Code of the District of Columbia

§ 32–501. Definitions.

*NOTE: This section includes amendments by temporary legislation that will expire on February 4, 2022. To view the text of this section after the expiration of all emergency and/or temporary legislation, click this link: Permanent Version.*

*NOTE: This section has been amended by emergency legislation with identical permanent legislation that will become effective in December, 2021.*

For purposes of this chapter, the term:

(1) "Employee" means:

(A) For leave provided under §§ 32-502 or 32-503, an individual who has:

(i) Been employed by the same employer for at least 12 consecutive or non-consecutive months, inclusive of holiday, sick, or personal leave granted by the employer as part of its regular benefits whether such leave was paid or unpaid, in the 7 years immediately preceding the date on which the period of family or medical leave is to commence; and

(ii) Worked at least 1,000 hours for the employer during the 12-month period referenced in sub-subparagraph (i) of this paragraph preceding the date on which the period of family or medical leave is to commence.

(B) For leave provided under § 32-502.01, an individual employed by an employer for at least 30 days prior to the request for leave.

(2) “Employer” means any individual, firm, association, or corporation, any receiver or trustee of any individual firm, association, or corporation, or the legal representative of a deceased employer, including the District of Columbia (“District”) government, who uses the services of another individual for pay in the District.

(3) “Employment benefit” means any benefit, other than salary or wages, provided or made available to an employee by an employer, including, but not limited to, group life, health, and disability insurance, sick and annual leave, and educational and pension benefits, regardless of whether the benefit is provided by a policy or practice of an employer or by an employee welfare benefit plan as defined in title 1, subtitle A, section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, effective September 2, 1974 (88 Stat. 833; 29 U.S.C. 1002(1)).

(4) “Family member” means:

(A) A person to whom the employee is related by blood, legal custody, or marriage;

(B) A child who lives with an employee and for whom the employee permanently assumes and discharges parental responsibility;

(C) A person with whom the employee shares or has shared, within the last year, a mutual residence and with whom the employee maintains a committed relationship; or

(D) A foster child.

(5) “Health care provider” means any person licensed under federal, state, or District law to provide health care services.

(6) “Public safety agency” means the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia, the Fire Department of the District of Columbia, or the Department of Corrections.

(7) “Mayor” means Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(8) “Reduced leave schedule” means leave scheduled for a fewer number of hours than an employee usually works during each workweek or workday.

(9) “Serious health condition” means a physical or mental illness, injury, or impairment that involves:

(A) Inpatient care in a hospital, hospice, or residential health care facility; or

(B) Continuing treatment or supervision at home by a health care provider or other competent individual.

(10) “Local educational agency” shall have the same meaning as the term has in section 1471(12) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, approved April 28, 1988 (102 Stat. 201; 20 U.S.C. 2891(12)) [omitted].