “Area median income” means:

(i) For a household of 4 persons, the area median income for a household of 4 persons in the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area as set forth in the periodic calculation provided by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(ii) For a household of 3 persons, 90% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(iii) For a household of 2 persons, 80% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(iv) For a household of one person, 70% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons; and

(v) For a household of more than 4 persons, the area median income for a household of 4 persons, increased by 10% of the area median income for a family of 4 persons for each household member exceeding 4 persons (e.g., the area median income for a family of 5 shall be 110% of the area median income for a family of 4; the area median income for a household of 6 shall be 120% of the area median income for a family of 4).

(B) Any percentage of household income referenced in §§ 47-857.01 through 47-857.10 (e.g., 80% of household income) shall be determined through a direct mathematical calculation and shall not take into account any adjustments made by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development for the purposes of the programs it administers.

(2) “Eligible area #1” means:

(A) Real property within or with a street frontage in the area known as Downtown, as described in section 199 of Title 10 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (10 DCMR § 199) and as designated on the District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Policies Map; and

(B) Real property with a street frontage in the area bounded by and including New Hampshire Avenue, N.W., to the west, Delaware Avenue, N.E., to the east, Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., to the south, and Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. and N.E., to the north, that is zoned C-4, C-5, or SP.

(3) “Eligible area #2” means Housing Priority Area A, as described in 11 DCMR § 1706.8;

(4) “Eligible area #3” means:

(A) Census tracts where the average rent for one-bedroom and 2-bedroom apartments exceeds median rent in the District, as determined by the Mayor after an analysis of the economic conditions and development pressures in the geographic area, by 20% or more; and

(B) Geographic areas in which it is unlikely that new or rehabilitated housing with rents of less than 120% of the median rent for the District will be produced, as determined by the Mayor.

(4A) “Eligible area #4” means all real property in Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley in between them in Square 2910.

(5) “Eligible real property” means real property that:

(A) Is classified, in whole or in part, as Class 1 or Class 2 property under § 47-813(c-3), or would be so classified but for the operation of § 47-813(c-5) [(c-5) repealed];

(B) Is improved by new structures or undergoes rehabilitation, as the term “rehabilitation” is defined in 10 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations 10 DCMR § 399; and

(C) Has 10 or more units devoted to residential use.

(6) “Extremely low-income household” means a household consisting of one or more persons with a household income equal to 30% or less or the area median income.

(7) “Household income” shall have the same meaning as “household gross income” in § 47-1806.06.

(8) “Low-income household” means a household consisting of one or more individuals with a household income equal to, or less than, 80% of the area median income and greater than 50% of the area median income.

(9) “Very low-income household” means a household consisting of one or more individuals with a household income equal to, or less than, 50% of the area median income.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Oct. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-213, § 33(h), 49 DCR 8140; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(k), 50 DCR 896; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 2032, 51 DCR 8441; Mar. 6, 2007, D.C. Law 16-226, § 2(a), 53 DCR 10238.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.09a and § 47-857.10.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-213, in par. (2)(B), substituted “C-4, C-5, or SP-1” for “C-4 or C-5”; and in par. (7), substituted “§ 47-1806.06” for “§ 47-1806.06(b)(2)”.

D.C. Law 14-282 rewrote par. (2)(A) which had read as follows: “(A) Downtown, as described in 10 DCMR § 199 and as designated on the District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Policies Map; and”

D.C. Law 15-205, in subpar. (B) of par. (2), substituted “SP” for “SP-1”; and rewrote par. (4).

D.C. Law 16-226 added par. (4A).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(l) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(l) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 12(l) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Abatement for New Residential Developments Definition Clarification Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-119, July 29, 2003, 50 DCR 6610).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Abatement for New Residential Developments Definition Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-222, November 7, 2003, 50 DCR 10055).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2032 of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-486, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8236).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2032 of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-594, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 11725).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-471, July 31, 2006, 53 DCR 6778).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-521, October 27, 2006, 53 DCR 9117).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-669, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 1146).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(l) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(l) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Tax Abatement for New Residential Developments Definition Clarification Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 15-44, December 9, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 1779).

Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 16-201 added par. (4A) to read as follows:

“(4A) ‘Eligible Area #4’ means all real property in Square 2910 fronting on Georgia Avenue, N.W., Taylor Street, N.W., or Kansas Avenue, N.W.”

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 16-201 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Short Title

Short title of subtitle C of title II of Law 15-205: Section 2031 of D.C. Law 15-205 provided that subtitle C of title II of the act may be cited as the Housing Tax Abatement Act of 2004.

Editor's Notes

Section 1101 of D.C. Law 14-114 provided: “The Mayor, pursuant to Title I of the District of Columbia Administrative Procedure Act, approved October 21, 1968 (82 Stat. 1204; D.C. Official Code § 2-501 et seq.), shall promulgate rules to implement this act.”


§ 47–857.02. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Requirements for tax abatements for new residential developments.

(a) Subject to subsection (b), (c), (d), and (e) of this section and to the tax abatement limits imposed by § 47-857.09, a property shall receive a tax abatement under § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, or § 47-857.08 if:

(1) The owner or other authorized person receives:

(A) A final building permit for the mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems for the building’s superstructure; or

(B) A letter from both the building architect and the Mayor certifying that the first level of concrete has been laid and the building has received a building permit for both the building’s sheeting, shoring, and excavation work and the building’s foundation to grade structural work;

(2) The owner or other authorized person requests a certification letter from the Mayor stating that the property and project are eligible for the applicable tax abatement and that the Mayor has reserved a tax abatement for the property in the authorized amount;

(3) The Mayor transmits to the owner or other authorized person the certification letter requested under paragraph (2) of this subsection; and

(4)(A) The building permit for the project’s superstructure is received after April 30, 2001; or

(B) If the property is located in eligible area #1, before the Mayor certifies the tax abatement, the last of the building excavation and sheeting and shoring permits are received after January 1, 2001.

(b) A tax abatement shall not be allowed under § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, or § 47-857.08 unless the owner or other authorized person satisfies paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section on or before:

(1) December 31, 2003, if the property is located in eligible area #1;

(2) December 31, 2005, if the property is located in eligible area #2;

(3) December 31, 2004, if the property is located in eligible area #3; or

(4) December 31, 2008, if the property is located in eligible area #4.

(c) A tax abatement shall not be allowed under § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, or § 47-857.08:

(1) Unless the first level of concrete for the project has not been laid within 6 months after the date the certification letter is transmitted by the Mayor under paragraph (a)(3) of this section, if certification was requested under paragraph (a)(1)(A) of this section; or

(2) If the project does not receive a certificate of occupancy within 30 months after the date the certification letter is transmitted by the Mayor under paragraph (a)(3) of this section; provided, that the Mayor may extend the 30-month period for up to 6 months if the building’s construction has reached grade, as certified by the project architect and the Mayor.

(d) A project which is financed in any part under subchapter IX of Chapter 12 of Title 2 [§ 2-1217.01 et seq.] shall not be eligible to receive a tax abatement under § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, or § 47-857.08.

(e) A property which receives relief under § 42-3508.02 shall not be eligible to receive a tax abatement under § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, or § 47-857.08.

(f) The Mayor shall, as nearly as practicable, review requests for certification in the order in which they were received and without regard to the type of tax abatement for which certification is requested.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Oct. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-213, § 33(i), 49 DCR 8140; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 81(a), 51 DCR 881; Mar. 6, 2007, D.C. Law 16-226, § 2(b), 53 DCR 10238.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.03, § 47-857.04, § 47-857.05, § 47-857.06, § 47-857.07, and § 47-857.08.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-213, in subsec. (a), substituted “§ 47-857.07” for “§ 47-857.07f”; and in subsec. (e), substituted “§ 42-3508.02” for “§ 45-3508.02”.

D.C. Law 15-105, in subsec. (d), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 16-226, in subsec. (b), deleted “or” at the end of par. (2), substituted “; or” for the period in par. (3), and added par. (4).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-471, July 31, 2006, 53 DCR 6778).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-521, October 27, 2006, 53 DCR 9117).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-669, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 1146).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(c) of D.C. Law 16-201, in subsec. (b), deleted “or” at the end of par. (2), substituted “; or” for the period in par. (3), and added par. (4).

“(4) December 31, 2008, if the property is located in eligible area #4.”

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 16-201 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.


§ 47–857.03. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for all new housing projects downtown.

Subject to § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on an eligible real property in eligible area #1 an amount computed as follows: $0.81 per residential FAR square foot, multiplied by the building’s total residential FAR square footage as certified by the project architect and the Mayor; provided, that:

(1) If a project does not use concrete construction throughout the building or does not include underground parking, the per residential FAR square foot tax abatement shall be determined by the Mayor and shall be determined so that the total tax abatement is estimated to be equal to 45% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed on the project by § 47-811 before and after development.

(2) The tax abatement for an eligible real property allowed by this section shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the property.

(3) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is authorized by this section, the property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the abatement shall not be allowed.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-3508.02, § 47-857.02, and § 47-857.09.


§ 47–857.04. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for all new housing projects in Housing Priority Area.

(a) With respect to any project for which the owner or its designee satisfies § 47-857.02(a)(1) and (2) on or before September 30, 2004, and subject to § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on an eligible real property in eligible area #2 an amount computed as follows: $1.10 per residential FAR square foot, multiplied by the building’s total residential FAR square footage as certified by the project architect and the Mayor; provided, that:

(1) If a project does not use concrete construction throughout the building or does not include underground parking, the per residential FAR square foot tax abatement shall be determined by the Mayor and shall be determined so that the total tax abatement is estimated to be equal to 60% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed on the project by § 47-811 before and after development.

(2) The tax abatement for an eligible real property allowed by this section shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the property.

(3) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is authorized by this section, the property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the abatement shall not be allowed.

(b)(1) For the purposes of this subsection, the term “downtown area” means:

(A) The area described in section 199 of title 10 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (10 DCMR § 199) and designated on the District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Policies Map; and

(B) Eligible area #2.

(2) If a project eligible for the real property tax abatement under this section breaks ground on or after January 1, 2005 (as certified by the project architect and the Mayor), the tax abatement may be applied, assigned, conveyed, or otherwise transferred (“transferred”) by the owner of the real property or project (or by the owner’s designee) and the time period at which the tax abatement commences may be delayed until the transfer and shall continue for 10 years after the date of transfer; provided, that:

(A) The tax abatement shall be $0.89 per rentable, or usable, residential FAR square foot of the eligible real property; provided, that if the project known as Quincy Court, located at 1117 10th Street, N.W., requests participation under § 47-857.04(b) by a letter to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, prior to December 31, 2005, the tax abatement shall be $0.905 per rentable, or usable, residential FAR square foot of the eligible real property;

(B) The tax abatement may be transferred by the owner:

(i) To reduce real property taxes imposed upon any residential project in the downtown area or eligible area #2; or

(ii) To reduce real property taxes imposed upon any commercial project in the downtown area or eligible area #2; and

(3) The tax abatement may be transferred within:

(A) Five years after receipt by the eligible project of a final certificate of occupancy issued for the entirety of the project; or

(B) Within one year after the final certificate of occupancy is issued for the project to which the abatement is transferred.

(c) The Mayor shall be deemed to have certified the groundbreaking if the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, issues a letter certifying the groundbreaking or 20 business days pass after the date of the receipt of a request for the certification by the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, from the project developer; provided, that the request includes a certification by the project architect of the groundbreaking date of the residential project and the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, does not reject the request or request further information.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Apr. 12, 2005, D.C. Law 15-329, § 2(a), 52 DCR 1975; Apr. 7, 2006, D.C. Law 16-91, § 103(a), 52 DCR 10637; Mar. 2, 2007, D.C. Law 16-191, § 109(a), 53 DCR 6794.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.02, § 47-857.06, and § 47-857.09.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-329 designated the existing text as subsec. (a); in subsec. (a), substituted “With respect to any project for which the owner or its designee satisfies § 47-857.02(a)(1) and (2) on or before December 31, 2004, and subject to” for “Subject to”; and added subsec. (b).

D.C. Law 16-91, in subsec. (a), substituted “September 30, 2004” for “December 31, 2004”; added subsec. (c); and rewrote subsec. (b).

D.C. Law 16-191 rewrote subsec. (b)(3)(A) which read as follows: “(A) Five years after receipt by the eligible project of a final certificate of occupancy is issued for the entirety of the project;”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Finance and Revenue Technical Corrections Emergency Amendment Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-51, March 17, 2005, 52 DCR 3164).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-260, January 26, 2006, 53 DCR 780).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-361, April 26, 2006, 53 DCR 3619).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 25(a) of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-585, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 340).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 16-7, in subsec. (a), substituted “September 30, 2004” for “December 31, 2004”; and rewrote subsec. (b) and added subsec. (c) to read as follows:

“(A) The area described in section 199 of Title 10 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations ( 10 DCMR § 199) and designated on the District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Policies Map; and

“(A) Five years after receipt by the eligible project of a final certificate of occupancy is issued for the entirety of the project;

“(B) Within one year after the final certificate of occupancy is issued for the project to which the abatement is transferred.”.

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 16-7 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 16-102, in subsec. (a), substituted “September 30, 2004” for “December 31, 2004”; and rewrote subsec. (b) and added subsec. (c) to read as follows:

“(b)(1) For the purposes of this subsection, the term ”downtown area“ means:

“(A) The area described in section 199 of title 10 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations ( 10 DCMR § 199) and designated on the District of Columbia Generalized Land Use Policies Map; and

“(B) Eligible area #2.

“(2) If a project eligible for the real property tax abatement under this section breaks ground on or after January 1, 2005 (as certified by the project architect and the Mayor), the tax abatement may be applied, assigned, conveyed, or otherwise transferred (”transferred“) by the owner of the real property or project (or by the owner’s designee) and the time period at which the tax abatement commences may be delayed until the transfer and shall continue for 10 years after the date of transfer; provided, that:

“(A) The tax abatement shall be $0.89 per rentable, or usable, residential FAR square foot of the eligible real property; provided, that if the project known as Quincy Court, located at 1117 10th Street, N.W., requests participation under § 47-857.04(b) by a letter to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, prior to December 31, 2005, the tax abatement shall be $0.905 per rentable, or usable, residential FAR square foot of the eligible real property;

“(B) The tax abatement may be transferred by the owner:

“(i) To reduce real property taxes imposed upon any residential project in the downtown area or eligible area #2; or

“(ii) To reduce real property taxes imposed upon any commercial project in the downtown area or eligible area #2; and

“(3) The tax abatement may be transferred within:

“(A) Five years after receipt by the eligible project of a final certificate of occupancy issued for the entirety of the project; or”.

“(B) Within one year after the final certificate of occupancy is issued for the project to which the abatement is transferred.

“(c) The Mayor shall be deemed to have certified the groundbreaking if the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, issues a letter certifying the groundbreaking or 20 business days pass after the date of the receipt of a request for the certification by the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, from the project developer; provided, that the request includes a certification by the project architect of the groundbreaking date of the residential project and the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, does not reject the request or request further information.”

Section 11(b) of D.C. Law 16-102 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.


§ 47–857.05. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for new, mixed-income housing projects downtown.

(a) Subject to § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on an eligible real property in eligible area #1 an amount computed as follows: $1.38 per residential FAR square foot, multiplied by the building’s total residential FAR square footage as certified by the project architect and the Mayor; provided, that:

(1) If a project does not use concrete construction throughout the building or does not include underground parking, the per residential FAR square foot tax abatement shall be determined by the Mayor and shall be determined so that the total tax abatement is estimated to be equal to 78% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed on the project by § 47-811 before and after development.

(2) Ten percent of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, low-income households for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(3) The dwelling units occupied by low-income households shall be equivalent in size and quality to other dwelling units in the development.

(4) The variety of the sizes of dwelling units occupied by low-income households shall be reasonably similar to the variety of sizes of dwelling units in the eligible property as a whole.

(5) The tax abatement for an eligible real property allowed by this section shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the eligible real property.

(6) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is authorized by this section, the property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the abatement shall not be allowed.

(b) If, during one of the last 10 years of the 20-year period of affordability required by subsection (a)(2) of this section, 10% of the housing units are not affordable to, and occupied by, low-income households, the owner of the property shall be assessed a penalty of $10,000 per year for each unit which should be, but is not, affordable to low-income households; provided, that the Mayor may waive the penalty upon a showing of good cause.

(c) The Mayor may require an owner to demonstrate that the rents and tenant income for the eligible real property are consistent with the requirements of the tax abatement. If the requirements are not met, the abatement shall not be allowed and the owner shall remit all taxes owed for the period of non-compliance.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 81(b), 51 DCR 881.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.02 and § 47-857.09.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-105, in par. (1) of subsec. (a), validated a previously made technical correction.


§ 47–857.06. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for new, mixed-income housing projects in Housing Priority Area A.

(a) Subject to § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on an eligible real property in eligible area #2 an amount computed as follows: $1.75 per residential FAR square foot, multiplied by the building’s total residential FAR square footage as certified by the project architect; provided, that:

(1) If a project does not use concrete construction throughout the building or does not include underground parking, the per residential FAR square foot tax abatement shall be determined by the Mayor and shall be determined so that the total tax abatement is estimated to be equal to 95% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed on the project by § 47-811 before and after development.

(2) Ten percent of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, low-income households for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(3) The dwelling units occupied by low-income households shall be equivalent in size and quality to other dwelling units in the development.

(4) The variety of the sizes of dwelling units occupied by low-income households shall be reasonably similar to the variety of sizes of dwelling units in the eligible property as a whole.

(5) The tax abatement for an eligible real property allowed by this section shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the eligible real property.

(6) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is authorized by this section, the property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the abatement shall not be allowed.

(b) If, during one of the last 10 years of the 20-year period of affordability required by subsection (a)(2) of this section, 10% of the housing units are not affordable to, and occupied by, low-income households, the owner of the property shall be assessed a penalty of $10,000 per year for each unit which should be, but is not, affordable to low-income households; provided, that the Mayor may waive the penalty upon a showing of good cause.

(c) The Mayor may require an owner to demonstrate that the rents and tenant income for the eligible real property are consistent with the requirements of the tax abatement. If the requirements are not met, the abatement shall not be allowed and the owner shall remit all taxes owed for the period of non-compliance.

(d)(1) For the purposes of this subsection, the term:

(A) “K Street Building” means the portion of the Wax Museum project comprised of the building to be constructed on the site bounded on the south side by K Street, N.W., on the west side by 5th Street, N.W., on the north side by L Street, N.W., and on the east side by the alley running parallel to 5th Street, N.W.

(B) “L Street Building” means the portion of the Wax Museum project comprised of the building to be constructed on the portion of the property to be disposed of pursuant to the RFP Resolution that is not included within the K Street Building.

(C) “RFP Resolution” means the Revised Request for Proposals for the Redevelopment of Parcel One, the Former Wax Museum Site Approval Resolution of 2003, introduced on June 13, 2003 (PR15-249).

(D) “Wax Museum developer” means the person (or any successor in interest) with which the District enters into an agreement for the disposition of the property on which the Wax Museum project will be constructed.

(E) “Wax Museum project” means the project constructed pursuant to the request for proposals in the RFP Resolution.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed an abatement of $664,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (4) of this subsection), and the Mayor shall issue to the Wax Museum developer certification letters stating that the property and buildings are eligible for the abatement and that the Mayor has reserved the abatement for the property and buildings in the allocated amounts; provided, that:

(A) With respect to the K Street Building:

(i) The first level of concrete for the K Street Building shall be laid by December 31, 2006, or such earlier date as may be set forth in an agreement between the Wax Museum developer and the National Capital Revitalization Corporation or RLA Revitalization Corporation;

(ii) A certificate of occupancy for the K Street Building shall have been issued within 36 months after the first level of concrete has been laid for the K Street Building, or such earlier date as may be set forth in an agreement between the Wax Museum developer and the National Capital Revitalization Corporation or RLA Revitalization Corporation; and

(iii) The K Street Building satisfies § 47-857.06(a)(2) through (4);

(B) With respect to the L Street Building:

(i) The first level of concrete for the L Street Building shall be laid within 18 months after the receipt by the Wax Museum developer of the Mayor’s certification letter pertaining to the tax abatement for K Street Building, or such earlier date as may be set forth an agreement between the Wax Museum developer and the National Capital Revitalization Corporation or RLA Revitalization Corporation;

(ii) A certificate of occupancy for the L Street Building shall have been issued within 30 months after the first level of concrete has been laid for the L Street Building, or such earlier date as may be set forth in an agreement between the Wax Museum developer and the National Capital Revitalization Corporation or RLA Revitalization Corporation; and

(iii) The L Street Building satisfies § 47-857.06(a)(2) through (4); and

(C) If the residential project known as Quincy Court, located at 1117 10th Street, N.W., requests participation under § 47-857.04(b) by a letter to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, prior to December 31, 2005, the annual amount of the abatement of real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (4) of this subsection) shall be $675,000.

(3) For each deadline set forth in paragraph (2) of this subsection, one 6-month extension may be granted at the discretion of the Mayor.

(4) The tax abatement allowed by this subsection shall be allocated between the K Street Building and the L Street Building based upon the election of the Wax Museum developer, which election shall be made by notification to the Mayor and the Office of Tax and Revenue upon the issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the 1st building to be completed.

(5) The tax abatement allowed by this subsection shall be included in and subject to the $2 million abatement limit set forth in § 47-857.09(b).

(6)(A) The tax abatement allowed by this subsection for the K Street Building shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the residential portion of the K Street Building.

(B) The tax abatement allowed by this subsection for the L Street Building shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the residential portion of the L Street Building.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Apr. 12, 2005, D.C. Law 15-329, § 2(b), 52 DCR 1975; Apr. 7, 2006, D.C. Law 16-91, § 103(b), 52 DCR 10637; Mar. 20, 2008, D.C. Law 17-125, § 2, 55 DCR 1518.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.02, § 47-857.07, and § 47-857.09.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-329 added subsec. (d).

D.C. Law 16-91, in the lead-in language of subsec. (d)(2), substituted “there shall be allowed an abatement of $664,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (4) of this subsection)” for “there shall be allowed an abatement of $710,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (3) of this subsection)”; in subpar. (d)(2)(A)(iii), deleted the word “and” at the end; in subpar. (d)(2)(B)(iii), substituted “; and” for the period at the end; and added subpar. (d)(2)(C).

D.C. Law 17-125 rewrote subsec. (d)(4), which had read as follows: “(4) The tax abatement allowed by this subsection shall be allocated between the K Street Building and the L Street Building based upon the square footage dedicated to residential units in each building as certified by the Wax Museum project architect.”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Finance and Revenue Technical Corrections Emergency Amendment Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-51, March 17, 2005, 52 DCR 3164).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-260, January 26, 2006, 53 DCR 780).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-361, April 26, 2006, 53 DCR 3619).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 16-7, in subsec. (d)(2), in the undesignated text, deleted “there shall be allowed an abatement of $710,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (3) of this subsection)” and inserted “there shall be allowed an abatement of $664,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (4) of this subsection)”, in subpar. (A)(iii), deleted “and”, in subpar. (B)(iii), substituted “; and” for a period, and added subpar. (C) to read as follows:

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 16-7 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(c) of D.C. Law 16-102, in par. (d)(2), substituted “there shall be allowed an abatement of $664,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (4) of this subsection)” for “there shall be allowed an abatement of $710,000 per year of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (3) of this subsection)”; in subpar. (d)(2)(A)(iii), substituted “;” for “; and”; in subpar. (d)(2)(B)(iii), substituted “(4); and” for “(4).”; and added subpar. (d)(2)(C) to read as follows:

“(C) If the residential project known as Quincy Court, located at 1117 10th Street, N.W., requests participation under § 47-857.04(b) by a letter to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his or her successor, prior to December 31, 2005, the annual amount of the abatement of real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the Wax Museum project (to be allocated between the K Street Building and L Street Building as set forth in paragraph (4) of this subsection) shall be $675,000.”

Section 11(b) of D.C. Law 16-102 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.


§ 47–857.07. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for new, mixed-income housing projects in higher-cost and other qualified areas throughout the District of Columbia.

(a) Subject to § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on an eligible real property in eligible area #3 an amount computed as follows: 75% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed by § 47-811 before and after development or a dollar amount based on criteria or formulas promulgated by the Mayor, pursuant to regulation, which equals approximately 75% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed by § 47-811 before and after development; provided that:

(1) Five percent of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, low-income households for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(2) An additional 10% of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, households with household incomes of 60% or less of the area median income for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(3) The dwelling units occupied by low-income households and 60%-of-area-median-income households shall be equivalent in size and quality to other dwelling units in the development.

(4) The variety of the sizes of dwelling units occupied by low-income households and 60%-of-area-median-income households shall be reasonably similar to the variety of sizes of dwelling units in the eligible property as a whole.

(5) The tax abatement for an eligible real property allowed by this section shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the eligible real property.

(6) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is authorized by this section, the property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the abatement shall not be allowed.

(b) If, during one of the last 10 years of the 20-year period of affordability required by subsection (a)(1) of this section, the owner fails to comply with the unit set-aside requirements of subsection (a) of this section, the owner of the property shall be assessed a penalty of $10,000 per year for each unit which does not meet the income or set-aside requirements; provided, that the Mayor may waive the penalty upon a showing of good cause.

(c) The Mayor may require an owner to demonstrate that the rents and tenant income for the eligible real property are consistent with the requirements of the tax abatement. If the requirements are not met, the abatement shall not be allowed and the owner shall remit all taxes owed for the period of non-compliance.

(d)(1) For the purposes of this subsection, the term:

(A) “4100 Georgia Avenue Developer” means:

(i) The person (or any successor in interest) who will develop or has developed the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project; and

(ii) Any subsequent owner or assignee of or successor in interest of the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project.

(B) “4100 Georgia Avenue Project” means the project constructed on Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley in between them in Square 2910, consisting of affordable housing. The term “4100 Georgia Avenue Project” shall not include the portion of the project used for commercial purposes.

(C) “Affordable housing” means a housing unit which is rented to a household whose income does not exceed 60% of the area median income.

(2)(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of § 47-857.02, beginning on the date that a certificate of occupancy for the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project is issued, there shall be allowed an abatement of all of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project if:

(i) The certificate of occupancy for the building shall have been issued on or before May 28, 2009; and

(ii) The building satisfies the provisions of § 47-857.06(a)(2), (3), and (4).

(B) If the conditions of subparagraph (A)(i) and (ii) of this paragraph are satisfied, the Mayor shall issue to the 4100 Georgia Avenue Developer a certification letter stating that the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project is eligible for the abatement and that the Mayor has reserved the abatement for the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project in the allocated amount. A copy of the certification letter shall be sent to the Director of the Real Property Tax Administration of the Office of Tax and Revenue.

(C)(i) All of the housing units in the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project shall be affordable housing. If all of the housing units in the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project are not affordable housing, the abatement provided by this subsection shall terminate as of the beginning of the real property tax year in which all of the housing units in the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project are not affordable housing. If the abatement shall terminate, the tax, plus interest from the termination date, shall be due and payable 30 days after the date of the billing therefor.

(ii)(I) The Georgia Avenue Developer shall provide a certification of an independent certified public accounting firm to the Mayor and the Director of the Real Property Tax Administration of the Office of Tax and Revenue on or before October 1 of each year that all of the housing units in the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project are affordable housing:

(aa) As of October 1 of the preceding year; and

(bb) For the entire calendar year for the preceding year.

(II) If the Georgia Avenue Developer does not file timely the certification required by sub-sub-subparagraph (I) of this sub-subparagraph, the abatement provided by this subsection shall terminate as of October 1 of the preceding year and the tax, plus interest from the termination date, shall be due and payable 30 days after the date of billing therefor; provided, that the Director of the Real Property Tax Administration of the Office of Tax and Revenue may, in his discretion, grant an extension for such period as he considers reasonable.

(3) For each deadline set forth in paragraph (2)(A) and (B) of this subsection, one 6-month extension may be granted at the discretion of the Mayor.

(4) The abatement allowed by this subsection shall be included in and subject to the annual $3.5 million abatement limit set forth in § 47-857.09(c).

(5) The abatement allowed by this subsection shall expire 40 years after the tax abatement takes effect.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Mar. 6, 2007, D.C. Law 16-226, § 2(c), 53 DCR 10238.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.02 and § 47-857.09.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 16-226 added subsec. (d).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-471, July 31, 2006, 53 DCR 6778).

For temporary (90 day) enactment, see § 3 of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-471, July 31, 2006, 53 DCR 6778).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-521, October 27, 2006, 53 DCR 9117).

For temporary (90 day) enactment, see § 3 of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-521, October 27, 2006, 53 DCR 9117).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-669, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 1146).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 16-201 added subsec. (d) to read as follows:

“(d)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed an exemption from all of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the property in eligible area #4 owned by the 4100 Georgia Avenue developer and the Mayor shall issue to the 4100 Georgia Avenue developer certification letters stating that the property and buildings are eligible for the exemption and that the Mayor has reserved the exemption for the property and buildings in the allocated amounts; provided, that, with respect to the 4100 Georgia Avenue project:

“(A) The first level of concrete shall be laid by December 31, 2007;

“(B) A certificate of occupancy for the building shall have been issued within 36 months after the first level of concrete has been laid for the building; and

“(C) The building satisfies the provisions of § 47-857.06(a)(2), (3), and (4).

“(2) For each deadline set forth in paragraph (1) of this subsection, one 6-month extension may be granted at the discretion of the Mayor.

“(3) The tax exemption allowed by this subsection shall be included in and subject to the annual $3.5 million abatement limit set forth in § 47-857. 09(c).

“(4) The tax exemption allowed by this subsection for eligible area #4 shall expire when the tax exemption allowed for eligible area #4 has cumulatively amounted to $3.3 million.

“(5) For the purposes of this subsection, the term:

“(A) ‘4100 Georgia Avenue developer’ means the person (or any successor in interest) who will develop or has developed a residential property on Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley between them in Square 2910, and any subsequent owner or assignee of or successor in interest to the 4100 Georgia Avenue project. The term ”4100 Georgia Avenue developer“ shall not include any owner or operator of the first-floor commercial space, if such first-floor commercial space is sold as a condominium to an entity or person other than the 4100 Georgia Avenue developer.

“(B) ‘4100 Georgia Avenue project’ means the project constructed on Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley between them in Square 2910, consisting of affordable housing and first-floor retail space.”

Section 3 of D.C. Law 16-201 added provisions to read as follows:

“Sec. 3. Financial imposition exemption for the 4100 Georgia Avenue, N.W., project.

“(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, no fees shall be charged to the 4100 Georgia Avenue developer or any other owners or developers of the 4100 Georgia Avenue project for any permits related to the construction of the 4100 Georgia Avenue project, including private space or public permit fees or building permit fees (involving vault space rental).

“(b) For the purposes of this section, the term:

“(1) ‘4100 Georgia Avenue developer’ means the person (or any successor in interest) who will develop or has developed a residential property on Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley between them in Square 2910.

“(2) ‘4100 Georgia Avenue project’ means the project constructed on Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley between them in Square 2910, consisting of affordable housing and first-floor retail space.”

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 16-201 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Financial imposition exemption for the 4100 Georgia Avenue, N.W. project: Section 3 of D.C. Law 16-226 provided:

“(a) For the purposes of this section, the term:

“(A) ‘4100 Georgia Avenue Developer’ means:

“(i) The person (or any successor in interest) who will develop or has developed the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project; and

“(ii) Any subsequent owner or assignee of or successor in interest of the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project.

“(B) ‘4100 Georgia Avenue Project’ means the project constructed on Lots 35 and 803 (and any subsequent subdivision or division of those lots) and the alley in between them in Square 2910, consisting of affordable housing and first-floor retail space.

“(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no fees shall be charged to the 4100 Georgia Avenue Developer for any permits related to the construction of the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project, including private space or public permit fees or building permit fees (involving vault space rental). The exemption provided by this subsection shall not include condominium registration application fees or condominium conversion fees.”

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development—Authority to Issue a Certification Letter Stating that the 4100 Georgia Avenue Project is Eligible for a Property Tax Abatement, see Mayor’s Order 2009-145, August 13, 2009 ( 56 DCR 7274).


§ 47–857.08. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for new, very mixed-income housing projects in higher-cost and other qualified areas throughout the District of Columbia.

(a) Subject to § 47-857.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on an eligible real property in eligible area #3 an amount computed as follows: 100% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed by § 47-811 before and after development or a dollar amount based on criteria or formulas promulgated by the Mayor, pursuant to regulation, which equals approximately 100% of the difference between the residential real property tax imposed by § 47-811 before and after development; provided, that:

(1) Five percent of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, low-income households for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(2) An additional 10% of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, households with household incomes of 60% or less of the area median income for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(3) An additional 5% of the housing units in the eligible real property shall be affordable to, and occupied by, extremely low-income households for 20 years after the certificate of occupancy for the eligible real property is issued.

(4) The dwelling units occupied by low-income households, 60%-of-area-median-income households, and extremely low-income households shall be equivalent in size and quality to other dwelling units in the development.

(5) The variety of the sizes of dwelling units occupied by low-income households, 60%-of-area-median-income households, and extremely low-income shall be reasonably similar to the variety of sizes of dwelling units in the eligible property as a whole.

(6) The tax abatement for an eligible real property allowed by this section shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the eligible real property.

(7) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is authorized by this section, the property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the abatement shall not be allowed.

(b) If, during one of the last 10 years of the 20-year period of affordability required by subsection (a)(1) of this section, the owner fails to comply with the unit set-aside requirements of subsection (a) of this section, the owner of the property shall be assessed a penalty of $10,000 per year for each unit which does not meet the income or set-aside requirements; provided, that the Mayor may waive the penalty upon a showing of good cause.

(c) The Mayor may require an owner to demonstrate that the rents and tenant income for the eligible real property are consistent with the requirements of the tax abatement. If the requirements are not met, the abatement shall not be allowed and the owner shall remit all taxes owed for the period of non-compliance.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.02 and § 47-857.09.


§ 47–857.09. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Abatement caps.

(a) The Mayor may approve up to $2.5 million in annual tax abatements under §§ 47-857.03 and 47-857.05; provided, the Mayor may approve only up to $500,000 in annual tax abatements in fiscal year 2003.

(b) The Mayor may approve up to $2 million in annual tax abatements under §§ 47-857.04 and 47-857.06.

(c) The Mayor may approve up to $3.5 million in annual tax abatements under §§ 47-857.07 and 47-857.08; provided, that $500,000 shall be reserved for properties in eligible area #4.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468; Oct. 1, 2002, D.C. Law 14-190, § 1103(a), 49 DCR 6968; Mar. 6, 2007, D.C. Law 16-226, § 2(d), 53 DCR 10238.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.02, § 47-857.06, and § 47-857.07.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-190, in subsec. (a), substituted “and 47-857.05; provided, the Mayor may approve only up to $500,000 in annual tax abatements in fiscal year 2003.” for “and 47-857.05.”

D.C. Law 16-226, in subsec. (c), increased the annual tax abatement approval cap from $2.5 million to $3.5 million.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1103 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-453, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8026).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-471, July 31, 2006, 53 DCR 6778).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-521, October 27, 2006, 53 DCR 9117).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(d) of Square 2910 Residential Development Stimulus Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-669, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 1146).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(d) of D.C. Law 16-201 amended subsec. (c) to read as follows:

“(c) The Mayor may approve up to $3.5 million in annual tax abatements under §§ 47-857.07 and 47-857.08; provided that $500,000 of such money shall be reserved for properties in eligible area #4.”

Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 16-201 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Section 1103(b) of D.C. Law 14-190 provided: “Funds sufficient for the implementation of this section shall be transferred from the Housing Production Trust Fund to the General Fund.”


§ 47–857.09a. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Notice and appeal rights.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Mayor shall provide the owner with written notice of the District’s intent to impose a penalty for a violation of §§ 47-859.01 [47-857.01] through 47-857.10 or to disallow the tax abatement thereunder. The Mayor shall give the owner at least 30 days after the date of the notice to file an appeal and request a hearing before the Office of Administrative Hearings, which shall hear the appeal subject to the notice and hearing provisions of subchapter I of Chapter 18 of Title 2 [§ 2-1801.01 et seq.], and the rules thereunder.


(Mar. 31, 2011, D.C. Law 18-352, § 2(b), 58 DCR 744.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-1831.03.

Editor's Notes

Section 4 of D.C. Law 18-352 provided: “Sec. 4. Applicability. Section 2(a)(1) and (b) shall apply as of October 1, 2004. Section 2(a)(2) and (c) shall apply as of July 7, 2009.”


§ 47–857.10. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Regulations.

The Mayor shall promulgate regulations to implement §§ 47-857.01 through 47-857.09 within 180 days after the effective date of this section [April 19, 2002].


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 601(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority Pursuant to D.C. Law 14-183, the “Housing Act of 2002”, see Mayor’s Order 2002-155, September 13, 2002 ( 49 DCR 8623).


§ 47–857.11. Tax abatements for nonprofit organizations locating in emerging commercial neighborhoods — Definitions.

For the purposes of §§ 47-857.11 through 47-857.16, the term:

(1) “Anacostia Nonprofit Zone” means all real property fronting on:

(A) Good Hope Road, S.E., between the Anacostia Freeway and the 18th Street, S.E.;

(B) Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, S.E., between S Street, S.E., and Suitland Parkway;

(C) Howard Road, S.E., between the Anacostia Freeway and Bowen Road, S.E.; and

(D) Shannon Place, S.E., between U Street, S.E., and Chicago Street, S.E.

(2) “Capitol Riverfront Nonprofit Zone” means the area described as the Capitol Riverfront BID in § 2-1215.58(b).

(3) “Designated Nonprofit Zone” means an area of the District designated by the Mayor as one that will benefit from the location of a nonprofit organization or an area to which a nonprofit organization seeks to locate and for which the Mayor determines that it is in the best interests of the District to offer a tax abatement under this section to the nonprofit organization and which the Council approves by act.

(4) “Eligible Nonprofit Zone” means an Emerging Neighborhood Nonprofit Zone or a Designated Nonprofit Zone.

(5) “Emerging Neighborhood Nonprofit Zone” means the Anacostia Nonprofit Zone, Capitol Riverfront Nonprofit Zone, Minnesota-Benning Nonprofit Zone, Mount Vernon Triangle Nonprofit Zone, and NoMa Nonprofit Zone.

(6) “Mayor” means the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(7) “Minnesota-Benning Nonprofit Zone” means the area bounded by a line beginning at the intersection of Hayes Street, N.E. and Minnesota Avenue, N.E., continuing northwest to the intersection of Hayes Street, N.E., and Kenilworth Avenue, N.E., continuing northwest along Hayes Street, N.E., to Anacostia Avenue, N.E.; continuing due west to the eastern shoreline of the Anacostia River; continuing south along the eastern shoreline of the Anacostia River to Benning Road, N.E.; continuing east along Benning Road, N.E., to Anacostia Avenue, N.E.; continuing southerly along Anacostia Avenue, N.E., to Dix Street, N.E.; continuing east along Dix Street, N.E., to 34th Street, N.E.; continuing north along 34th Street, N.E., to Eads Street, N.E.; continuing southeast along Eads Street, N.E., to 36th Street, N.E.; continuing south along 36th Street, N.E., to Kenilworth Avenue, N.E.; continuing southeast along a straight line to the intersection of 35th Street, N.E., and Clay Place, N.E.; continuing southeast along Clay Place, N.E., to Minnesota Avenue, N.E., continuing northeast along Minnesota Avenue, N.E., to Clay Place, N.E.; continuing southeast and then east along Clay Place, N.E., to 40th Street, N.E.; continuing northeast along 40th Street, N.E., to Benning Road, N.E, (and including the area to the immediate east of 40th Street, N.E., that is zoned C-3-A); continuing northwest along Benning Road, N.E., to Minnesota Avenue, N.E. (and including the area to the immediate north of Benning Road, N.E., that is zoned C-3-A); continuing northeast along Minnesota Avenue, N.E., to Hayes Street, N.E. (and including the area to the immediate east of Minnesota Avenue, N.E., that is zoned C-3-A), the starting point.

(8) “Mount Vernon Triangle Nonprofit Zone” means the area described as the Mount Vernon Triangle BID in § 2-1215.55(b).

(9) “NoMa Nonprofit Zone” means the area described as the NoMa Improvement Association BID in § 2-1215.57(b).

(10) “Qualified nonprofit organization” means an entity that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), (4), or (6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved August 16, 1954 (68A Stat. 163; 26 U.S.C. § 501(c)(3), (4), and (6)).


(Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7042(b), 57 DCR 6242.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.12, § 47-857.13, and § 47-857.16.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7042(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).

Short Title

Short title: Section 7041 of D.C. Law 18-223 provided that subtitle E of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Nonprofit Tax Abatement Act of 2010”.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority Pursuant to the Nonprofit Tax Abatement Act of 2010, see Mayor’s Order 2010-165, October 15, 2010 (57 DCR


§ 47–857.12. Tax abatements for nonprofit organizations locating in emerging commercial neighborhoods — Requirements for tax abatement.

(a) Subject to approval by the Mayor under § 47-857.13 and subject to the caps established by § 47-857.15, a qualified nonprofit organization that purchases office space in an Eligible Nonprofit Zone shall be eligible for an abatement on its real property taxes in the amount of $8 per square foot, subject to subsection (c) of this section, for a period of 10 years, if:

(1) The qualified nonprofit organization purchases, after the effective date of this section, a minimum of 5,000 square feet of office space in the Eligible Nonprofit Zone;

(2) The qualified nonprofit organization occupies at least 75% of the office space purchased by the organization in the Eligible Nonprofit Zone and uses that space for the organization’s stated mission;

(3) The qualified nonprofit organization purchases the office space at the market rate, as determined by the Mayor;

(4) The qualified nonprofit organization is not receiving any other real property tax abatement for the office space; and

(5) The office space is occupied by the qualified nonprofit organization on or before September 30, 2013, if the office space is in the Capitol Riverfront Nonprofit Zone, Mount Vernon Nonprofit Zone, or NoMa Nonprofit Zone, or on or before September 30, 2016, if the office space is in the Anacostia Nonprofit Zone, a Designated Nonprofit Zone, or Minnesota-Benning Nonprofit Zone.

(b) Subject to approval by the Mayor under § 47-857.13, and subject to the caps established by § 47-857.15, if a qualified nonprofit organization leases office space in an Eligible Nonprofit Zone, the owner of the office space shall be eligible for an abatement on its real property taxes in the amount of $8 per square foot, subject to subsection (c) of this section, for a period of 10 years, if:

(1) The qualified nonprofit organization leases, after the effective date of this section [September 24, 2010], a minimum of 5,000 square feet of office space;

(2) The qualified nonprofit organization occupies at least 75% of the leased office space and uses that space for the organization’s stated mission;

(3) The qualified nonprofit organization leases the office space at the market rate, as determined by the Mayor;

(4) The qualified nonprofit organization leases the office space at a rate that is net of real estate taxes;

(5) The owner of the office space leased by the qualified nonprofit organization is not receiving any other real property tax abatement for the office space; and

(6) The office space is occupied by the qualified nonprofit organization on or before September 30, 2013, if the office space is in the Capitol Riverfront Nonprofit Zone, Mount Vernon Nonprofit Zone, or NoMa Nonprofit Zone, or on or before September 30, 2016, if the office space is in the Anacostia Nonprofit Zone, a Designated Nonprofit Zone, or Minnesota-Benning Nonprofit Zone.

(c)(1) The amount of the annual real property tax abatement provided to a qualified nonprofit organization or owner of office space under this section shall not exceed the real property tax liability for the office space that is receiving the abatement.

(2) A qualified nonprofit organization or owner of office space shall not be eligible to receive a real property tax abatement under §§ 47-857.11 through 47-857.16 for more than 100,000 square feet of office space.


(Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7042(b), 57 DCR 6242.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.13.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7042(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).


§ 47–857.13. Tax abatements for nonprofit organizations locating in emerging commercial neighborhoods — Application and certification of eligibility.

(a) To be eligible to receive a tax abatement under § 47-857.12, a qualified nonprofit organization shall submit to the Mayor an application and the Mayor shall determine whether the organization is eligible to receive the real property tax abatement. The Mayor shall approve the applications by the eligible qualified nonprofit organizations in the order in which they are received subject to the provisions of this section and the caps established by § 47-857.15.

(b) The application shall include such information and documents as may be prescribed by the Mayor, including a letter of intent or similar document.

(c) After receiving an application, the Mayor may:

(1) Reserve the amount of the requested real property tax abatement for the applicant;

(2) Establish or extend deadlines by which the applicant must:

(A) Provide documentation of its eligibility under § 47-857.12 and rules promulgated pursuant to § 47-857.16;

(B) Submit an executed lease or purchase agreement;

(C) Occupy the office space;

(D) Submit requested documents and information; and

(3) Cancel the reservation for failure to meet any deadline.

(d) The Mayor may establish such other application requirements as the Mayor considers necessary or useful.

(e) A qualified nonprofit organization shall not receive a real property tax abatement under § 47-857.11 through 47-857.16 if it has not received a certification of eligibility from the Mayor under this section.


(Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7042(b), 57 DCR 6242.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.12.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7042(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).


§ 47–857.14. Tax abatements for nonprofit organizations locating in emerging commercial neighborhoods — Annual reporting.

A qualified nonprofit organization that is receiving a real property tax abatement under this section shall file annually with the Mayor and the Office of Tax and Revenue the report required by § 47-1007 and shall include in such report:

(1) A certification that the qualified nonprofit organization:

(A) Continues to lease or purchase (whichever is applicable) the office space for which the organization was granted the tax abatement;

(B) Continues to occupy at least 75% of the office space and uses that space for the organization’s stated mission;

(C) If it leases the office space, continues to lease the office space at the market rate, subject to verification by the Mayor, and net of real estate taxes; and

(D) If it owns the office space, or the owner of the office space, if the office space is leased by the qualified nonprofit organization, is not receiving any other real property tax abatement for the office space; and

(2) Such other information as may be required by the Mayor pursuant to rule.


(Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7042(b), 57 DCR 6242.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7042(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).


§ 47–857.15. Tax abatements for nonprofit organizations locating in emerging commercial neighborhoods — Abatement caps.

(a) The total annual dollar amount of tax abatements approved for an Eligible Nonprofit Zone shall not exceed:

(1) $600,000 in the Anacostia Nonprofit Zone;

(2) $2.6 million in the Capitol Riverfront Nonprofit Zone;

(3) $800,000 in all Designated Nonprofit Zones;

(4) $600,000 in the Minnesota-Benning Nonprofit Zone;

(5) $1.2 million in the Mount Vernon Triangle Nonprofit Zone; and

(6) $2.6 million in the NoMa Nonprofit Zone.

(b) The total amount of real property tax abatements approved for qualified nonprofit organizations in all Eligible Nonprofit Zones shall not exceed $500,000 in Fiscal Years 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.


(Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7042(b), 57 DCR 6242.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.12 and § 47-857.13.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7042(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).


§ 47–857.16. Tax abatements for nonprofit organizations locating in emerging commercial neighborhoods — Rules.

The Mayor, pursuant to Chapter 5 of Title 2, may issue rules to implement the provisions of §§ 47-857.11 through 47-857.16.


(Sept. 24, 2010, D.C. Law 18-223, § 7042(b), 57 DCR 6242.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.13.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 7042(b) of Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2010 (D.C. Act 18-463, July 2, 2010, 57 DCR 6542).


§ 47–858.01. Tax abatements for homeowners in enterprise zones — Definitions.

For the purposes of §§ 47-858.01 through 47-858.05, the term:

(1)(A) “Area median income” means:

(i) For a household of 4 persons, the area median income for a household of 4 persons in the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area as set forth in the periodic calculation provided by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(ii) For a household of 3 persons, 90% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(iii) For a household of 2 persons, 80% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(iv) For a household of one person, 70% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons; and

(v) For a household of more than 4 persons, the area median income for a household of 4 persons, increased by 10% of the area median income for a family of 4 persons for each household member exceeding 4 persons (e.g., the area median income for a family of 5 shall be 110% of the area median income for a family of 4; the area median income for a household of 6 shall be 120% of the area median income for a family of 4).

(B) Any percentage of household income referenced in this title (e.g., 80% of household income) shall be determined through a direct mathematical calculation and shall not take into account any adjustments made by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development for the purposes of the programs it administers.

(2) “Eligible owner” means the owner of a residential property who resides in a household consisting of one or more individuals with a household income of 120% or less of the area median income.

(3) “Enterprise zone” means the area of the District designated as the District of Columbia Enterprise Zone under section 1400 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved August 5, 1997 (111 Stat. 863; 26 U.S.C. § 1400).

(4) “Single family residential property” shall have the same meaning as in § 47-803(6).

(5) “Substantially rehabilitates” means rehabilitation of a single family residential property for which the rehabilitation expenditures, during the 24-month period selected by the taxpayer, exceed $20,000. In the case of a rehabilitation that may reasonably be expected to be completed in phases set forth in architectural plans and specifications drawn by an architect licensed by the District of Columbia before the rehabilitation begins, a 60-month period may be substituted for the 24-month period.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 701(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-858.03, § 47-858.05, and § 47-4701.

Editor's Notes

Section 1101 of D.C. Law 14-114 provided: “The Mayor, pursuant to Title I of the District of Columbia Administrative Procedure Act, approved October 21, 1968 (82 Stat. 1204; D.C. Official Code § 2-501 et seq.), shall promulgate rules to implement this act.”


§ 47–858.02. Tax abatements for homeowners in enterprise zones — Requirements for tax abatement.

In order for a property to be eligible for a tax abatement under § 47-858.03 or § 47-858.04, an owner must:

(1) Submit an application to the Mayor requesting certification of the property and rehabilitation as eligible for the tax abatement; and

(2) Receive the Mayor’s certification of the application and the tax abatement.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 701(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-858.03 and § 47-858.04.


§ 47–858.03. Tax abatements for homeowners in enterprise zones — Tax abatement for substantial rehabilitation of single-family residential property in an enterprise zone.

(a) Subject to § 47-858.02 and subsection (b) and (c) of this section, if an eligible owner of a single family residential property in an enterprise zone substantially rehabilitates the property after the effective date of this section [April 19, 2002] and before October 1, 2007, there shall be allowed a deduction from the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 on the real property computed as follows:

(1) For the tax year in which the rehabilitation is completed and for the 3 tax years after the year in which the rehabilitation is completed, a deduction equal to 100% of the amount by which the tax liability for the real property increased under § 47-811 as a result of the rehabilitation;

(2) For the 4th tax year after the year in which the rehabilitation is completed, a deduction equal to 75% of the amount by which the tax liability for the real property increased under § 47-811 as a result of the rehabilitation;

(3) For the 5th tax year after the year in which the rehabilitation is completed, a deduction equal to 50% of the amount by which the tax liability for the real property increased under § 47-811 as a result of the rehabilitation; and

(4) For the 6th tax year after the year in which the rehabilitation is completed, a deduction equal to 25% of the amount by which the tax liability for the property increased under § 47-811 as a result of the rehabilitation.

(b) In order to be eligible for the tax credit under this section, the owner shall complete the substantial rehabilitation of the property for which the tax abatement is granted within 36 months after receiving the approval of the Mayor under § 47-858.02; provided, that if the substantial rehabilitation is a phased rehabilitation as described in § 47-858.01(5), the owner shall complete the substantial rehabilitation within 72 months, or such shorter period as the Mayor may designate, which shorter period shall be related to the length of the rehabilitation and shall be not less than 36 months, after receiving the approval of the Mayor under § 47-858.02.

(c) The deduction under subsection (a) of this section shall be allowed only while the eligible owner or, if the eligible owner dies, a spouse, domestic partner, sibling, child, parent, or grandparent of the person (collectively, “qualified relative”), occupies the property as the principal residence of the eligible owner or qualified relative.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 701(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-858.02.


§ 47–858.04. Tax abatements for homeowners in enterprise zones — Tax credit for substantial rehabilitation of single-family residential property in an enterprise zone.

(a) Subject to § 47-858.02 and subsection (b) of this section, if an eligible owner of a single family residential property in an enterprise zone substantially rehabilitates the property after the effective date of this section [April 19, 2002] and before October 1, 2007, the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 shall, for the tax year in which the substantial rehabilitation is completed, be reduced $50 for each $1,000 of expended on the substantial rehabilitation; provided:

(1) The owner is subject to the income tax imposed by § 47-1806.03;

(2) The improvements are completed after October 1, 2002;

(3) The owner completes the substantial rehabilitation of the property for which the reduction is granted within 36 months after receiving the approval of the Mayor under § 47-858.02;

(4) The reduction in the tax imposed by § 47-1806.03 shall not exceed $5,000.

(b) The amount of the reduction allowed during a tax year under this section shall not exceed 50% of the real property tax that was imposed on the real property by § 47-811 during the prior tax year. If the amount of the reduction exceeds 50% of the tax imposed during the prior tax year, the unused amount of the reduction may be carried forward for 5 tax years

(c) The Mayor may approve up to $1 million in tax credits under § 47-858.04.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 701(b), 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-858.02.


§ 47–858.05. Tax abatements for homeowners in enterprise zones — Applicability date; Mayoral certification; computation of abatement.

(a) Sections 47-858.01 through 47-858.04 shall apply for tax years beginning on or after October 1, 2002.

(b) On or after the first day of the tax year for which the qualification for an abatement is certified, the Mayor shall certify to the Office of Tax and Revenue a list of the qualified properties which specifies the exact parcel subject to abatement, an estimate of the abatement, and a statement that the property owner qualifies.

(c) The abatement shall be computed by the Office of Tax and Revenue by comparing the current assessment of the qualified property for the first year that the property is qualified or the assessment in any succeeding year and comparing it to the assessment in the base year. The abatement percentage shall be applied to the difference between base year assessment and the current year’s assessment for each tax year. The Mayor shall certify to the Office of Tax and Revenue that each property owner and each property qualifies for the program annually regarding income levels.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 701(b), 49 DCR 1468.)


§ 47–859.01. Tax abatements for new residential developments in NoMA — Definitions.

For the purposes of §§ 47-859.01 through 47-859.05, the term:

(1) “Eligible Area” means those portions of Wards 5 and 6 which comprise the geographic area defined by a line that starts at the center of the street at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, N.E., and 1st Street, N.E.; continuing north along the center line of 1st Street, N.E., to the center line of H Street, N.E.; continuing east along the center line of H Street, N.E., to the center line of 2nd Street, N.E.; continuing north along the center line of 2nd Street, N.E., to the center line of K Street, N.E.; continuing east along the center line of K Street, N.E., to the center line of 3rd Street, N.E.; continuing north along the center line of 3rd Street, N.E. (and including Lot 0058, Square 0774), to the center line of M Street, N.E.; continuing east along the center line of M Street, N.E., to 4th Street, N.E.; continuing along the center line of 4th Street, N.E., to the center line of Florida Avenue, N.E.; continuing northwest along the center line of Florida Avenue, N.E., until it crosses the WMATA rail line; continuing northeast along the boundary of the WMATA rail line until it crosses R Street, N.E.; continuing west along the center line of R Street, N.E., to Eckington Place, N.E.; continuing south along the center line of Eckington Place, N.E., to the center line of Q Street, N.E.; continuing west along the center line of Q Street, N.E. (and including Lots 0043, 0063, and 0070, Square 3519), to the center line of North Capitol Street (but excluding Lots 0104 through 0114, 0118 through 0133, and 0807, Square 3516,); continuing south along the center line of North Capitol Street to the center line of Eye Street, N.W.; continuing west along the center line of Eye Street, N.W., to the center line of New Jersey Avenue, N.W.; continuing southeast along the center line of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., to the center line of Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., continuing southeast along Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., to the center line of 1st Street, N.E. (the starting point).

(2) “Eligible Real Property” means real property that:

(A) Is located in an Eligible Area;

(B) Is classified, in whole or in part, as Class 1 or Class 2 property under § 47-813(c-6);

(C) Is improved by a new structure or by a previously uninhabitable structure which undergoes substantial renovation for residential use; and

(D) Has 10 or more units devoted to residential use.


(July 7, 2009, D.C. Law 18-10, § 2(b), 56 DCR 3598.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-857.09a, § 47-859.04a, and § 47-859.05.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section 3 of D.C. Act 18-54, see § 7034 of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) repeal of section 3 of D.C. Act 18-54, see § 7034 of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 18-10 provided that this act shall apply upon the inclusion of its fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan.

Section 7034 of D.C. Law 18-111 repealed section 3 of D.C. Law 18-10.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority Pursuant to D.C. Law 18-10, the NOMA Residential Development Tax Abatement Act of 2009, see Mayor’s Order 2010-111, July 9, 2010 ( 57 DCR 5997).


§ 47–859.02. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Requirements for tax abatements for new residential developments.

(a) Subject to paragraph (1) of this subsection and subsection (b) of this section, and to the tax abatement limits imposed by § 47-859.04, the Mayor shall approve a tax abatement under § 47-859.03 for an Eligible Real Property if:

(1) The owner, or his designee or assignee, receives:

(A) A final building permit for the mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems for the building’s superstructure; or

(B) A letter from both the building architect and the Mayor certifying that the 1st level of concrete has been laid and the building has received a building permit for both the building’s sheeting, shoring, and excavation work and the building’s foundation to grade structural work;

(2) The owner, or his designee or assignee, requests a certification letter from the Mayor stating that the Eligible Real Property and project are approved for the tax abatement in a stated amount;

(3) The Mayor transmits to the owner, or his designee or assignee, the certification letter requested under paragraph (2) of this subsection; and

(4) The building permit for the project’s superstructure is received after January 1, 2008.

(b) A tax abatement shall not be allowed under § 47-859.03:

(1) Unless the owner, or his designee or assignee, satisfies subsections (a)(1) and (2) of this section on or before December 31, 2013;

(2) Unless the 1st level of concrete for the project has been laid either before or within 6 months after the date the certification letter is transmitted by the Mayor under subsection (a)(3) of this section, if certification was requested based upon subsection (a)(1)(A) of this section;

(3) If the project has not received a certificate of occupancy within 36 months after the date the certification letter is transmitted by the Mayor under subsection (a)(3) of this section; provided, that the Mayor may extend the 36-month period for up to 6 months if the building’s construction has reached grade, as certified by the project architect and the Mayor;

(4) If the improvement of the Eligible Real Property is financed in any part under subchapter IX of Chapter 12 of Title 2;

(5) If the Eligible Real Property receives relief under § 42-3508.02; or

(6) If the Eligible Real Property was owned by the District of Columbia, or one of its instrumentalities, as of January 1, 2008.

(c) Repealed.

(d)(1) The Mayor shall, as nearly as practicable, review requests for certification in the order in which they were received and shall complete review of such requests for certification within 45 days after receipt.

(2) A copy of all certification letters transmitted by the Mayor pursuant to subsection (a)(3) of this section shall be sent to the Office of Tax and Revenue.


(July 7, 2009, D.C. Law 18-10, § 2(b), 56 DCR 3598; Mar. 19, 2013, D.C. Law 19-237, § 2, 59 DCR 14778.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-859.03.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-237 substituted “subsection (b) of this section” for “subsections (b) and (c) of this section” in (a); substituted “December 31, 2013” for “December 31, 2012” in (b)(1); and repealed (c), which read: “The number of residential dwelling units that may be approved under § 47-859.03 for the tax abatement under § 47-859.04 shall be limited to 3,000 units in the aggregate. The Mayor shall keep a record of the number of residential dwelling units that are approved under § 47-859.03 and § 47-859.04”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 2 of the NoMA Residential Development Tax Abatement Emergency Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-600, January 14, 2013, 60 DCR 1036), applicable as of December 30, 2012.


§ 47–859.03. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Tax abatement for all new housing projects in NoMA.

For all Eligible Real Properties certified under § 47-859.02, there shall be allowed as an abatement of the real property tax imposed by § 47-811 an amount computed as follows: $1.50 per residential FAR square foot, multiplied by the building’s total residential FAR square footage as certified by the project architect and the Mayor; provided, that:

(1) The tax abatement shall expire at the end of the 10th tax year after the tax year in which a certificate of occupancy is issued for the Eligible Real Property.

(2) If, during a tax year for which the tax abatement is approved, the Eligible Real Property for which the abatement was granted contains fewer than 10 dwelling units, the tax abatement shall not be allowed.


(July 7, 2009, D.C. Law 18-10, § 2(b), 56 DCR 3598.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-859.02 and § 47-859.04.


§ 47–859.04. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Abatement caps.

The Mayor may approve an amount not to exceed $5 million annually in tax abatements under § 47-859.03, not to exceed $50 million in the aggregate.


(July 7, 2009, D.C. Law 18-10, § 2(b), 56 DCR 3598.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-859.02.


§ 47–859.04a. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Notice and appeal rights.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Mayor shall provide the owner with written notice of the District’s intent to impose a penalty for a violation of §§ 47-859.01 through 47-859.05 or to disallow the tax abatement thereunder. The Mayor shall give the owner at least 30 days after the date of the notice to file an appeal and request a hearing before the Office of Administrative Hearings, which shall hear the appeal subject to the notice and hearing provisions of subchapter I of Chapter 18 of Title 2 [§ 2-1801.01 et seq.], and the rules thereunder.


(Mar. 31, 2011, D.C. Law 18-352, § 2(c), 58 DCR 744.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-1831.03.

Editor's Notes

Section 4 of D.C. Law 18-352 provided: “Sec. 4. Applicability. Section 2(a)(1) and (b) shall apply as of October 1, 2004. Section 2(a)(2) and (c) shall apply as of July 7, 2009.”


§ 47–859.05. Tax abatements for new residential developments — Rules.

The Mayor shall promulgate rules to implement §§ 47-859.01 through 47-859.04 within 180 days after [July 7, 2009].


(July 7, 2009, D.C. Law 18-10, § 2(b), 56 DCR 3598.)

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority Pursuant to D.C. Law 18-10, the NOMA Residential Development Tax Abatement Act of 2009, see Mayor’s Order 2010-61, April 23, 2010 ( 57 DCR 3509).


Subchapter III. Miscellaneous.

§ 47–861. Violations.

Except as specifically provided in this chapter, or in other provisions of law applicable to the District of Columbia, the Council may by regulation establish penalties for violations of any provisions of this chapter, including any regulation issued pursuant to this chapter. Such penalties may not exceed imprisonment for longer than 1 year, or a fine of not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], or both, for each offense.


(Sept. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1065, Pub. L. 93-407, title IV, § 477; Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2177, Pub. L. 93-635, § 8(d); enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(g), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-861.

1973 Ed., § 47-661.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “of not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not to exceed $10,000”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(g) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 47–862. Rules and regulations for tax deferral provisions.

The Mayor may promulgate rules and regulations for the proper administration of the provisions of §§ 47-845 and 47-846 [repealed].


(Oct. 13, 1978, D.C. Law 2-119, § 5, 25 DCR 1514; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-862.

1973 Ed., § 47-662.

References in Text

Section 47-846 was repealed by § 3 of D.C. Law 4-128.


§ 47–863. Reduced tax liability for property owners over age 65 and for property owners with disabilities; rules.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the term:

(1) “Adjusted gross income” shall have the same meaning as in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, approved August 16, 1954 (68A Stat. 17; 26 U.S.C. § 62).

(1A) “Eligible household” means:

(A) In the case of a house or condominium, an individual’s residence:

(i) That comprises a dwelling unit;

(ii) That is Class 1 Property, as defined in § 47-813, and contains not more than 5 dwelling units therein;

(iii)(I) That is owned at least 50%, in whole or in part, by the individual who:

(aa) Is 65 years of age or older; and

(bb) Whose household adjusted gross income is less than $125,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2014, by the senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50); or

(II)(aa) Has been determined to have a permanent and total disability by the Social Security Administration, is receiving Supplemental Security Income or Social Security Disability, is receiving railroad retirement disability benefits, or is receiving federal or District of Columbia government disability payments; and

(bb) Whose household adjusted gross income is less than $125,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2014, by the senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50).

(B) In the case of a cooperative housing association that is Class 1 Property, as defined in § 47-813, a shareholder’s or member’s residence:

(i) That comprises a dwelling unit;

(ii) That is owned at least 50%, in whole or in part, by the individual who:

(I)(aa) Is 65 years of age or older; and

(bb) Whose household adjusted gross income is less than $125,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2014, by the senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50); or

(II)(aa) Has been determined to have a permanent and total disability by the Social Security Administration, is receiving Supplemental Security Income or Social Security Disability, is receiving railroad retirement disability benefits, or is receiving federal or District of Columbia government disability payments; and

(bb) Whose household adjusted gross income is less than $125,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2014, by the senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50); and

(iii) That, by reason of his or her ownership of stock or membership certificate, a proprietary lease, or other evidence of membership, is occupied by right by the shareholder or member with at least a 50% interest which permits the occupation of the dwelling unit.

(1B) [Repealed].

(2) “Household adjusted gross income” means the adjusted gross income of all persons residing in a household, as determined by each person’s federal income tax year ending immediately before the beginning of the real property tax year during which the deduction provided under subsection (b) of this section shall be applicable, excluding the adjusted gross income of any person who is a tenant by virtue of a written lease for fair market value.

(2A) [Repealed].

(3) “Residence” means the principal place of residence in the District of an individual, shareholder, or member who is domiciled in the District that is located on a lot that is entitled to the homestead deduction provided under § 47-850 or § 47-850.01 for the real property tax half year to which the deduction provided under subsection (b) of this section shall be applicable.

(4) Repealed.

(5) “Taxable assessment” means the assessed value of the real property, reduced, if applicable, by the credit under § 47-864 or the deduction under § 47-850.

(6) “20 consecutive tax years” shall include no more than 2 consecutive gaps of ownership where each gap shall not exceed 120 days.

(b)(1) In the case of a house or condominium, an eligible household shall be eligible for a 50% deduction in computing real property tax liability. The deduction shall be computed by multiplying the tax rate by 50% of an amount equal to the current tax year’s taxable assessment. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back.

(2)(A) In the case of a cooperative housing association, the deduction shall be computed by multiplying the tax rate by 50% of an amount equal to the current tax year’s taxable assessment attributable to the eligible household. The deduction shall be apportioned equally between each installment during a tax year and shall not be carried forward or carried back.

(B) The taxable assessment attributable to the eligible household shall be determined in the same manner as the cooperative housing association was assessed under § 47-820.01, including any prorations thereunder.

(b-1) [Repealed].

(c)(1) In the case of a house or condominium, and to qualify the eligible household to receive the deduction, the individual shall complete and file with the Mayor an application in a form prescribed by the Mayor. The individual shall certify, under penalty of perjury, the information provided on the application form and the application form shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require the individual to provide any information which the Mayor considers necessary, including all taxpayer identification numbers of the individual, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual. The Mayor may also require the individual, any other owner, any person with legal or equitable title, and any person in the household of the individual to submit information after the deduction has been allowed to determine whether the real property remains an eligible household and entitled to the deduction.

(2)(A) For the cooperative housing association to qualify and receive the deduction, the shareholder or member shall complete and file with the Mayor an application in a form prescribed by the Mayor. The shareholder or member shall certify, under penalty of perjury, the information provided on the application form, and the application form shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require the shareholder or member to provide any information which the Mayor considers necessary, including the taxpayer identification numbers of the shareholder or member, any other person with an ownership or membership interest, and any person in the household of the shareholder or member. The Mayor may also require the shareholder or member, any other person with an ownership or membership interest, and any person in the household of the shareholder or member to submit information after the deduction has been granted to determine whether the cooperative housing association remains entitled to the deduction for the eligible household.

(B) The Mayor may require the officers or managers of the cooperative housing association to distribute the application forms to its shareholders or members and to collect the completed application forms from the shareholders or members for return to the Mayor. Officers and managers of a cooperative housing association shall submit such other information as the Mayor may require.

(C) The deduction shall be passed on to the eligible household by the cooperative housing association during the corresponding tax year.

(d) If a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the real property shall receive the deduction for the entire tax year. Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, if a properly completed and approved application is filed during the period April 1 through September 30, the real property shall receive ½ of the deduction, which shall be applied to the second installment only.

(e) The application form filed by the individual, shareholder, or member shall apply to the initial tax year, or applicable installment, and to any succeeding tax year thereafter for which the deduction is allowed.

(f)(1) Within 45 days from the date of the notice rescinding or denying the deduction, the owner may petition for an administrative review of the rescission or denial and appeal from a final determination thereof to the same extent as if the appeal were filed under § 47-825.01a(d)(2).

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the eligible household is transferred and continued to qualify for the deduction 30 days or less before the date of execution of the deed of transfer, the applicant shall not be required to notify the Mayor of the change in eligibility.

(3) If the tax is paid within 30 days of the corresponding bill, timely notification of the change in eligibility shall preclude assessment of penalty and interest.

(4) If the change in eligibility occurs during the period October 1 through March 31 of the tax year, the deduction shall be disallowed for the entire tax year.

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, if the change in eligibility occurs during the period April 1 through September 30, the real property shall receive ½ of the deduction, which shall be applied to the first installment only.

(6)(A) Notwithstanding the rescissions of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if the applicant’s required ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall nevertheless be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which such ownership interest was transferred. At the end of the half tax year, the deduction shall cease.

(B) If the applicant purchases another real property or interest in a housing cooperative for which he or she shall make application for the deduction, and the application and purchase occurs during the same half tax year when the transfer occurred, subsections (i) and (j) of this section shall not apply to the extent that both real properties may benefit from the deduction during that half tax year and, thereafter, only the newly purchased real property or housing cooperative in which the applicant acquired newly an interest shall benefit from the applicant’s deduction.

(C) Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to an eligible household in any half tax year.

(f-1) A denial of the deduction shall be subject to the provisions of § 47-813(d-1)(3A) to the same extent as an appeal of a Class 3 classification.

(f-2) [Repealed].

(g) If real property tax is owing as a result of an erroneous or improper deduction, the following shall apply:

(1) Except in the case of cooperative housing associations, if the eligible household was transferred, the applicant or former owner, and not the real property shall be personally liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely during the period when the applicant or former owner had an ownership interest in the eligible household, together with interest and penalty at the same rate as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax. The tax shall be considered due on the date that the total amount of real property tax was due but unpaid and shall be collected in the manner prescribed under Chapter 44.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the eligible household was transferred and the grantee failed to timely record a deed under § 47-1431 (or other evidence of the transfer in the case of a cooperative housing association), the real property shall be liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not timely paid, together with interest and penalty as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax.

(3) In all other cases, the real property shall be liable for the amount of the delinquent real property tax which was not paid timely, together with interest and penalty as provided in this chapter for the late payment of real property tax; provided, that the Chief Financial Officer may establish a payment plan to collect the delinquent taxes.

(h) The eligibility of an eligible household for the deduction shall not be affected by the transfer of the eligible household into a revocable trust if the transfer is without consideration and the eligible household remains the residence of the applicant-grantor before and after the transfer.

(i) No other person in the household of the individual, shareholder, or member shall claim a deduction for an eligible household in the District. The cooperative housing association shall not receive a deduction for an eligible household if the basis of the deduction is another person in the household of the shareholder or member.

(j) If an individual, shareholder, or member claims more than one eligible household in the same tax year, and has not timely notified the Mayor of all changes in eligibility, the Mayor shall disallow the deduction for all eligible households claimed by the individual, shareholder or member.

(k)(1) The Mayor may contract with a collection agency inside or outside of the District to verify the contents of any application form or return for the purposes of determining the eligibility of any eligible household.

(2) All funds collected by the collection agency and belonging to the District shall be remitted to the Mayor not less than once a month. Forms to be utilized for the remittances may be prescribed by the Mayor. The Mayor may require that the collection agency furnish a bond securing compliance with the provisions of this subsection and the contract with the District.

(3) At the discretion of the Mayor:

(A) The collection agency may charge a collection fee not in excess of 25% of the total amount of the delinquent taxes, excluding penalties and interest, that is actually collected; or

(B) The collection agency may be remunerated by fee, percentage of taxes collected, or both.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision contained in this title, confidential information related to the owner of the real property may be provided to a collection agency for purposes of collecting a delinquent tax under this chapter. If the information is provided to a collection agency under this subsection, the collection agency shall not disclose the information to a third party, other than the owner (or his or her representative), unless the Mayor would be authorized by law to make the disclosure. A collection agency, or employee of a collection agency, violating the provisions of this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01], or imprisoned for not more than 180 days, or both. All prosecutions under this paragraph shall be brought in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on information by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia in the name of the District of Columbia.

(l) In the case of a house or a condominium, the real property tax bill shall indicate whether the real property is receiving the deduction.


(Sept. 23, 1986, D.C. Law 6-153, § 5, 33 DCR 4787; Mar. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-56, § 5, 38 DCR 7281; Sept. 10, 1992, D.C. Law 9-145, § 105, 39 DCR 4895; Oct. 7, 1992, D.C. Law 9-177, § 8, 39 DCR 5868; June 14, 1994, D.C. Law 10-127, § 2, 41 DCR 2050; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254,§ 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 25, 2002, D.C. Law 14-147, § 2(g), 49 DCR 4219; Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(l), 50 DCR 896; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(f), 49 DCR 11664; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 72(c), 51 DCR 881; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 1162(e), 51 DCR 8441; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(b)(6), 52 DCR 2638; Oct, 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, §§ 1082(c), 1262(b), 1297(a)(3), 52 DCR 7503; Mar. 2, 2007, D.C. Law 16-191, § 102, 53 DCR 6794; Apr. 24, 2007, D.C. Law 16-305, § 73(b), 53 DCR 6198; Aug. 15, 2008, D.C. Law 17-216, § 4(e), 55 DCR 7500; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-345, § 2(e), 56 DCR 962; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 2(d), 59 DCR 5590; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-165, § 2, 59 DCR 6188; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 286(f), 60 DCR 2064; Dec. 24, 2013, D.C. Law 20-61, § 7323, 60 DCR 12472; May 28, 2014, D.C. Law 20-105, § 2, 61 DCR 3474; June 26, 2014, D.C. Law 20-117, § 12(a), 61 DCR 2032; Feb. 26. 2015, D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a)(2), 61 DCR 9990; Oct. 22, 2015, D.C. Law 21-36, §§ 7014, 7202, 62 DCR 10905.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-863.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-405, § 47-845.02, § 47-845.03, § 47-1803.02, and § 47-1806.09a.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-147 rewrote the section.

D.C. Law 14-282 rewrote subsecs. (b)(1)(B) and (b)(2)(A).

D.C. Law 14-307, in subsec. (b), validated a previously made technical amendment in par. (1)(B), substituted “§ 47-850.01; provided, that if a credit is received under § 47-864, 125% of the prior year’s taxable assessment shall be deemed the estimated market value for purposes of this paragraph.” for “§ 47-850.01.” in sub-subpar. (2)(A)(i)(II); in subsec. (f)(1), deleted “decrease or” preceding “deduction”; and added subsec. (f-1).

D.C. Law 15-105, in subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i), validated a previously made technical correction.

D.C. Law 15-205, in subsec. (b), rewrote subpar. (B) of par. (1), and rewrote subpar. (A) of par. (2).

D.C. Law 15-354 substituted “Attorney General for the District of Columbia” for “Corporation Counsel”.

D.C. Law 16-33, in the section name line, inserted “and for disabled property owners”; substituted “eligible” for “senior’s” throughout the section; in subsec. (a), added pars. (1A) and (5), and repealed par. (4); rewrote subsec. (b); and, in subsec. (c), added par. (2)(C).

D.C. Law 16-191, in subsec. (a)(1A)(B), redesignated subpar. (I) as subpar. (i); and, in subsecs. (b), (c), (h), and (i), validated previously made technical corrections.

D.C. Law 16-305, in the section name line, substituted “property owners with disabilities” for “disabled property owners”; and, in subsec. (a)(1A), substituted “have a permanent and total disability” for “be permanently and totally disabled”.

D.C. Law 17-216, in subsec. (f-1), substituted “an appeal of a Class 3 classification” for “a reclassification”.

D.C. Law 17-345, in subsec. (f), substituted “applicant (or current owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” in par. (1), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)” following “eligibility” in pars. (4) and (5), and added par. (6); in subsec. (g)(1), substituted “applicant or former owner, and not the real property” for “applicant” the first time it appears and substituted “applicant or former owner” for “applicant” the second time it appears; and, in subsec. (l), substituted “deduction” for “decrease”.

D.C. Law 19-155 rewrote subsec. (f-1).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-165, § 2(a), substituted “$125,000” for “$100,000” in (a)(1A)(A)(iii)(I)(bb) and (a)(1A)(A)(iii)(II)(bb).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-165, § 2(b), rewrote (a)(2) and (a)(3).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in [§ 22-3571.01]” for “not more than $1,000” in (k)(4).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-61 added “adjusted for inflation beginning on January 1, 2015, as measured by the percentage increase, if any, from the preceding fiscal year in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, Washington-Baltimore Area, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor” twice in (a)(1A)(A); and added “provided, that the Chief Financial Officer may establish a payment plan to collect the delinquent taxes” in (g)(3).

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-105 would have deleted “in whole or in part” following “50%” in (a)(1A)(A)(iii)(I) and (a)(1A)(B)(ii); would have added (a)(1B); would have rewritten (a)(2); added (a)(2A); would have added (b-1); would have rewritten (c), (d), (e), and (f); would have repealed (f-1); added (f-2); and would have rewritten (g), (h), (i), (j), and (k).

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-117 substituted “$125,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2014, by the senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50)” for “$125,000; adjusted for inflation beginning on January 1, 2015, as measured by the percentage increase, if any, from the preceding fiscal year in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, Washington-Baltimore Area, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor” throughout (a)(1A)(A); and substituted “$125,000, increased annually, beginning October 1, 2014, by the senior or disabled cost-of-living adjustment (if the adjustment does not result in a multiple of $50, rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50)” for “$100,000” throughout (a)(1A)(B).

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-155 added (a)(6).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-21, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2703).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2(g), 3 of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-190, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11219).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(g) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-226, January 8, 2002, 49 DCR 668).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(f) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(f) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(f) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(e) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-486, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8236).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(e) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-594, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 11725).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1082(c), 1262(b), 1263, 1264, 1297(a)(3), 1298, 1299 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(b) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-573, December 19, 2006, 54 DCR 18).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 21 of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-585, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 340).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(d) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-586, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 353).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(e) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-145, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10748).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(d) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-173, November 2, 2007, 54 DCR 11204).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(e) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-435, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8268).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(d) of Nuisance Properties Abatement Reform and Real Property Classification Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-436, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8272).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(e) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-547, October 24, 2008, 55 DCR 11975).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 286(f) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §§ 7322 and 7323 of the Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-130, July 30, 2013, 60 DCR 11384, 20 DCSTAT 1827).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see §§ 7322 and 7323 of the Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-204, October 17, 2013, 60 DCR 15341, 20 DCSTAT 2311).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7062(a)(2) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-377, July 14, 2014, 61 DCR 7598, 20 STAT 3696).

For temporary (90 days) repeal of D.C. Law 20-105, see § 7010d of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-449, October 10, 2014, 61 DCR 10915, 20 STAT 4188).

For temporary (90 days) addition of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7010d, repealing D.C. Law 20-105, see § 2(k) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) removal of the amendment of this section from D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-461, November 6, 2014, 61 DCR 11784, 20 STAT 4368).

For temporary (90 days) repeal of D.C. Law 20-105, see § 7010d of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-566, January 9, 2015, 62 DCR 884, 21 STAT 541).

For temporary (90 days) addition of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7010d, repealing D.C. Law 20-105, see § 2(k) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

For temporary (90 days) removal of the amendment of this section from D.C. Law 20-155, § 7052(a), see § 2(m) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Emergency Act of 2014 (D.C. Act 20-587, January 13, 2015, 62 DCR 1294, 21 STAT 758).

For temporary (90 days) repeal of D.C. Law 20-105 and amendment of this section, see § 7016(l) of the Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2015 (D.C. Act 21-127, July 27, 2015, 62 DCR 10201).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(c) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-4, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5912).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(g) of Homestead and Senior Citizen Real Property Tax Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-92, March 19, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 2997).

Section 2(b) of D.C. Law 16-257, in subsec. (f), in par. (1), substituted “applicant (or former owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” throughout, in pars. (4) and (5), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)”, and added par. (6) to read as follows:

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 16-257 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 4(d) of D.C. Law 16-259, in subsec. (f-1), substituted “an appeal of a Class 3 classification” for “a reclassification”.

Section 7(b) of D.C. Law 16-259 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(e) of D.C. Law 17-72, in subsec. (f), substituted “applicant (or former owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” throughout par. (1), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)” in pars. (4) and (5), and added par. (6) to read as follows:

“(C) Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to an eligible household in any half tax year.”; in subsec. (g)(1), substituted “applicant or former owner, and not the real property” for “applicant” the first time it appears, and “applicant or former owner” for “applicant” the second time it appears; and in subsec. (l), substituted “deduction” for “decrease”.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 4(d) of D.C. Law 17-102, in subsec. (f-1), substituted “an appeal of a Class 3 classification” for “a reclassification”.

Section 7(b) of D.C. Law 17-102 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(e) of D.C. Law 17-295, in subsec. (f), substituted “applicant (or former owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” in par. (1), deleted “(for which notification is required under this subsection)” in pars. (4) and (5), and added par. (6) to read as follows:

“(6)(A) Notwithstanding the rescissions of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if the applicant’s required ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall nevertheless be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which such ownership interest was transferred. At the end of the half tax year, the deduction shall cease.

“(B) If the applicant purchases another real property or interest in a housing cooperative for which he or she shall make application for the deduction, and the application and purchase occurs during the same half tax year when the transfer occurred, subsections (i) and (j) of this section shall not apply to the extent that both real properties may benefit from the deduction during that half tax year and, thereafter, only the newly purchased real property or housing cooperative in which the applicant acquired newly an interest shall benefit from the applicant’s deduction.

“(C) Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to an eligible household in any half tax year.”; in subsec. (g)(1), substituted “applicant or former owner, and not the real property” for “applicant” the first time it appears and substituted “applicant or former owner” for “applicant” the second time it appears; and, in subsec. (l), substituted “deduction” for “decrease”.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-295 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

“(6) Notwithstanding the rescissions of the deduction pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, if the applicant’s required ownership interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner, shareholder, or member who does not apply or qualify for the deduction, the real property shall nevertheless be entitled to the apportioned amount of the deduction applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which such ownership interest was transferred. At the end of the half tax year, the deduction shall cease. If the applicant purchases another real property or interest in a housing cooperative for which he or she shall make application for the deduction, and the application and purchase occurs during the same half tax year when the transfer occurred, subsections (i) and (j) of this section shall not apply to the extent that both real properties may benefit from the deduction during that half tax year and, thereafter, only the newly purchased real property or housing cooperative in which the applicant acquired newly an interest shall benefit from the applicant’s deduction. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction in any half tax year; provided, that in the case of a housing cooperative, the real property shall not benefit from more than one deduction related to an eligible household in any half tax year.”; in subsec. (g)(1), substituted “applicant (or former owner if there is no applicant)” for “applicant” throughout; and in subsec. (l), substituted “deduction” for “decrease”.

For temporary (225 days) addition of D.C. Law 20-155, § 7010d, see § 2(j) of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Support Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2014 (D.C. Law 20-179, March 7, 2015, 62 DCR 424).

Short Title

Section 7321 of D.C. Law 20-61 provided that Subtitle FF of Title VII of the act may be cited as the “Age-in-Place and Equitable Senior-Citizen Real Property and Relief Payment Plan Amendment Act of 2013”.

References in Text

“ Section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code,” referred to in (a)(1), is classified to 26 U.S.C. § 62.

Editor's Notes

Application of 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”

Mayor authorized to issue rules: Section 6 of D.C. Law 9-56 provided that the Mayor shall, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2, issue rules to implement the provisions of the act.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 14-147 provided that section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2001, except insofar as the retroactive application results in an increase of tax to the real property or owner thereof.

Section 15(b) of D.C. Law 14-282 provided: “Sec. 15. Applicability. Section 11(1) shall apply as of October 1, 2001.”

Applicability and expiration of subtitle EE of title I, §§ 1261 to 1265, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1263 and 1264 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by section 5(g) of D.C. Law 16-191 and D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(c), (d), provided:

“Sec. 1263. Applicability; conditional effect.

“(a) Section 1262 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.”

“(b) Repealed.

“(c) Repealed.

“Sec. 1264. Repealed.”

Applicability and expiration of subtitle KK of title I, §§ 1295 to 1300, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1298 and 1299, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(l), (m) provided:

“Sec. 1298. Conditional applicability.

“(a) Sections 1296 and 1297 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“Sec. 1299. Repealed.”

Section 3 of D.C. Law 17-345 provided: “Sec. 3. Applicability. (a) Section 2(c)(1)(A) and (B), (c)(2), (e)(1)(A) and (B), and (e)(2) shall apply for tax years beginning after September 30, 2001.

“(b) Section 2(c)(1)(C) and (e)(1)(C) shall apply as of January 2, 2007.”

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-61: Section 11001 of D.C. Law 20-61 provided that, except as otherwise provided, the act shall apply as of October 1, 2013.

Section 3 of D.C. Law 19-165 was repealed by D.C. Law 20-61, § 7322.

Section 2 of D.C. Law would have deleted “in whole or in part” following “50%” in (a)(1A)(A)(iii)(I) and (a)(1A)(B)(ii); added (a)(1B); rewritten (a)(2); added (a)(2A); added (b-1); rewritten (c), (d), (e), and (f); repealed (f-1); added (f-2); and would have rewritten (g), (h), (i), (j), and (k).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-105: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-105 provided that the act shall apply as of October 1 of the fiscal year in which it is funded and included in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published in the District of Columbia Register.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-117: Section 12(b) of D.C. Law 20-117 provided that § 12(a) of the act, which amended (a)(1A), shall apply to tax years beginning after September 30, 2013.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-117: Section 18 of D.C. Law 20-117 provided that the act shall apply as of October 1, 2013.

Section 7014 of D.C. Law 21-36 repealed D.C. Law 20-105.


§ 47–864. Owner-occupant residential tax credit.

(a) Real property receiving the homestead deduction under § 47-850 or § 47-850.01 shall receive an owner-occupant residential tax credit.

(b) The credit under subsection (a) of this section shall be calculated as follows:

(1)(A) In the case of real property that did not receive the credit under this section in the prior tax year:

(i) Subtract the current tax year’s homestead deduction from the prior tax year’s assessed value; and

(ii) Multiply the amount by 110% to determine the current tax year’s taxable assessment; provided, that for real property receiving the homestead deduction under § 47-850 and the tax relief deduction provided under § 47-863, the multiplier shall be 105%; or

(B) In the case of real property that did receive the credit under this section in the prior tax year:

(i) Multiply the prior tax year’s taxable assessment by 110%; provided, that for real property receiving the homestead deduction under § 47-850 and the tax relief deduction provided under § 47-863, the multiplier shall be 105%; and

(ii) Subtract from that amount the difference of the current tax year’s homestead deduction less the prior tax year’s homestead deduction to determine the current tax year’s taxable assessment.

(2) Subtract the current tax year’s homestead deduction from the current tax year’s assessed value.

(3) Subtract the current tax year’s taxable assessment determined under paragraph (1) of this subsection from the amount determined in paragraph (2) of this subsection;

(4) If the amount determined under paragraph (3) of this subsection is a positive number, multiply the amount by the applicable real property tax rate to determine the credit for the current tax year.

(c) The credit under this section shall not apply if:

(1) During the prior tax year:

(A)(i) The real property was transferred for consideration to a new owner; or

(ii) The return required by §§ 42-1103(d) and 47-903(d) was due;

(B) The value of the real property was increased due to a change in the zoning classification of the real property initiated or requested by the homeowner or anyone having an interest in the real property; or

(C) The assessed value of the real property was clearly erroneous due to an error in calculation or measurement of improvements on the real property;

(2) During the prior calendar year, the real property was assessed under § 47-829; or

(3) During the current tax year, the qualifying homestead deduction applications for dwelling units in a cooperative housing association are:

(i) Filed for less than 50% of the dwelling units; or

(ii) Not filed timely for the entire tax year.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the entire interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner and the real property no longer qualifies as a homestead pursuant to § 47-850 or § 47-851[§ 47-850.01], the real property shall be entitled to the credit applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of the half tax year, the credit shall cease.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, if the current tax year’s taxable assessment of a real property receiving the homestead deduction under § 47-850 or § 47-850.01 is less than 40% of the current tax year’s assessed value, the current tax year’s taxable assessment for purposes of subsection (b)(1) of this section shall be 40% of the current tax year’s assessed value.

(f) The credit under this section shall:

(1) Be nonrefundable;

(2) Be apportioned equally between each installment during the tax year; and

(3) Not be carried forward or carried back.


(Oct. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 14-28, § 2012(b), 48 DCR 6981; Oct. 1, 2002, D.C. Law 14-190, § 822, 49 DCR 6968; Apr. 22, 2004, D.C. Law 15-135, § 2(c), 51 DCR 1843; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-205, § 1162(f), 51 DCR 8441; Oct. 20, 2005, D.C. Law 16-33, § 1082(d), 52 DCR 7503; Mar. 2, 2007, D.C. Law 16-191, § 107, 53 DCR 6794; Aug. 16, 2008, D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(b), 55 DCR 7598; Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7071(b), 57 DCR 181; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 7002, 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-824, § 47-863, and § 47-3503.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-190 rewrote the section.

D.C. Law 15-135, in subsec. (a)(2), deleted “, and subsequent years,” following “2003,”; in subsecs. (b) and (c), substituted “credit under subsection (a) of this section” for “credit”; and added subsec. (d).

D.C. Law 15-205, in subsecs. (a)(2), (b), and (c), purported to make changes already made by Law 15-135; and rewrote subsec. (d).

D.C. Law 16-33, in subsec. (d)(3)(A)(i), substituted “new owner and the return required by § 42-1103(d) and § 47-903(d) was due” for “new owner”; rewrote subsec. (d)(2); and added subsecs. (d)(3)(C) and (d)(4).

D.C. Law 16-191 rewrote the section.

D.C. Law 17-219 repealed subsec. (d).

D.C. Law 18-111 rewrote the section.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7002 of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7002 of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 2, 3 of Owner-occupant Residential Tax Credit Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-306, March 25, 2002, 49 DCR 3407).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 822 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-453, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8026).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(e) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deduction Clarification Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-374, February 24, 2004, 51 DCR 2618).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(f) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-486, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8236).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 1162(f) of Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-594, October 26, 2004, 51 DCR 11725).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1082(d), 1083, 1262(c), 1263, 1264, 1286 to 1288 of Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2005 (D.C. Act 16-168, July 26, 2005, 52 DCR 7667).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 3(c), 23, 24 of Finance and Revenue Technical Amendments Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-585, December 28, 2006, 54 DCR 340).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 7021(b), 7022 of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-187, August 26, 2009, 56 DCR 7374).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7071(b) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 7071(b) of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-160, June 25, 2002, law notification 51 DCR 6496).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(e) of Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit and Homestead Deductions Temporary Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-159, May 18, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 5699).

Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 16-102 rewrote subpar. (b)(1)(B)(i) to read as follows:

“(i) For tax year 2006:

“(I) The current tax year’s taxable assessment shall be determined by subtracting $22,000 from 110% of the prior tax year’s taxable assessment;

“(II) The prior tax year’s taxable assessment for taxable real property located in triennial groups 1 and 2, as designated by the Office of Tax and Revenue, that has been owned and occupied continuously by the same owner since October 1, 2001, shall be recalculated by applying a 12% cap as of October 1, 2001; and

“(III) This sub-subparagraph shall apply as of October 1, 2005;”

Section 11(b) of D.C. Law 16-102 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Short Title

Short title of subtitle B of title VIII of Law 14-190: Section 821 of D.C. Law 14-190 provided that subtitle B of title VIII of the act may be cited as the Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit of 2002.

Short title of subtitle II of title I of Law 16-33: Section 1285 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that subtitle II of title I of the act may be cited as the Triennial Group Taxable Assessment Disparity Correction Act of 2005.

Short title: Section 7070 of D.C. Law 18-111 provided that subtitle E of title VII of the act may be cited as the “Owner-Occupant Residential Tax Credit Act of 2009”.

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of Law 15-135 provided that § 2(a), (b), and (c)(3) of the act shall apply as of October 1, 2003.

Section 1083 of D.C. Law 16-33 provided that § 1082(a)(1), (b), (d)(1), and (d)(2)(B) shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

Applicability and expiration of subtitle EE of title I, §§ 1261 to 1265, of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1263 and 1264 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by section 5(g) of D.C. Law 16-191 and D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(c), (d), provided:

“Sec. 1263. Applicability; conditional effect.

“(a) Section 1262 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.”

“(b) Repealed.

“(c) Repealed.

“Sec. 1264. Repealed.”

Applicability and expiration of §§ 1287 and 1288 of D.C. Law 16-33: Sections 1287 and 1288 of D.C. Law 16-33, as amended by D.C. Law 17-219, § 7068(h), (i), provided:

“Sec. 1287. Conditional applicability.

“(a) Section 1286 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005.

“(b) Repealed.

“Sec. 1288. Repealed.”

Section 7072 of D.C. Law 18-111 provided: “Sec. 7072. Applicability. Section 7071 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2009.”

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-111: Section 7072 of D.C. Law 18-111, as amended by D.C. Law 19-171, § provided: “Applicability. Section 7071 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2009.”


§ 47–864.01. Owner-occupant residential tax credit (conditional). [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Mar. 2, 2007, D.C. Law 16-191, §§ 108(b), 5(i), 53 DCR 6794; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-345, § 2(f), 56 DCR 962; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-353, § 202, 56 DCR 1117; Mar. 3, 2010, D.C. Law 18-111, § 7071(c), 57 DCR 181.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(f) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-145, October 17, 2007, 54 DCR 10748).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(f) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-435, July 16, 2008, 55 DCR 8268).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(f) of Real Property Tax Benefits Revision Emergency Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-547, October 24, 2008, 55 DCR 11975).

For temporary (90 day) repeal, see § 7021(c) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-187, August 26, 2009, 56 DCR 7374).

For temporary (90 day) repeal, see § 7071(c) of Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Support Second Emergency Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-207, October 15, 2009, 56 DCR 8234).

For temporary (90 day) repeal, see § 7071(c) of Fiscal Year Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2009 (D.C. Act 18-260, January 4, 2010, 57 DCR 345).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2(f) of D.C. Law 17-72 substituted “back, except as set forth in subsection (c-1) of this section” for “back” in subsec. (d)(3) and added subsec. (c-1) to read as follows:

“(c-1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the entire interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner and the real property no longer qualifies as a homestead pursuant to § 47-850 or § 47-851, the real property shall be entitled to the credit applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of the half tax year, the credit shall cease.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-72 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Section 2(f) of D.C. Law 17-295 added subsec. (c-1) to read as follows:

“(c-1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the entire interest in the real property is transferred to a new owner and the real property no longer qualifies as a homestead pursuant to § 47-850 or § 47-851, the real property shall be entitled to the credit applicable to the installment payable during the half tax year during which the ownership interest was transferred. At the end of the half tax year, the credit shall cease.”; and, in subsec. (d)(3), substituted “back, except as set forth in subsection (c-1) of this section” for “back”.

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 17-295 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

D.C. Law 17-345 added subsec. (c-1); and, in subsec. (d)(3), inserted “, except as set forth in subsection (c-1) of this section” following “back”.

Editor's Notes

Conditional applicability: Section 1287(a) of D.C. Law 16-33 provided:

“(a) Section 1286 shall apply for taxable years beginning after September 30, 2005; provided, that the condition of subsection (b) of this section is met prior to February 15, 2006; provided further, that section 1286 shall apply for the second half of fiscal year 2006 if the condition of subsection (b) of this section is met after February 14, 2006 and prior to August 5, 2006.”

Section 7072 of D.C. Law 18-111 provided: “Sec. 7072. Applicability. Section 7071 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2009.”

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-111: Section 7072 of D.C. Law 18-111, as amended by D.C. Law 19-171, § provided: “Applicability. Section 7071 shall apply to tax periods beginning after September 30, 2009.”


§ 47–865. Tax abatement for preservation of section 8 housing in qualified areas.

(a) For the purposes of this section and § 47-866, the term:

(1) “Affordable multifamily housing property” means residential real property consisting of 5 or more dwelling units in which, as the result of use restrictions or other covenants, at least 20% of the dwelling units are occupied by very low-income households.

(2)(A) “Area median income” means:

(i) For a household of 4 persons, the area median income for a household of 4 persons in the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area as set forth in the periodic calculation provided by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(ii) For a household of 3 persons, 90% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(iii) For a household of 2 persons, 80% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(iv) For a household of one person, 70% of the area median income for a household of 4 persons;

(v) For a household of more than 4 persons, the area median income for a household of 4 persons, increased by 10% of the area median income for a family of 4 persons for each household member exceeding 4 persons.

(B) Any percentage of household income referenced in this section or § 47-866 (e.g., 80% of household income) shall be determined through a direct mathematical calculation and shall not take into account any adjustments made by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development for the purposes of the programs it administers.

(3) “HAP contract” means a project-based housing assistance payments contract executed between the owner of an affordable multifamily housing property and the Secretary or a public housing agency pursuant to the United States Housing Act of 1937.

(4) “Household income” shall have the same meaning as “household gross income” in § 47-1806.06(b)(2).

(5) “Housing accommodation” shall have the same meaning as in section 103(11) of the Rental Housing Conversion and Sale Act of 1980, effective September 10, 1980 (D.C. Law 3-86; D.C. Official Code § 42-3401.03(11)).

(6) “Low-income household” means a household consisting of one or more individuals with a household income equal to, or less than, 80% of the area median income and greater than 50% of the area median.

(7) “Qualified area” means a census tract in which the average rent for one bedroom and 2-bedroom apartments exceeds the fair market rent by 25% or more.

(8) “Secretary” means the Secretary of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

(9) “Tenant” shall have the same meaning as in section 103(36) of the Rental Housing Act of 1985, effective July 17, 1985 (D.C. Law 6-10; D.C. Official Code § 42-3501.03(36)).

(10) “United States Housing Act of 1937” means the United States Housing Act of 1937, approved September 1, 1937 (50 Stat. 888; 42 U.S.C. § 1437 et seq.).

(b) Subject to subsection (c) of this section, if the owner of a housing accommodation that receives assistance pursuant to a HAP contract that is scheduled to expire after December 31, 2001, renews or extends the contract, or transfers the property to an owner who enters into a new contract with substantially the same use restrictions, the real property tax imposed on the property under § 47-811, or the payment in lieu of taxes imposed by § 47-1002(20), shall be reduced as follows:

(1) If the contract is renewed for 5 years, the owner shall receive a tax abatement equal to 75% of the tax imposed by § 47-811, or the payment in lieu of taxes imposed by § 47-1002(20), for the taxable year in which the renewed contract begins and for each of the 4 taxable years thereafter.

(2) If the contract is renewed for 10 years, the owner shall receive a tax abatement equal to 100% of the tax imposed by § 47-811, or the payment in lieu of taxes imposed by § 47-1002(20), for the taxable year in which the renewed contract begins and for each of the 9 taxable years thereafter.

(c) The tax abatement provided in subsection (a) of this section shall be allowed only if:

(1) The housing accommodation is located in a qualified area;

(2) The housing accommodation would not be subject to a reduction in federal subsidy as a result of receiving the tax abatement.

(d)(1) On or before the first day of the tax year for which a tax abatement is first granted, the Mayor shall certify to the Office of Tax and Revenue a list of the qualified properties which specifies the exact parcel subject to abatement, an estimate of the tax abatement, and a statement that the property owner qualifies for the abatement.

(2) The tax abatement shall be computed by the Office of Tax and Revenue by comparing the assessment of the qualified property for the first year that the property is qualified or the assessment in any succeeding year and comparing it to the assessment in the base year which is the assessment on the tax roll for the year preceding the first year for which the tax abatement is first received less any new construction first assessed in the base year. The tax abatement percentage shall be applied to the difference between base year assessment and the current year’s assessment for each tax year. The Mayor shall certify to the Office of Tax and Revenue that each property owner and each property qualifies for the program annually regarding income level and mix of tenants.

(e) This section shall apply for tax years beginning on or after October 1, 2002.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 291, 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-2851.02.

Editor's Notes

Building permit fee—Historic rehabilitation deemed new construction: Section 303 of D.C. Law 14-114, provided: “A residential project involving the rehabilitation of an individually designated landmark building or a building located in an historic district that provides more than 100 apartment units and involves the replacement of all building systems (mechanical, plumbing, electrical) shall be deemed new construction for the purposes of calculating the building permit fee. This section shall apply to any building permits issued after October 31, 2001.”

Section 1101 of D.C. Law 14-114 provided: “The Mayor, pursuant to Title I of the District of Columbia Administrative Procedure Act, approved October 21, 1968 (82 Stat. 1204; D.C. Official Code § 2-501 et seq.), shall promulgate rules to implement this act.”

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority-Tax Abatements under Section 291 of the Housing Act of 2002, see Mayor’s Order 2009-202, November 25, 2009 ( 56 DCR 9222).


§ 47–866. Tax abatement for improvements to section 8 and other affordable housing.

(a)(1) Subject to subsection (b) and (d) of this section, if improvements of at least $10,000 are made within a 24-month period to each of the dwelling units in an eligible low-income housing development, the real property tax imposed on the property by § 47-811 shall be reduced by 100% for 5 years beginning in the year in which qualified improvements to all of the dwelling units have been completed and all of the dwelling units are ready for occupancy.

(2) A property which receives a tax abatement under this section shall be maintained as an eligible low-income housing development throughout the 5-year tax abatement period.

(b) The tax abatement provided in subsection (a) of this section shall be allowed only if:

(1) An application requesting certification of the housing accommodation and planned improvements as eligible for the tax abatement is submitted to the Mayor at least 30 days before physical improvements to the property are begun;

(2) The Mayor approves the application submitted under paragraph (1) of this subsection;

(3) The Mayor certifies completion of the improvements;

(4) The property is maintained as an eligible low-income housing development during each tax year for which the reduction would be allowed;

(5) The improvements are made after December 31, 2001; and

(6) The housing accommodation does not receive assistance pursuant to a HAP contract or other assistance program which allows for the recovery of the costs of rehabilitation, to the extent such recovery is allowed.

(c) The Mayor may certify a housing accommodation as eligible to receive the tax abatement allowed by this section if at least 25% of the units are affordable to a household consisting of one or more individuals with a household income equal to, or less than, 50% of the area median income, and the Mayor determines, in writing and pursuant to rules promulgated by the Mayor, that the improvements are not likely to be made unless the tax abatement is received.

(d) The Mayor may approve tax abatements under this section to the extent that the cumulative amount of the abatements for any fiscal year shall not exceed $1 million.

(e)(1) On or before the first day of the tax year for which a tax abatement is first granted, the Mayor shall certify to the Office of Tax and Revenue a list of the qualified properties which specifies the exact parcel subject to abatement, an estimate of the tax abatement, and a statement that the property owner qualifies for the abatement.

(2) The tax abatement shall be computed by the Office of Tax and Revenue by comparing the assessment of the qualified property for the first year that the property is qualified or the assessment in any succeeding year and comparing it to the assessment in the base year which is the assessment on the tax roll for the year preceding the first year for which the tax abatement is first received less any new construction first assessed in the base year. The tax abatement percentage shall be applied to the difference between base year assessment and the current year’s assessment for each tax year. The Mayor shall certify to the Office of Tax and Revenue that each property owner and each property qualifies for the program annually regarding income level and mix of tenants.

(f) This section shall apply for tax years beginning on or after October 1, 2002.


(Apr. 19, 2002, D.C. Law 14-114, § 291, 49 DCR 1468.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-865.

Temporary Legislation

Sections 2 and 3 of D.C. Law 15-230 added provisions reading as follows:

“Sec. 2. Definitions.

“For the purposes of this act, the term:

“(1) ‘Administrative costs’ means costs of the Department to administer and monitor the distribution of low-income housing tax credits and to assess and collect fees under this act, including personnel, operations, maintenance, and monitoring of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program, as well as any other obligations, whether incurred before or after the effective date of this act.

“(2) ‘Department’ means the Department of Housing and Community Development.

“(3) ‘Developer’ means a person or entity that proposes to construct affordable housing using tax credits provided under the Low-Income Tax Credit Program.

“(4) ‘Fund’ means the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Fund.

“(5) ‘Low-Income Tax Credit Program’ means the program established under section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code to encourage new construction and rehabilitation of existing rental housing for low-income households and to increase the amount of affordable rental housing for households with income at or below specified income levels.

“(6) ‘Monitoring’ means the regular evaluation and monitoring of units financed by the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program.

“(7) ‘User Fees’ means any fees charged to the applicants and users of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program including application, reservation, allocation, and monitoring fees.

“Sec. 3. Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Fund.

“(a) There is established a segregated nonlapsing proprietary fund to be known as the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Fund (‘Fund’). All user fees collected under this act, and all interest earned on those fees, shall be deposited into the Fund without regard to fiscal year limitation pursuant to an act of Congress.

“(b) All revenues deposited into the Fund shall not revert to the General Fund of the District of Columbia at the end of any fiscal year or any other time, but shall be continually available to the Department for the purposes set forth in this act, subject to authorization by Congress in an appropriations act.

“(c) All revenue deposited into the Fund shall be expended by the Department for administrative costs for administering and monitoring the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program. The Fund shall not be used for any other purpose.

“(d) The Mayor shall submit to the Council, as a part of the annual budget, a requested appropriation for expenditures from the Fund. Any revenue received but not expended in a fiscal year shall be retained by the Fund.

“(e) All income and expenses of the Fund shall be audited annually by the Mayor. The audit report shall be provided to the Council. The expenses for each audit shall be paid by the Fund.”

Section 5(b) of D.C. Law 15-230 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Building permit fee—Historic rehabilitation deemed new construction: Section 303 of D.C. Law 14-114, provided: “A residential project involving the rehabilitation of an individually designated landmark building or a building located in an historic district that provides more than 100 apartment units and involves the replacement of all building systems (mechanical, plumbing, electrical) shall be deemed new construction for the purposes of calculating the building permit fee. This section shall apply to any building permits issued after October 31, 2001.”

Section 1101 of D.C. Law 14-114 provided: “The Mayor, pursuant to Title I of the District of Columbia Administrative Procedure Act, approved October 21, 1968 (82 Stat. 1204; D.C. Official Code § 2-501 et seq.), shall promulgate rules to implement this act.”


§ 47–867. Public charter school real property tax rebate.

(a) A public charter school that leases a school facility from an entity subject to tax under this chapter or the tax under Chapter 10 of this title shall receive a rebate of that portion of the tax, if any, that represents the public charter school’s pro rata share of the lessor’s tax on the property if:

(1) It is liable under the lease for the pro rata share of the tax;

(2) It applies for the rebate of the tax on or before September 15 of the calendar year in which the school year ended; and

(3) The lessor paid the tax.

(b) The rebate shall be the amount of the portion of the tax paid by the public charter school.

(c) The application shall include:

(1) A copy of the lease; and

(2) Documentation the tax has been paid.

(d) If a proper application has been made, the Mayor shall rebate the tax on or before December 31 of the same calendar year.


(Apr. 5, 2005, D.C. Law 15-275, § 2(b), 52 DCR 829; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7232(a)(2), 64 DCR 7652.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7232(a)(2) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7232(a)(2) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).

Effective Dates

Section 7052 of D.C. Law 17-219 repealed section 3 of D.C. Law 15-275.


§ 47–868. Reduced tax liability for certain urban farms.

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, if real property is used as an urban farm, then 90% of the real property tax otherwise levied pursuant to [§ 47-811] on the portion of the real property exclusively in use as an urban farm shall be abated for each real property tax year that such portion of the real property is used as an urban farm; provided, that if an urban farm is located on or in an improvement to real property, the abatement shall be applied only to the real property tax otherwise levied pursuant to [§ 47-811] on the portion of the improvement in use as an urban farm, as computed under subsection (a-1) of this section.

(a-1)(1) In the case of an urban farm located in an improvement to real property not exclusively used for urban farming, the portion of the improvement in use as an urban farm shall be computed by dividing the square footage of the portion of the improvement used for urban farming by the gross building area of the improvement.

(2) In the case of an urban farm located on an improvement to real property not exclusively used for urban farming, the portion of the improvement in use as an urban farm shall be computed by dividing the square footage of the portion of the improvement used for urban farming by the total square footage of the improvement, which shall be computed as the sum of the gross building area of the improvement and the roof area.

(b)(1) An abatement permitted under this section shall not exceed the tax liability for the entire parcel of real property on which the urban farm is located, taking into account any other applicable abatements, exemptions, or reductions.

(2) If real property is put to use as an urban farm at some time other than at the beginning of the tax year, the 90% tax abatement provided for in subsection (a) of this section shall be pro-rated according to the portion of the real-property tax year that the real property is in use as an urban farm, notwithstanding any other provision of this section.

(3) No abatement under this section shall exceed $20,000 per parcel of real property, per tax year.

(4) No abatement shall be permitted for an abutting parcel of real property with common or related ownership that is not in use as an urban farm.

(5) If the amount of tax to be abated for any half tax year for all properties certified under subsection (f)(1) of this section exceeds the total amount of funds available as certified under subsection (f)(2) of this section, the available funds shall be allocated pro rata among all properties certified under subsection (f)(1) of this section.

(c) The abatement described in subsection (a) of this section may be apportioned between semiannual installments of tax.

(d)(1) To be eligible to apply for an abatement under this section, an applicant shall, before the property is put to use as an urban farm, submit a proposed annual planting plan to the Department of General Services ("Department") for approval. The annual planting plan may include season-appropriate uses of an urban farm, such as providing cover crops, a bee hive, or growing seedlings in a greenhouse.

(2) After an applicant submits a proposed annual planting plan, the Department shall have 30 calendar days during which to object to the proposed annual planting plan and request modifications to the annual planting plan. If no objection is made within 30 calendar days of submission, the annual planting plan shall be considered approved.

(3) Once approved, the applicant shall retain the annual planting plan for at least 3 years and shall provide the annual planting plan in the event of an audit.

(e)(1) A real property owner requesting a tax abatement under this section shall apply for and provide documentation supporting the tax abatement claim in the form and manner prescribed by the Department pursuant to rules established under subsection (h) of this section.

(2) A real property owner receiving a tax abatement under this section shall make such reports concerning the use of property as may be prescribed by the Department pursuant to rules established under subsection (h) of this section.

(3) A property owner denied an abatement under this section shall have the appeal rights provided by [§ 47-1009].

(f)(1) The Department shall certify semiannually to the Office of Tax and Revenue ("OTR"), in a form and medium prescribed by OTR, each property or portion thereof eligible to receive a real property tax abatement pursuant to this section, as well as the period of time for which the property is eligible for a tax abatement under this section.

(2) The certification required by paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be accompanied by a statement from the Department specifying the amount of funds available under [[§ 48-402.02]], for real property tax abatements for the properties identified pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(3) Before certifying that a property is eligible for a real property tax abatement pursuant to this section, the Department shall ensure, at a minimum, that:

(A) The soil on the real property has been tested and found to be substantially free from arsenic, lead, and heavy metals and safe for use in the growth of produce fit for human consumption; and

(B) The real property was in use as an urban farm continuously throughout the abatement period pursuant to an approved annual planting plan.

(g) For the purposes of this section, the terms "urban farm" and "produce" shall have the same meaning as provided in [[§ 48-401]].

(h) The Mayor, pursuant to [[subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2]], may issue rules to implement the provisions of this section.


(Apr. 30, 2015, D.C. Law 20-248, § 201(a)(2), 62 DCR 1504; Apr. 7, 2017, D.C. Law 21-257, § 3(a)(2), 64 DCR 2049; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7212, 64 DCR 7652.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7212 of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7212 of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).


Subchapter IV. Condominium and Cooperative Trash Collection Tax Credit.

§ 47–871. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) “Condominium”, “cooperative housing association”, “dwelling unit”, or “nontransient” shall have the same meaning as the terms have in § 47-813(d); and

(2) “Homeowners association” means a mandatory membership association of owners of residential real property created and formed pursuant to a recorded instrument including a declaration of covenants, limitations, and conditions, which subjects property within the homeowners association to certain restrictive covenants.


(Oct. 2, 1990, D.C. Law 8-180, § 2, 37 DCR 5039; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-871.


§ 47–872. Computation of tax; annual adjustment; limitations.

(a) For purposes of computing taxes on real property in the District of Columbia, Class 1 Property shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed under § 47-811.

(b) The credit shall not be allowed for a single dwelling unit owned as a condominium if the single dwelling unit:

(1) Is located in a condominium building with 3 or fewer dwelling units; or

(2) Receives trash collection services provided by the Mayor, other than collection of recyclable materials provided pursuant to Chapter 10 of Title 8 [§ 8-1001 et seq.].

(c) The credit shall be an amount equal to $60 and shall be adjusted annually beginning in the tax year beginning July 1, 1992, and ending June 30, 1993, and in each subsequent tax year, in accordance with subsection (d) of this section.

(d) The credit shall be adjusted annually by the addition to the prior tax year credit of an amount equal to the percentage increase in the local Consumer Price Index for all items during the calendar year in which the tax year begins, rounded to the nearest whole dollar.

(e) The amount of the credit allowed under this section shall not exceed the amount of property tax otherwise due.


(Oct. 2, 1990, D.C. Law 8-180, § 3, 37 DCR 5039; Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 108(a), 42 DCR 3684; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 504(b), 48 DCR 334; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(g), 49 DCR 11664; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-354, § 73(b)(7), 52 DCR 2638.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-872.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305, in subsec. (d), substituted “percentage increase in the local Consumer Price Index for all items” for “percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (‘CPI-U’) for all items, in the Washington, D.C. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area,”.

D.C. Law 14-307 rewrote subsec. (a); and in subsec. (b), deleted “or a single dwelling unit that is owned by a member of a homeowners association if the condominium or” following “condominium”.

D.C. Law 15-354, in subsec. (b), validated a previously made technical correction.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 108(a) of the Omnibus Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 1995 (D.C. Act 11-124, July 27, 1995, 42 DCR 4160).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(b) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(g) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(g) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(g) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 4(c) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”


§ 47–873. Computation of tax; annual adjustment; limitations — Cooperative housing associations.

(a) For purposes of computing taxes on real property in the District of Columbia, Class 1 Property owned by a cooperative housing association shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed under § 47-811.

(b) The credit shall not be allowed for Class 1 Property owned by a cooperative housing association if the Class 1 Property:

(1) Has 3 or fewer dwelling units; or

(2) Receives trash collection services provided by the Mayor other than the collection of recyclable materials provided pursuant to Chapter 10 of Title 8.

(c) The credit shall be an amount equal to $60 multiplied by the number of dwelling units that are occupied by the shareholders or members of the cooperative housing association. The credit shall be adjusted annually beginning in the tax year beginning July 1, 1992, and ending June 30, 1993, and in each subsequent tax year, in accordance with subsection (d) of this section.

(d) The credit shall be adjusted annually by the addition to the prior tax year credit of an amount equal to the percentage increase in the local Consumer Price Index for all items during the calendar year in which the tax year begins, rounded to the nearest whole dollar.

(e) The amount of the credit allowed under this section shall not exceed the amount of property tax otherwise due.


(Oct. 2, 1990, D.C. Law 8-180, § 4, 37 DCR 5039; Sept. 26, 1995, D.C. Law 11-52, § 108(b), 42 DCR 3684; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; June 9, 2001, D.C. Law 13-305, § 504(c), 48 DCR 334; June 5, 2003, D.C. Law 14-307, § 1303(h), 49 DCR 11664.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-873.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-305, in subsec. (d), substituted “percentage increase in the local Consumer Price Index for all items” for “percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (‘CPI-U’) for all items, in the Washington, D.C. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area,”.

D.C. Law 14-307 rewrote subsec. (a); and in subsec. (b), substituted “Class 1 Property” for “improved residential real property” in two different places.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(c) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-22, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2706).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(h) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-544, December 4, 2002, 49 DCR 11700).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(h) and 1304 of the Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-27, February 24, 2003, 50 DCR 2151).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see §§ 1303(h) and 1304 of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Amendment Second Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-103, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5499).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 4(d) of Real Property Tax Clarity and Litter Control Administration Temporary Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-8, June 13, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 5916).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 14-307: Section 1304 of D.C. Law 14-307 provided: “Sections 1302 and 1303 shall apply as of October 1, 2002.”


§ 47–874. Regulations.

The Chief Financial Officer may promulgate regulations to carry out the purpose of this chapter and amend or repeal any existing regulations promulgated to carry out the purpose of this chapter.


(Oct. 2, 1990, D.C. Law 8-180, § 5, 37 DCR 5039; enacted, Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-254, § 2, 44 DCR 1575; Oct. 3, 2001, D.C. Law 14-28, § 2002(h), 48 DCR 6981.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 47-874.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-28 rewrote the section.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(h) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-44, April 18, 2001, 48 DCR 3844).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(h) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-116, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7659).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2(h) of Real Property Tax Assessment Transition Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-23, September 6, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9093).


§ 47–875. Applicability of other provisions to this chapter.

The provisions of Chapter 41, §§ 47-4310 and 47-4311, §§ 47-4431 through 47-4440, and § 47-4452(a) shall apply to this chapter. No other provisions of chapters 42, 43 and 44 shall apply to this chapter.


(Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(m), 50 DCR 896.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).


§ 47–876. Costs for records and data; miscellaneous charges.

The Mayor may establish and collect costs related to the compilation and production of records, data, and maps in electronic media or tangible formats. The Mayor may also establish and collect charges, including royalties, pursuant to a contract, for goods and services and the licensing of intellectual property rights. Costs and charges collected under this section shall be deposited into the Recorder of Deeds Automation Fund under § 42-1214.


(Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(m), 50 DCR 896; Dec. 13, 2017, D.C. Law 22-33, § 7273(a), 64 DCR 7652.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-1214.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7273(a) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-167, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10802).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 7273(a) of Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-104, July 20, 2017, 64 DCR 7032).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).


§ 47–877. Appeals under this chapter.

Petitions and appeals under this chapter shall not be deemed adjudicated cases for the purposes of §§ 2-1831.01 through 2-1831.16.


(Apr. 4, 2003, D.C. Law 14-282, § 11(m), 50 DCR 896.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-381, June 6, 2002, 49 DCR 5674).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-456, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8107).

For temporary (90 day) addition of this section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-510, October 23, 2002, 49 DCR 10247).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Recorder of Deeds Temporary Act of 2002 (D.C. Law 14-191, October 5, 2002, law notification 49 DCR 9549).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 12(m) of Tax Clarity and Related Amendments Temporary Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 14-228, March 23, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 2741).


Subchapter V. New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment District.

§ 47–881. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) “Chief Financial Officer” or “CFO” means the Chief Financial Officer of the District established by § 47-317.01(a) [see now § 1-204.24a].

(2) “District” means the District of Columbia.

(3) “General Obligation Bonds” means the District of Columbia general obligation bonds issued, or to be issued, by the District, of which net proceeds in the amount of $25 million shall be paid to the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority to be used to pay costs of the New York Avenue Metro Project.

(4) “New York Avenue Metro Project” means the acquisition, construction, and equipping of a new Metrorail station to be located in the vicinity of New York and Florida Avenues, N.E., Washington, D.C.

(5) “New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area” or “MBA” means the special assessment district established under § 47-882.

(6) “New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area Account” means the account established under § 47-884.

(7) “Special Assessment Annual Collection Amount” means the amount established under § 47-883.

(8) “Special Assessment Factor” means the Special Collection Amount divided by the aggregate assessed value of real property subject to this subchapter, as determined and adjusted under § 47-883.

(9) “Special Assessment Total Collection Amount” means the aggregate amount of collections under this subchapter established under § 47-883.

(10) “Tax lot” means a tax lot as shown on the real property tax records of the District.


(Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-44, § 2, 48 DCR 7665.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-64, June 6, 2001, 48 DCR 5714).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-115, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7652).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(b) of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-25, October 2, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9564).


§ 47–882. Establishment of special assessment district.

There is hereby established the New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area, which shall comprise those tax lots substantially within 2,500 feet from the entrances of the proposed in-fill rail transit station and which are not within 1,250 feet of the existing Union Station rail transit station, more particularly described as all lots included in the following squares or parcels: 616, 617, 618, 619, 620, 621, 668, 669, 670, 671, 672, 673, 674, 709, 710, 710E, 711, 711E, 712, 713, 714, 747, 747N, 748, 749, 772, 772N, 773, 774, 804, 805, 806, 828, 829, 830, 855, 855N, 856, 886, 887, 3514, 3516, 3518, 3519, 3520, 3521, 3522, 3523, 3524, 3527, 3569, 3570, 3571, 3572, 3573, 3574, 3575, 3576, 3580, 3581, 3582, 3583, 3584, 3585, 3587, 3588, 3589, 3590, 3591, 3592, 3593, 3594, 3598, 3600, 3601, 3602, 3603, 3605, 3606, and 3607, and RES0278 and parcel 117; within parcel 129, lots 9, 10, 27, 28, 30, 32, 34, 43, 45, 51, 57, 70, 77, 89, 90, 95, 96, 102, 103, 104, 106, and 112; within parcel 130, lots 57 and 58, and within parcel 141, lot 69.


(Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-44, § 2, 48 DCR 7665.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-881.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-64, June 6, 2001, 48 DCR 5714).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-115, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7652).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(b) of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-25, October 2, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9564).


§ 47–883. Levy of special assessment; protest; termination of levy.

(a)(1) Beginning with tax year 2002, there is hereby levied a special assessment upon each tax lot of real property located within the MBA which:

(A) Is shown on the zoning map of the District as being located in a district that is zoned commercial;

(B) Is not exempt from real property tax under Chapter 8 of this title; and

(C) At any time after December 31, 2000, included a land area of at least 10,000 square feet.

(2) When a special assessment under this subchapter appears on the real property tax bill, the special assessment shall not be required to be certified for purposes of Chapter 13A of this title.

(b) Within 120 days after [June 6, 2001], the CFO shall determine the total debt service projected to be paid on the initial General Obligation Bonds from their date of issuance through maturity, which amount shall constitute the Special Assessment Total Collection Amount; provided, that the Special Assessment Total Collection Amount shall be subject to adjustment after the initial determination if the CFO determines and certifies that the actual debt service payable on the initial General Obligation Bonds will be less than the amount projected. The Special Assessment Annual Collection Amount shall be 1/30 of the Special Assessment Total Collection Amount.

(c) Within 120 days after [June 6, 2001], the CFO shall determine the tax lots of real property which are subject to the special assessment under subsection (a) of this section, the total assessed value real property tax purposes of each tax lot, and the aggregate total assessed value for real property tax purposes of all tax lots. The valuation shall be determined as of the real property tax valuation date for tax year 2000.

(d) Within 120 days after [June 6, 2001], the CFO shall determine the Special Assessment Factor, which shall be computed by dividing the Special Assessment Annual Collection Amount by the aggregate assessed value determined under subsection (c) of this section; provided, that the CFO may increase the Special Assessment Factor at any time by the amount that the CFO determines to be necessary to ensure that the special assessments under this section shall be at least equal to the Special Assessment Annual Collection Amount in each year. The special assessment applicable to each tax lot shall be determined by multiplying the Special Assessment Factor by the total assessed value of each tax lot as of [June 6, 2001], or, for any tax lot which becomes subject to the special assessment after [June 6, 2001], the date on which the tax lot becomes subject to the special assessment. Each special assessment shall be made part of the public record.

(e)(1) Within 180 days after [June 6, 2001], the CFO shall give notice of the special assessment to the owner, as shown on the real property tax records of the District, of each tax lot of real property which is subject to the special assessment under this subchapter on [June 6, 2001]. The notice shall state the amount of the proposed special assessment and the procedure for any protest with respect to the special assessment.

(2) If a tax lot becomes subject to this subchapter after [June 6, 2001], the CFO shall give notice of the special assessment to the owner, as shown on the real property tax records of the District, of such tax lot. The notice shall state the amount of the proposed special assessment and the procedure for any protest with respect to the special assessment.

(f) The owner of a tax lot subject to special assessment under this subchapter may protest the amount of a special assessment levied by filing a protest with the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia (“Commission”), on a form prescribed by The Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia, within 30 days after notice of assessment. The protest shall be reviewed by the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia in accordance with § 47-825.1. Each decision of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia shall be maintained by the Board and shall be made available for examination and photocopying at cost to any requestor.

(g) Special assessments levied under this subchapter shall be collected at the same time and in the same manner as real property taxes under this chapter are collected.

(h) An unpaid special assessment shall be subject to the same penalty and interest provisions as a delinquent real property tax under this chapter. A lien for an unpaid special assessment, including penalty and interest, shall attach to the real property in the same manner and with the same priority as a lien for delinquent real property tax under Chapter 13A of this title. The unpaid special assessment shall be collected in accordance with Chapter 13A of the title.

(i) The levy of special assessments shall terminate on the date on which the Special Assessment Total Collection Amount has been received by the District, as certified by the CFO to the Mayor under § 47-884.


(Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-44, § 2, 48 DCR 7665; June 12, 2003, D.C. Law 14-310, § 11(b), 50 DCR 1092; Apr. 8, 2011, D.C. Law 18-363, § 3(g)(9), 58 DCR 963; Sept. 26, 2012, D.C. Law 19-171, § 114(l), 59 DCR 6190.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-881.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-310, in subpar. (1)(B) of subsec. (a), substituted “Chapter 8” for “Chapter 13A”.

D.C. Law 18-363 substituted “Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia” for “Board of Real Property Assessments and Appeals”.

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-171 substituted “Commission” for “Board” throughout (f).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-64, June 6, 2001, 48 DCR 5714).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-115, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7652).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(b) of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-25, October 2, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9564).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 18-363: Section 3a of D.C. Law 18-363, as added by D.C. Law 19-155, § 4, provided: “Sec. 3a. Applicability; transition.

“(a) Sections 2 and 3 shall apply upon Council approval and appointment by the Mayor of a full-time Chairperson and a full-time Vice Chairperson to the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia.

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the Mayor shall appoint the members of the Real Property Tax Appeals Commission for the District of Columbia with the advice and consent of the Council in accordance with the provisions of section 2(b)(3).”


§ 47–884. Application of assessment.

The CFO shall establish the New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area Account within the General Fund for the deposit and application of special assessment revenues from the New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area. Monies held, or to be held, in New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area Account shall be used to pay the principal of, and interest on, the General Obligation Bonds or any other then outstanding District of Columbia general obligation bonds. When the total aggregate deposits into the New York Avenue Metrorail Benefit Area Account are equal to the Special Assessment Total Collection Amount, the CFO shall so certify to the Mayor.


(Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-44, § 2, 48 DCR 7665.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-881 and § 47-883.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-64, June 6, 2001, 48 DCR 5714).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-115, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7652).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(b) of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-25, October 2, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9564).


§ 47–885. Regulations.

The CFO may promulgate regulations to carry out the purpose of this subchapter.


(Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-44, § 2, 48 DCR 7665.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-64, June 6, 2001, 48 DCR 5714).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Legislative Review Emergency Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-115, August 3, 2001, 48 DCR 7652).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 day) addition of section, see § 2(b) of New York Avenue Metro Special Assessment Authorization Temporary Act of 2001 (D.C. Law 14-25, October 2, 2001, law notification 48 DCR 9564).


Subchapter VI. Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District.

§ 47–891. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) “Chief Financial Officer” means the Chief Financial Officer of the District of Columbia established by § 1-204.24a.

(2) “Gross building area” means, with respect to a real property, the product of the land area of the real property multiplied by the maximum floor area ratio allowable under its zoning category as of January 1, 2007 without including transfer development rights or bonus development rights; provided, that in the case of real property formerly owned by the United States of America after January 1, 2007, the term “gross building area” shall mean the foregoing as of the date the real property was first legally zoned under District law.

(3) “Land area” means, with respect to a real property, the ground square footage of the real property.

(4) “Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District” means the special assessment district established by § 47-892.

(5)(A) “Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Project” means the improvements and upgrades to the storm drainage and water and sewer systems scheduled to be performed starting on or about May 1, 2007, and scheduled to be completed on or about February 15, 2008, on the following streets: Potomac Avenue, S.E., from South Capitol Street to First Street, S.E.; First Street, S.E., from Potomac Avenue, S.E., to I Street, S.E.; N Street, S.E., from South Capitol Street to First Street, S.E.; I Street, S.E., from South Capitol Street to First Street, S.E.; and South Capitol Street from N Street to O Street, S.E.

(B) The scheduled starting and completion dates set forth in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph are set forth for descriptive purposes only and shall not limit the costs that may be included in the special assessment total collection amount determined under § 47-893(c) based solely on the fact that the costs were incurred before the scheduled starting date or after the scheduled completion date.


(Jan. 29, 2007, D.C. Law 17-89, § 2(b), 54 DCR 11919.)

Editor's Notes

Section 3 of D.C. Law 17-89 provided that Section 2 shall apply as of October 1, 2007.


§ 47–892. Establishment of special assessment district.

There is established as a special assessment district the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District, which shall be comprised of those real properties served by or otherwise specially benefitting from the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Project, more particularly described as all real properties included in the following squares or portions of squares: 0695, 0695W, 0695NW, 0696, 0697N, 0699, 0699N, 0700, 0701, 0707, the portions of 0708 and 0708E east of South Capitol Street (as South Capitol Street existed on June 1, 2007), 0738, 0740, 0743N, 0744S, and 0744SS, and any future subdivisions of these squares and lots.


(Jan. 29, 2007, D.C. Law 17-89, § 2(b), 54 DCR 11919.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-891.


§ 47–893. Levy of special assessment; protest; termination of levy.

(a) Beginning in tax year 2008, there is levied a special assessment upon each real property located within the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District, except the following:

(1) Real properties owned by the District of Columbia, except an independent instrumentality or authority of the District of Columbia, the United States, or the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority; provided, that if an interest in or use of the land of such real property is subject to taxation under § 47-1005.01 because of a ground lease and the improvement is privately owned, the interest in or use of the land and the improvement shall be subject to the special assessment imposed by this subchapter based on the land area of the interest and the actual gross building area of the improvement (if not subject to District zoning) or the gross building area of the improvement (if subject to District zoning); provided further, that if the real property becomes owned by an entity other than the District of Columbia, the United States, or the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, the provisions of this paragraph shall not exempt the real property from the special assessment imposed by this subchapter;

(2) Real properties on which, on June 1, 2007, occupied residential were located; provided, that after June 1, 2007, if the real property is redeveloped for nonresidential uses, or if the real property becomes part of a development project that may include a condominium regime, that consists of 5 or more dwelling units, the provisions of this paragraph shall not exempt the real property or subdivisions thereof from the special assessment imposed by this subchapter;

(3) Real properties on which, on June 1, 2007, an active house of worship with a tax-exempt status was located; provided, that after June 1, 2007, if the real property is later used for a purpose other than as a house of worship, the provisions of this paragraph shall not exempt the real property from the special assessment imposed by this subchapter; or

(4) Real properties that received a certificate of occupancy for a building of over 10,000 square feet between January 1, 2003, and June 1, 2007, or which had a utility plan related to a building permit approved by the District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority between January 1, 2006, and October 31, 2006.

(b) The special assessment applicable to a real property shall be equal to the sum of:

(1) The storm drainage assessment factor of 0.118 multiplied by the land area of the real property or interest therein; and

(2) The water and sewer assessment factor of 0.0346 multiplied by the gross building area of the real property.

(c)(1) Within 180 days after the effective date of this subchapter, for tax year 2008, the Chief Financial Officer shall determine each real property that is subject to the special assessment under this subchapter and give notice of the special assessment to the owner, as shown on the real property tax records of the District. The notice shall state the amount of the proposed special assessment and the procedure for appeal set forth in subsection (e) of this section. The Chief Financial Officer shall not recalculate either factor because an additional real property has become subject to the special assessment after the first determination under this paragraph. No further notice shall be required for future tax years.

(2) If a real property becomes subject to the special assessment imposed by this subchapter after [January 29, 2008], the Chief Financial Officer shall give notice of the special assessment to the owner, as shown on the real property tax records of the District, of such real property within 90 days after the Chief Financial Officer determines the real property has become subject to the special assessment. The notice shall state the amount of the proposed special assessment and the procedure for appeal set forth in subsection (e) of this section. The real property shall become liable for the special assessment as of the beginning of the next succeeding tax year from the date on which such real property became subject to the special assessment. No further notice shall be required for future tax years.

(3) The owner of a real property may elect at least once annually and upon the sale of a real property, under procedures established by the Chief Financial Officer, to pay in a lump sum payment equal to the present value, calculated as of the next succeeding June 30th at an annual discount rate of 4.5%, of the total amount of all future annual special assessments to which the Chief Financial Officer determines the real property is subject under this subchapter. If the owner makes such a lump sum payment within 30 days from the date of the special assessment bill from the Chief Financial Officer, the real property shall not be subject to future annual special assessments under this subchapter.

(d) If the Chief Financial Officer learns that a real property subject to the special assessment has been omitted from the special assessment for any previous tax year, the Chief Financial Officer shall provide notice under subsection (e) of this section to the owner for the succeeding, current, and prior tax years, and shall collect the special assessment amount in arrears, including penalty and interest from the date the special assessment should have been paid; provided, that no real property that has escaped the special assessment shall be liable under this section for a period of more than 3 prior tax years. No further notice shall be required for future tax years.

(e) The owner of a real property subject to special assessment under this subchapter, when first provided notice of a special assessment under this subchapter, may petition for administrative review, and appeal from a final determination made upon administrative review, of the amount of a special assessment, or the imposition of the special assessment, on the real property or interest therein in the same manner and to the same extent as set forth in § 47-825.01(f-1) as if the owner were a new property owner; provided, that for purposes of the new owner appeal, the date of transfer shall be deemed to be the date of the notice and the tax year shall be deemed to be the last tax year included in the notice; provided further, that notwithstanding the foregoing, the notice under subsection (c)(1) of this section shall be mailed on or before March 1, 2008 and the owner may petition for an administrative review on or before April 1, 2008 and appeal therefrom to the same extent and under the same conditions as a real property owner may appeal his tax year 2009 real property tax assessment.

(f) Beginning in tax year 2008, special assessments under this subchapter shall be levied annually and shall be due on June 30 of the tax year. The owner shall have 30 days to pay the special assessment bill before the bill is due.

(g)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, an unpaid special assessment shall be subject to the same penalty and interest provisions as a delinquent real property tax under this chapter. A lien for an unpaid special assessment, including penalty and interest, shall attach to the real property in the same manner as, and with a priority immediately junior to, a lien for delinquent real property tax under Chapter 13A [of this title]. The unpaid special assessment shall be collected in the same manner and under the same conditions and subject to the same penalty as for unpaid real property taxes.

(2) If an interest in, or use of the land of, a real property is subject to the special assessment because it is subject to taxation under § 47-1005.01, an unpaid special assessment on such interest or use shall be subject to the same penalty and interest provisions as a delinquent tax imposed under § 47-1005.01, and the unpaid special assessment shall be collected in the same manner and under the same conditions and subject to the same penalty as for an unpaid tax imposed under § 47-1005.01.

(h) The levy of special assessments under this subchapter shall terminate on the date on which the special assessment total collection amount has been received by the District, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer.

(i) A special assessment imposed under this subchapter shall not be required to be certified for the purposes of Chapter 13A of this title.

(j) Each special assessment shall be made part of the public record.

(k) The total collection amount from the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District shall not exceed the amount required to pay the debt service on a total amount of $12.45 million of borrowing authority, which shall represent the special assessment total collection amount of the properties subject to the assessment under this subchapter.


(Jan. 29, 2007, D.C. Law 17-89, § 2(b), 54 DCR 11919; July 13, 2012, D.C. Law 19-155, § 2(e), 59 DCR 5590.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 47-891 and § 47-894.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 19-155 rewrote subsec. (e), which formerly read:

“(e) The owner of a real property subject to special assessment under this subchapter, when first provided notice of a special assessment under this subchapter, may petition for administrative review, and appeal from a final determination made upon administrative review, of the amount of a special assessment, or the imposition of the special assessment, on the real property or interest therein in the same manner and to the same extent as set forth in § 47-825.01(f-1) as if the owner were a new property owner; provided, that for purposes of the new owner appeal, the date of transfer shall be deemed to be the date of the notice and the tax year shall be deemed to be the last tax year included in the notice; provided further, that notwithstanding the foregoing, the notice under subsection (c)(1) of this section shall be mailed on or before March 1, 2008 and the owner may petition for an administrative review on or before April 1, 2008 and appeal therefrom to the same extent and under the same conditions as a real property owner may appeal his tax year 2009 real property tax assessment.”


§ 47–894. Application of assessment.

The Chief Financial Officer shall establish the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District Account within the General Fund of the District of Columbia for the deposit and application of special assessment revenues collected under this subchapter. Subject to lien priority, funds in the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District Account shall be used to pay the principal of, interest on, or other repayment amounts related to the general obligation bonds, notes, other obligations, expenditures, or outlays used to finance or pay for the Southwest Water and Sewer Improvement Project or any other then outstanding District of Columbia general obligation bonds, notes, or other obligations. After the termination of the special assessment under § 47-893(h), any unexpended funds in the Southeast Water and Sewer Improvement Benefit District Account shall be transferred to the Economic Development Special Account or its successor or, if the Economic Development Special Account or a successor to the Economic Development Special Account no longer exists, to the General Fund of the District of Columbia.


(Jan. 29, 2007, D.C. Law 17-89, § 2(b), 54 DCR 11919.)


Subchapter VII. Southwest Waterfront Special Assessment District.

§ 47–895.01. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) “Adjusted Maximum Special Assessment” means the Special Assessment determined in accordance with § 47-895.03.

(2) “Administrator” means the designee of the Chief Financial Officer for purposes of estimating the annual Special Assessment Requirement and the Special Assessment to be levied each fiscal year and for providing other services as required with respect to the administration of the Special Assessment.

(3) “Bonds” means the bonds, notes, or other obligations issued by the District pursuant to [D.C. Law 17-252, codified as § 2-1217.131 et seq., this subchapter, and § 47-4616].

(4) “Chief Financial Officer” means the Chief Financial Officer of the District of Columbia established by § 1-204.24a(a).

(5) “Debt Service” means the principal, interest and premium, if any, on the bonds.

(6) “Equivalent Unit” means the product resulting from the equivalent unit factor for each type of property and its application method to be used by the Chief Financial Officer in calculating the Maximum Special Assessment for each lot as follows:

Property Type Equivalent Unit Factor Application Method
Commercial Retail 1.00 Per 1,000 sq. ft.
Commercial Restaurants 1.00 Per 1,000 sq. ft.
Hotel 0.29 Per room
Commercial Office 0.25 Per 1,000 sq. ft.
Rental Apartments 0.06 Per 1,000 sq. ft.
For sale condos (Market rate designation) 0.09 Per unit
For sale condos (Affordable designation) .02 Per unit

(7) “Gross building area” or “GBA” means, with respect to a lot, the product of the land area of the lot multiplied by the maximum floor area ratio (“FAR”) allowable under its zoning category, including additional FAR allowable as a matter of right if the additional FAR is dedicated to a particular use, such as an additional residential floor, as of the date of the 1st issuance of bonds, without including transfer development rights or bonus development rights.

(8) “Indenture of Trust” means the indenture relating to the bonds, as modified, amended, or supplemented from time to time.

(9) “Land area” means, with respect to a lot, the ground square footage of the lot.

(10) “Lot” means a tax lot, record lot, or other division of real property designated for assessment and taxation purposes in the Southwest Waterfront Improvement Benefit District. The term “lot” shall include a possessory interest as described in § 47-1005.01.

(11) “Master Developer” means the development entity to which the District transfers the leasehold interest in the Southwest Waterfront Improvement Benefit District and which is responsible for the planned development of the entire Southwest Waterfront Improvement Benefit District, including the project.

(12) “Maximum Special Assessment” means the maximum special assessment determined in accordance with § 47-895.03.

(13) “Owner” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 47-802(5) and shall include the holder of a possessory interest as described in § 47-1005.01.

(14) “PILOT Revenues” means the amount of the Southwest Waterfront PILOT Increment, as defined in [§ 2-1217.131(22)], paid or to be paid into the Southwest Waterfront Fund each fiscal year.

(15) “Project” means the publicly owned infrastructure located within the Southwest Waterfront PILOT/TIF Area, including streets, parking facilities, sidewalks, walkways, streetscapes, parks, bulkheads, piers, curbs, gutters, and gas, electric, and water utility lines, and the acquisition, equipping, relocation, construction, and redevelopment of certain public facilities, including parks.

(16) “Proportionately” means that the ratio of the Special Assessment to be collected as a percentage of the Adjusted Maximum Special Assessment is equal for each lot (excluding those lots for which the Adjusted Maximum Special Assessment is zero).

(17) “Special Assessment” means the Special Assessment levied by the District each fiscal year to fund the Special Assessment Requirement.

(18) “Special Assessment Credit” shall be the amount provided in § 47-895.03; provided, that the term “Special Assessment Credit” means, with respect to a lot, the TIF Revenues and the PILOT Revenues related to the lot and included in calculating the Special Assessment Requirement.

(19) “Special Assessment Requirement” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 47-895.03.

(20) “Southwest Waterfront Improvement Benefit District” means the special assessment district established by § 47-895.02.

(21) “Southwest Waterfront Fund” means the fund established by [§ 2-1217.133].

(22) “SWW Development” means an area of 50,400 square feet located on a portion of Lots 839, 831, and 84 in Square 473, and such other area of land that is contiguous to Lots 839, 831, and 84, Square 473, and within the boundaries of the Southwest Waterfront Improvement Benefit District, which shall be designated as the SWW Development in an instrument from the District conveying a ground lease of, or other possessory interest in, such area to the Master Developer or to the assignee or transferee of the Master Developer with the consent of the District.

(23) “TIF Revenues” means the amount of the Available Sales Tax Revenues, as defined in [§ 2-1217.131(3)], paid or to be paid into the Southwest Waterfront Fund each fiscal year by the District pursuant to the requirements of the Southwest Waterfront Bond Financing Act of 2008 Bill [